How to feed yielding cucumbers?

 How to feed yielding cucumbers?

Finding out how to effectively grow productive and healthy cucumbers using top dressing. What needs to be done for their growth and fruiting in the open field and in the greenhouse. How to solve the problem of yellow leaves and why cucumbers need yeast.

Why feed cucumbers

The root system of cucumbers is superficial, so they are not able to absorb nutrients from the deep layers of the soil. This means that the cucumbers need to be fertilized.

Most of all, cucumbers need nitrogen and potassium, which are washed out by water faster than other trace elements. You can determine the lack of a specific trace element by the appearance of the cucumbers.

What trace element lackingSigns
NitrogenCucumber leaves become pale green and small, and then they can turn yellow and begin to die off. The lashes grow thin, the growth of cucumbers slows down, and their fruits grow short and thick.
PotassiumThe edges of the leaves turn a light green color, which then changes to brown and the edges of the leaves dry. The ovaries fall off, and the fruits are formed in the form of a "bulb".
CalciumThe leaves develop narrow light stripes, due to which the leaves become brittle, wither and crumble, and the fruits do not grow well. Rot may appear on the inflorescences, which also spreads to the stems and fruits. The edges of the leaves are curved inward.
MagnesiumThe leaves have yellow spots, and the fruits in this case quickly overripe and are suitable only for seeds.
IronThe tops of new shoots are not green, but yellow.
PhosphorusThe leaves turn dark green, with a purple tint, after which the falling leaves turn black.
CopperThe leaves turn pale, the shoots wither, and the flowers quickly crumble.

In order for cucumbers to grow healthy and bear fruit well, they must be properly fed with fertilizers and follow the rules of care. With untimely feeding, cucumbers will be prone to leaf fall and poor fruiting. The poorer the soil, the more abundantly you need to fertilize them.

Cucumbers contain: vitamins A, B1 and B2; alimentary fiber; carotene; folic, nicotinic and ascorbic acids. And also minerals: potassium and magnesium, sodium, calcium, iron, chlorine, phosphorus, cobalt, aluminum, chromium, zinc, fluorine, copper, molybdenum, manganese and even iodine.

So, by fertilizing your cucumbers correctly, you will get fruitful and healthy fruits!

These are such beautiful cucumbers that grow with proper care.

Yellowing of cucumber leaves

To exclude all possible variants of yellowing and diseases, cucumbers must be grown and fertilized correctly from the very beginning of their development.

If your seeds are not coated and not processed, then soak them before germination in a solution from the preparation "Epin-extra" or "Immunocytovit". Add ready-made microelements to the solution (for example "Albit", "Energen", "Mikrass"), and your seedlings will grow healthy and strong!

Let's consider the causes of yellowing:

CauseDecision
Lack of waterWater the cucumbers in a timely manner, without allowing the soil to dry out.
Damage to the root system and leaves by pestsUse drugs depending on the type of pests: Fitoverm, Bitoxibacillin, Akarin (Aktofit), Metarizin, Vertimek, Kleschevit, Agravertin. Plant a radish between the cucumbers.
Infection of the soil with nematodesUse Nematophagin.
Fungal diseases (rust, powdery mildew, rot, anthracnose, peronosporosis, spotting)Around each bush, stick a tablet of "Glyocladina" (Trichodermin). Use it further as a prophylaxis when planting seedlings. Treat the leaves with fungicides (Topaz, Kuproksat, Abiga-peak) together with Green soap.
Viral and bacterial diseasesTreat with Fitolavin.
Burned roots or leaves with fertilizersAlways use the correct proportions. Fertilize after good watering.
SunburnDo not water or spray in the sun. Do this in the morning, evening, or when it's cloudy. It is better to water at the root.
Aging lashesTo prolong the life of the lashes, pin them to the ground and mulch the new roots that have formed. Treat and feed with soda, nitrogen.

Recommendations:

Examine the plants for any other damage or symptoms other than yellowing. Whether the fruits grow normally and the whips develop. Based on what you see, "make a diagnosis."

For the treatment and prevention of fungal and bacterial diseases, use drugs such as "Gamair", "Rizoplan" (Planriz), "Alirin-B". Remove yellow leaves.

