Read the previous part of the article: Pines and yews in your garden
Among the thujas there are dwarf plants for a rock garden, as well as excellent trees for single plantings in curbs or on a lawn. These evergreens can be used to make a living fence, which must be cut in the spring and re-trimmed at the end of summer.
Tiny scaly leaves are arranged oppositely on the stems, and the lateral branches lie in the same plane, like a cypress.
To distinguish between these plants, knead the twig with your fingers: most types of thuja have fragrant leaves. It is even easier to distinguish plants by cones - in thuja they are small and oblong, and in mature cones the scales are bent outward.
All thujas need well-drained soil, and species with golden needles also need a sunny place.
Types and varieties of tui
Thuja occidentalis is one of the three wild-growing species. She has several excellent dwarf varieties, the first among which belongs to the Rheingold variety. This shrub with a conical crown and dull golden needles reaches a height of one meter in ten years. The Golden Globe variety has a compact, round bush with yellow leaves. The next cultivar Little Champion with green leaves has a spherical crown, while Holmstrup has a narrow conical crown.
Thuja occidentalis Aurea
For 30 years, the shrub reaches a height of 7 meters and a crown diameter of 230 cm, the plant is winter-hardy. The species unites a number of forms with a golden-yellow color of needles, which clearly differ in growth form and other characteristics, for example, the Aurea Nana form has a rounded or ovoid crown no more than 60 cm high, branches densely. The needles are entirely yellow-green, later light green, brownish-yellow in winter.
This also includes the forms Aurea Densa, Aurea Compacta, Aurea Globosa, Minima Aurea, partially - Semperaurea.
Thuja western Aurescens
The shape of the crown is narrowly columnar.
Scaly needles, in young shoots - golden. At the age of 10 years it reaches 3-4 meters, photophilous.
Requires a fairly fertile and moist soil. This thuja is hardy.
Recommended for living fences, alleys, single and group plantings.
Thuja western Boothii
The tree is up to four meters high, the crown is dense, conical or slightly irregular. Branches rising gracefully. Shoots are relatively strong, densely spaced. The needles are scaly, large, light green, pale in winter, winter-hardy. Propagated in summer and winter, by cuttings.
Received the name in honor of James Bot, the owner of the kennel in Hamburg.
Recommended for single, group plantings and live fences.
Thuja western Brabant
The tree is 15-21 meters high, the crown diameter is 3-4 meters, the crown is conical.
The bark is reddish or grayish brown, flaking. The needles are scaly, green, retain their color in winter. Cones are brown, oblong-ovoid, 0.8-1.2 cm long. Annual growth 30 cm in height, 10 cm spread, shade tolerant.
This thuja is undemanding to the soil, tolerates both dryness and excessive moisture, but prefers fresh, sufficiently moist fertile loams. Frost resistant. Tolerates haircuts well.
Recommended for single plantings, in groups for live fences.
Thuja western Danica
The variety was bred in Denmark in 1948. Height 0.6 meters, crown diameter 1 meter. The crown is spherical, the bark is reddish or grayish-brown, flaking.
The needles are scaly, dense, green, soft, shiny, brownish-green in winter, growing slowly.
It tolerates shade, is undemanding to the soil, tolerates dry soil and excessive moisture, but prefers fresh, sufficiently moist fertile loams. Frost resistant.
Recommended for single plantings, in groups, on rocky slides.
Thuja occidentalis Dumosa
A dwarf plant with a height and diameter of 1 meter, has a flattened and slightly rounded crown.
The shoots are completely flat, at the top there are many vertically spaced thin shoots about 10-15 cm.
There are very few branched shoots.
Recommended for rock gardens.
Thuja occidentalis Globosa
A small tree, 1.5 meters high, at the age of 15 reaches a height of 0.5-1.2 meters, the maximum crown diameter is 1 meter. The crown is round.
The needles are grayish-green in spring, green in summer and gray-green or brownish in winter.
The plant is shade-loving, winter-hardy, from soil it prefers sandy loam of normal moisture content, light loam.
Recommended for single plantings and group low living fences.
Thuja occidentalis Holmstrup
The shape of the crown is conical. The maximum height is up to 2.5-3 meters, at the age of 15 it reaches 1.5-2 meters, the maximum crown diameter is 0.8-1 meters.
The needles are scaly, dense, dark green.
The plant is shade-loving, not demanding on the soil, but prefers fresh, sufficiently moist fertile loams, frost-resistant.
Recommended for single and group landings.
