How to help a dog or cat at the first sign of poisoning

How to help a dog or cat at the first sign of poisoning

Immediately, the pre-storm light began to fade in the eyes of the master, his breath caught, he felt that the end was coming. He also saw how the deathly pale Margarita, helplessly stretching out her hands to him, dropped her head on the table, and then slid to the floor.

“Poisoner,” the master still managed to shout.

M.A. Bulgakov. Master and Margarita

Summer has come, it's hot, everyone is trying to get away from the dusty, melting city: to the dacha, to the camp site, just to live on the shore of the lake in a tent. We take our pets with us. This is where surprises await us in the form of poisoning ... Let's talk about it.

What is the reason for poisoning in the summer?

Often in the dachas (not to mention the tourist centers) there are no refrigerators (or they are small - those that it was a pity to throw away when new, large and beautiful ones were bought). Canned dog and cat food or homemade porridge simply spoil in the heat ... In this regard, it is much better to feed the animals with dry food (as already mentioned more than once, this should be a premium food that is suitable for the animal in terms of age and physiological state, it is necessary to supplement dry food accustom in advance). It is not always possible to buy animal food easily, so it is better to take the required amount of food with you from the city (in this respect, dry food is more convenient than canned food or stocks of cereals and meat).

Another danger to life in the country or in the village is more free access to garbage than in the city, the confidence of the villagers that any leftover from the table will suit a cat or dog, like a pig (in general, even a pig is not suitable any!). Teach your pet not to take anything without permission, especially from strangers, and protect the place for throwing waste.

In addition (in fact, this cannot be called poisoning, but one cannot but say about it), in the countryside there is an opportunity to drink real, fresh, delicious milk, but ... Our stomachs, accustomed to the inexplicable fat-free mixture from the stores, fail. .. If your cat or dog starts having diarrhea after real milk, it's okay, but still milk is an unusual food for an adult animal (mind you - food, not drink!), So either do not give it at all, or a little and with caution.

At the dacha there are more chances to get poisoned with household chemicals: these are fertilizers, and building materials, and gasoline, and other "antifreezes", and gas from cylinders. Hide it all so that neither animals nor children can get to the chemicals !!!

What should be done if poisoning is suspected?

First of all, if not an hour has passed after eating something suspicious, you need to induce vomiting to clear the stomach. The easiest way is to forcefully pour a soap solution into the animal's mouth (wash ordinary laundry soap in warm water), a solution of soda or salt (a teaspoon for half a liter of water). For a large dog - up to one and a half liters, for a medium - up to a liter, for a cat, ferret or small dog - a glass.

Secondly, in order to cleanse the intestines, it is necessary to give a laxative or put an enema. The simplest and most effective laxative is bitter salt (magnesium sulfate), as well as Glauber's (sodium sulfate), Karlovy Vary (a mixture of salts, an analogue of the salt of the source of the Karlovy Vary resort) or Morshynska salt (a mixture of salts from the water of the Morshin resort). Saline laxatives cause water to escape into the intestinal lumen, due to which the contents of the intestine are quickly "washed away" without being able to be absorbed. Salt is prescribed on an empty stomach in a dose of 15-30 g for a large dog, 5-10 g for a medium dog, 1-3 g for a small dog, cat, ferret. Salt is given in a small amount of water, after which another 250-500 (100-200 / 50-75) ml of water is fed to the animal. To set an enema, mix a teaspoon of salt and a teaspoon of soda in a glass of water at room temperature, put the animal on its front paws and inject 1000-1500 (500-700 / 150-300) ml of the mixture into the rectum. For setting an enema, you can also use the aforementioned bitter salt (make a 20-30% solution and inject 100 (50/30) ml).

For poisoning with acids and alkalis, antidotes are used. The animal will almost never eat something unpleasant to the taste, burning, but if suddenly this happened and you know that the poisonous substance was acid, then immediately rinse the animal's mouth and give it a weak alkali (one or two teaspoons of baking soda in a glass of water ). If alkali gets into the mouth, use a weak acid (3% food vinegar, which can be diluted a little more with water).

