Onion

Onion

For conveyor production of green onions in the open field, they are grown from a sample, set, seeds. For forcing green onions, pick onions are most often used, i.e. smaller onions selected from marketable onions

What to look for when buying seeds, how many seeds are needed for sowing, what to buy - varieties or hybrids, how to process and store seeds. Hardening, soaking, calibration of seeds ... These and other questions are answered by a specialist

These magnificent flowering plants are indispensable in microlandscapes that combine elements of inanimate and wildlife, such as rock gardens, rockeries and rocky gardens.

Last season, I decided to grow onions from seeds in one season. In the early 90s, I already mastered this technology, but later abandoned it due to unnecessary problems. Now, the low quality of onion sets has forced them to again resort to growing onions from seeds.

At home, you can grow a wide variety of greens. Not only onions, but also garlic, parsley, celery, lovage, beets, mustard, watercress - and this is not a complete list. It's not difficult, and even interesting

Once you taste this plant, you will not feel any garlic or onion taste. The taste of the leek is sweet and slightly spicy, but not at all pungent and very pleasant. This is the weakest onion in the entire onion family.

Leek requires a long period of growing seedlings - 50-65 days, depending on the early maturity of the variety. Since leeks are a cold-resistant culture, seedlings can be planted in open ground quite early, in the first half of May, after hardening.

Beets, as a root crop, differ little from carrots in their biochemical reaction to applied fertilizers. The best quality beet crop is usually obtained with the application of phosphorus and potash fertilizers against the background of moderate doses of nitrogen.

The fact that onions can be planted before winter has been known for a long time, but this method has not become widespread, and only recently has interest in it increased. I will tell you about this method of planting onions based on personal experience.

Podzimnye sowing today is practiced little, but in vain. This is an old-fashioned way of getting early produce. Its essence is that the seeds lay in the soil for the winter, and in early spring, as soon as the temperature becomes sufficient, they germinate.

Onions (genus Allium L.) belong to the onion family (Alliaceae L.), numbering over 300 species; more than 200 grow on the territory of Russia. In the East there is a saying "Onions, every disease passes in your arms!" We say in short: "Onions are from seven ailments."

This perennial onion is widespread, especially in northern and central Russia. It has several more names: onion, Tatar, winter, sand. Its leaves, like onions, are hollow, tubular.

We grow winter and spring garlic in our garden and try to provide the plants with all the conditions for normal development. Friends said that we are not doing everything right - we do not cut off the arrows at the winter garlic. Do they need to be removed, and why?

It is impossible to grow varieties of sweet onions from the set, there cannot be such a variety of sets. After all, all varieties of salad (sweet) onions are stored for 3-4 months. You can only get real salad onions from seeds.

This onion is characterized by high yield, cold resistance; unlike onions, leeks are not affected by diseases and pests, they are distinguished by their versatility of use, as well as valuable dietary properties.

Many dangerous pests are known that destroy a significant part of the harvest of onions and garlic and greatly reduce its quality. Often, gardeners, due to ignorance of these pests, do not carry out any protective measures, and as a result, they lose a significant part of the crop.

Onions belong to the onion family. It is a biennial plant. In the first year, it forms a bulb in which nutrients accumulate, and in the second year, a flowering plant is formed from the bulb, giving seeds.

For planting onions, it is necessary to select drained light sandy loam soils with a reaction of the soil solution close to neutral. Almost all types of onions are light-requiring, therefore, it is better to choose a place for them that is not shaded.

Usually, it was previously recommended to plant onions from small sets before winter. I will not say that my results were very good - a lot of the bow went into the arrow. And the reason is that, in fact, there were no varieties that are completely resistant to this scourge.

Resting on the Sea of ​​Azov, on the "spontaneous" market, I saw a pile of garlic. He would amaze any gardener: these were huge beautiful heads of garlic the size of an orange, weighing at least 150 grams!

Our plots are small, and this area should be used to the maximum. But in order for the plants to have time to please us with products several times per season, it is necessary to grow seedlings, reducing the time the culture stays in the garden.

