Information About Zoysia Grass

Information About Zoysia Grass

Facts About Zoysia Grass: Zoysia Grass Problems

By Heather Rhoades

A zoysia grass lawn is frequently touted as the cure all for the homeowner's lawn cares. But unless grown in the right climate, it will cause more headaches than not. Get more info in this article.

No Fuss Lawns With Zoysia Grass

By Nikki Tilley, Author of The Bulb-o-licious Garden

Are you looking for a hardy, drought-resistant lawn that requires little or no maintenance? Then perhaps you would like to try growing Zoysia grass rather than traditional lawn grass. Read here for more info.

Zoysia Grass Plant Profile

Homeowners looking for a grass that tolerates drought and foot traffic without needing large amounts of fertilizer can meet these needs with a zoysia grass lawn. This dense, warm weather-loving grass came to the United States at the beginning of the 20th century, and has become a dominant lawn grass in many suburbs across the lower half of the United States.

Botanical Name Zoysia spp.
Common Name Turf grass
Plant Type Perennial grass
Mature Size Six to twelve inches
Sun Exposure Full sun
Soil Type Average with good drainage
Soil pH Slightly acidic 6.0-6.5
Bloom Time Insignificant flowers
Flower Color Insignificant flowers
Hardiness Zones USDA growing zones 5-10
Native Area Korea

Types of Zoysia grass

There are several main species of Zoysia grass and many hybrid cultivars. We’ll explore some of the most popular ones below.

Main Zoysia grass species

    Zoysia Tenuifolia
    Z. Tenuifolia is a type of Mascarene grass with a fine bright green leaf. This type is typically grown as ornamental grass and it is not а popular choice when it comes to regular lawns. It grows very slowly, that’s why it is also known as “No-Mow-Grass”. The turf may have a clumpy appearance and in Australia, it is often grown as a ground cover and in parts of homeowners’ yards or public greens, which are not in daily use (ex: roundabouts, verges, slopes and strips). This grass is drought-tolerant and requires little to no lawn care (can be mowed twice a year).
    Zoysia Japonica
    Z. Japonica loves humid environments like marine and transition zones but it can grow in certain cool temperate climates, as well. It’s the only Zoysia species that can be seeded. Still, germination is slow, so planting is usually done from plugs or sods. This type of species has a rather coarse texture, as it grows in stiff vertical blades. In Australia, Z. Japonica can be found along the northeastern coast. It is known under the names Korean lawn grass and Japanese lawn grass.Zoysia Matrella
    It’s a warm-loving type of Zoysia, which forms velvet green, lush mats. It establishes slowly in sandy soils. It suits coastal areas in temperate climates. It has been grown initially as an ornamental grass. However, Z. Matrella can form a beautiful turf and it’s often used for golf courses. Furthermore, the grass has its uses in agriculture (ex: for grazing animal stocks). It controls well erosion and forms fine lawns in coastal regions, due to its high tolerance to salinity. Z. Martella is also known as Manila grass. Zoysia Macrantha
    It forms fine-textured lawn in coastal regions and is sometimes called dune couch. The species is less shade-tolerant than Z. Matrella and Z. Japonica, so it prefers to grow in full sun. Salinity and short-term waterlogging do not pose huge problems to Macrantha grass.

Zoysia turf cultivars and varieties

From the above mentioned main species, various hybrids have been created. Let’s see what of these are grown in regions across Australia.

    Zoysia Empire (Japonica hybrid)
    It has a dark-green, medium-width and relatively fine leaf. The grassthrives in extremely hot and humid climates. It’s wear-tolerant, as well. Characteristically, it maintains a good winter colour and “fights back” weeds, once established. Empire lawn requires less watering and mowing. Zoysia Emerald
    With its thin-bladed leaf, this Zoysia variety forms fine-textured, lush lawns. A hybrid between Z. Japonica and Z. Tenuifolia, it is a drought- and shade-tolerant cultivar. Still, this type of Zoysia thrives fine in humid conditions, as well. The grass grows slowly and turfs often have a dense appearance. Emerald lawns don’t do well in frost and if over fertilised. Compadre Zoysia
    The cultivar is a Japonica hybrid that can be grown from seed. It loves warm environments and can be found on the West and East coast of the country. It grows more slowly than Empire grass, for instance. Zoysia Nara
    It’s known as Nara native turf (Macrantha cultivar), as it’s been bread in Australia. It grows slightly faster than other Zoysia varieties. Still, it is categorised as low maintenance and tolerates drought well. This Zoysia cultivar maintains its green colour even in very hot conditions. It requires little fertilising. Zenith Zoysia
    A hybrid grass with medium-width, dark-green leaf. The variety tolerates shade well in warm climates. Zoysia Zenith withstands drought stress and winter temperatures better than Emerald, for instance. It grows faster from seeds than from plugs, as well.


Zoysia is a warm season grass. Its growing season starts from the late spring till early summer. Zoysia ‘Emerald’ is one of the most popular lawn grasses, as it can survive in harsh weather conditions. It is a hybrid between Zoysia japonica and Zoysia tenuifolia. The fine texture of this grass is attributed to the latter, whereas its growth pattern and tolerance to cold is attributed to the former. Since it is drought-resistant, it will survive even if you don’t water it very frequently. The maximum height to which it can grow ranges from 6 to 12 inches. So, if you have this grass in your lawn, you wouldn’t have to worry about mowing your lawn very often. If you love oriental landscape design, then this is the grass variety that will give the dense carpet-like growth you want. Moreover, it is also resistant to many diseases. Due to its characteristics, it is favored by those who want lush-green lawns.

Watch the video: How To Fix A Patchy Law In One Week. Zoysia Grass Care. Watch To The End