Growing aloe - agave

Growing aloe - agave

Read part 1. ← Types of aloe

Aloe tree, agave, sabur

Description of the plant

Aloe tree (Aloe arborescens) - translated means "patient under the scorching rays of the sun", "bitter".

Perennial

succulent plant

family of liliaceae. Leaves are juicy, greenish-gray with a thin, easily washable waxy coating; sessile on the stem, alternate, elongated-xiphoid, slightly grooved, slightly curved. At the edges of the leaves there are characteristic cartilaginous triangular thorns, often curled towards the top of the leaf.

The height of the plant in indoor culture is up to 70-80 cm, the length of the leaves is 15-40 cm. A branched bush with a lignified stem usually requires support, the more the single-stem form of the plant needs it. The roots are fibrous, long, air roots are formed on the stems.


Origin and history of culture

The homeland of aloe is South and East Africa. In our country, it is best known as indoor

medicinal plant

agave. (Agaves with powerful, fleshy leaves with thorns are often called an agave.) In indoor conditions, aloe blooms extremely rarely - there is little light and heat. A flowering plant can occasionally be seen in winter in the greenhouses of botanical gardens: red or orange tubular flowers are collected in a dense axillary brush. At home, it blooms annually.

The healing properties of aloe were known more than 3 thousand years ago. Information about him is found in the works of Cornelius Celsus (1st century AD), Pliny the Elder (23-79 AD). It is known from the Gospel of John that a composition of myrrh (myrrh) and aloe "about a hundred liters" was used for the burial of Christ.

Aloe was found in the gardens of Arabia and Palestine more than two thousand years ago. The Romans also bred it in gardens. The juice was used in the preparation of incense. It was collected from cut leaves and dried to obtain greenish-brown resin pieces called sabur. Due to the bitterness of the leaves, animals do not eat the succulent leaves of aloe.

From the leaves of some aloe species, fibers were extracted for the manufacture of carpets and nautical ropes. The ropes were light and strong; they served longer than hemp ropes under the influence of sea water.

One of the first types of aloe used for medicinal purposes was aloe (Aloe vera). In modern cosmetics, this type is actively used in creams, shampoos, balms, tonics and other skin and hair care products.


Growing tree aloe and caring for plants

In the rooms. Growing aloe

in rooms

not difficult. The air temperature in the winter months should not be higher than + 12 ... + 14 ° С. Warmer or colder content in winter and abundant watering lead to rotting of the plant.

At a soil temperature of + 10 ° C and below, the roots rot, especially in damp soil. For this reason, often aloe rosettes are easily removed from the ground, and the appearance of their leaves with a lost turgor becomes obviously painful. In this case, all damaged tissues, dead roots are cut off with a sharp knife and the sections are dried for 2-3 days in a cool place. Then the cuttings (rosettes) are planted in a moistened sandy substrate or perlite for rooting.

Rooted plants are planted in a small bowl in a sandy-stony substrate mixed with garden soil, granules of long-acting complex fertilizer AVA are added to the soil to reduce frequent dressings with fast-acting fertilizers, and kept in a semi-dry substrate in a well-lit place. Since AVA does not contain nitrogen, from spring to autumn, plants are fed once every 2-3 weeks with a quick-acting complex fertilizer in a weak concentration (no more than 1 g per liter). In winter, these plants, as southerners, need additional lighting.

Propagate aloe tree, as a rule, vegetatively: by rooting shoots in sand or water, as well as by cutting the stem. The stem is cut into pieces 10-15 cm long, the slices are dried in the air for 1-3 days, sprinkled with activated carbon powder and planted in clean washed sand or sandy soil mixture to a depth of 1-2 cm, tied to a peg - the cuttings are heavy. Cuttings are not sprayed, the sand is kept moist, shading is not required.

When roots appear, young aloe plants are planted in small pots. As they grow, they need to be transshipped into larger containers. Good drainage is required at the bottom of the pot (a layer of 2-3 cm of expanded clay or broken shards, pieces of brick), since the roots rot from waterlogging and the plant dies.

Watering aloe extremely rare in winter, moderate in summer - as the substrate dries out. Stagnation of water in the sump is unacceptable both in summer and winter. It is undesirable for water to enter the axils of the leaves. Spraying is not required. From time to time, it is useful to bathe aloe under the shower while lying down - in order to avoid waterlogging of the leaf sinuses. At the same time, the pot is placed in a plastic bag so that dust and

possible pests

(ticks, scale insects) did not hit the ground. Scabbards rarely infect aloe, but if this happens, they are removed with a cotton swab dipped in a soap-alcohol solution.

The composition of the potting mix: sod land, sheet, coarse sand or gravel (2: 1: 0.5) with the addition of small pieces of broken brick (expanded clay) and charcoal, granules of complex long-acting AVA fertilizer.

