Having your own land, you want to get fresh herbs and vegetables until the very frost. And this is possible if you know what and how to plant and sow correctly in August.
Why you can plant and sow in August
In August, the main harvest has already been harvested, but it is still warm, and early ripening vegetables on the vacated beds may well grow before the cold snap begins. But the daylight hours are shorter, which is good for growing most cruciferous (cabbage) and umbrella (celery). In August, newly planted crops with a short growing season (15–40 days) do not shoot, but increase the green mass, and, as a rule, are not afraid of cold snaps.
Sowing and planting rules in harvested beds
- On the same bed, you cannot sow or plant crops of the same family, because they have the same:
- diseases and pests;
- nutrients that are difficult to replace with just fertilizers.
Observance of crop rotation will increase the yield
- Prepare the soil before the next sowing or planting in the same way as in spring:
- watered with a solution of potassium permanganate of saturated pink color or copper sulfate (1 tbsp. l per bucket of water);
- make the necessary fertilizers when digging.
Water the ground immediately after harvesting the next crop so that the solution through natural tubules destroys spores of fungi and bacteria
What crops are sown in August
Summer is not summer. Sometimes in the central regions, warm days can last until October. Therefore, it is better to sow and get a small harvest than to regret that something could have grown and not planted.
Root crops with a short growing season:
- In the southern regions, you can plant any varieties of radish and more than once. For the central ones, the early and mid-early ones are suitable. And to the north and northwest, there are only early varieties with short periods from germination to harvest:
- Early red,
- 18 days,
- French breakfast.
- Early varieties of radish:
- Early May,
- Daikon early maturing:
- Sugar rose.
Radish, daikon and radish can be sown in rows or randomly
Garden preparation: 1 sq. m add 0.3-0.5 buckets of manure or compost, 1 glass of ash and dig up. Or water the garden with a solution of mineral fertilizers with the addition of humates: 1 tsp of urea, 1 tbsp. l superphosphate, 1 tbsp. l humates (Ideal, Giant for vegetable crops, etc.).
I drew attention to the fact that when sowing seeds in summer, they germinate better if they are not covered with earth, but, having sown in rows or scattered over the garden, slightly loosen the ground with a rake.
In August, early varieties of asparagus bush beans (Golden earrings, Black diamond) are planted on the vacated beds. She will enrich the earth with nitrogen, and unripe beans can be used for food.
Beans can be planted in the vacant space on the flower bed, as long as there is a sunny side
Peas are also planted from legumes (Siberian Garden, Grasshopper, Medkovich, Russian delicacy), which in case of incomplete ripening can be used as siderat. Legumes love fertile soils, but without excess nitrogen. Therefore, when digging, a third part of a bucket of peat or humus and a glass of ash per 1 sq. m or 1 tbsp. l superphosphate.
Video: August planting
Green crops, cabbage, onions for greens
Some crops (cilantro, dill) manage to sow seeds by themselves, which by autumn in the southern regions are already harvesting. But it is better not to let this matter go by itself, because the cultivated plantings grow faster thanks to the preparation of the soil. From green crops they manage to please with the harvest:
Greens can be planted in rows, but it is better to sow parsley in a garden bed, since it is a perennial plant: after pruning the arrows, it gives a new growth of greenery
Salads of different varieties will delight with the harvest
- early ripe varieties of lettuce (white cabbage, Peking cabbage);
- forcing onions (feathers) from both bulbs and seeds;
- Swiss chard - beetroot.
In the soil for these crops, 2-3 kg of humus and 2-3 st. l of ash per 1 sq. m. Care consists in weeding and watering. Watering should be moderate, or some crops may give an arrow. For crucifers such as watercress, cabbage, arugula, there is a danger of being eaten by a cruciferous flea... Therefore, when preparing the bed, ash is not introduced. Seedlings are sprinkled with ash, and then greens every two weeks, half a glass per 1 sq. m.
Arugula and Chinese cabbage love slightly acidified soils, and the ash of the soil alkalizes. Therefore, before dusting with ash, spill the garden bed with a solution of mullein (2 tablespoons per bucket) or bird droppings (1 tablespoon per bucket).
Of all the crops planted in August, only parsley and cilantro winter. Even in the southern regions, they must be covered for the winter with sawdust, straw, foliage of barren trees. And then in the spring they will delight with juicy greens.
