A special natural ecosystem is formed on spacious meadows. The entire territory from early spring to autumn frosts is covered with meadow grasses and cereal plants. Most of the cultures are used in folk and traditional medicine, some are listed in the Red Book. We will tell you about the healing properties of field plants, their varieties and beauty in the article.
General characteristics and benefits of meadow grasses
The herbaceous plants that cover the meadow area form three systems:
- Grass formed by annual and creeping crops.
- Sod formed by perennials.
- General plant thickening, consisting of a variety of varieties and types of meadow grasses.
The main advantage of meadow areas is openness. All cultures growing here simply bathe in the sun, blown from all sides by the winds. Hence the main characteristic of meadow crops - love of the sun, intolerance to the shade. This should be taken into account when wanting to plant any specimens on the site.
Additional characteristics - low stem, weed resistance. The roots of meadow plants are closely intertwined, forming a dense dense underground carpet that absorbs rainwater well, sucks groundwater in drought. Conclusion - meadow crops are undemanding to care and conditions.
Many herbs have medicinal properties, forming a kind of natural pharmacy. By correctly collecting and drying plants, it is possible to prepare useful decoctions and teas. Examples of using:
- blue cornflower - an excellent antipyretic, used for renal ailments, problems in the work of the bladder, as a lotion for eye ailments;
- oregano - has a sedative effect, improves the functioning of the digestive tract, digestive, bronchial and sweat glands, relieves pain and purifies the air;
- St. John's wort - has an astringent, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effect, is useful in the treatment of wounds;
- meadow clover - helps with exhaustion and anemia, is used as an expectorant, diuretic and antiseptic;
- chamomile is a sedative (recommended for brewing tea), helps with convulsions, is used as a choleretic, diuretic and laxative.
Video "Medicinal meadow herbs"
This video shows medicinal plants that grow in meadows.
The most popular meadow flowers and flowers with a photo
Walking through the meadow, it is possible to collect a lush bouquet, in which the plants are not duplicated at all. Knowing the timing of flowering crops and picking plants by smell, gardeners achieve continuous flowering and fragrance of their backyard plots.
Perennial, stretches up to 0.5 m. Leaves are elongated-pointed, bluish-green, moving away from the stem, becoming smaller with height. Single flowers bloom at the top, painted in a delicate pink color. The ability to withstand cold weather is average, it normally takes root in the Moscow region and central Russia.
At one time, he served as the progenitor for a cultivated species. It is well known to gardeners as the squid - an unpleasant tenacious weed. However, it is very valuable among collectors of medicinal herbs. It grows up to 1 m. The foliage is elongated, alternating, decreasing with height. Flowers are miniature, inconspicuous, yellow-green in color, combined into spike-like inflorescences. Germinates in any conditions and in any climate.
Perennial with a stem height of 40 cm. The leaves are large at the bottom, smaller on top, alternate. Peduncles are thin, flowers are massive, tricolor (petals are blue-blue, core is yellow). The culture is extremely widespread. Resistant to frost.
The plant is a shrub species, tall (under favorable conditions, it stretches up to 2 m). Leaves are small, arrow-shaped, gray-green in color, densely cover the entire stem. Abundant flowering. Flowers are formed from 4 petals, they are white and crimson, with a diameter of 4 cm, united in umbellate inflorescences. They have a thick, pleasant aroma. The wild rosemary tolerates winters well.
Perennial up to 1.5 m. Peduncles are almost glabrous, foliage is sparse. The buds are tiny, pale pink, grouped in umbrella-shaped inflorescences, they smell nice. Valerian grows in a wide variety of conditions. It is extremely in demand among herbalists - it can be problematic to find it.
Valerian is used in medicine and cosmetology, grown on many farms, as well as on an industrial scale.
Perennial up to 1 m high. It is well known as a weed that occupies cereal crops. The foliage is gray in color, elongated oval, terry. The flowers are light pink, 5 cm diagonally.
Cornflower blue field
Perennial. It differs from the meadow congener in the deep blue color of the buds. The attitude of gardeners towards him is not so negative.
Medium-sized (up to 40 cm) perennial. The foliage is terry, linear. Flowers are red or pink, occasionally white, serrated petals. It is rare, protected by the state.
Tall (up to 80 cm) perennial. The lower leaves consist of 5 parts, the upper ones - from 3. Flowers with 5 petals, large, lilac. Found in many regions of the country.
Tall (up to 90 cm), perennial. Peduncles are thin, densely covered with foliage. Feather-shaped leaves. Flowers are miniature, white, united in spikelet-type inflorescences.
Medium-sized (up to 50 cm) perennial, with a creeping, highly branched stem. The leaves are small, opposite, densely dotted with the plant. The buds are invisible, white, formed in the axils of the foliage. The plant is frost-resistant.
The crop tastes good, so it can be harvested as a feed product.