The next step is to provide sorbents (substances capable of "attracting" gases, poisons, toxins, microbes and transporting them "to the exit"). The most famous and widespread is, of course, activated carbon. He has a veterinary analogue - lignithine. Polyphepan has a stronger effect. All of these drugs are given in a small amount of water. Tablets - this is the difference between giving sorbents from other drugs, especially bitter ones - it is better to crush them: due to this, the surface area increases and the sorbent can remove more poison or microorganisms. Sorbent is part of such a wonderful veterinary product as biogel-5. In addition to it, the drug contains propolis extract, which allows not only to remove poisons and microbes, but also to relieve pain, heal damage to the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract. Sorbent is also included in the veterinary drug bifitrilak. In addition, bifitrilac contains natural intestinal microflora, which prevents the development of dysbiosis.

Nature conceived two filters: the liver and the kidneys. Every second, all the blood passes through them and all the poisons that have entered the body are filtered out. Therefore, for any sign of intoxication, including infectious, it is recommended to drink and write (remember how during a cold in childhood, your grandmother soldered you with cranberry juice). For any sign of poisoning, the animal must be watered abundantly (dilute 1 tsp of sugar and a little salt in a glass of water, or even better take ready-made rehydron powder), to enhance urination, you can give potassium preparations: asparkam or panangin. To maintain the liver, the animal is given hepatoprotectors for 2-4 weeks: Liv-52, Carsil, Essliver.

If you suspect that your pet has eaten rat poison or a poisoned rodent, then be sure to give him Vicasol - it is an antidote. The composition of rat poisons includes coumarin (or its analogs) - a substance that prevents blood clotting. In the first days after eating the poison, there may be no ominous signs, and then, after one or two weeks, bleeding will begin from anywhere: from the uterus in a giving birth cat, from the gums in an old dog with periodontal disease, from a puppy that has cut a paw, - from the wound and so on, and so on. In this case, the blood coagulation system is already seriously disturbed, and it is very difficult to cure a sick animal ... That is why, in a suspicious case, Vikasol should be given to the animal as a prophylaxis: large dogs 1-2, medium - 1, small dogs, cats and ferrets - 1/2 tablet every eight hours (3 times a day) for 4 consecutive days, plus some hepatoprotective agent (see above). If the animal has convulsions (some rat poisons contain substances that cause convulsions), immediately inject a 25% solution of magnesium sulfate (10-20 / 3-5 / 0.5-1ml) into its thigh and give something from heart medications ( injections: sulfocamphocaine, cordiamine, inside: valocordin, corvalol, validol). And - immediately to the doctor !!!

If the animal ate garbage, spoiled food, rotten stuff from the garbage can, then it has every chance of getting an intestinal infection. First of all, this is manifested by indomitable diarrhea, and the owners, in fright, immediately grab onto antibiotics and other antimicrobial agents. Alas, in most cases, this is a one-time (well, maximum, a couple of days) giving of fancy chloramphenicol or phthalazole, which seem to cause a visible improvement, but in fact the pathogenic microflora is not killed, but only "taught" to survive in "war conditions". If you have already started giving antimicrobial agents, then be sure to follow the course: the frequency (for each agent has its own - see the instructions, usually 2-3 times a day) and the duration - at least five days. In addition to chloramphenicol and phthalazol, so beloved by the people, there is a veterinary drug diarkan, which I strongly recommend to take with you to the country. These are "sugar cubes", which are given to large dogs 1.5-2 cubes, medium - 1 cubes, small dogs, cats and ferrets - half a cubic 2-3 times a day for 3-5 days. In general, before you start stuffing your pet with tablets, try the old proven means: rice broth (and use the rice itself for cooking second courses), infusions of disinfecting herbs (first of all, galangal (erect cinquefoil), as well as chamomile, sage, St. John's wort and others), a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate).

