Chrysalidocarpus

Chrysalidocarpus

Chrysalidocarpus (Chrysalidocarpus) is an ornamental palm tree, very popular among flower growers due to the exotic beauty of the leaves and undemanding care. This is a tropical heliophyte, that is, a light-loving plant, native to the Comoros and Madagascar. The name translates as "golden fruit", in Greek "chryseus" and karpos ". Belongs to the palm family and the type genus Arekovs.

Chrysalidocarpus in nature has about 20 species, for breeding in indoor conditions only one of them is cultivated - Chrysalidocarpus yellowish. Palm trees from the genus arec are both single-stemmed and multi-stemmed bushy plants with straight, unbranched, smooth shoots, growing more than 10 m in height. It has carved feathery leaves, long and wide, paired, 40-60 pieces per stem. Numerous stems of chrysalidocarpus form a lush crown, the beauty of which will add charm to any interior.

Chrysalidocarpus care at home

Location and lighting

Accustomed to the tropical sun, the chrysalidocarpus plant tolerates heat and bright light well. Plant pots can be safely placed on the southern and southeastern windows, but in summer it is better to shade them from the midday heat.

Too excessive lighting can harm the leaves, they begin to bend and curl, and from the resulting burns they turn yellow and die off. Young palms are especially sensitive to excessive light, but after the age of six, chrysalidocarpuses are more resistant, and react only with yellowed leaves.

To maintain symmetry, the palm tree must be rotated 180 degrees around its axis 1-2 times a month.

Temperature

The best is warm air of 22-25 degrees in the summer months, in winter it is slightly lower - about 18-23 degrees, but not less than 16 degrees. The older the plant is, the more calmly it reacts to changes or drops in temperature. However, drafts should be avoided.

Air humidity

The humidity in the room with the growing chrysalidocarpus should be high. During the summer months, ensure the plant is regularly sprayed with soft, clean water, and wipe the leaves with a damp cloth or sponge. In winter and autumn, you do not need to spray.

Watering

For good growth and development of a palm tree, it must be watered abundantly enough, but not allowing excess moisture. It is unacceptable to use hard and chlorinated water, only settled or bottled. In the autumn-winter period, watering is reduced, allowing the substrate to dry out, but not overdrying.

The soil

The soil for chrysalidocarpus should be acidic or neutral, well-drained. This is a mixture of clay-sod (2 parts), humus-leaf (2 parts), peat (1 part) soil with the addition of coarse sand (1 part) and charcoal (1 part). Store-bought soil for palm trees will work as well.

Top dressing and fertilizers

Chrysalidocarpus should be fertilized throughout the year. In spring and summer, 2 times a month with special fertilizers for palm trees or ordinary fertilizers for decorative deciduous plants. In autumn and winter - less often, once a month is enough. Additional foliar feeding with microelements is carried out monthly during the growing season.

Transfer

For a successful transplant, it is necessary to keep an earthen ball, some of the roots can be cut off with a sharp knife for better placement in a new pot. Drainage is replaced, part of the earth is filled up. The best time to transplant is mid-spring. Young palms are reloaded annually, older specimens - once every 3-4 years.

Reproduction of chrysalidocarpus

Chrysalidocarpus can reproduce in two ways - by seeds and basal processes.

Seed propagation

In order to propagate chrysalidocarpus using seeds, you must first soak them for 2-4 days. A solution of sulfuric acid or ordinary warm water (about 30 degrees) is used to soak the seeds. The optimum temperature for germination is 25-30 degrees, at a lower germination the seedlings will appear much later. For the growth of seedlings, a well-lit, moist place is required; after the appearance of the first leaf, they are transplanted into small pots. young plants will appear in about 3-4 months.

Propagation by basal processes

Chrysalidocarpus can reproduce vegetatively at any time of the year. With the help of a sharp knife, a process at the base of the plant, which already has a small root, is separated and planted in moist soil. The optimal landing time is spring and summer.

Diseases and pests

The plant can be affected by fungal infections of the helminthosporium genus - dark spots with a yellow rim appear on the leaves along the entire leaf, subsequently forming significant necrotic areas. This leads to the defeat of even new, healthy leaves.

How to deal: the disease manifests itself on those plants that are often sprayed. To eliminate the disease, it is necessary to treat the chrysalidocarpus with a fungicidal solution and stop excessive moisture and watering.