Before sowing green manure in your area, decide on a plan for planting cultivated plants for the next year. For example, cruciferous plants cannot be sown in front of cabbage, phacelia reduces soil acidity, and clover does not tolerate acidic soils.
Video: types of green manure
What can be planted in August for the second harvest
In the central and northwestern regions, young strawberry shoots are transplanted to a permanent place, in the southern ones this was already done in July.
In August, the difficulty of growing crops lies in the scorching sun and high temperatures, which can drop sharply. Therefore, some crops are best planted with seedlings.
Zucchini and squash
Seeds are germinated in room conditions, and seedlings are already planted on the beds, otherwise, on hot days, young shoots may die. It is better to take early ripening varieties of zucchini (Kveta, Gribovsky-37, Russian delicacy, etc.) and squash (Sani Delight, Cheburashka, Kopeyka)... Seedlings are planted on a cloudy day or shade for two days from the sun.
Seedlings are planted in the ground when the second leaf appears
They are applied to the soil per 1 sq. m:
- 2 kg of humus or compost;
- 1 tbsp. l of wood ash, superphosphate and nitrophosphate;
- 3 kg of sawdust in clay, loamy and chernozem soils;
- 3 kg of sand in clay soil.
In case of cold snaps, they are protected with a covering material and sprayed to prevent bacterial and fungal diseases with one of the solutions:
- 1 liter of whey, 1 liter of water, 3 drops of greens;
- 1 liter of milk, 9 liters of water, 30 drops of iodine;
- bordeaux mixture.
To get a guaranteed yield, follow these tips:
- Pre-soak the seeds according to the instructions in one of the growth stimulants: Epin, Ecoel dacha, Zircon, Heteroauxin.
- Mulch with humus, and do not cover the seeds with earth. It is better to sift humus through a sieve with cells of 0.3x0.3. Cover with a transparent film that is removed immediately after germination.
- Watch the soil moisture, otherwise the seedlings will dry out, since the days are still hot in August. It is better on such days to cover the bed with a covering material until the sprouts give the third or fourth leaf.
- Before sowing, all smelling seeds (parsley, dill) are pretreated by borbotation (passing air through water) for an hour or soaking in an alcohol solution of forty degrees for 15 minutes, followed by rinsing under running water. Can be soaked in water for two days. This will free the seeds from the film of essential oils and allow the seeds to germinate faster.
- If you are sowing onion seeds, do not forget to trample them (compact the top layer of the earth), because the seeds "shoot out" during germination.
Reviews of the August plantings
It does not matter in what climatic zone you live, the harvest of fresh greens and vegetables with a certain diligence can be obtained in the open field in August. Sow and plant whatever you would like to see on your table. Experiment and be sure to pick up crops and how to grow them. And don't forget to share your experiences.
What can be planted in the garden in August: what crops are planted at the end of summer?
We tell you what vegetables, flowers, herbs, bushes and trees are planted in the last month of summer.
In the last summer month, it gets a little colder. The nights are getting longer and cooler. These conditions are good for growing a variety of crops. Moreover, the beds from under the early varieties have already been vacated. You can sow new ones. Let's figure out what can be planted in August in the garden and how to do it correctly.
July - work in the garden, vegetable garden, flower garden
The main concerns of July are watering and feeding the plants. To do this, use only settled water that has had time to warm up in the sun. Water your plantings at the root either early in the morning or late afternoon. After that, do not forget to loosen the soil in the beds.
In the middle of summer, the garden looks more beautiful than ever and pleases the eye with its blooming appearance. All plantings are intensively gaining growth, getting stronger, and some vegetables and trees begin to give their first harvests. But no one canceled the work, and therefore it is too early to rest.
If dried twigs and branches become noticeable on the fruit trees, proceed to sawing them. They are very clearly visible against the background of green foliage, so don't wait for autumn.
Take care of next year's harvest now. As practice shows, not all berry bushes spoil us with abundant harvests, so we should not forget about them. Treat apple trees and pears for scab, cherries for coccomycosis. Protect the plum from slimy sawfly and pinholes.
After harvesting, be sure to treat the beds with strawberries: weed them, loosen the aisles, add fresh nutrient soil under the rhizomes of the plants. This is necessary so that the strawberries have time to release young foliage, which remains for the winter and will help the plant not freeze under the snow.