Thuja occidentalis Pygmaea
A compact conical tree with a dense crown, a very rare form in culture. It is sometimes mistaken for the folded Pygmaea.
Prefers well-lit places or light shading, frost-resistant.
It is not very demanding on the soil, but it grows better on well-moistened fertile soils.
Recommended for rocky gardens where it can be planted singly or in groups.
Thuja occidentalis Rheingold
Height 2-3 meters, crown diameter 1.5-2 meters. Annual growth is 10 cm in height, 5 cm in width. Crohn of various shapes, dense.
The needles are light golden yellow, partly acicular, partly scaly. Shoots are thin. Young growing branches have a beautiful pinkish tint.
It is undemanding to the soil, but prefers fertile loams, can tolerate dry soil and excessive moisture. She has been known since 1904.
Propagated by cuttings.
The plant is frost-resistant.
Recommended for single and group plantings in rocky areas, as well as for growing in containers.
Thuja western Semperaurea
The tree is 10-12 meters high, the crown is broadly conical.
The shoots are thick. The ends of the shoots and young needles are densely golden, in winter the needles turn brown and turn yellow-brown.
A characteristic feature of this form is the sign that the branches of this thuja are facing the edge to the south.
Propagated by cuttings, this thuja is winter-hardy, known since 1893. Often found in Western Europe.
Recommended for group landings.
Thuja western Smaragd
Decorative form with a narrow, compact pyramidal crown, which is formed by branches directed upwards. Height 4-6 meters, crown diameter 1-1.5 meters. Annual growth is 10 cm in height and 4 cm in spread.
The crown is narrowly conical, dense, weakly branched. Shoots are located in a vertical plane. The branches are far apart from each other, they are glossy, fresh green in summer and winter.
Scaly green needles. Cones are rare, oblong-ovate, about 1 cm long, brown.
Not demanding on soils, but prefers fertile loams, can tolerate dry soil and excessive moisture. The plant is frost-resistant.
This thuja was obtained in 1950 in Denmark (Quistchard).
Propagated by cuttings.
Recommended for group and single plantings, for a live fence.
Thuja occidentalis Spiralis
The shape of the crown is narrowly conical. The shoots are helical, turned so that they resemble a spiral.
The needles are dark green. At the age of 10 it reaches 3-4 meters.
Loves the sun, partial shade. Needs fertile and moist soils, hardy.
Recommended for single landings.
Thuja western Umbraculifera
A dwarf plant up to 1.5 meters high, the crown is flatly rounded, almost umbrella-shaped from above. Shoots are straight. The ends of the branches are thin, rounded, slightly sagging.
The needles are juicy, small, dark green with a bluish tint.
Winter hardiness. It grows slowly. Propagated by summer and winter cuttings.
It appeared in 1890 in Germany.
Recommended for single and group plantings on rock gardens, lawns, for growing in containers.
Thuja western Wagneri
Small tree, 3.5 meters high. The crown is dense, dense, narrowly conical, directed upwards, graceful. Shoots are thin, ascending or slightly drooping.
The needles are grayish-green.
Grows best in free and open spaces. Winter hardy. Roots by summer and winter cuttings.
It originated in 1890 in Karl Wagner's nursery in Leipzig.
Recommended for single and group landings.
Photo by the author
When exactly to trim
Thuja pruning, which forms the crown of the tree, is carried out at the end of April or in May, depending on weather conditions... The next haircut could be in one and a half - two months, if there is a sufficient increase... A light "cosmetic" haircut can be done without being tied to a specific timeframe: a separate branch on the plant began to actively grow, clearly overtaking the bulk, breaking the shape pattern - it is shortened by a few centimeters in order to halt its growth, giving others the opportunity to pull themselves up.
Putting order on the site
When cleaning a site, you should be guided not only by your own interests. Probably, many, approaching the dacha village, noticed heaps of garbage along the roads or suffered from acrid smoke when burning all kinds of things in the neighboring area. Nobody likes it, but when spring comes, many simply do not find any other way out and completely forget about ecology.
If you plan to clean the site without harming nature, carefully collect last year's vegetation, trying not to expose the soil around heat-loving perennials, the roots of which may suffer from recurrent frosts. Take all garbage outside the site to specially equipped places. Burn what will not harm the environment if released into the atmosphere, observing safety rules and the right of your neighbors in the area to clean air. Do not remove the leaves under the trees - they will serve as an excellent organic fertilizer. You can only lightly dig them in when loosening the trunks.
