Cyclamen - Cyclamen

Cyclamen - Cyclamen

The Cyclamen

The cliclamino, botanical name Cyclamen, is a beautiful perennial bulbous plant that contains numerous species that originate from the eastern Mediterranean areas; in some parts of Italy it grows and develops spontaneously and we find it very often on our mountains and we see it cultivated as a houseplant and in our gardens. The cyclamen is used in particular as an ornamental and decorative plant thanks to its delicate and colorful flowers with a pleasant scent. The spontaneous cyclamen can reach a height of about ten centimeters while cultivated it reaches twenty. Most of the species of this plant prefer a warm temperate climate and, if grown indoors, they should be kept indoors and can be displayed on balconies and terraces in summer; the type of suitable climate, however, depends from species to species because, for example, the alpine ones can withstand even -30 ° C! The leaves of the cyclamen grow at the base and have long small ones, the shape vaguely resembles a heart and may have a smooth or slightly serrated outline, they are green in color with a slight streak of white in the upper part and reddish in the lower part, depending on the species. they can be transient or persistent. The flowering period of the cyclamen is the winter one that goes from September to March-April, the flowers are composed of the calyx which is the outermost of the floral envelopes and is composed of the sepals, the corolla which is the set of petals, the 'androceo ie the male organs and from the gynoecium which are the female organs; sometimes they smell good and can have various colors: white, red, lilac, pink. The fruits of cyclamen are round-shaped capsules and contain seeds that ripen the year following flowering. Currently on the market and in nurseries you can find different varieties of cyclamen created by man, for example the very beautiful and original Othello thanks to the wonderful shades.

The cyclamen plant is poisonous to humans, this is because the tuber contains a toxic substance.

In the past, the cyclamen plant was considered useful against the evil eye and negative filters. Others, on the other hand, used it to facilitate conception due to its exciting qualities; However, there were also those who had a negative consideration of this plant, in fact one of the meanings attributed to it was distrust, perhaps given by the fact that it is a poisonous and harmful plant for humans.


Species and Varieties

Of cyclamen we find different species and varieties, below we will illustrate some of them:

Cyclamen Persicum: this species is the best known and originates in Asia Minor, Syria and Lebanon. It is grown above all to decorate greenhouses and apartments, the flowers are beautiful, large and colorful but have no perfume; the leaves are heart-shaped, green in color with streaks in the upper part. The root is a black tuber. It does not resist in the open ground in the part of northern Italy, it is grown in pots with heather soil and needs excellent drainage. From this species derive varieties such as Cyclamen Persicum Giganteum, Cyclamen Persicum Flore Pleno which has double flowers, Cyclamen Persicum Papillo which has very large flowers reminiscent of butterflies and Cyclamen Persicum Rococò.

Cyclamen Graecum: It is a well-marketed species and the flowers are light pink or orange.

Cyclamen Balearicum: This species has fragrant white colored flowers.

Cyclamen Libanoticum: has pink-purple flowers that may have white streaks like the leaves.

Cyclamen Europeum: it is a spontaneous species that blooms in September, the flowers are fragrant and pink in color.

Cyclamen Neapolitanum: this is also a spontaneous type, it blooms in September and the flowers are pink, white or purple. We find it in the wooded areas of southern Italy.

Cyclamen Repandum: this spontaneous species blooms in spring giving origin to pink flowers.

Cyclamen Africanum: as the name implies, it is native to the African continent, the leaves are very large, green-white in the upper part and violet in the lower part.

Cyclamen x Atkinsii: is a hybrid created by the union of various species, the leaves are green with silver spots. It blooms from December to March.

Cyclamen Cilicium: this species derives its origin from Asia Minor, has white or pink flowers.

Cyclamen Coum: the flowers have various colors, they can be white, red or pink, it is a rustic species.

Cyclamen Cyprium: as the name implies, it originates on the island of Cyprus, has round leaves with yellow spots, the flowers are fragrant.

Cyclamen Rolfsianum: this species originates in North Africa, has green leaves with silver streaks.


Soil and Cultivation Techniques

The optimal temperature for growing cyclamen is around 16-22 ° C during the hot season, while in winter it should not be below 15 ° C during the day and 8 at night.

As for the repotting operation, it must only be done when the pot has become too small to contain the roots. It is usually done in the spring. The repotting soil must consist of leaves, peat and sand.