It is better to keep the poisoned animals on a starvation diet for one or two days, and then feed them with dietary products (low-fat boiled beef, vegetable purees) or special medicinal feeds (since the "intestine" is Latin for "intestinum", then the feed has either the letter "i", or the word "intestinal".

To restore normal intestinal microflora after poisoning, animals are given probiotic preparations. Veterinary: lactobifid, bifitrilak, laminolact, medical: lactobacterin, bifidumbacterin and others. They should all be kept in the refrigerator !!!

Despite the fact that you can provide first aid to the pet yourself, show the animal to the veterinarian as soon as possible!

In addition to poisoning in the summer, dacha period, our pets are in for such surprises as insect bites (bees, wasps, mosquitoes, midges, flies), spiders and snakes. In our natural area, only one poisonous snake lives - the viper - and there is not a single poisonous insect, but, nevertheless, even a bee sting can cause serious problems in an allergic or heart-sensitive animal.

How can you prevent this from happening? Block access to apiaries for animals. If possible, destroy wasp nests on the site, and bypass known nests in places of your walks. Some flea medications work against mosquitoes, flies and midges. Vipers are afraid of noise, therefore, walking through the forest, rustle with a stick in the nearby bushes and stomp loudly. If you are not hunting, then keep the dog on a leash or just next to you. Do not let your dog run up to the sunny meadow until you have examined it (especially if there is some kind of stone convenient for sunbathing - vipers love to sunbathe).

First of all, it is necessary to process the bite site. If it was a bee sting, then try to remove the sting (like an ordinary splinter - treated with alcohol or a burnt needle). It is advisable to apply ice or something cold to the bitten area. Do not under any circumstances do any moxibustion, incisions, do not apply a tourniquet !!! To reduce swelling and relieve itching, you can treat the site of the bite with a soda solution (a teaspoon in a glass of water), menovazinum, and "Zvezdochka" balm.

Next, we must prevent the development of an allergic reaction. To do this, use the usual antiallergic drugs (tavegil, suprastin, claritin, kestin, etc.), and hormonal agents (prednisone, cortisone). If the animal feels relatively normal, there is no severe swelling and itching, then it is quite possible to limit yourself to antiallergic drugs: 1 tablet for a large dog (1/2 - medium, 1/4 - small, cat or ferret) from 1 to 3 times a day (see the instructions for each specific drug). If the situation is more serious, then you can inject the same drugs: 1-1.5 ml for a large dog (0.7-0.5 - medium, 0.5-0.3 - small, cat or ferret). If serious edema begins with a threat to life (pulmonary or laryngeal edema is manifested by shortness of breath, suffocation, foam from the mouth or nose, blue discoloration of the mucous membranes), then heavy artillery, hormones should be sent into battle, and urgently go to the nearest clinic. Prednisolone or dexamethasone is given intramuscularly or (more effectively) intravenously, slowly at a dose of 1-1.5 ml to a large dog (0.7-0.5 - medium, 0.5-0.3 - small, cat or ferret), after which the course is continued for at least 5 days (with improvement, you can switch to pills), every day reducing the dose (in no case, do not suddenly quit!).

Good luck and health!

Ekaterina Rozhenko, veterinarian. Fig. V. Glotova


Fleas

Parasites are one of the most common diseases in cats, from which not only animals, but also people in contact with them can be seriously affected. To reduce the risk of flea infestation, it is necessary to keep the pet's resting place clean, carefully look after the animal, monitor the quality of the ready-made feed mixtures offered to it, wash the drinking bowl and feeder 2 times a week, and prevent the pet from contacting infected rodents, dogs and other cats.

Fleas are very common outdoor parasites. They live on the skin of the animal. A cat affected by them becomes aggressive.

A sick cat constantly scratches and bites the base of its tail. On close examination, you can find redness, scratching, bald patches and sores on her skin. Moreover, when fleas and wool enter the stomach of an animal, tapeworm infection can occur.

