How to grow pelargonium from seeds at home: a guide to a novice florist

How to grow pelargonium from seeds at home: a guide to a novice florist

Pelargonium is distinguished by its unpretentiousness and unique healing properties. The plant cleans the air in the room, soothes, the leaves can be used as a wound healing agent. Pelargonium is suitable for growing on windowsills, balconies, loggias, it is often planted as a garden plant.

Features of seed reproduction and sowing dates

There are two ways to grow a flower - from seeds and cuttings. For a long time, the second breeding method was the main one. But now there are many hybrids that transmit the best qualities only in the first generation (there is an F1 sign on the seed packaging).

Pelargonium seeds are large, have a rich brown color. The new varieties are distinguished by their beautiful shape, varied colors of flowers and leaves.

Plants grown from seed at home are healthy, viable and more attractive than those obtained by cuttings. In addition, varietal qualities are lost from generation to generation when grown at home by cuttings. Propagating a flower by seed is cost effective. They are inexpensive, several dozen plants grow from one bag.

Successful days for sowing and transplanting pelargoniums according to the lunar calendar in 2019:

  • March: 1, 2, 9-13, 15, 17-19, 26;
  • April: 1-3, 7-12, 16-18, 25;
  • May: 2, 3, 8-15, 16-18, 25;
  • June: 5-10, 12-15, 23-25;
  • July: 4-9, 11-14, 22-24.

Popular varieties with photos

Among the species that can be grown at home, there are zonal, ivy, royal and fragrant pelargonium.

Zonal

Zonal pelargonium has the largest number of varieties. The name of the species comes from the zone - the area on the leaves, painted in a different color. It is an erect herb with many leaves and flowers, which are collected in umbrella-like brushes. Plants of this species have a strong odor.

Breeders have developed undersized varieties. Depending on the number of petals in a flower, they are divided into the following groups:

  • terry (more than 8 petals);
  • semi-double (6-8 petals);
  • non-double (5 petals).

April snow

April Snow belongs to the category of rosaceous varieties. It is a small plant with pink flowers.

Fandango

Pelargonium Fandango belongs to the stellate species. Flowers of a soft coral shade have petals with indistinct, ragged edges.

Ivy

Ivy-leaved pelargoniums have creeping or hanging shoots up to a meter long. The colors and shapes of flowers are varied.

Amethyst

This pelargonium is a great option for decorating a veranda or balcony. Inflorescences are painted in dark pink, crimson and purple shades.

Rhapsody

The Rhapsody variety has burgundy flowers with wavy petals. The leaves of this pelargonium are glossy.

Royal

Royal pelargoniums are powerful, up to half a meter tall plants. A distinctive feature is the large flowers, often corrugated or fringed. Coloration suggests streaks or spots. The leaves have sharp teeth.

Angels

Angels have small leaf size and ampelous growth type. They are less demanding on conditions, tolerate drought well, and grow quickly.

Fragrant

Scented Pelargonium is a group of varieties that are famous for their unique aromas. They do not have beautiful flowers, they grow up to a meter high. But the smells of plants of this species have many shades. The leaves of such pelargoniums exude the aroma of pineapple, apple, verbena, nutmeg, mint, wormwood, and pine needles.

Seed preparation for sowing

To successfully grow pelargonium from seeds at home, it is important to pay attention to the quality of the seed, the shelf life, and the appearance of the seeds. Each of them must be cleaned of the leathery shell. Experienced gardeners recommend rubbing the seeds with a knife or sandpaper.

Many firms sell seeds already prepared.

Before sowing, the seeds are soaked in warm water for three hours, and then treated with Epin or Zircon.

Soil preparation

Despite being unpretentious to growing conditions, pelargonium needs good soil. You can use store-bought houseplant mix. For self-preparation of the mixture, you can take peat and perlite in equal proportions or two parts of turf and one each of peat and sand.

Sowing seeds

When sowing in one container, the distance between the seeds should be at least 5 cm.

The landing container must have a drainage hole. Seeds must be laid out on the surface of the soil and sprinkled on top with a thin layer of earth. Then it is worth moistening the crops with a spray bottle and cover with a film. The temperature should be room temperature, direct sunlight should not fall on the plants.

Once a day, the film should be opened for oxygen. After two weeks, the first shoots appear, but the germination process can take up to a month.

Seedling care

After the emergence of plants, it is important to monitor the moderate moisture content of the soil. Watering can be done with a syringe, pipette or spray bottle.

It is also necessary to monitor the absence of moisture on the plant in order to avoid rot. At the first manifestations of a black leg, it is necessary to treat pelargonium with an antifungal agent.

In a too warm and dark place, the plant stretches. It is necessary to lower the temperature (gradually) by a couple of degrees and provide additional lighting. Feed with a fairly common fertilizer for flower seedlings.

Open ground transplant

After the appearance of 2-3 leaves of the plant, you need to dive: carefully, without damaging the root system, transplant into a larger pot. If this will be a permanent place of growth, then it is worth choosing a clay container that will protect the roots from overheating or dehydration.

It is important to apply a long-acting fertilizer for pelargonium, so that it blooms in the summer - Clean Leaf, TerraSol. When planted in open ground, 1 sq. 5 plants are placed per meter. Pelargonium feels great on the windowsill, balcony, in hanging pots.

In the open field, the plant can be kept until the first frost. In regions where the temperature does not drop below zero, pelargonium is left in a flower bed and covered with a film for the duration of a cold snap. Before the onset of frost, crops can be transplanted into pots and brought into the room.

