How in winter you want to crunch with juicy leaves of greenery, and not purchased in a supermarket with a whole set of nitrates, but environmentally friendly, just collected. In this case, you need to master the cultivation of lettuce on the windowsill, especially since there is no particular difficulty in this, because the culture is early ripening and unpretentious.
Preparing a place for a room "bed"
For each culture on the windowsill, be it parsley, dill or green onions, you need a special container. And as a dish for sowing salad, almost any container with a depth of at least 20-25 cm is suitable. These can be plastic or wooden boxes, flower pots. Green plantings look very original in ordinary kitchen utensils, which it is a pity to throw away and cannot be used, for example, an old teapot or a broken favorite cup. With this, your room "beds" will also become a design element of the interior. Just remember to create a drainage layer so that excess water runs down and does not accumulate around the roots.
Tip: in addition to traditional expanded clay, pieces of ordinary padding polyester can be used as drainage. It perfectly absorbs excess moisture, and when the soil in the pot dries up, it will give it back.
Video about growing lettuce at home
Now for the soil. Of course, it is easier to purchase ready-made soil for seedlings, but why spend money if you can save money. To grow a salad, land from a vegetable garden, flower beds or even a nearby park is quite suitable. The main thing is that it has a dense structure, because the crumbly soil with a high content of sand will dry out quickly and the moisture-loving salad may not get moisture. There will be enough nutrients in ordinary soil for the development of early ripening lettuce, but if you still doubt its fertility, then you can add a part of humus or concentrated organic fertilizer Humate. It is recommended to disinfect the prepared soil by warming up in an oven or microwave or generously watering it with a solution of potassium permanganate. In this way, unwanted microorganisms and fungal spores are killed. You need to fill the pots with soil not to the top, leave about 1.5-2 cm to the edge - it will be more convenient to water this way, and the earth pushed out by the growing root system will not fall out.
There will be enough nutrients in ordinary soil for the development of early ripening lettuce
Prepared containers with crops are placed on the southern or southeastern windowsills to provide the salad with maximum illumination on short winter days.
Sowing rules and norms
It is possible to get a good harvest of lettuce in a limited amount of soil only if the sowing norms are observed. This is especially true of leafy or cabbage varieties, the excessive thickening of which does not allow the rosette to form successfully.
Sowing lettuce in boxes, leave at least 10 cm between the rows, and deepen the seeds no more than 0.5 cm. Following these tips, we proceed to sowing:
- the soil before sowing is watered or abundantly moistened from a sprinkler;
- the surface is leveled and shallow grooves are made using a wooden stick;
- sow seeds, leaving 2-3 cm between them - as the outlets grow, the extra ones will break down for consumption, and the rest will continue to grow;
It is possible to get a good harvest of lettuce in a limited amount of soil only if sowing norms are observed
- now the box is placed in a warm place and covered with a piece of glass or wrapped in transparent plastic wrap to keep moisture better and the seeds germinate faster;
- after the first shoots appear, they are transferred to the windowsill, to a cooler and well-lit place.
In the future, simple care and care of crops will bring the first harvest of tender, juicy, environmentally friendly greenery.
Crop care and harvest
The main conditions for growing moisture-loving lettuce are regular, moderate watering. Young plants do not need much water, but as they grow, the frequency and volume of watering will increase.
The temperature regime is also important. We prefer cool salad, but an increase in temperature above + 15 ° C leads to drying out of the tips of the leaves, loss of taste, and will most likely provoke the shooter's rosette. Therefore, it is better to place containers with crops on a loggia, a glazed balcony, on a window in a corridor or on a veranda, where it is not hot and the temperature does not drop below + 5 ... + 7 ° C.
And a few more words about illumination. With spring sowing, lettuce seedlings will have enough natural daylight. But in late autumn - early winter, when daylight hours are minimal and the weather is cloudy for most of the time, additional lighting will be required, otherwise the plants will stretch out and you will no longer grow a juicy green mass.