To strengthen the immunity of your cucumbers, use immunostimulating agents ("Epin", "Zircon", "Immunocytovitis").

Six effective measures to eliminate yellow leaves.

Since there are many reasons for yellowing, yellowness is effectively eliminated by a set of measures. Top dressing, spraying, strengthening immunity and eliminating pests.

1. A solution of potassium permanganate and boric acid. This prevents and stops the development of diseases and makes up for the lack of micronutrients. An effective remedy in the fight against yellowing, including age-related.

  • Consumption: 5 grams of boric acid and 1.5 grams of potassium permanganate per 10 liters of water.

Keep in mind that boric acid does not dissolve in cold water!

For seedlings, two such sprays will be enough. Do the first when your cucumbers produce the first two true leaves, and the second two days before you plant your seedlings in the ground.

2. To strengthen the immune system and with symptoms of diseases (for example, peronosporosis):

Spray the leaves, as well as the ground around, with a solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate).

  • Consumption: 3 grams of potassium permanganate per 10 liters of water. Spray three times every three days.

Spray every 10 days to strengthen the immune system:

  • Consumption: 40 drops of iodine; 20 gr. laundry or tar soap; liter of milk; 10 liters of water.

Other options:

  1. 2 liters of whey and a glass of sugar for 10 liters of water. Once a week. This solution is also used to form ovaries.
  2. Soak a loaf of mashed bread (black or white) in a bucket overnight. Strain the mixture and add 20 milliliters of iodine to it. Consumption: a liter of top dressing per bucket of water. Processing is necessary once every two weeks.

Schedule your treatments so you don't get confused!

3. In the case when the cause of yellowing is a lack of nitrogen. The leaves first turn pale and then turn yellow. Seedlings can be fed with nitrogen in the phase of 2-4 true leaves.

  • Consumption: 15 grams of urea per 10 liters of water.

Granular nitrogen is sold under the name "urea" or "urea".

Granular urea (nitrogen)

When using nitrogen, you need to understand that if you bring it into the ground, then it will nourish your cucumbers longer. This fertilizer decomposes quickly on contact with air.

Granular nitrogen is added at the rate of 7-8 grams per 1 meter of area.

Nitrogen content in fertilizers

If you have ammonia, you can use it instead of urea. This is an excellent nitrogen fertilization and "salvation" from pests!

  • Ammonia consumption: 1 teaspoon per 1 liter of water.

4. Plant mustard seeds in the aisles. This will slow down the growth of weeds, protect cucumbers from late blight, and besides, mustard will loosen the ground, preventing caking. Don't let the roots of your cucumbers be exposed! If they dry up, then the leaves will turn yellow and dry! Cucumbers will not be able to get enough nutrition.

Mustard grows very quickly and you can use it for your cucumbers as mulch. If you nevertheless notice that the roots of the cucumbers are bare, then mulch them.

Suitable as mulch: hay, weeds, rotted manure, sawdust. If you are not a fan of this method, then just throw the earth over the bare roots.

The photo shows how you can protect the roots of cucumbers.

5. A solution made from ash. Ash is an excellent fertilizer and a good remedy for many pests.

One glass of ash per 1 liter of boiling water is insisted for two days. Add a soapy solution there (grate ten grams of laundry or tar soap and stir in water).

Mix well and process the cucumbers thoroughly. You can repeat it in a week.

  • Ash consumption: 100 grams per 10 liters of water.

Approximate amount of dry ash by weight:

  • in a teaspoon 2 g;
  • in a tablespoon 6 g;
  • in a glass - 100 g;
  • in a half-liter jar 250 g;
  • in a liter can of 500 g.

Most of all ash contains: potassium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, sulfur and magnesium.

Video instruction "Features of the use of ash":

6. Soda solution.

To prevent and treat yellowing with a solution of soda, cucumbers are not only sprayed, but also watered.

  • Spraying consumption: 1 teaspoon of baking soda per 1 liter of water. Process once a week.
  • Watering consumption: 1 tablespoon of soda per 10 liters of water.

Watering should be done no more than 2 times a week. Baking soda works against fungal and viral infections, increases yields and makes fruits sweeter.