If you have a small pond in your area, clear it of debris and prune your ornamental plants to remove old stems and leaves.
Spring is a very important season for gardeners and gardeners, because right now the foundation is being laid for your future harvest. But summer and autumn will reward diligence. And if you read this long list of works, got scared and decided to abandon the idea of acquiring and cultivating your own plot, take your time. Try growing vegetables in planters. Perhaps the process will not seem so difficult to you and you will want more.
Each climatic zone has its own thuja. Representatives of the Western Thuja species are well adapted to the climate of central Russia, the Urals, Siberia, and the Moscow region. Eastern thujas are more thermophilic. There are also universal ones that can be grown indoors or in greenhouses. Many of them are especially loved by gardeners. So what kind of thuja are there?
The most popular varieties of thuja. Characteristics of each type
Here are some varieties of western thuja:
Several golden varieties are collected under this name. A pyramidal tree, up to 2.5 meters high, is considered basic. The crown color is yellow-golden in a sunny area and greenish in the shade. In the second half of the growing season, the color is especially bright. The culture looks great in single plantings, in the vicinity of other species (mix in color and crown shape). Absolutely calmly tolerates frosts and climatic disasters (blizzards, showers, strong winds).
Thuja is tall (up to 2.5 m in height), with a conical crown, wide at the base, due to the shoots growing at an obtuse angle at the top. Short leaves - silvery needles at the tips. The contrast is especially noticeable in the first half of the season, and closer to cold weather the entire needle becomes colorless.
The most popular breed of columnar varieties of thuja. The tree grows up to 3 m.Advantages are:
- foliage along the entire length of the trunk
- unchanging bright green color of needles
- frost resistance versatility in use.
A variety of eastern thuja, Blue thuja, looks good with Smaragd in compositional plantings.
A low (1.2 m) tree with a round crown. The bush is finally formed as a regular ball by the age of 7 and up to 20 years it continues to increase the green mass, expanding in breadth.
The tree grows slightly higher in the shade. The color of the needles changes depending on the season. In warm weather, it is emerald, and in winter it is brownish brown. The variety tolerates the winter well. Does not respond to changes in weather conditions. Use as a garden plant, universal.
Small, decorative, spherical thuja. Has a very dense bright green crown. Due to its small stature, it is ideal for decorating borders, rockeries, alpine slides. It can also decorate mono-coniferous plantings. It endures winter without problems, does not succumb to diseases.
An adult tree has a wide pyramidal crown and grows up to 3.5 m. The branches are fan-shaped, with emerald-gray needles.
Kristata is hardy. It lends itself well to a haircut. Looks beautiful alone, in groups or along the sides of the alley.
Zolotistokonchikovaya (belongs to the Tui Gold varieties)
A tall tree reaches maturity by the age of 20. By this age, it reaches up to 4 m in height and 2 m in diameter at the base. Ascending shoots are brown or yellow. The needles are green with dark golden ends. The plant is quite hardy and hardy. Used to create hedges, in single plantings and for the design of group compositions.
Reingold (Yellow thuja)
It is very attractive by the color of the needles. From spring to autumn, the color of the crown changes from pink to golden, and in the fall it becomes yellow-copper.
When a tree is one meter tall, it has a spherical crown in its youth. With age, the form becomes somewhat vague, but dense. Very hardy and resistant to changes in climatic conditions. Used to create a Japanese garden, in groups with other types of conifers.
The most popular form of undersized thuja. The growth of the tree reaches up to 60 cm. It has a dense spherical thick, consisting of numerous ascending flat branches. Frost-resistant and undemanding to the ground.
Dwarf form of the family. The tree reaches maturity by 5 years. Prefers sunny areas of the garden. It is widely used. In the garden, it can be used for alpine slides, mixborders, to create a composition with other conifers (up to creating a coniferous ground cover lawn, like creeping thuja or creeping thuja). Also, it is wonderfully grown as a pot plant.
The needles are soft, green in summer and brown in winter. Frost and bright sun do not harm the dwarf.
Filiformis (thuja filiform)
An extremely distinctive variety. In the form of a ribbon or cord, the branches hang in an arc from the top of the crown to the bottom, resembling a weeping willow. Also in appearance it is very similar to the Canadian thuja. With age, the crown becomes thick and spherical. Summer green foliage becomes brown by winter.
This type of thuja is very winter-hardy. It is used singly and in composition with pyramidal conifers.
