Campanella - Leucojum

Campanella - Leucojum

Bell

The bell is a graceful herbaceous plant belonging to the Leucojum genus. This genus does not have many species, in fact it has about 10-20, among which the best known are Leucojum aestivum, Leucojum vernum, Leucojum utumnale, Leucojum roseum. The name Leucojum derives from the Greek words "leukòs", which means white and "ion" which means "violet" (which indicates the plant, not the color) and therefore "white violet". leucojum it is part of the Amaryllidaceae family. The classification of these plants has undergone changes over the years, due to the fact that the Amaryllidaceae are closely related to another family, that of the Liliaceae; in fact, the two groups have many characteristics in common, including the tendency to store nutrients in bulbs; an element that instead differentiates them is the position of the ovary (ie the female part of the flower, the one that contains the seeds) which in the Amaryllidaceae is found lower than in the Liliaceae. At the end of the 1900s, the Leucojum genus was part of the latter family, but following more recent studies it returned to the Amaryllidaceae family.

The bell is native to Europe, Asia and North Africa. It is mainly used as a gardening plant and is widely used for the creation of rock gardens, spots and flower walls. The Leucojum vernum species was cultivated in England as early as the end of 1500, the Leucojum autumnale species is found in English gardens starting from 1600; for the cultivation of other species, such as Leucojum roseum and Leucojum trychophyllum, it is necessary to wait until 1800. Today it is widespread in the Mediterranean regions and is also present in Italy where we can find five or six species belonging to the spontaneous flora.

The bell is a bulbous perennial plant, that is, provided with a bulb, which is an underground reserve organ from which flowers and leaves are born annually; the bulb has a diameter of about 5 - 7 cm; from it starts the stem which can have a height ranging from 30 to 40 cm and then there is the flower which has the shape of a bell (hence the name), is white in color and has green spots on the apex of each petal; it is very similar to the snowdrop flower. The leaves are filiform, shiny, shorter than the stem. The stem and leaves are wrapped in a sheath. It is a creeping and ground cover plant.


Environment and exposure

The bell resists both heat and cold very well, surviving even very cold temperatures. It can be grown in the garden or at home. It is preferable to place it in sunny areas or in light shade. Better to avoid places with too much wind and temperature changes that could damage the plant. The most resistant and best growing species are Leucojum aestivum and Leucojum vernum.


Ground

Very suitable for the cultivation of these plants is a well-drained soil, composed of earth and peat (material of organic origin formed by the remains of plants or animals soaked in water, which cannot completely decompose due to the acidity of the environment). As for the cultivation in pots, it is advisable to use pots of about 20 cm to be filled with shards and clay, which promote drainage, and then with earth and peat.


Watering

It is advisable to water these plants regularly, hindering water stagnation; you must avoid giving too much water because the bulb could rot and it is better to wait for the earth to dry between one watering and the next.


Fertilization

The bells need to be fertilized in spring and summer, using a specific fertilizer for bulbous plants, to be dissolved in water; it is also possible to use organic fertilizer and humus that nourish the plant; fertilization will favor the storage of nutrients in the bulbs and in this way you can have abundant flowering.


Reproduction, planting and repotting

The multiplication of the bells takes place in autumn, by means of the bulbs. The bulbs that grow on the sides of the main one are used; you have to detach them, clean them and then plant them in a hole about 10 cm deep. The plants that will be born will flower after about a year. The multiplication can also take place through the seeds obtained from the flowers, but in this case there will be blooms only after 5 - 6 years. Repotting must be done in early autumn.


Pruning

The bell does not require special care, just remove the dry and damaged parts.


Flowering

The flowering of this type of plant varies according to the species; as indicated by the name Leucojum aestivum blooms in May, Leucojum vernum in December, Leucojum utumnale in autumn.


Diseases and parasites

Bells can be affected by fungal diseases, which must be fought with a sulfur-based fungicide. It is recommended to treat the plants with an insecticide, to prevent the attack of scale insects and aphids. All treatments must be carried out away from flowering, as these could harm the bees.


Species

As already mentioned, the best known species are: Leucojum aestivum, also called "greater bell", which has an inflorescence formed by 2 - 6- flowers and is mainly present in northern Italy and Sardinia; Leucojum vernum, “common bell” or “little bell” which has white flowers and which is the best known species; Leucojum utumnale, "autumn bell" which has an inflorescence of 2 - 3 flowers, a stem 10 to 20 cm high and which in our country we find only in Sicily and Sardinia; Leucojum roseum, "rosea bell" which has a single flower of rasa color and which is native to Corsica.