An adult flea has a laterally compressed body, reaching a length of 3-4 mm, short antennae and long legs with spines. This parasite species has no wings. Fleas feed on blood, piercing the skin of the animal with their mouth organs and thereby causing itching in the victim. Both females and males are engaged in parasitic activity.

If necessary, they can starve for a long time (more than 1.5 years).

Fleas breed quickly. Females lay small white eggs, from which worm-like larvae emerge after 7-15 days, feeding on decaying food debris and organic matter. After another 3-4 days, the larvae pupate, and after 12 days, adults are born.

It is very difficult to get rid of fleas, since they can live not only on a cat, but also move freely around the house. Therefore, before you start treating the animal with insecticidal agents, you should thoroughly clean the apartment: knock out carpets, pillows, blankets, soft toys, vacuum and wash the floor.

Lice are extremely contagious and pose a serious health threat not only to cats, but also to humans. These parasites can be easily spotted with the naked eye, even with a superficial examination of an infected animal. It is not difficult to destroy them, it is enough to thoroughly redeem the pet using an insecticidal shampoo.


Summer with animals

Summer period - the period of trips to the country, on vacation, trips to nature. How to make your stay with your pet comfortable? Let's try to describe the most important points.

1. Vaccinations you should put your pet in advance, before the start of the summer cottage and vacation season. It takes two weeks or one month to develop immunity, depending on the disease. This must be taken into account when planning the transportation of an animal in the Russian Federation and abroad in order to obtain a certificate from the veterinary service.
Many veterinarians in our city recommend giving a vaccine against dermatophytosis (ringworm) once a year, it is given twice as a preventive measure. However, the experience of foreign countries, other cities of the Russian Federation, as well as well-known breeders of dogs and cats, suggests that, firstly, lichen is treated very successfully (with antifungal drugs), and secondly, the vaccine (Polivac, Vakderm) negatively affects the pet's liver , thirdly, there are many types of pathogens that cause diseases, and the vaccine vaccinates against several of the most common.

Currently, there is no consensus among practicing doctors and breeders regarding the vaccination schedule.However, their opinions are similar in that the vaccination schedule depends on the chosen vaccine. Vaccination is carried out with any polyvalent vaccines (both imported and domestic). As a rule, kennel owners, experienced breeders adhere to a certain vaccination scheme and recommend it to owners who purchase an animal from them, or advise a veterinary clinic where you can go. In any case, practicing veterinarians will select a vaccination schedule in accordance with the state of health, prior vaccinations, and the epizootic situation.

You can see the contacts of veterinary clinics in our city and region on the forum.

2. It is also necessary to collect in advance first aid kit for pets who do not have chronic diseases. Such a first-aid kit practically does not differ from a human one (if you go out into nature / summer cottage, on vacation by car, then a car first-aid kit is suitable for these purposes) and it should include:

  • Antiseptics: peroxide, chlorhexidine.
  • Sterile and non-sterile bandages, sterile napkins.
  • Adhesive plaster.
  • Cotton wool.
  • Hemostatic tourniquet.
  • Thermometer.
  • Syringes.
  • Scissors, anatomical forceps.
  • Saline solution.
  • Painkillers, antispasmodics - baralgin, no-shpa / papaverine.
  • Antihistamine for wasp, bee stings, for allergies (suprastin / tavegil: 1 tablet (1/2 tablet for large dogs) per 10 kg of animal weight), 0.1 tablet per 1 kg of cat weight.
  • Adsorbents: activated carbon, enterosgel. For dehydration: rehydron.

To buy in addition in veterinary pharmacies or pet stores: lotion for cleaning ears and eyes: Dewdrop, anthelmintics, treatment for ticks and fleas, tick remover (for example, Teak Twister), nail clipper.

Be sure to write down the contacts of the 24-hour veterinary clinic / veterinarian, whom you can call / consult in case of an impossibility to ask for help when going out into the countryside.