Shrub perennial up to 1.5 m high. Stems are erect, strong. The leaves are opposite, green. Bell flowers are massive, single, blue, blue or violet. Distributed everywhere.
Medium height (up to 50 cm). Leaves, thin, long, are grouped into a basal rosette. The buds are small, yellowish, with a honey aroma. Loves warmth.
Shrub species, tall (up to 1.5 m). The leaves are dark green, are combined into a basal rosette. The flowers are massive, yellow-orange, reminiscent of large daisies with very narrow petals. The roots are used in cosmetology and for the preparation of medicines.
Shrub-type perennial grows up to 1.5 m. Arrow-shaped foliage grows from the root. The long stem forms an inflorescence in the manner of a pyramid, strewn with small but bright buds. The colors are found in white, blue, lilac, pink, red and yellow. Loves warmth. Used in households to make soap.
Shrub perennial, growing up to 50 cm. The foliage resembles the feathers of domestic onions, but thinner and more rare. The tall stem bears a spherical inflorescence.
Tall (up to 2 m) perennial. Foliage, opposite or in pairs, covers the entire stem. The flowers are miniature, consist of 5 petals, white or yellowish, have a strong and pleasant smell of freshly cut hay. The culture tolerates drought well, is found everywhere. Sweet clover is popularly known as a honey plant and a medicinal crop. Suitable for food, as an odorous component in the manufacture of toilet soap and tobacco.
Since the culture is poisonous, before using it in drugs, we strongly recommend that you consult with your doctor, specifying the required dosage.
St. John's wort
Perennial, stretches up to 80 cm. The stem is straight, hard, densely covered with small green foliage. The top is crowned with a yellow flower with wide petals. The sap is bloody in color, the stem becomes crimson with age. St. John's wort is widespread in Russia and Ukraine. It is used as a medicinal plant. Causes health impairment if eaten by animals.
Ivan tea narrow-leaved
Another name is fireweed. Perennial 1, 5 m high. Peduncles are thick, straight, dense, covered with thin lanceolate foliage. The flowers are pink-purple, grouped in racemose inflorescences. Fireweed is found everywhere, it is recommended as a raw material for making tea, helps with ailments.
Tall (up to 80 cm), perennial. The peduncle is straight, branched. Foliage is oval, united in groups of 3 pieces. The buds form oval-shaped inflorescences, crimson or pink. Clover is a nitrogen fixer. Known as a honey plant, it is used in the people's pharmacy and for livestock feed.
The life span is 2 years. Tall (up to 70 cm). Peduncles are straight, almost naked. The leaves are small, growing alternately. The flowers are purple, grouped in panicle inflorescences. The bell is adapted to temperate regions. Protected by the state.
Perennial up to 80 cm high. Peduncles are straight, crowned with a single blue-purple bud. The foliage is lanceolate, formed into a root group. The scabbard is known as a honey plant.
Awnless meadow bonfire
Tall (up to 1.5 m). Peduncles are thin, foliage is narrow. The stem branches, forming shoots with spikelet inflorescences (pinkish), as a result, the culture resembles oats. In the wind, it glows pink, resembling the tongues of a fire (hence the name). Awnless bonfire quickly captures the surrounding area, forming thickets. It gets along poorly with legumes, it is suitable for livestock feed. Looks beautiful in dry bouquets. It is not used in folk recipes.
Annual, tall (up to 80 cm) culture. Peduncles are thin, straight, at the end they form a peduncle with a blue bud. The leaves are small, paired, dotting the entire stem. The seeds are used to squeeze out oils, and weaving fibers are obtained from the stem.
Tall (up to 90 cm) perennial. The peduncle is erect, densely covered with small pointed leaves. The flowers are light yellow, the core is orange.
Shrub, tall (up to 120 cm) perennial. Peduncles are straight, powerful, blue-purple inflorescences are tied at the ends in the form of brushes.
Mother and stepmother
Medium-sized (up to 30 cm) perennial. Peduncles are straight, single yellow buds are formed at the ends. The foliage on top is smooth, velvety from the inside, grouped into a basal rosette (becomes noticeable after the flowers wither).
Perennial, creeping stem, stretches 1.5 m. Leaves are microscopic, almost invisible, ash-green. The flowers are medium-sized, with a dense violet-pink color scheme. The foliage is palmate, slightly covers the stem, forms a basal rosette. The culture grows in the middle lane.
A tall perennial, stretches up to 69 cm. Stems are straight, without a core, produce milky juice. At the ends, single buds of a rich yellow color are formed. The foliage is elongated, feather-like, grouped into a basal rosette.
Low-growing (up to 50 cm) plant. The stem is thin, the foliage is narrow. Forms inflorescences of a sandy shade, resembling hoods. Fruits of a capsule type, seeds in windy weather rattle with a dull sound, for which the people called the plant a bell.