Curiosity

Plants of the genus Leucojum are entirely poisonous, they can cause vomiting, chills, dizziness and even severe poisoning; it is therefore necessary to avoid using them for food and pharmaceutical purposes.



The white bells of Sinojackia xylocarpa

I have a particular fondness for small, white and bell-shaped flowers ... lilies of the valley, Leucojum, bluebells, snowdrops, Polygonatum, cherry and ornamental cherry trees, Styrax they really drive me crazy, so what a happiness to receive from Massimo Perazzi, owner of the nursery The garden, in Grignasco (NO), the photos and the report of this precious shrub that I did not know: Sinojackia xylocarpa.

And here's what I learned: belonging to the Styracaceae family (in fact it looks a lot like Styrax japonicus), Sinojackia xylocarpa it comes from eastern China, and in particular from the province of Jiangsu, where it grows in bright woods at 500-800 meters above sea level, but is at risk of extinction due to their progressive destruction. Nicknamed by the Anglo-Saxons jacktree, is a small tree or large deciduous shrub, which can reach 4.5-meters in height, over time and under the best conditions. In Italy it blooms in May, but in cooler climates even in early summer, covering itself with white, pendulous bells, gathered in sparse, light racemes.

Only one other species belongs to the genus, Sinojackia rehderiana, very similar, but with shinier and slightly smaller leaves.

Both are extremely rustic, they require humus-rich, fresh but well-drained soils, with an acid reaction, in the sun with a little shade in the hottest hours, or in partial shade: therefore ideal plants for woodland gardens, borders. shrubs, gardens with a naturalistic imprint.


East Anglia Winter Gardens February 20-23, 2020

A long weekend between ancient villages and winter gardens

Inspired by the fabulous photographs of Cedric Pollet in his book 'Winter Gardens', I felt like giving life to a new short trip in February, right below carnival to discover the most beautiful winter gardens in East Anglia, or the area immediately East and North East London: Suffolk, Norfolk and Cambridge.

Area of ​​ancient Tudor mansions, vast parks, moors, delightful villages and… .. some of the most spectacular gardens designed to give their best in the winter season.

In the absence of distractions given by the copious blooms and foliage, winter offers the rare opportunity to see the textures, structures and shapes that underlie the great gardens. If we then add to the skill of the gardeners the profound skill of the English garden designers who plan a garden to give their best in winter, unimaginable olfactory and visual experiences are obtained.

We will stay for two nights in our corner of paradise hidden in Suffolk, West Stow Hall, where for a couple of years we have been fleeing in early June to be able to enjoy the excellence of this ancient area, with the peculiarity of a sandy and very well draining soil, ideal for grass and Mediterranean gardens.

West Stow Hall is a Tudor mansion run by Eileen Gilbert and her husband, who as a retirement gift (he was a lawyer) gave them the honor of being able to take care of this 15th-century structure.

We will spend the last night in Cambridge, at our trusted hotel near the botanical garden. There is the possibility of extending the holiday and staying two nights in Cambridge.

AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE YOU HAVE SPECIFIC DESCRIPTIONS ABOUT THE INDIVIDUAL GARDENS AND PHOTOGRAPHS.

Day 1: Meet at London Stansted Airport at 12 noon, ready to leave by bus to Wakehurst Place. Quick snack in the bus before arriving at the garden, so you can enjoy the 3 hours available in the garden. From here we will move to our accommodation in west Stow and after a good tea and cake we will go for a walk in Bury Saint Edmunds before having a delicious dinner.

Day 2: At around 9.30 we will leave for Bressingham gardens where we will explore Foggy Bottom and the winter garden. From here we will move to Wyken Hall, a property where excellence is at home. Here we can enjoy a wonderful late lunch at their renowned restaurant 'The leaping Hare', and in complete relaxation we can then go shopping in the country chic shop. From here we will go to Bury Saint Edmunds where our friend Judith Gowland will guide us in the discovery of the hidden corners. Dinner and then return to the accommodation.

Day 3: In the morning we will go to discover the wonders of Anglesey Abbey, have lunch at the garden café and then continue to Cambridge where we will take a boat trip on the River Cam. Dinner at our trusted pub. Night at Lynnwood House.

Day 4: Today we will dedicate ourselves to the fabulous Cambridge Botanical Garden, where we will arrive on foot and thus enjoy the beauty of the city. After lunch we will leave to return to the airport where we aim to deliver you at 4 pm.

Since February 25 is a carnival, for those wishing to extend their stay in Cambridge, we can book an extra night at our accommodation.

FLIGHTS: In arrival, on February 20, they must land by 10.45 am, departing on February 23, they must take off no earlier than 17.55.