The soil preferred by cyclamen is fresh, fertile and a little damp but not too much because this plant also fears water stagnation, to avoid them you can put pieces of broken terracotta pots or other material that favors the drainage of the pot on the bottom of the pot. excess water.

In the cultivation of cyclamen, in addition to using a suitable soil, you must pay attention to the roots, you must never wet them when watering because they are subject to rot

A very important factor for the correct growth of this plant is the temperature, during the development of leaves and flowers it should not be higher than fifteen degrees, so it will be positioned far from heaters and heat sources and never in direct sun. Dried, damaged or weak leaves and flowers should be removed immediately.


Multiplication

The cyclamen multiplies by seed or by division of the tuber.

The seed multiplication operation must be done between the months of July and September, the seeds must be distributed evenly in parallel rows on the soil and must not be buried excessively. The container with the seeds will be placed in an area rich in shade at a temperature of about twenty degrees with a humid environment; at this point, as explained several times, the container will be covered with plastic to maintain the right temperature and prevent the soil from drying out in a short time. When the first shoots have appeared, remove the plastic and place the container in a brighter area with a temperature of about eighteen degrees. By the time the new seedlings have reached a sufficient size, they will be ready to be gently transplanted.

Regarding the multiplication by division of the tuber, it must be divided with a clean and sharp knife making sure that each part has two or three buds. This operation takes place in the late spring.


Fertilization and Irrigation

The fertilizer that must be administered to the cyclamen is of the liquid type and must be mixed with the irrigation water. It would be appropriate to add this fertilizer every two or three weeks; during the flowering period this fertilizer should be richer in potassium. Regarding the supply of water, cyclamen should always have a soil of the right humidity, so it will be necessary to adjust to avoid water stagnation and rot. In summer, this plant ends its vegetative development so it will be placed in the shade and watered very little only near the bulb.


Pruning

Cyclamen pruning consists in eliminating dry or weakened leaves to avoid possible infestation by parasites.


Diseases and Parasites

Cyclamen, like many other plants, is subject to attack by parasites and diseases, here are some explanations of the main symptoms they cause:

Weevils are beetles that attack and damage the tubers of this plant. Mites are also enemies of cyclamen, they damage buds and buds and deform leaves and flowers. Other pests that can infest this plant are spider mites, aphids and spider mites.

There are two major diseases affecting cyclamen: gray mold and cucumber mosaic. The symptoms of the first serious pathology are manifested by the appearance of spots and rot on the leaves; while the second, less severe, manifests itself with spots and leaf deformation.

A very serious disease caused by a fungus is fusarium, it first manifests itself with the appearance of yellow spots on the petiole and, with the passage of time, it also spreads on the edge of the leaf causing it to dry up. Presence of dark spots on the leaves and rotten and soft parts of the plant with mold, are a symptom of the attack of the Botrytis fungus.

As we have already said several times for other types of plants, sometimes it is us with our carelessness and our mistakes that cause discomfort and problems to our plants. For example, if you notice that the leaves and flowers of your cyclamen become weak and sag, this means that it has been placed in a place that is too dry and with too much heat, in this case run for cover by wetting it and moving it to a cooler place and with more humidity; if, on the other hand, the leaves turn yellow it could be a symptom of positioning in an area that is too dark and with too high a temperature.


Property

Plants such as cyclamen have the properties of regulating menstrual flow, eliminating worms present in the intestine and can have a purgative effect. It can be very useful, along with lavender and horse chestnut, for those suffering from hemorrhoids.

The tuber is one of the favorite foods of pigs and, unlike humans, it is not poisonous for them.




Семена цветов цикламенов, семена цикламино, микс-цвета

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Материалы: семена травы, дикий фенхель, дикие семена фенхеля, семена сушей, Каперсов, Сельсеньсьсерель,

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Семена цветов цикламенов, семена цикламино, микс-цвета

Многолетний цветок
30 см в высоту
0.01гр

ВСЕ СЕМЕНА ОТ EYROPE -MEDITERRANEAN с CLEAN И ЛУЧШИЕ КВИЛИТИ.
ВСЕ СЕМЕНА ИМЕЮТ ПРЕВОСХОДНОЕ КАЧЕСТВО В РАБОТАЛ СТЕРИЛЬНЫХ УПАКОВАНЫ В СПЕЦИАЛЬНЫЙ МЕШОК ПАППЕР, СТСОСТБ

Многолетнее цветущее растение вырастает на высоте 20-30 см (8-12 дюйма). Одиночные, опустив цветы в большом разнообразии ярких цветов. Цветет в осенне-зимний период. Во время цветения растение нуждается в ярком рассеянном освещении, регулярном поливе и темперера62-72 Рекомендуется для окон и теплиц.