Plant care

In the open field, pelargonium needs to be fed once a month. In containers, this should be done every two weeks to achieve abundant flowering. Any flower fertilizer is suitable.

The plant does not tolerate a transplant, the flowering level decreases. If pelargonium grows in a pot, it is enough to move it indoors. To form the correct crown shape, pinch the top.

The pot on the windowsill must be regularly turned the other side for even development.

With obvious unpretentiousness to the conditions of detention, pelargonium sometimes gets sick. At elevated temperatures, it stops blooming. Swelling, or water pads, may result from heavy watering. Yellowing of the leaves indicates a lack of watering.

Gray mold appears as a result of heavy watering. A good result is given by treatment with antifungal agents and the removal of affected leaves.

Pelargonium is attacked by weevils, whiteflies and aphids. Any insect repellent is suitable for pest control - Actellik, Neoron, Decis.

Pelargonium is a beautiful, unpretentious plant. It does not require special conditions, is bright, suitable for growing in different climatic conditions. Experienced flower growers and ordinary amateurs will succeed in growing these plants if they follow the recommendations for planting and caring for pelargonium.

  • Print

Rate the article:

(5 votes, average: 3.4 out of 5)

Share with your friends!


Pelargonium

Pelargonium (Pelargonium) is directly related to the geranium family. This genus unites about 350 species of various plants, which are herbaceous perennials, however, there are shrubs and succulent plants.

Such a home-grown plant has one unusual property. So, its aroma can calm and relax some people, while others feel worse when inhaled. Only a few species are grown indoors, but the choice is quite rich.

Pelargonium has a rather spectacular appearance. However, this is not all. It contains substances that are used in medicine and perfumery. So, the essential oil obtained from this plant is used to create perfumes and soaps, and it is also used as part of means for cleaning the air from pathogenic bacteria and harmful impurities.


Botanical description

Pelargonium (lat.Pelargonium) - a plant of the Geraniev family. In nature, there are up to 350 species of plants, which are usually herbaceous perennials, but there are also succulent plants and shrubs.
Homemade pelargonium surprises in that it can act on people in a diametrically opposite way: one of the aroma of Pelargonium becomes bad, while others it calms and relaxes. Only a few species of Pelargonium have been cultivated, but this does not mean that there is nothing to choose from.
In addition to their decorative qualities, Pelargoniums stand out and are useful - they are used in medicine and perfumery. Pelargonium essential oil is used not only as a fragrance for soaps or perfumes, but also is an excellent tool for purifying the air from harmful impurities and microorganisms.


Types of pelargonium

There are many types of pelargonium in nature, which makes it impossible to create a single and universal classification. Most often, there are six main categories: zonal, ivy, scented, royal, unique and pelargonium-angels. They differ in appearance, habitat and living conditions.

Zone Pelargonium

It is the most common species, with tens of thousands of varieties. It owes its name to a certain color of the leaf: in the center there is an area painted in a different color. Sometimes this zone disappears when there is a lack of lighting, and reappears in the spring.

Zonal pelargonium is a straight, dense bush with downy, fragrant leaves. It has been cultivated for more than three centuries. All varieties are divided into 5-petal non-double, 6-8-petal semi-double and 8-petal double.

The most famous and large subgroups are Rosaceae, Tulip, Clove, Star, Cactus and Deacons.

Ivy-leaved pelargonium

They are distinguished by creeping or hanging long shoots up to a meter. Such varieties are used for soil cover, when decorating balconies and loggias. Flowers are of any shape and shade, but the leaves are smooth and ivy-like, mostly dense and tough.

Scented pelargonium

This is a group of varieties known for their aromas. Most often they are quite inconspicuous in appearance, with small pink or white flowers and uneven palmate-lobed leaves. Bushes are loose and branched. Such geraniums are grown not for decoration, but for smell. The leaves can smell like fruits, berries, other herbs, and even complex fragrances.

Royal Pelargonium

These are powerful shrubs up to 50 cm tall. Their peculiarity is large flowers with corrugated or fringed edges. Coloring - heterogeneous due to veins and spotting. The leaves are broad and jagged, reminiscent of maple leaves. Unlike zonal, which can bloom all year round, the flowering of royal pelargoniums is limited to 3-4 months.

Unicums

This is one of the oldest groups that has been cultivated since the middle of the 18th century. They bred it by crossing the royal and brilliant geraniums. Flowers resemble royal flowers, but they are smaller in diameter. The dissected leaves have a pronounced odor. "Unicums" were especially popular in flower gardens during the Victorian era.

Pelargonium Angels

An unusual variety was bred by the English florist Langley Smith, who crossed the royal and curly pelargoniums. New species later appeared due to crosses within the group itself.

"Angels" are distinguished by small flowers, leaves and ampelous bushes. These varieties are less demanding than royal geraniums, but they need more light.


When to transplant to a permanent place

The transplantation of mature sprouts is carried out at the end of spring. 1-2 days before transplanting, the substrate is moistened so as not to damage the root system and plant the most healthy plant in a permanent place. In open ground, the distance between plantings is at least 20-25 cm.

In a home, you can grow from seeds almost any, even an exotic flower. For some species, the procedure for planting seeds is a series of complex activities. Geranium, in turn, is quite simple to sow and achieve a positive result. It is important not only to choose high-quality planting material, but also to comply with all the rules for caring for a young plant.

In China, for example, this species has been recognized for many decades as a symbol of wealth and prosperity. For flower reproduction, it is the seed method that is most often used. Pelargonium can become a real decoration not only at home, but also in a personal plot.


Watch the video: 2021 Angel pelargonium seed sowing