With the help of garlic, they treat many ailments, from a runny nose to serious heart and vascular diseases, cleanse blood vessels, the stomach, relieve brain spasms, and strengthen the immune system.

Forcing onions on a feather. Houseplant pests. Rodent protection. What is the time to sow? Celery Secrets. Grow parsnips. Time-tested recipes. Practical advice from Louisa Nilovna Klimtseva

In the Non-Chernozem zone of Russia, acute and peninsular varieties are widespread, which are grown through the sevok: Arzamassky local, Bessonovsky local, Danilovsky 301, Myachkovsky, Strigunovsky, etc.

In culture, leek has been known since antiquity. Leeks use leaves and a false bulb - a leg for food. It is a valuable vegetable of dietary value. It does not have a pungent smell, its aroma is softer, and its taste is subtler than that of onion.

On what soil does leek grow best? It is clear that the rich and the fertilized. But our soils are usually loamy or sandy. But here, too, he feels good if they are hydrated and contain the nitrogen nutrition necessary for onions.

Onions love light, fertile soil, require organic matter in the form of humus, compost. Fresh manure can only be applied under the previous crop. If it has been with you for a year or two, then you can bring it in without fear.

They are prized for their early, vitamin-rich greens. Sweet onions, slime, chives are less affected by diseases than others and remain in the ground until late autumn. Most perennial bows come from China

Ramson is very winter-hardy, loves water, prefers fertilized with humus and very loose soil, requires early spring, right in the snow, nitrogen fertilization. The growing season for wild garlic is very short.

Observing certain agricultural techniques, multi-tiered onions can be grown in one place for up to 5 years. Its leaf growth begins in early spring, and after 3-3.5 weeks, its feather is quite ready for use.

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Varieties and types of decorative onions

Giant, or gigantic, bow

On high (usually human-sized) inflorescences in May - early June, large purple flowers-balls (about 15 cm in diameter) bloom, which consist of small flowers-stars. This plant also has elliptical green leaves.

Round-headed bow

This plant is often referred to as drumsticks. It is distinguished by unusual oval inflorescences (about 3 cm in diameter) of pink or burgundy color, which appear on tall peduncles in July - early August.

Pretty onions, or pretty

This decorative bow is interesting for its small purple flowers, collected in loose umbrella-shaped inflorescences, which are located on drooping pedicels. Flowering occurs in August.

Karatavsky bow

The large peduncle of this unusual allium is buried in the ground. In June, purple or white inflorescences bloom on it, under which there are wide gray-green leaves, often with a red or pinkish border.

Golden bow, or Moli

This attractive plant also blooms in June. On it, flat inflorescences-umbrellas with a diameter of 7 cm appear, consisting of bright yellow flowers, similar to miniature lilies.

Ostrovsky's bow

This is a kind of mountain-loving onion. At the beginning of summer, the plant produces peduncles with loose raspberry-lilac inflorescences, which consist of small flowers, similar to the sign of a pentagram: they have 6 petals, 3 of which, located after one, are shorter than the rest. And the long and narrow leaves of the plant exude an aroma uncharacteristic of onions.

Bow of christoph

This spectacular plant is called the Star of Persia because its lilac flowers look like stars. They are collected in large inflorescences (up to 25 cm in diameter) and do not fade for a month and a half. After the end of flowering, these volumetric balls with asterisks do not crumble, but harden and dry out. Such inflorescences make excellent winter bouquets.

Bow bow

This allium has unusual flat leaves, gathered in the form of a fan near the root, and drooping pink or white flowers "sitting" on peduncles about 50 cm high.

Schubert's bow

Pedicels of various heights (from 2 to 20 cm) "shoot" purple, fireworks-like inflorescences-balls with greenish-pink flowers.

Blue onion

The inflorescences of this plant are small (4-7 cm in diameter) bluish-purple balls, which are located on high peduncles.