Функция
Цветок красный, розовый, привет прохладно, тепло и солнечно. В дневное время растение, просит свободные и плоды, хороший дренаж. Слегка кислая песчаная почва, богатая перегноем, цвета цикламенов, форма цветка уникальная, блестящая разнообразная, высокая орнаментальная ценность, это зимний весенний сезон, отличные цветы в горшках.

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Dino Buzzati’s masterpiece of sports journalism, an account of the 1949 Giro d’Italia, has been unjustly forgotten.

The Giro d’Italia is one of the world’s great bicycling races. Like the Tour de France and the Vuelta a Espagña, the Giro is a feat of human fortitude equally baffling, inspiring and painful to watch. The three-week tour of Italy, following a different route each year, passes through the Alps, the Dolomites and ends always in Milan. It’s held yearly in May or June this year’s race has just finished. Each year’s hopefuls, in a science of training, strive to orchestrate a physical peak’s overlap with the early summer.

In 1949 two cycling legends, Gino Bartali and Fausto Coppi, battled on the grueling path of the Giro, making it one of the most famous tours in racing history. This same year would mark the first for one man to win both a Tour de France and a Giro d’Italia. It was that year, only five years after the end of World War II, when the people of Italy were still reeling, that famed Italian journalist, Dino Buzzati was trailing behind the racers in a press car as he reported on the Giro for Italy's premier evening paper. To Buzzati, who had never before seen a professional bike race in his life, the cyclists of the '49 Giro were an analogy made manifest, a burst of life and color painting a trail across the country's cultural landscape spring blossoms breaking through a snow perpetuating the memory of a deep freeze.

The Cyclamen is a genus of flowering plants familiar to most North Americans as a typical housewarming or winter holiday gift. Native to much of Europe and the Mediterranean, several varieties of Cyclamen famously blossom amid snow and ice. The blooms of the over twenty species typically range from red to pink to an allusive albino white — a symbol of spring or rebirth that has inspired poets, painters and writers, and poets of painting. Wrote William Carlos Williams:

It might have been this shock of red on gray-white somewhere in the Dolomites of Italy, where riders of the Giro pushed in a slow rotation the pedals of rigid steel frames, that gave the Cyclamen flower its spotlight in the world of professional bicycling. But that's probably just the fantasy of a romantic.

I am much more familiar with common houseplants than cycling legends, stage stats, gear ratios or bicycle races. It was the look of the bicycle, and the way I felt riding it, that hooked me on the sport when I was about twelve years old. In a wide-laned suburb of California I rode my rusty ten-speed, a '70s road frame with shifters on the down tube. It was given to me by a friend who, after finding that his own bike had been stolen out of his garage, noticed that the thief had left a ten-speed in its place. A sort of down payment on the karma incurred from the theft of my friend's bicycle. Discarded by a thief or not, it was mine, and on it I learned the unexplainable thing that makes those of us who love a bicycle love it. A simple movement that propels a simple metal machine of course there is the wind and sun, but really it’s that on a bicycle we are both the pilot and passenger. We become part of a colloquial history of transportation and a formal one about the human body’s potential, an international and local lore of long-haul trekking.

It wasn’t until I was in my mid-twenties that I started to take cycling seriously, and by seriously I mean I bought a bike and I used it to get places like work and school. Slowly I became a cyclist. That’s about the time someone showed me Dino Buzzati’s book, The Giro d’Italia: Coppi versus Bartali at the 1949 Tour of Italy, which I did not read because I assumed it was about bicycling history.

Though the Giro d’Italia has one overall winner as well as victors of each "general classification" (general ranking) stage, specific feats are recognized throughout and the leading cyclist of each is labeled with a colored jersey — the “king of the mountains” wears green, the fastest cyclist under twenty-five wears white, and like the yellow winner's jersey of the Tour de France, the Giro's champion wears pink. The pink and most coveted jersey, a symbol for the race itself, is called the pink sweater and is named for the paper color that The Gazzetta dello Sport is printed on, the founding sponsor of the race. The leader of the sprinters is the wearer of a mauve jersey. This jersey, called the cyclamen jersey is named for the tenacious alpine Cyclamen.