Worms can infect leaves from below, damaging them and causing them to turn yellow. How to fight: rub the leaves with alcohol and treat with an insecticidal preparation.

If the leaves dry up and yellow dots appear on them, these are mites. How to fight: Acaricide is used, and the humidity in the room rises.

Growing problems

  • The ends of the leaves dry and darken - dry air and substrate; low temperature and mechanical damage.
  • Leaves turn yellow - there is too much sun; watering needs to be increased.
  • The leaves are covered with brown spots - the soil is waterlogged; sharp temperature drop; watering with hard or tap water.
  • Darkened foliage throughout the plant - too abundant watering; decay signal.
  • The ends of the leaves are brown - the air is too dry; low air temperature; lack of moisture.

Popular varieties and types

Chrysalidocarpus yellowish (Chrysalidocarpus lutescens)

This type of palm got its name for its yellow-orange stems, which are densely branching at the base. Leaves of almost the same shade, the so-called fronds, can reach almost a meter in width and up to 2 m in length. The furrowed elongated petioles have a scaly dark cover that disappears with the age of the plant.

Yellowish chrysalidocarpus does not produce yellow fruits characteristic of other species of this genus; in rare cases, dark purple ones appear on it, which practically does not occur under room conditions.

Chrysalidocarpus madagascariensis (Chrysalidocarpus madagascariensis)

A palm tree with one trunk, 20-30 cm in diameter and clearly defined rings. It grows more than 8 m, feathery smooth leaves are arranged in bunches, about 2 cm wide and up to 40 cm long. Branched inflorescence in leaf axils up to 50 cm long. Can be kept in warm rooms.

Chrysalidocarpus - palm care

Areca palm: plant care after winter


Nightshade - home care

The nightshade plant belongs to an extensive (more than 1700 species) genus of annual and perennial plants of the Solanaceae family, widely growing in the temperate and tropical zones of South America. Among the representatives of the genus there are grasses, shrubs and trees, some of which are in demand in indoor floriculture.

Potted nightshade is an amazingly beautiful evergreen shrub type with glossy leaves and delicate flowers, the color of which varies from white to dark purple (depending on the species). Fruits are spherical or oblong inedible berries of fiery red, orange or yellow color, giving the plant a flirtatious and cheerful appearance. At the first glance at the indoor nightshade, you will understand that the direct purpose of this radiant handsome man is to decorate the world.


How to propagate a palm tree, if possible - in more detail.

Palms are propagated most often by seeds, sowing them in a mixture of peat, sand and sphagnum and germinating under glass, with a lower heating of the substrate (the soil temperature is not lower than 25 degrees). Palm seeds have a hard shell, so before planting, the seeds are sometimes sawed for better germination, they are soaked for a long time in growth stimulants.
The date palm is most often grown from seeds. The date seed should be placed in water to swell for several days, changing the water. Then the seed is planted to a depth of 2 cm. The sprout may appear in 2-6 months.
The Cariota soft palm also propagates by creeping shoots Chrysalidocarpus and Rapis also give shoots, so these palms are also propagated by division.

Weekly Free Digest of Gardenia.ru Site

Every week, for 15 years, for our 100,000 subscribers, an excellent selection of relevant materials about flowers and the garden, as well as other useful information.


Left photo: Archontophenix Cunningham. Right photo: Rapis tall

An unpretentious palm tree up to 12 m tall, common in the humid subtropics of Burma, China, and Japan. Its characteristic feature is a tough, fibrous brown coating around the trunks.

Fan-shaped, deeply dissected leaves are densely located at the top. Unpretentious and stable in culture.

It develops well in the temperature range from +6 to +18 degrees, easily tolerates insufficient illumination. In summer, trachycarpus needs abundant watering and spraying; in winter, watering is reduced, but the earthen coma is not allowed to dry out. In an insufficiently ventilated winter garden, rotting of the core of the trunk is possible.

The appearance on the market of new-fangled plant species, in particular, palms, undeservedly overshadowed this hardy and unpretentious plant. Young specimens of trachycarpus are suitable for interiors of any functional purpose, and adults, with a luxurious fibrous coating, will give the garden a unique appeal.