Elegantissima (most graceful)
Tall, with a conical crown, the tree reaches maturity by 40 years. The needles are bright green with white tips. With the onset of cold weather, the white color turns somewhat yellow, fades, and in the spring the crown returns a bright green color. More decorative in open areas. They look great singly and in group plantings.The tree is frost-resistant and resistant to changes in natural phenomena.
One meter tall trees with a flattened spherical crown. The foliage is golden in summer and bronze in winter. Suitable for a variety of flower beds. There are no problems in wintering.
A small tree with several crowns. The general appearance of the tree resembles an irregular ball. Soft needles are two-colored in summer - dense green below, green with yellow on top, and purple-burgundy in winter.
In ovoid cones, the seeds of the species do not ripen. Reproduction is possible by cuttings. Looks good in the lower tier of tall trees (like downs).
Severe frosts in winter and active sun in spring can scorch the tops of the stems and spoil the appearance.
Very high bush thuja. In adulthood, it reaches a height of 4 meters. The young plant is pyramidal, very dense and narrow. With age, the crown becomes conical. This species has amazing, orange-colored needles, which turn golden by winter.
The variety is used for planting alleys, in single plantings and in compositions. It tolerates pruning well. Winter-hardy.
Tall plant (5 m high) with a wide conical crown. The color of the needles is yellow with a golden sheen. The plant lends itself well to formation. Suitable for placement alone or together with other conifers. Frost resistant.
Small shrubs with a round crown and spiral stems. Loves fertile land, light areas and moisture. It is more often used in the design of rock gardens and Japanese gardens. Green needles turn gray by winter. Bushes winter well under the snow.
Outwardly, it looks a lot like a cypress. A tree grows up to 15 meters. Shade-loving look. True, this affects the quality of the needles of a marsh shade. Without the sun, it dries quickly and crumbles. Especially in the root zone of the trunk.
The variety is often used to decorate hedges. It can also often be seen in single and group plantings.
Tall shrub. The crown reaches one meter in diameter. In the summer season, the foliage is lush green and dense, and in winter it acquires a rusty bloom. Frost resistant. It is often used as a single plant, but it also looks good in compositions.
Dwarf variety Thuja golden
The spherical shape is maintained without frequent haircuts. The tree reaches a meter in height and width. The variety winters well. Suitable for composite plantings.
Tall tree (3 m) with a conical crown. Large needles are bright green. Bodhi is unpretentious, winter-hardy. Good in single plantings and as a background for small species. You can plant the alleys with them.
A tree grows up to 3-4 meters. It is frost-resistant and does not suffer from sunburn. The bush is deep green all year round. Suitable for any landings.
"Garden and vegetable garden" presentation
Today, a garden and a vegetable garden are not just land.
View document content "" Garden and vegetable garden "presentation"
State Autonomous Professional Educational Institution R.Kh. "Agrarian technical school
Topic: "Garden and vegetable garden"
Today, a garden and a vegetable garden is not just a land where food is grown to the table, it is a refuge from the hustle and bustle and stress, a place where our soul returns to beauty.
Do-it-yourself beautiful garden and vegetable garden
- A beautiful garden and garden with your own hands means creating an informal relaxing atmosphere. This can be achieved by combining plants in the garden in unexpected ways. By adding some simple flowers next to your vegetable plantings, you can transform a simple vegetable garden into a triumph of the beauty and bounty of nature in your garden.
Use any corner of your garden as a flower garden.
- Your vegetable garden is not just a place to fight for the harvest. With a little effort, you can always give it a more interesting look - planting spicy herbs or flowers that repel insects as a border.
Separate your garden and vegetable garden visually.
- Zoning your garden space will help you create a more holistic and harmonious design. A flower bed with tall ornamental grasses and flowers serves as a kind of partition between the vegetable garden and the garden.
- And although the garden is located very close to the vegetable garden, separated by such a decorative border, it will turn out to be more comfortable and beautiful.
Each has its own place.
- Every corner in the garden has its own purpose, and your love has a right to exist.Therefore, a compost bin and a shed should not be grimy foundlings in your garden, but be as loved and well-groomed as flower beds and a vegetable garden.
- When creating a garden and vegetable garden with your own hands, it is important to plan the planting not only on the plane, but to use the height difference - then your landscape design will be more intense and interesting. In this regard, those who have a garden on a slope are lucky - in the presence of certain problems, such a garden will always look like gains than flat plantings with a vegetable garden and a couple of fruit trees in the corners.
- True, they say that the most delicious vegetables and fruits are those that have grown in our garden. A DIY garden and vegetable garden will give you the most satisfaction out of life than anything else.