"It’s hope that makes us do it (you think that’s nothing?): Mama waiting at home, sitting by the radio grandma who is at the hospice our wife’s shoes cod liver oil for our children ..."

Examined up close the stem of the Cyclamen flower stands high above the foliage, arching back before falling forward dramatically like some lovesick young thing, face down, arms on a vanity. Or maybe an analogy with more grace would be a ballerina, head down, arms cupped in a pirouette. The sway in the back of the Cyclamen stem is a perfect manifesto for the sentiment in Hector Guimard's decadent metro entrances in Paris. Or maybe the Cyclamen stem to flower is best described in this case as resembling the dogged hunch of a cyclist.

In the 32nd Giro, in 1949, there was no jersey cyclamen, a jersey instated in 1970. There was only the pink and a now defunct black jersey for the last to finish the race without exceeding a maximum time. It was the varied team jerseys and frames and the crowds that Dino Buzzati documented as he trailed the racers, scribbling notes he would transform into his series of twenty-five articles published in the evening paper, the Corriere della Sera. Throughout his pieces, the cyclists that Buzzati calls at times "monks," "slaves," "knights," and "soldiers" share Buzzati's page space equally with the landscape:

The children who play by the side of the road, the cyclists 'mothers' tear-stained faces awaiting a glimpse of a son's victory. Buzzati includes as much speculation on the thoughts filling the heads of the riders, those both great and doomed to failure (of an unsung cyclist, "He is dreaming of what all men at one time or another have an absolute need to imagine, otherwise life would be too hard to bear "), as commentary on the inexplicable force that propels a person to get up in the morning, as inexplicable as a desire to ride in a torturous bicycle race for nothing but the satisfaction of a finish-line. "It's hope that makes us do it (you think that's nothing?): Mama waiting at home, sitting by the radio grandma who is at the hospice our wife's shoes cod liver oil for our children" // "… rebellious legs, hairy, miserable and tired that are on strike this morning and no longer want to drive this little piece of machinery called life… "

Though he writes with a grand view of the cyclist’s toil as metaphor for the human struggle, Buzzati’s background as a journalist anchors his pieces in reality.

Less commentary is given to the cyclists' diet (one frail cyclist falls behind on a stage of the race because in his excitement he forgets to eat) as to the idea that the bicycle represents the progress of future (“the chrome on the bicycles sparkled with all their brilliance "), past (35-year-old Bartali pitted against his age and his young opponent, Coppi) and the rebirth of the nation:" These boys pedal, "writes Buzzati, through the hills of Italy where so recently , he notes, the bodies of fallen soldiers rested, "And why? For nothing. For the pleasure of finishing first, for the satisfaction of those who are there to watch them because if man isn’t fighting in one way or another he becomes unhappy. "

The cyclists passing through the country are a long, colorful banner uniting the old and the new, inviting the country to start again, which it must, inevitable as spring: "With those flashy jerseys we will look like small bouquets of flowers."

Buzzati is best known for his novel The Tartar Steppe (1940), about a man stationed in a fort and left to wait for an enemy that may never arrive. A contemporary American audience might be more familiar with his recently rereleased graphic novel, Poem Strip (2009), or his children’s book, The Bear's Famous Invasion of Sicily (1945/2003), introduced in reprinted edition by Lemony Snicket. Buzzati's writing is often likened to that of Franz Kafka. Buzzati, a novelist, painter, playwright and poet, has been called a surrealist, a magical realist, and the Tom Wolfe of Italy. Tim Parks, in a piece for Three Penny Review (Issue 84, 2001) titled “Throwing Down a Gauntlet” wrote that the most apt comparison to Buzzati however is probably the Italian poet Giacomo Leopardi:

Buzzati was ten years old when Italy entered World War I and it has been written that the mountains of the country, particularly the Dolomites, feature prominently in his work due to their significance as the wartime line of demarcation between Italy and the Austro-Hungarian forces . While professional bicycle racing was new to Buzzati, his preoccupation with the terrain brings to his reporting a depth that transforms coverage of the Giro into an epic. And though he writes with a grand view of the cyclist’s toil as metaphor for the human struggle, Buzzati’s background as a journalist anchors his pieces in reality. We do eventually understand who has won a stage, the relationship between the “giants” as he calls Coppi and Bartali, and the various surprises the daily grind of the race produces.