In the video, instructions for using soda:

The main thing in processing is not to overdo it and observe the proportions of the solution!

Pest control

  1. Colloidal sulfur solution (50 g per 10 liters of water). It also acts as a fungicide (against fungal diseases). Repeat the treatment after 10 days.
  2. Insist 200 g of onion husks and 50 g of garlic. First, boil the husk for 1 minute, add garlic to the warm solution, cover and leave overnight. The next day, strain the solution and dilute in a bucket of water. Spray the plants. This solution can be treated 2-3 times in two days.
  3. Dilute 2 tablespoons of 3% hydrogen peroxide in a liter of water. Spray 3-4 times, every 5-7 days, if the temperature is below 30 ° C. And every 3 days, if the temperature is 30 ° C or more.
  4. A teaspoon of ammonia per liter of water. Cucumbers are sprayed in the same way as with hydrogen peroxide.
  5. A very good remedy is tobacco dust. Powder her foliage.

Video about pests and diseases of cucumbers:

On improving and fertilizing the soil

Cucumbers are quite picky about the composition of the land in which they grow. Therefore, try to enrich it with organic fertilizers and sow green manures before winter, especially in the greenhouse... To improve the soil, use EM biopreparations: "Baikal EM-1", "Alirin-B", "Shining".

How green manures enrich the soil

On the basis of yeast, you can make a solution yourself like EM biopreparations, to improve the soil and increase yields. Simultaneously with these drugs, do not use chemicals that will destroy all useful living organisms!

Video “How to make EM fertilizer yourself”.

In the fall, it is time to prepare the soil for cucumbers for the next season. Ready-made compost or humus is added to the ground.

  • Calculation: 8-10 kilos per 1 square meter and plus nitrophoska 30-40 grams per 1 square meter.

In spring, when planting cucumber seedlings, rotted manure (about 300 g) and superphosphate (3-4 g) can be added to each hole. The stores sell balanced fertilizers. With their help, you can enrich your soil with nutrients without the hassle. They are subdivided into "autumn" and "spring" ones.

Feeding cucumbers in different conditions.

Both ground and greenhouse cucumbers need to be fed up to five times per season. Fertilizing vegetables in the greenhouse (including polycarbonate) must be carried out at least 4 times. In the soil it is possible less often, depending on the condition of the soil. Basically, the difference between growing cucumbers in a greenhouse and growing in an open field is in grooming, not in feeding.

In warm summer, it is best to feed cucumbers through the roots, because in warm weather, the roots of cucumbers absorb all the nutrients well. Feeding your cucumbers through the leaves will be more effective when the weather is cold and cloudy.

A very good product for spraying cucumbers and cultivating the land - "Alirin-B" (beneficial microorganisms). During flowering and fruit setting, this drug increases the number of ovaries, prevents them from dropping and diseases. During fruit setting, it increases the sugar content. And also this drug stimulates plant growth, helps to increase vitamin C in fruits. You can use other similar drugs.

When spraying, it is good to add tar or laundry soap. Grate, soak and add to the solution. This will improve the adhesion of the solution and at the same time protect against diseases and harmful insects. Or use Green Soap (sold in liquid form).

When using preparations, observe safety measures: use gloves, wear a respirator when spraying. Remember: what is a top dressing for your plants can be an allergen and poison for you!

Cucumbers are very responsive to organic fertilizers. Alternate feed types. That is, if you made the first mineral fertilizing, then do the next organic.

For example, feed with ammonium nitrate or nitrogen (carbamide, urea) for the first time.

  • Nitrogen consumption: a tablespoon in an 8 l bucket of water. Then water well.

Next time, feed with mullein (rotted manure).

  • Mullein consumption: 1 bucket of mullein for seven buckets of water, stir and feed half a bucket for each bush. Water well.

On the video, the features of the use of nitrogen:

Video instruction on the preparation and consumption of mullein:

Fertilizer classification:

It is very important to maintain the correct proportion of fertilizers, because an excess of them is just as harmful as a lack!

Consider a scheme for fertilizing cucumbers. These are different options. Choose according to the condition of the cucumbers and your fertilizer preferences.

First feeding. Two weeks after planting.

