Lemon transplant at home - how not to harm?

 Lemon transplant at home - how not to harm?

Transplanting a lemon at home is a simple matter, but the importance of this procedure is difficult to overestimate. The correct transplant will allow your citrus to add to the pace of development, but if you do something wrong, the lemon may even die. Follow all the rules and enjoy the blooming lemon on your windowsill.

Why was a lemon transplant needed in your case?

Pictured is a lemon tree

After the purchase. Raise the pot - if the roots are sticking out of the drainage holes, then it's time to transplant into a larger pot! If the roots are not visible, and the plant itself looks like an unsightly stem with several leaves (as sometimes collectors sell rooted cuttings of good varieties), it is better to wait with a transplant .. If in doubt, moisten a lump with water, let it drain well and, tilting the pot to one side, try gently remove the lump. If roots piercing a lump are visible from all sides, transplant. If the roots are not visible, the lump is trying to fall apart - we leave it in an old pot or transfer it to the same size. If the clod smells like rot, clean the roots and transplant into a smaller or similar pot. If the roots are only at the bottom, they can be transplanted into a deeper pot.

Important! Immediately after the purchase, we send the plant to quarantine - for a week we put it aside from other plants and, ideally, we treat it with Actellik or Fufanon, since at the wholesale bases where your lemon has been for some time, it is likely infected with a spider mite - a pest as subtle as it is unpleasant.

Lemon transplant video

The pot is broken. Raise the plant carefully, trying to keep the ball intact. Before purchasing a new pot of the same or slightly larger size, you can wrap the lump with a damp cloth and put it in a bag, but do not leave the plant in this form for more than a day! When transplanting, carefully trim the broken horses and twigs, sprinkle the roots with crushed coal or Kornevin. If a ceramic pot is broken, the shards are great for drainage.

For a long-growing lemon, the roots became visible near the trunk or on the surface - pour a little on top (just cover the roots) with soil and do not water with a strong stream under the root. If the lemon has not been transplanted for a year, but it is growing, you can first transplant, then add.

The plant withers, smells of rot from the pot, earthen fleas can start up - urgently replant, carefully removing and replacing part of the soil, cut off the rotten roots to healthy tissue and sprinkle with crushed coal or Kornevin. Take a new pot or disinfect the old one. When transplanting, fresh drainage should be put in. Cut off some of the branches so that it is easier for the weakened root system to provide the crown with nutrients. If it does not smell of rot yet, but you have doubts, you can stick a wooden stick into the ground between waterings: if the lump does not dry out in the depths, it will become damp.

In the photo, a lemon for transplant

It seems to you that it is time to transplant. If your lemon does not actively grow, does not bloom and does not bear fruit, and it is not the darkest months of November-December outside and the plant is healthy, then boldly (but carefully) remove the clod from the pot and determine the need for transplanting yourself. Remember? The lump is entangled in roots - we transplant it into a larger volume, the roots are visible in places - we transfer it into the same.

Choosing a pot for your lemon

Any material is suitable - plastic, ceramics, wood. It is only important to ensure good drainage. For adult plants, wooden cone-shaped tubs are desirable.

The size of the pot during transshipment should remain almost the same: we increase the pot by no more than 2-4 cm, the tub - by 4-8 cm in diameter.

A very important quality of a lemon pot is the ability to check if the water is stagnant at the bottom. Therefore, a pot with a flat bottom is definitely preferable to a planter.

In the photo pots

Stylistically, lemons look very appropriate in ceramic pots, white or terracotta, with or without a pattern. However, it is necessary to take into account in which pots the flowers standing next to grow, so that the composition looks harmonious.

Choosing a soil for your lemon

If you like to do everything yourself, you can make the soil for indoor lemon from 3 parts of disinfected soil, 1 part of humus and 1 part of river sand. But you can buy ready-made soil with a neutral reaction, for example, Lemon soil. When buying soil, do not forget about drainage.