Though cited as a textbook for anyone interested in sports writing, a must-read for journalists as well as the cycling enthusiast, it is now out of print.

The 32nd Giro is considered one of cycling history's great races not only because these two racers were pitted against one another — Coppi at the height of his career and Bartali on the brink of his end — but also for a definitive moment when Coppi, seeing his opponent fumbling with his brake cables, bore down and overtook the lead. As another great Italian cyclist, Alfredo Martini, would later recount, “Coppi generally didn't attack Bartali in the mountains, but while riding at the back of the peloton as the Maddalena climb began, he noticed that Bartali was having trouble with his brake cables near the levers and was distracted. Coppi used that moment of inattention to attack. Coppi was meticulous about his bike while Bartali was somewhat careless about his machine and as a result suffered numerous mechanical difficulties (far more than Coppi) throughout his career. "

Almost twelve minutes ahead of his rival, Coppi became the winner of the 32nd Giro’s pink jersey. Buzzati likened the victory to a battle between Homer's Achilles (Coppi) and Hector (Bartali), while a radio commentator, Mario Ferretti, spoke the simple sentence that would be marked in the history books:

"There’s only one man in the lead: his jersey is celeste and white his name is Fausto Coppi."

Buzzati's At the Tour of Italy was published after his death and is supplemented by three articles on the same Giro by a second reporter, Ciro Verratti (accounting for missing days in Buzzati's reporting). Though cited as a textbook for anyone interested in sports writing, a must-read for journalists as well as the cycling enthusiast, it is now out of print.

When I am dedicated to reading a book for one reason or another I will take the New York City subway, rather than ride my bike, so that I can use the travel time to read. I like the opportunity to see my book judged by its cover in the close quarters of the subway cars. Buzzati, a name not registered by the handful of very literate friends I unofficially polled, would probably not have appreciated the cover of the edition I read. Though originally printed in Italian with one of Buzzati’s surrealist paintings on its cover, the English version printed by VeloPress in 1999 features a collage of sepia cycling photos there’s Coppi and Bartali, there’s Buzzati’s name and book title in red and green set on white. Maybe it's too easy to speculate that, given a different cover, the book would have persisted, known as a beautiful account of a great bike race and a window opened onto an era's uncertainty for the future, a reflection of a people at odds with its past.

1. "The Crimson Cyclamen" was written as eulogy for Williams's close friend, the painter Charles Demuth.


How to Care for Cyclamen Plants

Last Updated: March 29, 2019 References Approved

This article was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. Lauren Kurtz is a Naturalist and Horticultural Specialist. Lauren has worked for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Wise Garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the Water Conservation Department. She earned a BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in 2014.

There are 25 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.

wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. In this case, 98% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status.

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Cyclamen plants are known for their attractive and sweet-smelling heart-shaped blooms. They are also known for being a bit temperamental! However, as long as you meet their particular requirements, cyclamen are pretty easy to maintain. Because they prefer cooler temperatures, most people find them easiest to grow indoors. However, planting them in the garden is an option as long as your local climate and garden conditions can provide or mimic their ideal environment. If you want to grow them from seeds, start the seeds indoors. Your cyclamen will produce lovely blooms throughout the winter while the rest of your garden lies dormant.


Contents

  • 1 Names
  • 2 Description
    • 2.1 Tuber
    • 2.2 Leaves
    • 2.3 Flowers
    • 2.4 Fruit
  • 3 Cultivation and uses
    • 3.1 Hardiness
    • 3.2 Florist's cyclamen
  • 4 Ecology
    • 4.1 Conservation
    • 4.2 Caterpillar food source
    • 4.3 Evolution
  • 5 Subdivisions
    • 5.1 Subgenera and series
      • 5.1.1 Subgenus Cyclamen
        • 5.1.1.1 Series Cyclamen
        • 5.1.1.2 Series Purpurascens
        • 5.1.1.3 Series Persicum
      • 5.1.2 Subgenus Gyrophoebe
        • 5.1.2.1 Series Cilicium
        • 5.1.2.2 Series Pubipedia
      • 5.1.3 Subgenus Psilanthum
      • 5.1.4 Subgenus Corticata
    • 5.2 Species
      • 5.2.1 Winter and spring
      • 5.2.2 Summer and autumn
  • 6 References
    • 6.1 Notes
    • 6.2 Sources
  • 7 External links

Cyclamen is Medieval Latin, from earlier Latin cyclamīnos, [7] from Ancient Greek κυκλάμινος, kyklāivalimīnos (also kyklāmīivalis), probably from κύκλος, kýklos "circle", [8] because of the round tuber. [9] In English, the species of the genus are commonly called by the genus name.