With spring crops, lettuce seedlings will have enough natural daylight
Mineral dressing for the salad is not needed, the nutrients contained in the soil will suffice for its short growing season. It is unreasonable to use traditional organic fertilizers in an apartment because of the characteristic smell. The only way to "support" the growing salad sockets is to add the same Humate during watering - it is useful, harmless and does not smell, but you can do without fertilizers altogether.
With proper care, the first crop can be harvested in about three to four weeks. Of course, in leafy or head lettuce varieties, the first crispy leaves can be pinched off even earlier and use the greens gradually, without waiting for the formation of a full-fledged rosette. And by sowing seeds periodically, at intervals of 1-2 weeks, you will provide your family with fresh greens during the entire cold period.
Features of growing watercress
An almost win-win option to get fresh greens in winter, and besides, without any hassle, is watercress on the windowsill. It can be successfully grown in any small bowls or dishes, on trays, or even just in a shoe box lid covered with polyethylene. It is even easier with the substrate: it can be a 2-3 cm layer of ordinary soil, peat or even sawdust. If this is also at hand, then a soft cloth folded in several layers, paper towels, ordinary table napkins or sponges, for example, moistened with water and laid in a plate, are suitable for germination of seeds.
Seeds of watercress are sown densely enough so that the growing tender stems support each other and do not fall. Seedlings appear faster than those of leafy varieties, no later than 5-7 days, and the seedlings themselves are more patient with the growing conditions - the cool air is favorable for them, + 15 ... + 17 ° C, the air at the window, and the meager winter sun is enough for them ...
Video on how to grow watercress
Advice: children are especially enthusiastic about home "beds", and if they are entrusted with growing tender greens on their own, then they will eat it with great appetite!
The main thing in growing watercress is in no case to prevent the soil from drying out, which can quickly and irrevocably destroy crops, but the stagnation of excess water also leads to root rot.
The first crop of watercress is harvested when it grows to 8-10cm. Plants are carefully cut with scissors just before eating - such greens are stored for a short time. Considering that almost all varieties of watercress grow quickly, it is recommended to sow them every 3-4 days so that the delicate greens on your table are not transferred.
There are many types of salad. It can be leafy and cabbage. Most varieties can be classified as early greens. Lettuce is planted in early spring and greens are cut for food in the first half of summer. There are cold-resistant varieties that can be planted before winter. Many summer residents prefer salad, which can be applied to the ground in September-November. Early ripening varieties - Lue Leaf, Robin, Rossa. They are formed in 30-35 days.
- Lettuce grows best on black soil. Also, the soil should be loose. It is worth starting to prepare the land for planting in the fall. In the selected area, beds are formed and fertilizers are applied. The place should not be too sunny. Greens grow well in small shade. At the same time, head lettuce is quite light-requiring and does not form an ovary in a shady place.
- Seeds begin to be planted in the ground in early April. Planting can continue throughout the summer until August. It is optimal to divide the beds into strips 25 cm long.There should also be a distance of about 20-25 cm between them.
- Lettuce grains are covered with earth to a depth of 1.5 cm. For 5 sq. M. usually takes about 2 grams. seeds. After you have planted the salad and formed the beds, you need to water it. Then, after 30 days, the sprouts are thinned out so that they have enough space. Especially a lot of space is needed for a cabbage salad. Otherwise, it may not form a head ovary.
- Growing lettuce involves periodic loosening of the soil and abundant watering. This is done so that the greens do not get sick and are not attacked by pests. It is better to plant radishes nearby. It is a green manure crop that promotes better growth of lettuce.
- Leaves of greenery begin to be cut after they reach a length of 8-10 cm. Cutting is best done in the early morning. These greens will stay fresh longer.
- Lettuce should not be cut off after watering - wet leaves will quickly deteriorate. When harvesting, you need to carefully examine the bush and remove the rotten greens.
In the greenhouse
For a quick distillation of lettuce, you can try growing it in greenhouses and hotbeds. Seeds are planted in early March, and if the room is heated, then the harvest of greens can be harvested year-round.
Many people first grow lettuce seedlings, and then plant them in a greenhouse. With this method of forcing greens, it is better to grow the sprouts in separate peat pots. After the seedlings grow, they are planted in the soil of the greenhouse right in these containers so as not to damage the root system.