For the summer, aloe can be taken out into the open air and on the sunny side, providing protection from the wind. First, it is necessary to gradually accustom the plants to the air and the sun - like seedlings of flowers or vegetables.

It should be noted that the agricultural technology of all other types of aloe is similar to that of the aloe tree.

Collection, procurement and storage of raw materials

Preparation of medicinal raw materials of aloe tree consists in cutting off adult leaves (over three years old) at any time of the year, but it is more useful to do this in autumn, in October - November, and placing them in a paper bag for 25 days in a cold (+ 3 ° C) dark place (pantry, refrigerator).

The studies of Academician V.P. Filatov showed that to enhance the biological activity of the components of aloe juice, a similar exposure is required under conditions that are borderline for the life of the leaf. At the end of this period, the leaves are washed well, rinsed with boiled water, dried, crushed and squeezed out through a sterile napkin.

For long-term storage, it is filtered, boiled for several minutes, cooled, poured into a dark bottle and 95% alcohol is added (80 ml of juice - 20 ml of alcohol). Insist in a cool place for two weeks.

Pharmacies sell ready-made aloe juice. Contraindications to the use of aloe are gastritis and peptic ulcer disease, therefore, a doctor's consultation is necessary before using the drugs.

Read part 3. Therapeutic Uses of Aloe Agave →

Elena Kuzmina,
Photo by the author


Flowering agave

There is an opinion that aloe does not bloom, but in fact it blooms. In natural conditions, this is a common phenomenon, and in indoor conditions it is rare, but under comfortable conditions and when the agave reaches a certain age, flowering can also occur on your windowsill.

Aloe real, or Aloe vera (Aloe vera). © Bron Praslicka Spotted aloe (Aloe maculata). © James Gaither Aloe arborescens (Aloe arborescens). © Joyce-Tex-Buckner

Aloe blooms for a long time. The peduncle appears in the axils of the upper leaves, most often one, occasionally more. Flowers are cylindrical, bell-shaped, on long pedicels, of different colors.

Aloe tree has flowers from pink to reddish shades, aloe vera has yellow-pink flowers, and Aloe spotted has orange flowers. In our conditions, representatives of the aloe genus most often bloom in winter, but it happens that at other times of the year.

Flowering aloe tree


Keeping a plant indoors is not difficult, since favorable conditions for growing aloe can be created at everyone's home. Plant and transplant aloe in a small pot, commensurate with the plant, preferably in spring. One of the important questions is what kind of soil to plant aloe in. It is undesirable to use peat in a soil mixture, so that its components do not damage the development of roots. A well-developed root system is the main condition for the full development of the entire plant.

In its natural environment, succulent grows in hot climates with low precipitation, where the soil is predominantly clay or sandy, with a high level of iron. In our climate, the plant prefers deciduous or soddy soil. In addition, it is important that the soil is loose, filled with air, and has good drainage. With poor soil, the plant can turn yellow and even die if not transplanted into the correct soil mixture in time. The soil for aloe at home is prepared like a layer cake:

  • The bottom layer is a drainage about 2 cm thick from brick chips or expanded clay, perlite or vermiculite. You can also use crushed stone, gravel, pottery shards or charcoal and even styrofoam.
  • The middle part is a soil mixture, which consists of: two parts of sod land, one part of deciduous land, humus and coarse sand. For greater looseness, the soil can be diluted with vermiculite or charcoal.
  • The top layer is gravel, glass pellets or coarse sand.

Soil for aloe at home should have a neutral or slightly acidic environment, pH 6.5-7. All components of the drainage must be disinfected. Transplant the flower along with a moistened clod of earth in which the plant previously grew, so as not to expose the roots. After planting, the soil at the base of the stem should be compacted. Then pour abundantly and add 2 cm of dry substrate to the top. After transplanting, do not moisten the soil for 5 days. During subsequent transfers and transplants, the drainage material must be replaced with a new one.

It is better to transplant young plants to a new place in spring - every year, adults - once every 2 years (up to 5 years), once every 3 years (over 5).

In warm weather, at temperatures above 15 degrees, you can keep the pots with the plant outside, or plant the aloe houseplant in open ground, in a place well-lit by the sun. But during the rains, aloe should be covered with a film so that water entering the outlet does not provoke the process of decay, which can threaten the death of the plant.


Aloe: varieties, cultivation features

The author of the article: Pravorskaya Yulia Albinovna, 69 years old
Agronomist, over 45 years of experience in gardening Read how to grow Aloe at home and which varieties are the most unpretentious for these purposes. How to water and propagate this plant.