In many languages, cyclamen species are colloquially called by a name like the English sowbread, or swinebread (because they are said to be eaten by pigs), based on Medieval Latin panis porcinus: Saubrot in German, pain de pourceau in French, porcino pan in Italian, and varkensbrood in Dutch.

Cyclamens have a tuber, from which the leaves, flowers and roots grow. In most species, leaves come up in autumn, grow through the winter, and then die in spring, then the plant goes dormant through the dry Mediterranean summer.

Tuber Edit

The storage organ of the cyclamen is a round tuber that develops from the hypocotyl (the stem of a seedling). It is often mistakenly called a corm, but a corm (found in crocuses, for example) has a papery tunic and a basal plate from which the roots grow. The storage organ of the cyclamen has no papery covering and, depending on the species, roots may grow out of any part. It is therefore properly classified as a tuber (somewhat like a potato). The tuber may produce roots from the top, sides, or bottom, depending on the species. Cyclamen persicum and Cyclamen coum root from the bottom Cyclamen hederifolium roots from the top and sides. Cyclamen graecum has thick anchor roots on the bottom. [10]

The shape of the tuber may be near spherical, as in Cyclamen coum or flattened, as in Cyclamen hederifolium. In some older specimens of Cyclamen purpurascens and Cyclamen rohlfsianum, growing points on the tuber become separated by shoulders of tissue, and the tuber becomes misshapen. [11] In most other species, the tuber is round in old age.

Leaves and flowers sprout from growing points on the top of the tuber. Growing points that have lengthened and become like woody stems are known as floral trunks. [11]

The size of the tuber varies depending on species. In Cyclamen hederifolium, older tubers commonly reach 24 cm (9 1 ⁄2 in) across, but in Cyclamen parviflorum, tubers do not grow larger than 2 cm (3 ⁄4 in) across. [11]

Leaves Edit

Leaves sprout from growing points or floral trunks on top of the tuber. Each leaf grows on its own stem. [12] Leaf stems in early growth may be distinguished from flower stems by the direction their tips curl: tips of leaf stems curl upwards, while tips of flower stems curl downwards.

The shape of the leaves varies between the species, and even between different specimens of the same species. Cyclamen hederifolium and Cyclamen repandum usually have leaves shaped like ivy, with angles and lobes, Cyclamen coum has nearly round leaves, and Cyclamen persicum has heart-shaped leaves with a pointed tip. The leaf margin may be smooth, as in Cyclamen coum subsp. coum, or finely toothed, as in Cyclamen graecum. [12]

The color of the upper side of leaves is variable, even within a species. Most species have leaves variegated in several shades of green and silver, either in an irregular pattern of blotches or an arrowhead or Christmas tree shape. In cultivation, cyclamens, especially species other than Cyclamen persicum, are selected as often or more often for striking or unusual leaf patterns than for their flowers. [12]

The lower side of leaves is often shiny, and its color varies from plain green to rich red or purple. [12]

Most cyclamen species originate from the Mediterranean, where summers are hot and dry and winters are cool and wet, and are summer-dormant: their leaves sprout in the autumn, remain through the winter, and wither the next spring. Cyclamen purpurascens and Cyclamen colchicum, however, originate from cooler regions in mountains, and their leaves remain through the summer and wither only after the next year's leaves have developed.

Flowers Edit

Flowering time may be any month of the year, depending on the species. Cyclamen hederifolium and Cyclamen purpurascens bloom in summer and autumn, Cyclamen persicum and Cyclamen coum bloom in winter, and Cyclamen repandum blooms in spring. [13]

Each flower is on a stem coming from a growing point on the tuber. [13] In all species, the stem is normally bent 150-180° at the tip, so that the nose of the flower faces downwards. Cyclamen hederifolium 'Stargazer' is an exception to this its nose faces upwards. Flowers have 5 petals, bent outwards or up, sometimes twisted, and connected at the base into a cup, and five sepals behind the cup.