Fertilizer options:

  1. in 10 liters of water, dilute 10 g of ammonium nitrate, 20 g of superphosphate, 10 g of potassium sulfate (or 10-15 potassium chloride).
  2. 20g superphosphate, 10g ammonium nitrate, 10g potassium salt per 10 liters of water
  3. One tablespoon of urea and 20 g of superphosphate per 10 liters of water

When calculating, keep in mind that this solution is used for about 15 plants.

Second feeding. At the beginning of flowering.

Feed one of the following options:

  1. 0.5 l of liquid manure, 1 tbsp. spoon of urea for 10 liters of water.
  2. Bird droppings. Concentration 1 to 15.
  3. Infusion of fresh herbs. Concentration 1 to 5.
  4. Manure. Concentration 1 to 6.

How to prepare an infusion. Manure, or finely chopped greens, is poured with water, mixed, left in a warm place for three days. Then the infusion must be diluted in a bucket of water, add 20 g of superphosphate and pour over the cucumbers.

Poultry manure fertilization video

Video instruction on fertilization from herbal infusion

Organic shell fertilizer. Grind the shells (about 6 eggs per liter of water), pour into a jar and cover with hot water. The infusion is prepared for about two weeks. Dilute with 3 liters of water before watering.

Unfortunately, such a liquid fertilizer has a big drawback - it has a pungent and disgusting smell. But it is very effective, since the eggshell contains: phosphates and calcium, magnesium and easily digestible organic substances.

If you do not want to get involved with such a "flavor", then when feeding with mineral fertilizers, add 1 tablespoon of crushed shells to them (the smaller the better).

The composition of fertilizing with mineral fertilizers:

  1. 30g of ammonium nitrate, 20g of potassium nitrate, 30g of superphosphate per 10 liters of water

You can dilute a glass of ash in 10 liters of water, this will be a very good mineral fertilizer.

Spraying formulations:

  1. Dilute 40 g of superphosphate in 10 liters of water
  2. Dissolve one teaspoon of boric acid and potassium permanganate on the tip of a knife in a liter of water

When the cucumbers have already begun to bloom, it will be very useful to spray them with a solution of boric acid with added sugar. This trick prevents flowers from dropping and increases the number of ovaries. If you grow bee-pollinated varieties of cucumbers, then the sugar solution will attract bees, wasps and bumblebees.

  • Consumption: dilute 2 grams of boric acid and 100 grams of sugar in 1 liter of hot water

Third feeding. During fruiting.

Mineral dressing compositions:

  1. 25-30 g of potassium nitrate and 40 g of superphosphate per 10 liters of water
  2. 50 g of urea and 50 g of superphosphate per 10 liters of water
  3. 1 glass of ash per 10 liters of water

Top dressing for spraying:

  • Dilute 10 grams of urea in 10 liters of water

To speed up the ripening of cucumbers, repeat the boron + sugar spraying. Boron also increases the sugar content of cucumbers.

Fourth feeding. We extend the lifespan of cucumber lashes and increase yields.

For watering:

  • Dilute 30 g of baking soda and 1 glass of ash in 10 liters of water

For spraying:

  • Dilute 15 g of urea in 10 liters of water

Fifth feeding. Complex fertilizers or organic matter.

Apply the formula from the second or third feed. Use baking soda for spraying.

There are a large number of ready-made liquid and granular fertilizers on the market. For example: "Ideal", "Breadwinner", "Fertility". There are special fertilizers for cucumbers. I like to use compressed Gumi fertilizer, liquid Barrel and Four Buckets and granulated Zdraven.

If you don't have time for frequent feeding, then there is good advice. When planting, a handful of ash, chopped banana skins and nitrogen are introduced into each hole around the seedlings. It is not necessary to deeply embed fertilizers so that the roots of the cucumbers have access to them. But do not leave them on top, so that the nutrients retain their nutritional value for cucumbers for longer. This way, you can cut feeds down to two to three times per season.

General plan for fertilizing cucumbers.