A serious parasite - a weak root system is not able to suck out useful substances from the soil, therefore the culture braids its neighbors, feeding on them.
Annual, tall (up to 60 cm) culture. The stem is straight, forms shoots near the ground. At the end, a single bud is formed with white petals and a yellowish center. The leaves are narrow, carved. Chamomile is widely demanded in cosmetology and medicine.
Tall (up to 80 cm) perennial. Foliage on extended legs, finger-like. The flowers are small, pink and white, forming an elongated oval inflorescence.
Perennial semi-shrub species. The stem is straight, covered with feather-like complex leaves. At the end, numerous branches are formed with basket inflorescences, densely covered with white and pinkish flowers.
Perennial of the family Astrovye, semi-shrub type. The stem extends up to 1 m. The foliage alternates, the form is carved or pinnately dissected. A single corymbose inflorescence (diameter 10–20 cm), formed from small baskets. The flowers are white. The branchy rhizome grows rapidly into the thicket. Yarrow grows in European and Asian meadows.
Tall perennial (up to 1.5 m). Leaves on dense petioles, united in a basal group. The stem is branched, straight. Forms inflorescences with small white buds. Found everywhere. The roots and foliage are harvested for medicinal and culinary purposes.
Tall perennial (up to 1.5 m). Peduncles are straight, massive, branching. At the ends, numerous buds are formed, with blue-blue petals. The foliage is united in a root rosette, half-covering the stem. Common chicory is widespread. Used in cooking, medicine. A drink similar to coffee is obtained from the roots.
Medium-sized (up to 40 cm) perennial. The creeping stem is covered with oval leaves, pink-purple inflorescences are formed at the ends. Smells good, used for making tea, as a seasoning. It is in demand in cosmetology and as a medicinal plant.
Tall (up to 1 m) perennial. The foliage is massive, oval or three-leafed. Stems are thin, forming umbellate inflorescences with rich yellow buds.
Sap squeezed out of stems and foliage can cause irritation. It is used to treat warts and papillomas.
Tall perennial (up to 1 m). Stems are oval, straight, rough. Leaves are oval, elongated, wide. The flowers are massive (up to 15 cm), united in basket inflorescences. The flowers are colored in different shades of pink, red and brown.
Medium-sized (up to 45 cm) perennial. Loves a lot of light. The stem is thin, leafy, holding single velvet buds, white or orange, in the form of a bowl. Flowering period: early June - mid-autumn.
Meadow flowers are good not only for creating bouquets. These wild crops look great on Moorish lawns and alpine hills, they can be used to decorate the shores of an artificial reservoir or the area near the gazebo. And at the same time you will become the owner of useful medicinal plants growing right at the front porch of the house.
Plants meadows pictures with names
A meadow is an area where perennial and annual grasses, various meadow flowers, and cereals grow, many of which are included in the Red Book. Their properties are varied, but those medicinal meadow plants that can be used for human health are especially important.
My grandmother was a famous herbalist in her village, and she took me with her to the fields to collect medicinal plants. I remember well how we collected cornflowers in a rye field against edema, St. John's wort in a meadow (it can only be collected at night with a full moon) to prepare a decoction for 99 diseases, meadow carnation for an elixir of beauty. Of course, I was little then and did not remember even half of what she was talking about, but the love for herbs, faith in their power remained forever.
To use them correctly, you need to understand well what each herb is used for, know their properties and effects on the body.
In addition, many meadow plants conquer with their beauty and can be planted in summer cottages as an interesting solution for landscape design.
The article will describe some types of meadow grasses with their descriptions and photos.
Types of field and meadow flowers
Field grasses and flowers are distinguished by the richness of varietal varieties and a variety of colors. Meadow vegetation develops rapidly and dynamically, in science there are about a thousand species.
We bring to your attention a photo gallery of field grasses and flowers with synonymous names, detailed descriptions and colorful pictures.
In everyday life they call Prosvirnyak (Proskurnyak) or Tukht.
Herbaceous perennial of the Malvov family. It grows in the suburbs, in the Crimea, in the Caucasus, on the territory of Eastern Siberia and in the middle lane. Habitat - wet areas, river floodplains.
The root is powerful, the branchy processes extend up to 50 cm, located vertically. Erect stems of a gray-green hue, tall, more than 1 m. Flowers are inconspicuous, similar in shape to Mallow. Pale pink in color, formed in axillary upper leaves.
Grown as a medicinal plant, has expectorant, enveloping properties.
Important: Marshmallow is listed in the Red Book, classified as an endangered plant.
Meadow representative of the Burachnikov family.
Perennial grass is popularly called Bone Crusher, Fat Root, Cucumber Herb. In nature, it lives practically throughout the entire territory of Russia, in Central Asia, in the Caucasus. Favorite places are the coasts of rivers, lakes, streams, flooded meadows.