Petal shape varies depending on species, and sometimes within the same species. Cyclamen repandum has petals much longer than wide, Cyclamen coum has stubby, almost round petals, and Cyclamen hederifolium usually has petals with proportions between the two.

Petal color may be white, pink, or purple, often with darker color on the nose. Many species have a pink form and a white form, but a few have only one color, such as Cyclamen balearicum, which is always white.

The dark color on the flower nose varies in shape: Cyclamen persicum has a smooth band, Cyclamen hederifolium has a streaky V, and Cyclamen coum has an M-shaped splotch with two white or pink "eyes" beneath.

In some species, such as Cyclamen hederifolium, the petal edges at the nose are curved outwards into auricles (Latin for "little ears"). Most species, like Cyclamen persicum, have no auricles.

In most species, the style protrudes 1–3 mm out of the nose of the flower, but the stamens are inside the flower. In Cyclamen rohlfsianum, however, the cone of anthers sticks out prominently, about 2–3 mm (0.08–0.12 in) beyond the rim of the corolla, similar to shooting-stars (Dodecatheon).

Fruit Edit

The flower stem coils or bends when the fruit begins to form. The stems of Cyclamen hederifolium and Cyclamen coum coil starting at the end, Cyclamen persicum arches downwards but does not curl, Cyclamen rohlfsianum coils starting near the tuber, and Cyclamen graecum coils both directions, starting at the middle.

The fruit is a round pod that opens by several flaps or teeth at maturity and contains numerous sticky seeds, brown at maturity. Natural seed dispersal is by ants (myrmecochory), which eat the sticky covering and then discard the seeds.


Cultura di Cyclamen purpurascens

Terra

Il Cyclamen purpurascens apprezza il terreno fine e leggero, ricco di humusneutro da basico a leggermente acido, calcareo neutro.

Esposizione

È una specie che deve essere posizionata al mezza ombra, anche all'ombraidealmente sotto arbusti con un piccolo pacciame di foglie morte.

Leggi: Giardinaggio sotto gli alberi

Piantare

the tuberi di Cyclamens purpurascens sono sepolti per metà, gli "occhi" sulla faccia superiore, leggermente fuori terra. Il terreno dovrebbe essere lavorato, allentato con compost o compost e sabbia per il terreno argilloso. I ciclamidi sono preferibilmente trapiantati in verde, vale a dire nel corso della vegetazione. Ad esempio, possiamo ripiantare il ciclamino in vaso dopo la fioritura.

Spruzzare

Il sol dovrebbe sempre essere fresco con annaffiature moderate ma regolari, soprattutto in estate, perché i ciclamini temono la siccità.

Manutenzione, malattie e parassiti

A differenza di altri Ciclamini, il Cyclamen purpurascens è quasi persistente e non ha praticamente periodo vegetativo (a riposo). Evitare situazioni troppo calde, umidità stagnante, fertilizzante in eccesso e azoto per limitare l'aspetto di Malattie crittogamiche come Fusarium.

Moltiplicazione

In condizioni ideali, il Cyclamen pupurascens riproduce naturalmente per semina spontanea, lentamente, tappeto. D'altra parte, è una pianta che non supporta la divisione.L'unico metodo di propagazione manuale è la semina, utilizzando semi dell'anno precedente immersi in acqua per 2 giorni e piantati in un substrato umido protetto dalla luce. Ci vorranno circa 3 mesi per vedere i primi scatti apparire.


Ciclamino - Cyclamen - giardino

Il termine deriva dal latino cyclaminos oppure cyclaminum, che risale al greco kyklбminos. Nome generico di diverse specie di piante appartenenti al genere Cyclamen, della famiglia Primulaceae. Il ciclamino proviene dall'Europa, dall'Asia occidentale e dall'Africa settentrionale. In Italia crescono 3 specie allo stato spontaneo:

Cyclamen europaeum (=Cyclamen roseum), detto anche pan porcino, diffuso nell'Italia settentrionale, a fioritura estiva-autunnale

Cyclamen neapolitanum, della Liguria e dell'Italia centro-meridionale, che fiorisce anch'esso d'estate e in autunno

Cyclamen repandum, delle regioni meridionali e delle isole, che ha fioritura primaverile.