The straight peduncles of this plant are decorated with pale pink or milky bell flowers, inclined downward. The inflorescences are very attractive to bees, which make healthy onion honey.

Pskemsky onion

White hemispherical inflorescences bloom on a powerful hollow peduncle. Leaves are cylindrical, fistulate, straight, 2-3 cm thick.

Oblique bow, or uskun

This plant is also called mountain garlic. It has tasty and healthy leaves and bulbs, as well as spherical inflorescences of yellow flowers with numerous stamens sticking out in different directions. From a distance, these balls appear fluffy.

Gladiator's Bow

The giant allium can grow up to 1.5 m in height. It also stands out for its luxurious inflorescences, the diameter of which can reach 25 cm. This type of decorative onion begins to bloom in June and ends in 2-3 weeks. The flowers are lilac or purple in color.

Globemaster Bow

The presented variety was obtained by crossing several species. It is popular due to its gigantic size. The decorative allium onion can grow above 1 m, but the diameter of the inflorescences is 20-30 cm. Flowering is observed in June.


Growing onions and garlic

How to grow garlic?
This native of South Asia appeared in Africa 6 thousand years ago - it is found in sarcophagi with mummies and Egyptian pyramids. The ancient Romans believed that garlic raised the morale of soldiers. And the Middle Ages completely turned this plant into a fetish - it was believed that this is one of the main means against evil spirits. To some extent, this is true, because the evil spirits in a person - pathogenic bacteria, tuberculosis, streptococci - are also afraid of the garlic spirit. Not to mention the common cold and insidious flu.

The head of a garlic is made up of chive buds that the garlic uses to multiply. There is an arrowhead garlic and a non-arrowhead garlic. In the first, small one-toothed bulbs are formed in the inflorescence instead of seeds. Arrowhead garlic is best suited for planting in the winter. The cloves of garlic, which go into the arrow, are less than that of the spring non-arrow, but they are larger. The best time for planting garlic is mid-September, and in spring - late April - early May. Garlic must be removed before it is fully ripe, otherwise it will crumble in the ground and will be worse stored.

How to grow onions for greens and turnips?
Summer residents have at their disposal about 200 cultivated varieties of onions, and potentially as many wild ones. The onion family, dazzling with different colors and sizes of bulbs, has a common, "family" trait: the presence of caustic, volatile odorous substances. Moreover, the southern varieties in this sense are much kinder than the northern ones.

The Chinese argue that onions have Yang energy, and therefore a great internal warmth and dryness. Scientists, in response, calculated that an onion gives a person as much energy as a piece of bacon of the same amount! It is not for nothing that the bow is indispensable in travel.

And one more thing: by sprouting an onion in a jar, you not only enrich the table with vitamins, but also protect the kitchen from flies and microbes. And in the beds, onions scare away aphids, butterflies and caterpillars.

In order to have tender green leaves from the garden for a longer time, you need to be able to vary the seed material. First, sow the nigella, then the medium-sized bulbs - of which the greens will be the first. After two weeks, sow small-sized bulbs - they will yield after large bulbs, but before sowing with seeds.

Soils for onions are sandy, fertile, moderately moist. It is better to grow it from seeds. Soak the seeds before sowing and sow already swollen to speed up germination. By the fall, small bulbs are obtained from the seeds - sevok. In the second year, by planting onion sets, you will receive marketable onions and picked onions. You can get onions from seeds in the first year, if you use its annual varieties.

Onions are harvested in August, at the time of yellowing and lodging, the tops are stored in bundles, wreaths or braids in a cool dry place.


Gladiator bow

In nature, decorative onions grows in Europe, Asia and the Middle East. The botanical name for such a bow is allium, which means "garlic" in Latin. The plant got this name from the Romans, who compared the ornamental onion for its burning taste and specific smell with garlic.

Over the centuries, decorative bows have been endowed with various magical properties. For example, the ancient Egyptians considered allium to be a symbol of eternity, so they often depicted it on sarcophagi.


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