The branched stem reaches 70-90 cm in height. The structure of the stems and leaves are rough, dense. The leaves grow alternately, oblong in shape, rather large. Bell flowers are small, united in inflorescences. Flowering occurs in late spring and lasts all summer.
Florists are grown as an ornamental and medicinal plant. Used as an external and internal remedy. Relieves inflammation, pain syndrome, treats purulent skin wounds.
Attention! Comfrey is poisonous, self-medication is dangerous to health!
The perennial wildflower belongs to the Valerianov family.
Synonymous names: Maun grass, Feline (Feverish) root.
Natural growth zone - coastal areas of rivers, lakes, hidden ravines, willows, forest areas near swamps. Valerian is common in Central Asia, Russia, and the Far East.
Stems are long, up to 1-1.5 m tall, straight. The root system is fibrous. Leaves are unpaired, pinnate, compound. Small fragrant flowers of a pale white hue. Flowers of irregular shape, collected in corymbose inflorescences, umbrellas.
In floriculture, they are grown on plantations, garden and backyard plots.
A powerful rhizome (sedative) is of value in pharmacology and folk medicine.
Fact. For medicinal purposes, as an anticonvulsant, sedative, antihelminthic agent, Valerian was grown under Peter I.
Perennial grass is called Anemone (from the Latin name, literally - "daughter of the winds"), in common people - Snowdrop.
The oak anemone belongs to the Buttercup family. The perennial grows in the forest regions of Russia, in the west of Europe, in the Mediterranean countries.
The flower is low, the stems reach 25-40 cm in height. The root is cylindrical, growing horizontally. The stem is pubescent, the leaves are round, cordate, bright green in color. Snow-white flowers are single, located at the top of the stem.
Early flowering, short-term - mid-spring.
Traditional healers use flowers and leaves as a remedy for coughs, toothaches, blindness and deafness. Helps with infertility, seizures and kidney failure.
Since the 16th -17th century, the wildflower has been cultivated as an ornamental plant. New hybrid varieties with large and double flowers have been developed.
The branched stem is ribbed, rough in structure. It grows to a height of 30-85 cm. The flowers are lilac, with a purple tint, collected in inflorescences-baskets. Long bloom - June-August.
In floriculture, it is not grown as a decorative flower. It grows like weeds in the field. Traditional healers use all parts of the plant (baskets, root, stems). Infusions and decoctions relieve inflammation and pain, help with urolithiasis and cholelithiasis. Edema is treated with leaf powder.
Field flower of gentian family. Due to its bitter taste, the perennial is called Gorchanka. It grows like a dwarf shrub; annual forms are rare. Growing zone - areas with a continental climate.
Stems are straight, usually short, 20-30 cm. There are varieties up to 1-1.5 m. The root system is powerful, but short. Root processes are filamentous, thin. Leaves are green, sessile, growing oppositely. Flowers are collected in single (rarely 2-3) inflorescences. There are flowers of yellow, white, bluish-purple color. Most often, the Gentian blooms in rich blue hues. The corolla is funnel-shaped or bell-shaped.
It is interesting. Gentian was used as a medicinal plant in Ancient Greece. Pliny the Elder, writer and polymath, 2nd century BC e. claimed that the grass is able to withstand the plague.
In natural conditions, there are 350-400 species. At home, about 70-90 varieties are used to decorate flower beds, front gardens, flower beds.
About a dozen species of Gentian are classified as endangered species (presented in the Red Book).
Herbaceous field perennial of the large Buttercup family. Up to 700 varieties of the plant are known. Prefers mountainous areas, forests and meadows of the Northern Hemisphere. The people call the Vodosbor, Boots, Elves flower for the peculiarity of the structure (natural representatives) of pocket flowers that collect water.
Frost-resistant bushes grow up to 80-90 cm in height. Natural species have five-leaf flowers. The bloom is bright, abundant (purple, pink, blue tones). The spur petals are rolled up into a small bundle. Openwork, graceful leaves of rich green color retain their bright color until autumn.
Garden bred varieties are used in landscape design. They are distinguished by a varied color palette - white, yellow, red, mixed colors - mix flowers. There are terry species.
In folk medicine, it is used as a diaphoretic, choleretic agent. Infusions relieve pain, help with bleeding and skin inflammation.
Important: Aquilegia is classified as a poisonous plant; it is strictly forbidden to use it on its own as a medicine.
Perennial plant of the Asteraceae family. It grows everywhere in Russia and the CIS countries. In everyday life they call the Petrov Batogi, the Blue (Roadside) flower. In natural conditions, it prefers wastelands, ditches, meadows, river banks. It grows along the roads like a weed.
The root is strong, fusiform. Stems branch, grow up to 1-1.2 m. Basal leaves are rough, feathery. Stem - small, with sharp teeth, oblong, narrow. The flowers are blue with a bluish tint, pink and white shades are found. Feature - the petals close in the evening. Long bloom - from early to late summer.