  1. the first feeding is given 2 weeks after transplanting. More potassium and nitrogen required;
  2. the second feeding is given at the beginning of flowering. In addition to nitrogen and potassium, cucumbers now need boron, magnesium and other nutrients;
  3. the third feeding is given at the beginning of fruiting. The same as the second, but you need to look at the state of the plants: what to subtract, what to add.
  4. the fourth feeding is given 2-3 weeks after the third. Mainly to stimulate fruiting. Add phosphorus;
  5. the fifth feeding is given with a compound of complex fertilizers. You can do it yourself or buy a ready-made one.

Table of measures for the garden

Observe the condition of your cucumbers and keep a table of fertilizing and spraying so as not to overdo it with the addition of fertilizers.

General Recommendations:

If the cucumber lashes and leaves grow strongly, but there are few ovaries, then this means that there is too much nitrogen in the soil. In this case, the leaves turn dark green. If you notice this, then exclude nitrogen when feeding. Give your cucumbers phosphate and potash fertilizers.

So that at the end of the season your cucumbers continue to delight you with fresh green fruits, pin the growing whips to the ground to form new roots and be sure to pick the growing cucumbers in time! Do not leave them on the lashes to overgrow. Use a baking soda top dressing, mulch the roots. If the cucumbers are growing outdoors, don't forget to cover them with spunbond during cooler weather.

How to increase the yield and growth of cucumbers with yeast

We looked at different ways to increase the yield and growth of cucumbers. There is another method used by gardeners - the use of yeast.

Feeding with yeast feeding is not recommended more than two or three times. The first time it is used after the use of nitrogen, and the second time after the use of phosphorus. Wood ash should be added to the yeast feeding. Firstly, because of the abundance of nitrogen, there is no overgrowth of the green mass. And secondly - to replenish potassium, which the soil is depleted after yeast. Ash helps plants to absorb nitrogen less actively.

Yeast top dressing does not exclude the introduction of other fertilizers (otherwise, cucumbers can gain excessive green mass, and there will be little strength for the fruits). As a result of the vital activity of yeast, the soil is quickly enriched with nitrogen and potassium.

In terms of timing, yeast fertilizer can be applied for the first time a week after transplanting cucumber seedlings into the ground. The second time is during fruiting.

Yeast feeding is used:

  1. To increase the stamina of seedlings and stimulate their growth
  2. For better rooting of cucumbers
  3. To enhance root formation
  4. To enhance the growth of whips and leaves
  5. To improve plant immunity

Solution preparation:

  • Dissolve 10 grams of dry yeast in 10 liters of warm water, add 2 tbsp of sugar to the solution. Let the solution infuse for three hours. Then dilute it in 50 liters of water.

From compressed yeast:

  • Dissolve 1 kg of yeast in five liters of warm water and let it brew for 3-4 hours. Add water up to 50 liters.

The resulting solutions can be sprayed on foliage. This will protect the cucumbers from parasites and harmful microbes.

Yeast can be replaced with fermented bread:

  • Fill a bucket (10 l) with 2/3 of bread (preferably black), fill with water and press down with something so that the bread does not float. Leave to wander in a warm place for a week.

Before watering, dilute the starter culture with water one to three. Under each bush there is half a liter of solution.

What you need to know about yeast feeding:

  1. Yeast works most effectively together with nitrogen and phosphorus.
  2. As a result of the vital activity of yeast fungi, soil microorganisms are activated and process organic matter faster, therefore it is best to use organic fertilizers together with yeast.

There is a lot of nitrogen in manure, especially in horse and sheep manure. Feeding with fishmeal is a very effective way to increase the nitrogen and phosphorus content of the soil.

Koreans even feed their houseplants with fish! They simply "stuff" little dried fish into flower pots. For fish meal, place one tablespoon under each bush.

Every gardener dreams of the abundant fruits of his labors. Cucumbers will thank you after you feed them on time, get rid of diseases and protect them from pests. Choose methods of feeding and handling cucumbers so that you do not have to worry about it. Success is guaranteed when you are confident in how to meet the needs of your cucumbers. Work with love, apply knowledge in practice and you will succeed!

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Fertilizing cucumbers in the greenhouse: what fertilizers and when to use

Cucumber is a vegetable so beloved by everyone that we cannot imagine our table without it. You can meet this culture at every summer cottage. Not everywhere the climate allows you to grow cucumbers in the open field, they are often planted in a polycarbonate greenhouse. In conditions of limited space, the question of additional power immediately arises. The use of balanced dressings can increase yields by a third. Fertilization must follow certain rules.