Sono erbacee munite di tuberi globosi o un po' compressi di color rosso violaceo, con poche radici, dai quali si innalzano diverse foglie tutte basali e lungamente picciolate, ovato-cuoriformi, denticolate o intere, spesso macchiate di bianco al di sopra e rossastre sulla pagina inferiore. I fiori sono solitari, basali e lungamente peduncolati anch'essi, regolari, con corolla a 5 petali saldati alla base e che si rovesciano all'insщ dopo l'apertura, di color roseo-lilla e lievemente profumati. L'ovario и unico, supero, con un solo stilo. Il frutto и una capsula globosa divisa in 5 valve e portata sotterra dal peduncolo che si attorciglia a spirale dopo la fecondazione.

Il tubero fresco, contenente un glucoside (ciclamina), и mangiato senza danno dai maiali, che ne sono ghiotti, ma puт provocare seri inconvenienti all'uomo se non cotto. Molto coltivato in vaso come ornamento per la ricca fioritura primaverile и Cyclamen persicum (ciclame), originario dell'Iran e dell'Asia Minore, che ha fiori piщ grandi di quelli delle specie selvatiche e dai colori che variano dal bianco al rosso al porporino.

Cyclamen neapolitanum

Cyclamen purpurascens

Cyclamen is a genus of 20 species of flowering plants, traditionally classified in the family Primulaceae, but in recent years reclassified in the family Myrsinaceae. The genus is most widely known by its scientific name cyclamen being taken into common usage other names occasionally used include sowbread and sometimes, confusingly, persian violet (it is not related to the violets), or primrose (neither is it a primrose).

Cyclamen are native to the Mediterranean region from Spain east to Iran, and also in northeast Africa south to Somalia. They are perennial herbaceous aestivating plants, with a surface or underground tuber (derived from the hypocotyl) 4-12 cm diameter, which produces leaves in late winter, and flowers in the autumn the leaves die down during the hottest part of the Mediterranean summer drought to conserve water.

The leaves are rounded to triangular, 2-10 cm long and 2-7 cm broad, and usually variegated with a pale silvery horseshoe-shaped mark round the middle of the leaf. The variegation is thought by some botanists to be a form of natural disruptive camouflage to reduce grazing damage by animals. The flowers are produced in whorls of 3-10, each flower on a slender stem 3-12 cm tall, with five united petals the petals are usually reflexed back 90° to 180° erect above the flower, and vary from white through pink to red-purple, most commonly pale pink.

The fruit is a five-chambered capsule 1-2 cm diameter, containing numerous sticky seeds about 2 mm diameter. Natural seed dispersal is by ants, which eat the sticky covering and then discard the seeds. Cyclamens are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including The Gothic.

Cyclamen typically grow in dry forest or scrub, where they are at least partly shaded from intense sunlight. The species vary greatly in winter frost tolerance, with the hardiest species (C. hederifolium) tolerating temperatures down to -15°C, or -30°C if covered by snow others, such as C. somalense from northeastern Somalia, do not tolerate any frost at all. Climate change models suggest many species could become extinct in their current range within the next 50 years (Yesson & Culham 2006).

Cyclamen hederifolium

Cyclamen are commonly grown for their flowers, both outdoors and indoors in pots. Several species are hardy and can be grown outdoors in mild climates such as northwest Europe and the Pacific Northwest.

The cyclamen commonly sold by florists is Cyclamen persicum, which is frost-tender. Selected cyclamen cultivars can have white, bright pink, red or purple flowers. While flowering, florists' cyclamens should be kept below 68 °F (20 °C, 293 kelvins), with the night time temperatures preferably between 44 °F to 59 °F (6.67 °C to 15 °C, or 280 K to 288 K). Temperatures above 68 °F (20 °C, 293 K) may induce the plant to go dormant.

In many areas within the native range, cyclamen populations have been severely depleted by collection from the wild, often illegally, for the horticultural trade some species are now endangered as a result. However, in a few areas, plant conservation charities have educated local people to control the harvest carefully at a sustainable level, including sowing seed for future crops, both sustaining the wild populations and producing a reliable long-term income. Many cyclamen are also propagated in nurseries without harm to the wild plants.

Cyclamen species are poisonous they have been used medicinally as a powerful purgative, but their toxicity makes this risky.


Video: Cyclamen flower HD1080p