Does not require care in home cultivation - frost-resistant, hardy flower. In industry, it is cultivated as a medicinal species. The root is used for the production of a drink-substitute for natural coffee.
Healing action - supports the heart, stimulates digestion, soothes the nerves.
Moth grass or Burkun belongs to the legume family. Two species - white and yellow sweet clover (Medicinal) grows in temperate regions. It settles on slopes, meadows, can be found in the field, along the roads like weeds.
White melilot is an annual, medicinal is a biennial plant. The structure is identical, the difference in the color of the inflorescences. Stems are high, up to 1.5-2 m in height. Leaves are compound, trifoliate, stipules are subulate. Snow-white moth flowers are collected in cluster inflorescences.
The medicinal herb tastes bitter, has medicinal and beneficial properties. Saves from malaria, severe colds, fever. The ointment heals wounds. In the pharmaceutical industry, special plasters are made based on Donnik. Lotions and decoctions are used for joint pain.
Attention! The chemical composition of Donnik contains toxic substances in high concentration that cause vomiting and paralysis. Use without the prescribed dosage is life-threatening.
The perennial meadow flower of the Fialkov family has more than 600 generic varieties. It bears the name of the Swedish botanist, Professor Wittrock. In everyday life, everyone knows the plant as Pansies.
The color palette is multifaceted - all shades of purple, white, yellow, red. Feature - variegated, mixed colors. The seeds ripen in capsule fruits. The leaves are smooth and pubescent, rounded.
The flower is rightfully referred to as decorative species. The hybrids are grown as a pot culture. The size of the flowers varies from 1 cm to 10 cm, depending on the variety. Breeders bred huge Violet giants and small-flowered hybrids.
In folk medicine, Violet is used as a natural antiseptic and antispasmodic.
It is interesting. In France, Violets are given on St. Valentine as a sign of love and fidelity.
The representative of the Yasnotkov family is popularly called the Colored Grass. About 30 generic varieties are known. Natural habitat - Canary Islands, southern Europe, India.
Lavender is an evergreen flowering shrub. The leaves are green with a silvery sheen. Small flowers of lilac, lilac, pinkish-white shades are collected in inflorescences-spikelets. They have a pronounced spicy aroma that attracts bees and butterflies.
In home gardening, adapted species are planted. The varieties are not afraid of open sunny areas and drought. Lavender meadows are used to decorate parterres, personal plots, flower beds and flower beds. An unusual flower is planted in rockeries, tubs and pots. The plant is used in aromatherapy, perfumery, cosmetology, and cooking as aromatic spices and additives. In the household, the plant is indispensable for repelling insects (moths).
It is interesting! In ancient times, Lavender was considered a herb-amulet against witches and evil spirits. In the 14-15th centuries. natural raw materials were used in perfumes and perfumery products.
Lily of the valley
Representative of the Liliaceae family. Known as Molodilo, the culprit, the literal name (from lat.) - Lilia Dolin. The genus includes up to 4 varieties. The most common Lily of the valley Maisky. Under natural conditions, it grows in Siberia, North America, Asia Minor, not the Caucasus, the Far East. Habitat - mixed, pine forests, forest edges, open meadows, floodplain oak forests. Loves moisture and acid-neutral soil.
The root is creeping, the root leaves are half hidden underground. Ground leaf plates are spacious, voluminous, bright green. Bell flowers are snow-white. There are types of a pale pink shade. Flowers are formed on one stem in a group of 6-20 pcs. The fruits are bright red peas, the seeds are small, round. Flowering occurs in late May - early June.
Wild varieties grow in wooded areas. Hybrids with expressive large flowers are planted in flower beds and front gardens. Terry varieties with variegated leaves are considered especially decorative.
Attention! Despite the fact that lily of the valley is a medicinal plant, all its parts are poisonous. Poisoning is possible when ingested infusions and decoctions.
Perennial meadow flower of the family of the same name Buttercup. In total, there are up to 600 representatives of the genus in the wild. People call it Fierce Color or Night Blindness.
Buttercup is distributed throughout the European part of Russia, Siberia, Kamchatka and the Caucasus. It settles in humid and damp areas - coastal areas of rivers, lakes, swamps and forests. Prefers cold and temperate regions.
The rhizome is short, fibrous, the processes are collected in a bunch. Plant height - up to 50 cm. The stem is curly, lodging. The flowers are rich yellow.
As a decorative canvas, flower growers plant Buttercup in flower beds, along fences, in front gardens. In folk medicine, it is used to treat scabies, scrofula and external tumor inflammations.
Important: buttercup juice causes irritation, burns to the mucous membrane and skin. The scent is also toxic, and an allergic reaction is possible.
Herbaceous flowering plant of the Zlakovy family. There are more than 660 generic representatives. It can be found all over the globe - in the subtropics and tropics, areas with temperate and cold climates. A picky and hardy grain, it grows among stones, in mountainous areas, in meadows, forests and fields.