With an abundant amount of fruit on apple trees, pears and plums, install special supports that will save the branches from breaking off.
Helpful advice! Inspect the raspberry bushes every day. To prevent the berries from rotting, remove them as soon as they ripen.
Harvest black currants based on the ripeness of the berries. Remember that ripe fruits do not hang for long and can quickly crumble. This does not apply to white and red currants. The berries of these shrubs hang firmly on the branches for up to 30 days.
It is also one of the earliest and most popular August crops. At the end of summer, two varieties are planted - white cabbage and Chinese cabbage. For planting, it is recommended to choose ultra-early and early-maturing varieties.
Cabbage is planted at a distance of 20-30 cm from each other
White cabbage seeds are sown after onions directly into open ground. The beds are watered abundantly (4-5 liters of water per 1 square meter), and after sowing the seeds, they are covered with spunbond, lutrasil or other non-woven material. In abundantly moistened soil, seeds will germinate faster, and the first heads of cabbage can be cut in early September. True, such cabbage is not suitable for long-term storage, it is used for fermentation and fresh consumption.
White cabbage varieties suitable for planting in August: Bingo, Hermes, June, Kazachok F1, Rinda F1.
Suitable for late summer cultivation Chinese cabbage, or pak choy (not to be confused with Chinese cabbage!). It does not form a head of cabbage, but a rosette of green leaves arranged one after another on a fleshy leg. The optimum temperature range during the growing season of pak choy cabbage is 14-18 ° C. Long daylight hours lead to spitting of plants, so shorter August days are perfect for head formation. The maximum ripening period for Chinese cabbage is 60 days.
Chinese cabbage varieties suitable for planting in August: Alyona,Vesnyanka, Swallow, Pagoda, Prima, China Crunch.
Care of free beds
If there is no opportunity to grow plants on the vacated beds, then you should think about maintaining the yield of the soil for the next year. Before digging up the site, it is recommended to water the soil with Fitosporin solution to avoid infection with fungi and bacteria.
Among professional gardeners, preparations for protecting crops from fungal diseases AzotoVit, PhosphatoVit are popular. These fertilizers perfectly restore soil fertility and microflora; even on salt marshes, they promote the absorption of nitrogen and phosphorus from the soil by plants.
It is imperative to collect and take out fallen fruits off the site and bury them to a depth of at least 50–60 cm. The apple, plum, and pear moths that remain in them will surely resume their activity next year.
What to plant in August in the gardenFoto: Shutterstock
Not so few plants can be planted in August. For example, from greenery is dill, basil, parsley, coriander, watercress (and other green salads), arugula, as well as mustard and daikon.
If there is a variety potatoes, which ripens in just 40 days, then you can plant it, and in mid-September (or in the second half of it) collect a second crop of these vegetables.
August is the perfect time to land black and green radish, onion and all the other green spices.
In August, daylight hours are shortened, and the weather is not very hot, in general - ideal conditions for the growth of tasty and juicy radish... For planting it, you can choose any day before August 20 (in central Russia), and three weeks after planting, you can already feast on healthy fruits.
Carrots and beets - vegetables that are also suitable for planting in August, but only at the beginning of the month. Early ripening varieties are suitable for sowing.
Tips and rules for sowing seeds in the garden in July
When sowing seeds of various vegetables and herbs in open ground and a greenhouse in July, certain rules must be observed. By following the recommendations, you can get a good harvest.
- Choose a suitable location. All of the above crops (except for borago) should be planted in a vegetable garden in a sunny place with good lighting. The soil is also important, it should be fertile, loose, water and air permeable, neutral in acidity.
- Water the garden well before watering. Before sowing, the water must be completely absorbed.
- After planting any seeds, you need to cover the grooves or holes with earth, and then gently compact with your hand.
- Before the emergence of shoots, it is recommended to cover the bed with agrofibre (spunbond). Thus, the soil will maintain the optimum moisture required for germination.
- Water the soil regularly at all stages of cultivation, it should not dry out. It is all the more important to do this regularly and abundantly if the weather is dry and hot in July.
- Since the soil dries out rather quickly in July, it is recommended to mulch the garden bed. Mulch will slow down the evaporation of moisture and also prevent weed growth.
Thus, in July, you can plant one or another described vegetable crop, greens on any part of a private house or in the country. With proper care from sowing to maturity, you can get a tasty and good harvest.