€ 1090 in double / twin room (very few doubles) supplement 150 eur for single use room. Cash amount GBP 50.

The cost includes 4 nights in a B&B, 3 dinners, a lunch at Wyken Hall, all the visits and activities mentioned in the program, a bus and a Floral Travel guide for the entire duration of the trip.

Cancellation insurance is available for € 82.63 per person in a double room, € 93.41 in a room for single use and € 165.27 for the couple.

TO BOOK FILL IN BELOW:

I'll tell you something about the gardens and the activities we will be able to do.

Wakehurst Place is a branch of Kew Gardens, their 'Wild Botanic Garden' a place of study, research, experiments and excellence. I wanted to go this season because I had read about the new plant in January 2019, a winter garden. The description on Kew's website said: 'The Winter Garden is Wakehurst's new horticultural show, full of sensory delights and the perfect place to lift the spirits on a cold winter day. Designed by Wakehurst Garden supervisor Francis Annette, after training at London College of Garden Design, she weaves 33,000 plants into a bold contemporary composition. 'How not to be intrigued?

Beyond the beautiful landscaped park full of undulating paths among the thousands of plants arranged according to their origin, the winter garden at the ancient manor offers an intense visual-olfactory experience this season. The undisputed protagonists are the 3 large Himalayan birches (Betula utilis var jacquemontianii) and various other younger specimens with very white trunks rise shining towards the sky, interspersed with the coppery glow of the Tibetan cherry tree (Prunus serrula tibetica).

Within this structure, the rich fragrance of Daphne is Hamamelis positioned near the edges of the path, it rewards you with their intense scent.

The texture and vivid color come from large blocks of Cornus (including the "Midwinter Fire" and "Bud's Yellow" cultivars), candid white heather and bright purple heather, succulent Bergenia bronzed, soft Calamagrostis is Pennisetum, brushstrokes of cyclamen, interesting grasses like Carex Comans and Ophiopogon, snowdrops, and gradually other flowers that will open in the coming winter months.

Bressingham Hall gardens, created by the Bloom family in the 1950s, expert and passionate nurserymen and collectors of particular plants, have played a very influential role in British horticulture for decades. Today, Brassingham extends over seven and a half hectares, and is home to 8,000 species arranged wisely and with great taste in the 6 thematic gardens. Alan Bloom was known worldwide for his unique collection of perennials, a great precursor to what is now the dominant style in gardening. In 1962, his son Adrian joined the family business by diversifying the range of collections, initially with heather and dwarf and creeping conifers. At that time, his first very successful experiment of winter planting began, while in 1967 he began to create an attractive garden in the 12 months of the year. Foggy Bottom, was the very first landscape project in the world conceived as a winter garden: 3 hectares of very special conifers, heather and trees chosen for the beauty of the bark, now enriched with interesting grasses and bushes. In 2003 the Winter garden was born, where color envelops the visitor even on the grayest days.

Anglesey Abbey is an oasis of elegance created by Lord Fairhaven in the nineteenth century with a personal museum, an art gallery and gardens that rivaled those designed by the famous Capability Brown. Here, The Baron created his own microcosm away from the rapidly changing England of the 20th century. Here, he continued to entertain his friends with shooting, horse racing and parties, maintaining a lifestyle very similar to that of the aristocrats of the previous century. Somehow, here, he managed to stop Time. This charming atmosphere is now carefully preserved by the National Trust . In addition to beautiful walks in the park strewn with millions of snowdrops - Galanthus nivalis and Leucojum , Anglesey Abbey is unique for its Winter Walk, done in the late 1990s and designed to show the maximum possible winter color, it contains around 150 plant species with burnished stems, bright berries and flowers and leaves. The Taxus baccata covered with bright red berries in winter, it acts as a wonderful film on fiery or silver stems. It is also a vital windbreak and on windless days it retains the scent of flowering plants such as Chimonanthes praecox and the Mahonia 'Winter Sun'. Other plants that thrill at this time of the year include the willow, Salix alba 'Britzensis' with red and copper stems and dogwoods, in a range of colored stems. Of all the colorful plants, the most spectacular in this garden is definitely the Cornus sanguinea "Winter Beauty". In Anglesey the varieties are planted en masse, so that the overall effect of their stems and flowers provides a glow, as if there was always the sun.

There are so many wonderful trees that stand out at this time of the year. Prunus serrula is a favorite. Its mahogany-reddish bark looks metallic. There is also a twisted core, Corylus avellana 'Twisted' which offers an unusual shape and the wildest and most twisted stems in the plant world.