After the transplant, the nutrients will be enough for him for six months. Then you can feed with fertilizers - organic or mineral, but not containing chlorine.

Actually instructions on how to transplant a lemon

The optimal time for transplanting is the second half of February, before the start of active growth or in the summer between two growth waves.

When transplanting lemon at home, put a shard on the drainage hole of the pot so that the water can drain freely, pour drainage (usually expanded clay, large or medium) about 1/5 of the height of the pot. It would be good to add river sand from above. Then add some soil.

In the photo, a lemon transplant

We take out the lemon from the old pot, examine the root system. If rotten roots are visible (they darken, sometimes lick, the bark easily lags behind the root), they must be carefully removed and the lump dried. In any case, it is not harmful to dust the roots with the root formation stimulant Kornevin.

We make a deepening in the soil poured onto the drainage. We put the ball in a new pot, check that the root collar (the place where the trunk becomes the root, ground level) is almost at the level (slightly below) the edges of the pot. If the lump has risen too low, we fill the ground down, if it is too high, we deepen the hole.

Little by little, layer by layer, add soil along the edges, trying to keep the trunk exactly in the middle of the pot. We seal it with our hands or a stick so that no air bubbles remain.

Sprinkle with settled water, slightly loosen the soil surface ... Voila! You just transplanted your lemon yourself!

Lemon tree transplant video

To make the plant easier to endure the stress associated with transplanting, you can sprinkle it with the stimulant Zircon and cover it with a plastic bag for a week.

But the most important secret is that you need to take care of the lemon with love, and it will not hesitate to please you with a lush crown and abundant flowering.

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How to transplant and propagate lemon: step by step instructions

Indoor lemon is a beautiful decorative tree that gets along well at home. With proper care, you can not only enjoy the bright greenery and pleasant aroma of indoor lemongrass, but also get edible fruits rich in vitamins. It is important to know how to transplant a lemon correctly, if it "grows" from its pot, and how to propagate a lemon on your own so that it develops well and bears fruit. If the lemon transplant at home is carried out incorrectly, the plant will stop growing and blooming, it may even die. Transplanting this plant is not difficult at all. Unlike a rose, it tolerates a "move" well, you just need to adhere to the recommendations of experienced gardeners.


Lemon tree varieties for growing at home

There are special varieties specially bred for growing at home, some of which bear fruit. Planting several of these trees is enough to provide the family with vitamins for the whole year. Read about picking tomato seedlings here.

Pavlovsky lemon

The variety was developed over a hundred years ago in Russia. Lemon can even be grown on the west and northwest side. Every year 20-40 lemons weighing up to 150 g can be removed from it. The skin is also suitable for eating. Fruiting occurs 3-4 years after planting. The culture is distinguished by its resistance to dry air, spraying the crowns has a beneficial effect on the plant.

Mayer

The variety belongs to the category of dwarf, flowering occurs 3-4 times annually. Lemons have a sour taste and thin skin. Ambient light, drainage, regular watering, fertilization and spraying play an important role. The flower must be protected from cold temperatures and drafts. Lack of proper care can cause the plant to shed its leaves. In the cold season, the container must be kept at a temperature of 12 degrees. Watering regularly will help reduce the sour taste of the fruit. The first harvest can be obtained as early as next year, provided that nitrogen-containing fertilizers are applied. Read about the processing of tomato seeds before planting seedlings here.

The variety is recommended to be placed in the east and west. Shading in the summer plays an important role; excess light will lead to strong growth and slower fruiting.

Maikop

The variety was bred as a result of many years of work by breeders. Plant height reaches 2 m, the yield is large enough, it can reach 300 fruits.

Lisbon

Lemon is resistant to heat, drought and low temperatures. Unlike growing an artichoke, the flowering period of a lemon is 3 years after planting. The plant is distinguished by year-round flowering and fruiting, suitable for cultivation in the open field.

Productivity reaches 60 lemons a year, an adult tree gives up to 150. Good lighting plays an important role.