In nature, the straight stem reaches 1-2 meters in height. Creeping root.
In open spaces, in clearings and clearings, it forms sod. Leaves, slightly curled inward, pubescent or rough. There are varieties with a smooth leaf plate. Sprawling panicle inflorescences unite up to 15 flowers. The spikelet is loose, growing on a stalk, 1.5 cm long.
Meadow fescue and red fescue are grown for livestock feed. The plant is ideal for lawn landscaping. Reed Fescue is grown on saline soil as a hay crop.
Meadow perennial flower of the Bellflower family. people call Pichuzhnitsa, Bells.
In nature, there are up to 400 varieties. More than 150 species are common on the territory of Russia. Grows in a temperate climatic zone. Found throughout Europe, some species are common in North America. Natural “settlements” grow in the Caucasus, Siberia, and Central Asia. Favorite habitats are rocky and desert areas, steppes, meadows, open glades in the forest.
The stem is erect, grows to a height of 70 cm. The green leaves are solid in type, arranged alternately. Bell-shaped corolla of violet, lilac or blue hue, white flowers are found. Inflorescences are panicles or racemose. The capsule fruit has 4-6 holes.
In home floriculture, they are planted in multi-level flower beds, flower beds. They are used in decorating a garden and a personal plot.
In conclusion, it should be recalled that wildflowers are representatives of the wild. Most of them, unfortunately, are endangered species. Thoughtlessly plucking flowers for the sake of momentary joy and whim is not worth it. Meadow bouquet of spicy herbs - harmonious unity, integrity and peace of the plant world.
Types and photos of non-flowering succulents
Succulents are a group of plants that have special tissues that are able to retain water in themselves. This feature is due to their origin from regions with frequent droughts. Plants in this group belong to different families.
Cacti are succulents, a distinctive feature of which is the presence of thorns on its surface. However, few people know that there are several thousand varieties of cacti, which are not always possible to distinguish from each other at first glance.
Such non-flowering cacti are popular:
- Cephalocereus. There are silvery hairs on the stem of the cactus, which distinguish it from other relatives.
Cephalocereus Espostoa woolly is a fairly large cactus that can grow up to 70 cm in length. The succulent spines have silvery bristles.
Espostoa woolly Echinocactus Gruzoni is the most popular cactus, distinguished by its bright yellow spines.
Ornamental cacti are most often used to decorate office spaces or home work areas, as they are believed to absorb electromagnetic radiation emanating from a computer or laptop.
Queen Victoria Agave
Queen Victoria's agave is considered the most beautiful succulent of the entire Agave family. The flower has tough leaves, the appearance of which resembles an elongated triangle with a white border. Each leaf has one spine, 1 to 2 cm long, and several short ones. Agave leaves form a rosette, the diameter of which ranges from 40-60 cm.
Queen Victoria Agave
Aloe is a succulent from the Asfoledaceae family. The genus Aloe has about 500 different species, but they are all united by a short stem, which is densely covered with fleshy xiphoid leaves. Depending on the type of aloe, the edges of its leaves can be smooth or serrated, some of them are covered with spines, less often with cilia. Most often, flower growers grow variegated aloe, aloe vera and aloe tree.
The beard, or Jovibarba, is a flower from the Tolstyankov family. The beard is distinguished by pointed leaves that form a small rosette, similar to a flower bud. The color of the Beardnik is varied: it ranges from green to brown shades.
Sedum, or Sedum, is a genus of plants with many species. Indoor sedum is represented by several types, among which are non-flowering:
- Sedum Morgana.
- Sedum is thick-leaved.
- The sedum is linear.
The sedum has small flat or cylindrical leaves that can peel off even with a light touch. The stems of the flower, depending on the species, can be straight, creeping or recumbent.
The fat woman, or the money tree, is an unpretentious crop that even a novice florist can handle with the cultivation. Indoor bastards are distinguished by round opposite leaves, resembling coins in their shape. With good care, the height of a tree trunk can reach more than 1.5 m.
Haworthia is a genus of miniature plants from the Xanthorrhea family. On the fleshy, dark green leaves, there may be white warty bumps. Most members of the genus have transparent areas at the ends of the leaf plate, with the help of which light penetrates deep into the tissue of the flower.
In the autumn forest, which is replete with bright colors, flowers become less catchy and less noticeable, they bloom in autumn too, but in a special way, more modestly. What kind of flowers can be found in the forest in autumn? Basically, these are summer flowers that continue to bloom: autumn anemone, gentian, sivets meadow, nivyanik, clover, cinquefoil, cinquefoil, cmin, umbrella hawk, autumn sulbaba, black cohosh and others.
At the beginning of autumn, in the forest, we are gladdened by the flowers of oregano, goldenrod, twisted bell, violets, saying goodbye to summer.