Aloe Vera, like its indoor counterparts, is an excellent cosmetic and therapeutic agent. In order for Aloe to develop well, it needs a soil of a certain composition, the correct irrigation and growth regime.


Keywords

Aloe species

Aloe (Aloe) belongs to the asphodelic family and unites about 350 species that grow in the South and.

Miniature species and varieties of aloe

Among such a large and diverse genus as aloe, there are also very miniature forms.

Aloe: maintenance, care and transplant

All common cultivated aloe species are typical succulents. Therefore, they prefer a bright straight line.

Useful properties of aloe

Both pharmaceutical and cosmetic giants have long adopted aloe vera juice. Indeed.

All about indoor plants

Indoor plants for the home are no longer limited to a narrow strip of a window sill with geraniums and.

Blooming leafy succulents. Photo.

Haworthia

Cacti: choose by color

If you want to surprise your guests with flowering houseplants, but don't have time to care.

Lithops

Reproduction of lithops and conophytums

"Living stones" multiply by seeds and division.

Euphorbia (euphorbia): species

Euphorbia are very popular houseplants. Some of them attract attention with their bright colors.

Euphorbia (euphorbia): conditions of detention, care and reproduction

All milkweed need the same care. As a rule, they prefer bright, sunny places, but.

Blooming leafy succulents

Succulents are a huge group of perennial evergreens of various genera. What unites them is,.

Succulent care

Succulents are a huge group of perennial evergreens of various genera. What unites them is,.

Reproduction of succulents

The easiest way to propagate succulents is by cuttings.

Pests and diseases of succulents

Succulents are not very attractive to common pests.

COMMENTS

Cvety, thanks for the valuable comment! I will definitely make sure to properly feed the aloe during the growing season!

Also, do not forget that, aloe loves space very much and does not get along very well with many other plants. For a brightly colored plant, you need to provide it with maximum light. I read all these tips on one site. In the summer, aloe should be regularly fed, and during watering, make sure that the water does not in any way get into or settle in the plant's sockets.

hello, I want to learn how to plant flowers

Hello everybody. Room temperature not lower than 10 degrees - in summer room temperature _ for all types of aloe, a cool wintering is recommended with minimal watering. Lighting - bright or partial shade aloe grows well in partial shade, and in the bright sun, the plant is recommended to shade a little so that it has time to adapt to direct sunlight in summer. in winter, watering is significantly reduced. water should not enter the axils of the leaves - this can cause rotting of plant tissues. Air humidity does not play a significant role. Aloe does not need to be sprayed. Remember that in summer the plant reacts favorably to fresh air, where aloe stands, it is recommended to regularly ventilate. Soil neutral loose aloe grow in a loose substrate of equal parts rough, leafy soil and coarse sand. It is not recommended to add peat, but the presence of pieces of charcoal and brick chips will not hurt. Top dressing in summer top dressing prod. in summer, every month, it is quite suitable for cacti. Transplanting outgrown plants, transplanting can be done annually or once every two years, usually in the spring, however, old specimens of aloe can not be disturbed for several years. Propagation by cuttings and cuttings propagate aloe at any time of the year, rooting the leaves, the top of the stem or its pieces. Cut cuttings are pre-dried for several days, and then brushed into a mixture of earth and sand. It is even easier to propagate aloe using lateral layers. Reproduction by seeds is possible, but in room conditions they resort to this method retko. Flowering rarely occurs in room conditions aloe tree color is rare. a spike-shaped inflorescence of orange-red flowers appears only in old large specimens, which is what the name of the agave plant says, that is, flowers blooming once in a hundred years appear in the middle of winter.

HELLO. I'M DYING ALOE. IN MY ALOE VERA, I WAS GIVEN IT WITHOUT ROOTS AND ALREADY LARGE. I PLANTED IT IN THE PRIMER FOR CACTUSES AND WATERED IT ONCE A WEEK. BUT WHY HE WAS FALLING OUT OF THE POT. I PLANTS IT INTO A SMALLER POT. AND AS IT IS HOT AND WRITTEN IN THE ARTICLE, I WATERED EVERY 3 DAYS. IT IS NOW STANDING ON THE BALCONY AND IN MY FACT. THE LEAVES BECAME THIN AND CROWN IN A TUBE, THE TOPS OF THE LEAVES REDEN AND DRY. WHAT TO DO? ?

What's your floor? In summer, even the most resistant plants "burn" on the southern windows on high floors. If the amount of light changes sharply, then it is better not to rearrange the aloe sharply, but gradually to accustom it to the light.

My leaves dry and fall off at the scarlet, long sticks with a bunch of feathers at the top are obtained. I understand that this is wrong. Maybe move from the east window to the south?


Watch the video: Aloe Vera Plant Care - Removing Pups and leaves