3. Traveling with pets: Rules for transporting pets - great article on the site and discussion in the forum

Separately, I would like to write about the transportation of cats (small dogs) in the car.

Cats (small dogs) should only be transported in special carriers. Do not carry your pets in your arms or in uncovered bags / carriers. On the street, a cat can get scared of anything (loud noises, sudden movements, etc.), scratch you, break free and run away, but in a car everything can be much worse. A pet moving freely around the car can easily become the culprit of an accident. Also, the cat can run away when opening the door when the car stops. While the car is moving, it is better not to open the carrier, or when opening it, fix the cat on a harness and a leash.

Large dogs are usually carried in the trunk of a car in special containers and without them.

And do not leave animals in a closed car in the sun, it can end sadly!

4. Why are ticks dangerous?
Deadly diseases transmitted by ticks: to humans - encephalitis, to dogs - to piroplasmosis - have been studied, methods of their diagnosis and treatment regimens have been prescribed.
However, it is believed that tick bites do not work on cats at all. But this is not the case. Diseases of cats with tick-borne viruses are extremely rare and rarely diagnosed and, therefore, are not effectively treated. These are piroplasmosis, theileriosis, borreliosis, infectious anemia, etc.
To get a tick, it is best to contact a veterinary clinic, but if you do not have this opportunity, then you can handle it yourself. Put on latex gloves, then use tweezers, a thread or a special device - a tick remover (for example, Teak Twister - a curved stick with a notch at the end), you can buy it at a veterinary pharmacy or a pet store (approximate price 180 rubles).

Grasping the tick's head with tweezers as close to the skin as possible, twist it carefully, without sudden movements. Alternatively, place the Tick Twister under the tick and carefully unscrew the tick. Then treat the wound with an antiseptic, for example, chlorhexidine or hydrogen peroxide (it is better not to use iodine and brilliant green).
Not every tick causes a disease, but you still need to closely monitor the pet's condition for the next 2-3 weeks, at the slightest sign of discomfort, consult a veterinarian.

Prevention of diseases caused by ticks plays a decisive role and comes down to the use of chemical agents - repellents to animals to prevent tick attacks on animals - in the form of drops on the withers, sprays, collars, pills for ticks (Bravekto) and overalls for walks.
An article on our website: Collars, drops, sprays: how to protect a dog from a tick bite and a topic on the forum.

Treat pets with special preparations against ticks on time and be healthy!

5. Food poisoning.
In summer, the risk of food poisoning increases due to the increased average daily ambient temperature.
Medicines for oral administration: activated charcoal 1 tablet of 1 kg of weight (for an average dog, a cat 1/10 of a tablet per 1 kg) for poisoning, phospholugel (3-5 cm per cat, 1-2 sachets for an average dog per day), smecta , or maalox with vomiting and pain in the stomach 2 times a day, 1-2 sachets for an average dog, drink rehydron solution when dehydrated.

6. Summer apartment dangers: open windows, loose mosquito nets.

The statistics of cats falling from windows and balconies is very high during the spring-summer-early autumn period. Dogs, by the way, can also fall out of windows, their falls are recorded less often due to, as a rule, their large size, not as agile as in cats, etc. Cats do not feel the danger of heights at all. Birds and insects outside the window awaken the hunting instinct, and the cat rushes after prey. The result of such a hunt is injury or death. Sad consequences can be avoided, install a strong mesh on the window, such a mesh can be installed by yourself: by buying a metal mesh in a building materials store, in the markets, or order an Anticoshka mesh from specialized firms.
The ANTIKOSHKA netting in Novosibirsk, for example, can be ordered by phone: 286-37-25 (prices from 2300 rubles), 233-44-20 (3500 rubles with installation)

The side plastic fasteners that attach the mesh to plastic windows are unreliable, they easily break off and fall down with the mesh and the cat. Therefore, the fasteners must be strong (metal), they will exclude the mesh from punching and falling down.
If you have plastic windows in your house, then either it is better not to open them in the tilt-and-turn position, and warn all family members about this, or you need to install side grids.

