Cochlearia is a plant that is part of the large family of Cruciferae.

It is a biennial or perennial herbaceous plant, which develops spontaneously, but which can also be cultivated and can reach a height of fifty centimeters.

The root is characterized by being particularly large and for developing in a tapered way, while the leaves are concave and show a good degree of fleshiness; finally, the white flowers are fragrant and end in corymbs which develop during the spring season.

In case it is rubbed, this plant is able to give off a smell that is very reminiscent of that of mustard or horseradish.

This plant has the particularity of developing considerably along the sea coasts, but also in homes and waterways, as it is grown in gardens and a little in every place.


For optimal plant development of coclearia it is essential that it is placed in places where late frosts do not occur; it is therefore suggested to cultivate this plant in a decidedly sheltered place.

It is important to point out that the leaves of coclearia they are characterized by being able to be exploited for food consumption and, for this reason, we recommend the use of insecticides and fungicides for agriculture, to be used as far as possible from the harvesting period.

The watering of these plants must only take place every 2-3 weeks and you must always pay the utmost attention to wet the soil thoroughly, using up to 2-3 glasses of water.

Finally, spring is the ideal season to fertilize the cochlearia plants, using above all those fertilizers extremely rich in nitrogen, in such a way as to be able to favor the growth of the root system and of the younger leaves.

Active principles

Within this particular medicinal plant, we can find potassium salts, an extremely acrid essential oil, resinous and pectic substances, myrosine, a caustic glycoside which is divided into cochlearin following the activity of myrosine, vitamin C, iodine and sulfur essence .


Coclearia officinalis is a plant that has been used for a long time due to its therapeutic properties, especially as an effective remedy to combat scurvy, as it is extremely rich in vitamin C.

Until about the middle of the twentieth century, popular tradition suggested using this particular plant to purify the blood, but also as a diuretic and in case of cough and asthma.

Nowadays, cochlearia is characterized by being exploited above all within the preparations of natural medicine to combat rheumatism, gout, but also disorders that affect the liver and gallbladder, as well as carrying out a protective action against constipation, lack of appetite, wounds that take a long time to heal and ulcers.

Cochlearia is a long-standing medicinal plant that is able to carry out an extremely effective support action against dietary treatments that are used to lose weight and is also very useful in all those periods in which care and treatments must be carried out. spring, especially thanks to the substances contained, since the cochlearia is also able to perform an excellent diuretic action.

As for the therapeutic action, the coclearia plant has the particular characteristic of stimulating the appetite and digestion.

Furthermore, it is a medicinal plant that is absolutely capable of supporting a protective action against disorders that affect the bile duct and rheumatism, as well as making sure to have a stimulating action on the activity of the liver cells. .

Furthermore, thanks to the high quantity of vitamin C present, the plant is able to strengthen the immune system and perform a function of prevention and protection against the flu.

Coclearia: Use

There are several methods of use that concern the cochlearia plant.

First of all, we can find the coclearia wine, which is characterized by having to be left to macerate (with the fresh plant), with a dose of 3-5 grams per 100 ml of wine.

The advice is to take a glass (maximum three) every day.

The juice, on the other hand, is often taken mixed with olive oil and, once after having instilled it inside the ear, it is able to effectively counteract deafness.

The essence of coclearia is able, on the other hand, to perform a beneficial function when it is used to gargle, but it can also be decidedly useful as toothpaste and mouthwash.

The tincture of coclearia is characterized, however, for being able to be prepared after mixing the fresh juice and alcohol at 40 degrees in equal parts: the recommended dose to be taken is about 10-20 grams every day.

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