Features of homemade lemon

The home lemon tree is an evergreen, low-growing plant that is a perennial. Its powerful branches are covered with thorns. In young shoots, the upper part has a violet-purple color. Green leaf plates leathery to the touch have an oblong-oval shape, and they have teeth on the edge. On the surface of the foliage, there are many glands, inside of which there is an essential oil. The life span of one leaf plate is from two to three years.

The bud formation process takes approximately 35–40 days. In this case, the flower after opening does not fade for 7-9 weeks. A very pleasant aroma emanates from the flowering tree. It can take more than nine months from the moment the ovaries are formed until the fruit is fully ripe. Homemade lemon has an egg-shaped fruit shape, with the nipple located at the top. It is covered with a yellow skin, the surface of which is lumpy or pitted. From the fruit comes a sharp specific aroma characteristic of lemons. The juicy pulp is divided into 9-14 slices, it is colored yellowish-green and has a sour taste. Inside the fruit lobules there are several white ovoid irregular seeds. From above, they are covered with a parchment shell, which is highly dense.


Nutrient substrate composition

Violets love light, acidic soil, including:

  • black soil - 5 volumes
  • peat - 3 volumes
  • coarse river sand - 1 part.

It is imperative to add non-decomposed horse peat or sphagnum moss, perlite and vermiculite, brick chips to the composition. The total amount of additives should not exceed the amount of sand taken. Use expanded clay and pottery shards for drainage. You can use purchased soil for Saintpaulias.

Regardless of how the soil is obtained, it must be steamed and disinfected with potassium permanganate. The earth can be revived by adding EM-1 preparation 2 weeks before use, or just before planting a little vermicompost. Before use, the soil must be moist, but free-flowing.


How to properly transplant zamioculcas: a step-by-step guide

The easiest way is to transfer the plant. At the same time, there is no risk of damage to the roots, and the zamiokulkas that got into the new soil continues to grow without loss.

If we are talking about an adult plant, before transplanting zamiokulkas at home, as in the video, you need to clean the root system of the remnants of the old substrate:

  1. A plant consisting of several tubers and shoots extending from them can be separated and, having turned into several independent plants, planted in their pots. This will simplify the care of zamiokulkas and increase the home collection of the florist.
  2. A layer of large expanded clay is poured onto the bottom of a pre-selected pot with drainage holes to drain excess moisture.
  3. A little moist substrate is laid on top of it so as to completely cover the drainage and leave room for comfortable placement of the root system of the zamiokulkas.
  4. The filling of the roots is carried out in such a way that the apical parts of the roots and tubers are on the surface of the soil. At the end of the process, the substrate is carefully compacted.
  5. Expanded clay, pebbles or other suitable mulching material are laid on top of the soil to conserve moisture and protect the soil from excessive compaction.

If you correctly transplant zamiokulkas at home, and then pay a little attention to the plant, it will grow well and please with decorative green foliage throughout the year.


Step-by-step instructions for transplanting

Transplant methods vary. Different technologies are used for lemons of different ages.

If the tree is already blooming and bearing fruit, proceed as follows:

  1. The day before moving to a new pot, the lemon is watered abundantly. This makes it easier to remove soil from the root system. The plant is removed from the pot. Remove at least 60% of the old soil.
  2. Examine the root system. Dry, decaying, brown and damp roots are removed. Places of cuts are treated with a light pink solution of potassium permanganate.
  3. A layer of soil and drainage are poured into a new container. Lemon is planted without deepening the root collar.
  4. The soil is watered with a light pink solution of potassium permanganate and a solution of a root formation stimulator.

The transplanted lemon is placed in a warm, bright place where the risk of exposure to direct sunlight is minimal. The first 4-5 days it is not watered, but abundantly sprayed from a spray bottle. Then the daily moistening of the soil is resumed.

After such a transplant, the tree is stressed. So that it quickly recovers and does not get sick, any negative effects are excluded.


Watch the video: How to grow lemon at home from seeds