Some bollards and restraints are also an option, but only if they are firmly fixed. Cats are a very skillful and intelligent animal, they can easily open the latches. When ordering mosquito nets from firms, you can order additional metal mounts.

Dear forum participants, we invite you to discuss, share your useful experience on this topic.

27.07.15,
Motherland,
photo from open sources.


How do you know if your favorite pet is sick?

It's a shame, but true - our beloved pets, like us, can get sick. While more serious problems need to be dealt with by a veterinarian, some minor problems, such as fleas, can be dealt with at home. Learning how to interpret danger signs and know what action to take can help you decide how best to act if your pet begins to feel unwell.

The animal cannot complain about feeling unwell, for any signs of discomfort, it is better to immediately contact the veterinarian. Do not expect that it will pass by itself - delay may turn out to be like death. Do not forget about preventive examinations, deworming, periodic treatment from external parasites and vaccination of animals.


First aid for a dog in case of poisoning

Isoniazid

The anti-tuberculosis antibiotic is rapidly absorbed and symptoms of poisoning in the dog appear two to three hours after the bait is eaten.

Thirty minutes later, after the poison has entered the body, drowsiness, loss of coordination is observed, the animal begins to skid to the sides. Foam appears from the mouth, profuse salivation, vomiting. Severe isoniazid poisoning is accompanied by coma, convulsions and respiratory depression.

The antidote for isoniazid is the well-known and available over-the-counter vitamin B6 - pyridoxine

In case of anti-TB antibiotic poisoning, it is very important to give medicine quickly. Pyridoxine must be administered intravenously in an amount equal to the poison taken

If it is impossible to determine how much isoniazid the dog ate, then five grams of pyridoxine is administered.

Rat poison

Signs of rat poisoning are observed after two to three days. The dog develops bloody diarrhea, bloody vomiting, lethargy, shortness of breath, tachycardia, the temperature of the animal jumps to 40 ° C. Blood clotting is impaired, the blood cannot be stopped. Treatment consists in timely administration of vitamin K1, which is often replaced with vicasol, conanion and conavite. The antidote to rat poison is unitiol, which can be bought at any pharmacy.

Other poisons used by dog ​​hunters

In case the animal ate the poison on the street, and it is not possible to determine the poison, you need to call u, forcing her to drink a lot of boiled water. Give activated charcoal, or agents that help fight poisoning well - enterosgel and polyphems. An enema with warm water can help the body cope with the poison.

If you suspect that the dog has eaten the bait left by the doghunters, the animal must be immediately taken to the veterinary clinic.


Important questions

Is there an antidote for all kinds of toxins? Not!

These include adsorbent drugs - coal, Smecta, Enterosgel, Polysorb. Sometimes they shouldn't be used either. For any suspicion of intoxication, go to your veterinarian immediately!

How to keep your animal safe for a walk?

  • - away from playgrounds, lawns. Doghunters throw poison in such places.
  • - use a muzzle and a leash.
  • - training and education are required!

Nicotine will kill the dog quickly and without consequences. The recipe is simple - one milligram per kilogram of weight. Can be tucked into any meatball. The lack of flavoring peculiarities does not allow to suspect that something was wrong. Affordable cost - five hundred rubles and the ability to exterminate a couple of thousand dogs.


Indications for use

The scope of application of sorbing agents is extensive and does not have strictly established indications. Most often they are prescribed in the following cases:

  • dysfunctions of the liver and kidneys, when internal systems cease to independently cope with toxins
  • dysbiosis and changes in metabolic processes
  • all types of allergic reactions
  • intoxication due to the intake of alcohol, drugs, narcotic or poisonous substances
  • food poisoning
  • infectious diseases of the digestive system
  • bronchial asthma and atopic dermatitis.

Watch the video: Cat Poisoning Symptoms