What fertilizers should be used to feed cucumbers?

In order to be able to choose from a variety of sources containing components of various types and composition, you need to know what the fertilizing is, their composition and advantages, the advisability of introducing cucumbers into different phases of growth.

The division of fertilizers into groups is determined by the difference in the method of production, in the chemical composition and form, as well as in the direction of action of the substances contained. Top dressing are:

  • organic
  • mineral
  • complex.

Organic

Organic fertilizers are of natural origin, so their use is safe for humans and animals. They are obtained in the process of life of animals and plants, therefore, they are distinguished by a low price or are generally free of charge.

After being introduced into the soil, organic matter takes time for micro-substances and macronutrients to be released during the decomposition process. But the effect of such feeding is also longer, which does not require the cost of additional nutrition. In addition, the decomposition process is associated with the vital activity of bacteria, which have a beneficial effect on the absorption of nutrition by the root system of cucumbers.

The use of organic matter makes the soil more structured: loose, lightweight, capable of efficiently passing air and water inside itself.

The most common organics include:

    Compost - these are rotted plant residues of crops and food waste. The components are laid out in a compost pit in layers, sprinkled with peat, manure, earth. It is advisable to spill the pit with water to activate the processes. The minimum time required for the "maturation" of the compost is 6-7 months.
    This type of fertilizer contains a large amount of nitrogen, calcium and phosphorus. In a semi-mature state, it can be used to mulch the soil.
    Keep in mind that in this state, the compost contains an excess of nitrogen, but not enough magnesium and calcium. Therefore, it is better to use it on beds with cucumbers, zucchini, cabbage, and not radishes, beets and other nitrate accumulators.

The main disadvantage of using compost is the content of weed seeds, pathogens and the possible presence of pests, for example, a bear.

When using manure as fertilizer for planting holes, make sure that the roots do not come into contact with it to avoid burns.

The optimal use of green manures is not to dig up the soil with them, but to cut green manure plants in the budding phase and mulch the soil surface with them. So the remaining root system will become food during decomposition, mulched stems will retain moisture in the soil, enriching it with microelements in the process of gradual overheating.

The plants that make up this group include: cereals, mustard, clover, lupine, legumes. You can read about growing oats as green manure here.

The use of ash is preferable not during digging up the soil, but by spraying it over the surface of the rows with subsequent loosening (200 g per 1 sq. M), or in the form of an ash solution (100 g per 10 l of water, with a consumption of 0.5 l for each bush ). Peat in its composition it practically does not contain nutrients, but when mixed with other organic matter, it is an excellent means for acquiring the properties of looseness, air permeability and moisture accumulation in the soil.
Peat should be used when its moisture level is at least 60%, otherwise it will take all the moisture from the soil.

Before introducing this type of organic matter, leave it in an open space with plenty of air access for a month. This will help the aluminum and other metals in its composition to go into a safe form.

Mineral

Mineral fertilizers are produced by chemical compounds and reactions. For the most part, they dissolve well in water, have a quick, but short-term effect on plants. According to the predominance of a certain element, they are divided into:

    Nitrogen. The composition is dominated by nitrogen, for example, in its urea it is up to 45%, and in ammonium nitrate - 34.5%. The introduction of such dressings begins in the spring for a boost in plant growth. So when the snow melts, you can distribute the fertilizer over the surface of the soil. Moisture will dissolve it and transfer it to the soil layers accessible to the plant.
    The use of nitrogen fertilizers in the fall is impractical due to the rapid evaporation of the element, they will not bring any benefit, only additional costs.

Keep in mind that nitrogen fertilizers are the most dangerous of all fertilizing. If you overdo it, the plants will accumulate nitrates inside themselves and in the fruit. It is dangerous for both humans and animals to eat them. Potash mineral fertilizers are represented by potassium chloride, potassium sulfate and potassium salt. Their use is possible, both in autumn plowing and in the spring-summer period to eliminate potassium deficiency in the soil. At the same time, the use of potassium sulfate is optimal for cucumbers, since it does not contain chlorine, sodium and magnesium.