Oregano or oregano (Оriganum vulgaris L.) - The family Lipocytes, a small perennial (30 to 80 cm). Small two-lipped flowers are collected in oval spikelets, which gather in panicles at the end of the branches. The color of the flowers is pinkish-purple, rarely white. Blooms all summer and early autumn. In August, the seeds are already beginning to ripen. The plant is cold-resistant, undemanding, but grows poorly on heavy acidic soils. Photophilous. Very widespread. It grows in the steppes, in clearings and forest edges, on the slopes of ravines. Loves pine and aspen forest areas. It has a pronounced pleasant aroma and a bitter-spicy taste. It is a medicinal plant and is used in cooking as a spice. It is used in the design of mixborders, rockeries, rabatok.
Common goldenrod or golden rod (Compositae) - family Compositae, perennial with reddish stems from 40 cm to 1 m. Oblong-oval leaves with small denticles along the edge. Paniculate inflorescences are collected from baskets, which, in turn, consist of small yellow flowers. From the second half of summer to the end of September, they bloom. It grows in forests, on the slopes of ravines, on forest edges, clearings, glades. Unpretentious. Sometimes requires a garter. If you want to avoid self-seeding, then immediately after flowering, you should cut it off. Goldenrod can be planted along fences, it is also suitable for flower beds and mixborders.
Twisted or assembled bell (Campanula glomerata L.) - Bellflower family, perennial up to half a meter high. It has lanceolate wide leaves. The capitate inflorescences resemble small bouquets of small blue-violet bells (sometimes white). Blooms all summer and early autumn. Unpretentious. It grows on forest edges and clearings, as well as among shrubs. Medicinal plant. In landscape design, they are used for planting under trees, in ridges, natural gardens and for cutting.
Violet tricolor or pansies (Viola tricolor L.) and field violet (V. arvensis Murr.) - Violet family, annual and biennial herbaceous plants with an erect, slightly ribbed stem 10-45 cm. The toothed leaves along the edges are ovoid. The flowers are single, irregular, 5 petals, located on a long peduncle. The violet has a tricolor long corolla. The upper two petals are purple or dark blue, the two side ones are of the same color, only lighter, and the lower large petal with a spur is light yellow (maybe with a purple edge). And the violet has a short field corolla and smaller flowers. They also differ in color. The field violet has white upper petals, while the middle and lower ones are bright yellow. Violets bloom from May to early October. It is found everywhere on the edges and clearings in the forest, in forest belts, as well as along the roads. The violet is undemanding and frost-resistant. Prefers neutral soils. Doesn't like fertilization with fresh manure! Care for a wild violet is the same as for its ornamental varieties. It is a medicinal plant.
But there are flowers in the forest that bloom in autumn, these are autumn crocus. The name itself suggests that it blooms at the wrong time, not like all its bulbous counterparts. He confused spring with autumn.
Colhicum autumnale (Colhicum autumnale) - Liliaceae family, bulbous plant about 10 cm. Aboveground stem is erect, rounded. Three or four broad-lanceolate leaves are collected in a rosette around the fruit, in the middle of summer they die off, and with the onset of cold weather, large flowers up to 25 cm appear, similar to crocuses. The color of the flowers is from white to purple. Blooms in the first half of autumn. In nature, it occurs in wet flooded meadows, along rivers and streams. Colchicum is an unpretentious plant. In the fall, he will be able to decorate the site, and he will stand in a vase for about 5 days. It is only necessary to remember that the whole plant is poisonous. You need to work with it with gloves and take precautions.
Growing conditions: watering and feeding
In the open field, aquilegia is not at all demanding on growing conditions.
The only exceptions are exclusive varieties brought from North America. Perennial grows well both in the shade and in the sun. But it is in shady areas that the culture blooms more attractively and abundantly.
Attention when growing aquilegia is required in relation to irrigation and fertilization. Let's figure out how to make sure that the perennial does not turn into an ordinary weed and retain its decorative qualities for as long as possible.
The aquilegia root system goes deep into the ground. This helps her to survive not only severe frosts, but also short-term drought. With regard to watering, some varieties have enough periodic rains.
Some people treat the lack of moisture worse - they can stop blooming and lose their foliage. Waterlogging of the soil for the plant is a great threat. Therefore, we recommend doing watering wisely - in moderation. From excessive bogging, the root system is affected by gray rot and the perennial stops developing.
Mineral complexes are suitable as dressings. For the flowering of aquilegia, phosphorus and potassium are required. You can not abuse nitrogen, because of which the plant will develop green mass to the detriment of flowering.
Fertilizers are applied periodically throughout the growing season. You can use commercially available superphosphate, as well as undiluted mullein solution.
These photos clearly demonstrate all the basic agrotechnical techniques for planting and caring for aquilegia when growing a flower in the open field:
The subtleties of growing from seeds
If you want to grow lumbago at home from seeds, there are some important rules to keep in mind.