The amazement in Anglesey, however, does not end with the visual dimension. In fact, along the path it is often invaded by strong and sweet scents. Lonicera Fragrantissima, Daphne, Viburnum Bodnantense, Sarcococca confused is S. hookeriana var. digyna 'Purple Stem' - both have sweetly scented flowers, but their evergreen foliage is different.

Cambridge Botanic Garden When other plants in the garden reach their peak in the summer months, the Winter Garden fades into the background. But when winter arrives, this area of ​​the garden brings colorful hues to illuminate even the darkest day.
The site was designed to provide topographical interest to the flat landscape, and the orientation of the garden was taken into consideration to ensure that the low rays of the winter sun were captured by stems and trunks to intensify the colors of the bark. It's no coincidence that border hedges provide an evergreen backdrop to the diversity of shapes and colors, while capturing the many scents of winter flowers at the same time.
At the western entrance, Daphne Bholua 'Jacqueline Postill' gives her abundant pink blooms, while her heady fragrance fills the air. In front, the intense red stems of Cornus alba “Sibirica” provide a striking vertical contrast with the belly of Bergenia “Bressingham Beauty”. Besides, Galanthus nivalis is Eranthis tubergeniana will produce a contrasting matting under the stems of Rubus "Goldenvale". At the western end of the winter garden, the cinnamon-colored stem flakes of Acer griseum emerges among the orange stems of Cornus sanguinea 'Midwinter Fire', and the hairy stems of Rubus phoenicolasius.

Also not to be overlooked is a visit to the beautiful hot and cold greenhouses and a walk in the arboretum to enjoy the shapes, textures and barks of centuries-old trees, which in other seasons would strike for their thick foliage.


Leucojum cultivation - White bell

  • Exposure: to obtain the maximum flowering and a luxuriant development, the white Campanella requires sunny or semi-shady places. It does not fear the cold but suffers from the scorching heat of summer. Leucojum plants grown in pots should be sheltered in bright places during the heat period.
  • Ground: prefers moist soil, rich in organic matter and well drained. The ideal substrate is a mixture composed of peat and sand and well-ripened organic fertilizer to ensure the plant the necessary nutrients for a luxuriant growth.
  • Watering: this small bulbous, unlike many others, needs frequent and abundant watering as it tends to dry out or wither. Watering must be done regularly from March until the end of flowering or until the leaves are completely dry. In winter, the soil is kept slightly moist, especially during periods of drought. Also for the Campanella grown in pots we proceed in the same way.
  • Fertilization: the white Campanella, like the other bulbous plants, should be fertilized every 15 days, from the vegetative restart to the end of flowering, from spring to the end of summer. The most suitable fertilizer is that for green and flowering plants in liquid form that must be administered diluted in the water used for irrigation. In winter, when the plant enters vegetative rest, the fertilizations must be suspended completely. The fertilizations for Campanella plants grown in pots must have the same frequency and above all they must be rich in phosphorus P) and potassium (K).


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The bell is a graceful herbaceous plant belonging to the Leucojum genus. This genus does not have many species, in fact it has about 10-20, including the most.

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Marco Campanella sculptor and illustrator

La campanella Tour organizes: trips in Italy and abroad

A bed and breakfast in a strategic and central position in Rome, rooms with breakfast, private bathroom, TV and air conditioning.

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The bell is a graceful herbaceous plant belonging to the Leucojum genus. This genus does not have many species, in fact it has about 10-20, including the most.

Home. Welcome to Michele Campanella's official website. Liszt-Verdi-Wagner 1813-2013

Tommaso Campanella High School and Lamezia Terme Magistral Institute, Tommaso Campanella High School in Lamezia Terme (CZ). The Campanella Magistral Institute is located in via.

Home Page Welcome to the School - Family platform of the Liceo Tommaso Campanella in Lamezia Terme Please report any malfunctions to the following.

Welcome to the site of the Agriturismo La Campanella Located in the heart of the Apuan Park at 968 meters above sea level, the Agriturismo La Campanella offers you a.

Campanella Sturzo State Comprehensive Institute. Come back upstairs

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Leucojum vernum , sometimes confused with summer snow Leucojum aestivum , much more frequent in culture. Later, the Summer Snow Leap is much larger (50cm) and has up to 7 flowers per stem.

  • Leucojum aestivum , summer snow
  • Leucojum autumnale , renamed Acis automnalis, very fine
  • Leucojum nicaense , renamed Acis nicaense

Maps of plants of the same genus

  • Leucojum aestivum , Summer Levels


Video: Leucojum aestivum - Grow u0026 Care Summer snowflake