Complex

The composition of complex mineral fertilizers includes the main components (nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus) in various proportions and enriched with additional elements. Obtaining such dressings is possible by mixing one-component fertilizers with each other or using complex chemical reactions. Such mixtures strengthen plants, helping them to grow and develop qualitatively.

The most widely used compound fertilizers are:

  • Nitroammofoska contains nitrogen and phosphorus in equal amounts. Suitable for autumn application in heavy soils, and for spring application in light types of soils.
  • Nitrophoska contains all three main elements. Suitable for all crops and soil types. It is used from spring to fruiting. After such nutrition, cucumbers become able to resist diseases and pests.
  • Ammophos often used not only in open ground, but also in shelters. Contains all the main elements in combination with sulfur. Its advantage is the absence of chlorine and sodium in the composition.


Basic rules for the use of fertilizer

To get a good harvest of cucumbers, you need not only to properly prepare the fertilizer, but also to apply it correctly.

It is important to comply with the timing and dosage

Timing

Cucumber manure can be used in spring or fall. But at the same time, it is often impossible to use organic matter, since this can lead to an excess of nutrients in the soil.

Application methods

Manure can be applied in different ways, depending on the growing conditions and the stage of plant development.

At the same time, it is important that organic fertilizers do not fall on the foliage, as this causes burns.

In the greenhouse

In indoor conditions, manure can be used in several ways. Each of them has its own characteristics.

  1. Application directly to the ground. Before planting cucumbers in the greenhouse, it is recommended to lay the manure on the soil and then dig up the area.
  2. In the form of mulch. In this case, it is necessary to lay a layer of humus in the root circle of the plant 3-5 cm thick. Useful substances will flow to the roots when watering.
  3. Nutritious infusion. Organics for feeding can be used both fresh (1:20) between the rows, and in the form of fermented slurry (1:10) under the root. Water the bushes with a nutrient solution at the rate of 3 liters per 1 sq. m.

In the open field

When growing cucumbers in the open field, fertilize with organic matter directly at planting. To do this, it is necessary to introduce humus into the prepared holes, thoroughly mixing it with earth.


Cucumbers turn yellow and dry in the greenhouse

Drying is a process inextricably linked with the yellowing of leaf plates. Therefore, all the reasons that cause a discoloration of the leaf are also valid for drying. But most often this indicates low humidity in the greenhouse. Cucumbers simply lack water.

Regular additional watering, loosening the soil and mulching can help in this. The mulch will trap moisture evaporation. Also remember to ventilate the greenhouse. This will normalize the microclimate in the greenhouse.


How to feed cucumbers during fruiting

It would seem that if fruiting has begun, then the gardener's worries can be considered complete. This is not entirely true, because the plant spends most of its energy on this "operation". Therefore, it needs to be supported.

Feed the cucumbers with green herb infusion mixed with water in a 1: 5 ratio. From mineral fertilizers, use potassium nitrate (25-30 g per 10 l of water), urea (50 g per 10 l of water), ash (1 glass per 10 l of water). For foliar feeding, use 10-12 g of urea dissolved in 10 liters of water.


How to feed cucumbers on the balcony

Balcony cucumbers are also partly in greenhouse conditions. However, the process of growing them and the composition of dressings have their own characteristics.

  • Fertilize cucumbers about two weeks after the first shoots appear.As first fertilization you can use a weak solution of the following components: dilute 15 g of potassium fertilizers and 5 g of ammonium nitrate in 10 liters of water. Then add 3 g of superphosphate and 5 g of magnesium sulfate there. When watering, make sure that the solution does not get on the leaves.
  • After 10 days, feed the balcony cucumbers second time... Dissolve 1 liter of mullein in 10 liters of water and add 20 g of superphosphate and 15 g of potassium sulfate there. Apply 1 L under each plant.
  • Once every 10 days, you can water the plants with a weak solution of light pink potassium permanganate.

Now you know everything about feeding greenhouse, greenhouse and balcony cucumbers. Timely apply the "obligatory" fertilizers and monitor the condition of the plants - they themselves will tell you what additional substances you need.


Watch the video: WOW! Amazing Agriculture Technology - Cucumbers