- Experienced growers advise to sow only widespread varieties harvested in the fall, in March. It is advisable to use purchased soil and mix it in half with coarse sand.
- When planting seeds in a pot or other suitable container, do not sprinkle them with earth on top. They will ascend without problems only with good lighting.
- The air temperature must be at least +25 degrees Celsius (a little more is allowed).
- The percentage of air humidity should be high. It is permissible to leave seedlings in a greenhouse, or cover with pieces of glass.
- If you sow the seeds of the shot correctly, they will give the first shoots literally after 5-14 days.
- If the germinated plantings did not manage to throw off the seed coats, they will need to be moistened several times a day using warm water.
- When the seedlings are at the stage of 2-3 leaves, they can be seated in separate containers (cups). In the first year of life, this culture is calm about transplants.
- If you plan to plant plants in the garden, then this should be done in May and immediately to their permanent place.
Types and varieties of primroses: photo and description
In the gardens, mainly hybrid primroses are cultivated, as well as some wild ones. The most common are the following.
Common primrose, or stemless, occurs naturally in the Crimea and the Caucasus. Flowers up to 3 cm in diameter, on a very short stem, light yellow with a purple center. The leaves are rather large, light green. Abundant flowering from the end of April during the month.
As a result of hybridization, many varieties of primroses were obtained with white, yellow, pink, red, lilac, dark blue flowers.
Spring primrose, or rams. Flowers up to 2 cm in diameter, bright yellow with an orange spot in the center, collected in an umbrella-shaped inflorescence on a stem up to 20 cm in height. It blooms for more than a month, from the end of April. They grow mainly hybrid forms with large and double flowers of the most varied colors.
Ear primrose, or auricula, - one of the most beautiful species. It has been widely cultivated in European countries since the 16th century. In nature, it lives in alpine meadows in the mountains of Central and Southern Europe.
As you can see in the photo, the flowers of this perennial garden primrose are yellow, collected in an umbrella at the top of a strong arrow 20-25 cm high:
The leaves are dense, smooth, rounded, forming a beautiful rosette.
Cultivated varieties and natural hybrids with flowers up to 3-4 cm in diameter, mostly two-colored with a wide variety of color combinations. The flowers are collected in an umbellate inflorescence on an arrow up to 20 cm high. It blooms in May-June for 20-25 days. The best location is partial shade; in the sun, flowering times are reduced. Auricles are planted in the foreground in mixborders, rockeries, along the paths.
The natural hybrid of the auricula is pubescent primrose... Fragrant flowers 1.5-4 cm in diameter have a variety of colors (from pure white to purple and brown).
Pay attention to the photo of this type of primrose - there are varieties both monochromatic and with a white, cream or yellow eye:
Flowers are collected in scutes on stems 10-20 cm high. Evergreen leaves are very expressive with a light powdery bloom, sometimes forming a light strip along the edges.
Fine-toothed primrosecomes from the alpine meadows of the Himalayas. Numerous small flowers up to 1 cm in diameter are collected in a spherical inflorescence with a diameter of 6-7 cm. A strong peduncle 20-25 cm high after flowering stretches to 50-60 cm. A well-developed plant forms up to 5 peduncles. The color of the flowers is usually lilac, less often white, pink, reddish-purple or dark purple. Blooms from late April for 25-30 days. As the flowering proceeds, leaves grow back, reaching 20 cm. They are strongly wrinkled, finely toothed, on the underside they are covered with a thick yellowish bloom, which enhances the decorative effect. In summer, the small-toothed primrose bush resembles an exotic fern.
Primrose high originally from Transcarpathia, southern and middle part of Western Europe. Flowers up to 2 cm in diameter, light yellow, with a darker spot in the center, collected in an umbrella-shaped inflorescence on an arrow 20-30 cm high.
In the photo of this variety of primrose, it is visible that the leaves of the plant are oblong-oval, wavy, toothed, hairy below:
Blooms from late April - early May for 30-35 days. There are numerous hybrids with a variety of flower colors.
Primula kartuzovidny found in the mountain forests of Western and Eastern Siberia. Flowers up to 2.5 cm in diameter, pink, light purple, collected in 8-12 pieces in an umbellate inflorescence on a stem up to 30 cm high. Leaves are ovoid, toothed, slightly hairy, on long petioles, collected in a small rosette. Blooms in May, again in August and September.
Primula of Julia. Homeland - Caucasus. One of the most beautiful miniature species with a height of only 10 cm. In April, the plant is covered with a mass of pink-purple flowers up to 3 cm in diameter. Flowering continues until mid-May. The leaves are shiny, bright green. It grows rapidly, numerous creeping shoots soon form continuous soddy carpets. It is one of the few species that grows well in open areas if the soil is loamy and moist enough.