Pruning and replanting

To give the crown of the nightshade a beautiful compact shape, the shrub is annually pruned: in early spring, at the end of fruiting, all healthy branches are shortened by a third, and dry and weak shoots are removed. The active tillering of the plant is facilitated by the pinching of non-flowering branches, which is carried out in early autumn.

It is recommended to transplant nightshade immediately after pruning. Young bushes are transplanted annually, fruiting specimens - with an interval of 2-3 years. The substrate is made up of peat crumbs, leaf and sod land (1: 1: 1), and a layer of drainage material (broken brick, pebbles, expanded clay) is always laid on the bottom of the pot so that excess moisture does not stagnate in the soil. The "patient" is carefully removed from the old pot and, without shaking off the roots from the ground, transferred to a new container and added with fresh soil. Upon completion of the work, the nightshade is watered, but the fertilization regime is resumed only 2 weeks after transplanting.


The use of horse sorrel in traditional medicine

The benefits of using horse sorrel have been learned a long time ago. Our grandmothers have long used root powder and leafy shoot as a laxative, skillfully calculating the dose: in a smaller amount, the agent is more likely to "bind" the substances in the intestine, and if you take a large dose, it acts as a laxative.

This type of laxative is well tolerated by children, however to prepare a baby product, you need to use horse sorrel seeds... Often in folk medicine, horse sorrel infusions are used in the treatment of colds and for rinsing the mouth.

For a long time, our ancestors noticed that the use of infusion from the root of horse sorrel lowers blood pressure, and on the basis of this, research began at Tomsk University, which confirmed such an effect of horse sorrel.

Hemostatic and hematopoietic the properties of horse sorrel have found their application in the treatment of various skin diseases: infusions from the plant are used for various lotions for purulent wounds.

Good use of horse sorrel for coldsbecause it has a very strong expectorant effect.

For disinfection of the oral cavity use horse sorrel powder, which is rubbed into the gums or rinsed with a decoction of the root or infusion of horse sorrel leaves.

People with eczema, psoriasis, or other skin conditions use this wonderful plant to wipe the skin, lotions.

Children are often bathed in baths with the addition of horse sorrel leaves, as they have an antibacterial effect.

Important! When using any of the traditional medicines, including horse sorrel, you should consult your doctor!


Meads Internet Directory

Leaves can turn pale from excessive lighting or due to the vigorous activity of red spider mites. She is "helped" by the dryness of the surrounding air.

Having bought a yellowish Chrysalidocarpus growing in a bush of 5 (or more) palms in one bowl, do not try to dig them up, separate and plant them in different pots - otherwise everyone will die. Nature has prescribed this species to live as a "family" on one rhizome hiding in the ground. In the so-called dormant period, make sure that there is no overflow - it is extremely dangerous. Focus on the state of the topsoil - after it dries, wait 2-3 days before adding the next portion of water.Leaves turn yellow:a) due to the scarcity of summer irrigation) due to overexposure to the direct sun c) with insufficient soil nutrition d) with an excess of calcium Ca in it (probably, the water used for irrigation is too hard).

The tips of the leaves turn brown - look for the reason in the following list:a) the ambient air is excessively dry or unacceptably cool b) the amount of watering is small) they come into contact with cold objects (for example, with window panes in winter).

Shapeless brown spots appear on the leaves:a) the substrate is waterlogged b) the temperature has dropped sharply) water the plant with hard water.

If the entire leaf acquires a dark brown (brown) color and dies off, then natural aging is apparently "to blame", and this leaf is one of the lower ones. They can be forcibly removed (but do not cut, but cut off with a sharp tool). If you do not touch it, they will fall off over time.

Darkening of ALL aerial plant organs can be a symptom of decay, which was caused by continuous waterlogging of the soil (is the drainage working normally?).

Leaves can turn pale from excessive lighting or due to the vigorous activity of red spider mites. She is "helped" by the dryness of the surrounding air.

Mealybugs prefer to "play naughty" on the undersides of the leaves, from which the luxurious leaves begin to turn yellow and dry. Like any palm tree, Chrysalidocarpus is susceptible to attacks of scale insects. It is also sensitive to some pathogenic fungi. They "decorate" the foliage with growing round or oval spots (reddish-brown overall color, slightly lighter border). After stopping spraying with water, treat the "victim" with a fungicide.


Watch the video: KENTIA PALM Care. Kentia Palm Care Tips and Tricks