It is important to maintain soil moisture after transplanting. If you start spilling the soil, the lettuce will start to rot. The lower leaves, in contact with the soil, will fall off. Watering the salad is recommended as the soil dries.
Very often, a few weeks after planting, gray rot may appear on the plants. For the prevention of diseases, it is recommended to spud the salad. It is also important to maintain the humidity in the air. The greenhouse should not be too dry or excessively humid.
On the windowsill
Early ripe types of lettuce can be grown not only in the soil and greenhouse, but also on the windowsill. It can grow this way in pots or boxes all year round.
It is best to start growing lettuce on a windowsill by choosing the right variety.
- Examine the seed package carefully. Sometimes breeders develop potted species. It is better to opt for such seeds. If you have not found a similar variety, then you can buy a regular early ripening salad. This will help you grow your greens quickly.
- After choosing the seeds, we prepare the growing container and soil. Better to plant lettuce in wide pots with a volume of 1-2 liters. and a depth of about 10 cm. This culture does not tolerate transplantation very well, so there should be enough space.
- It is better to use a mixture of ready-made purchased soil and garden soil as soil. For disinfection, it is better to warm it up in the oven before planting.
- In order for the salad to grow healthy, before sowing, the seeds must be kept in a solution of potassium permanganate for 10-15 minutes. Then 3-4 cm of drainage (gravel or small pebbles), a mixture of garden soil and store soil, are poured into the pot on the bottom. Lettuce seeds are planted to a depth of 1-2 cm. Between them it is better to retreat 2-3 cm.
- The planted salad is watered, the pot is covered with foil and left in a warm place. The temperature in the apartment should be no more than 20 grams. Otherwise, the greens will grow too quickly and will release arrows.
Growing lettuce on a windowsill provides the same care as growing in soil. The soil should not dry out. Therefore, the greens are abundantly watered and sprayed. Until late autumn, the salad is kept on the balcony, and then transferred to the apartment.
For accelerated growth, daylight hours should be at least 12-13 hours. Therefore, in order for the salad to grow well in winter, it can be additionally illuminated with lamps.
Lettuce is an annual plant. On the windowsill, it is grown until the arrow appears. Then the overgrown bush is removed.
Iceberg lettuce looks like a white cabbage. This variety is grown in the same way as other types of lettuce. Moreover, it must be carefully thinned out the seedlings 30-40 days after the introduction of seeds into the soil. It is recommended to use mineral fertilizers 2 weeks after the first shoots appear.
The iceberg does not tolerate too high temperatures. Therefore, after planting, do not use many layers of covering material. In order for iceberg lettuce greens to appear on your table regularly, you can try planting new beds every 2 weeks. Cut heads of cabbage for long storage can be put in boxes and placed in a cool place. Iceberg is used in the same way as other varieties: for preparing salads and serving dishes.
The correct choice of variety
Among the huge number of types and varieties of salads, not everyone can bring the expected harvest on a window bed. It is recommended for inexperienced gardeners to choose the right varieties for growing on the windowsill. Early maturing varieties are most suitable for such conditions. You can buy varieties "Curly", "Yellow", Amanda "," Ordinary "," Pepper "(domestic) or" Ostinata "," Quick "," Noran "(foreign), as well as watercress.
These specimens are unpretentious and undemanding to soil, lighting and moisture. They grow very quickly and within 20-25 days after germination, the first harvest can be obtained.
Cabbage varieties of lettuce are not suitable for home conditions, as they are very demanding on growing conditions. For them, a constant air temperature, level of illumination and humidity are of great importance. If at least one of the conditions of detention is not observed, the formation of an ovary may not occur.
Instructions for growing herbs on the windowsill - herbs in the kitchen
When planning to master the cultivation of greenery on the windowsill in winter, autumn and spring, lovers of indoor beds consider three indisputable leaders: dill, parsley and green onions. These plants are suitable as a condiment for many dishes. They gained their popularity due to their ease of care, versatility and taste. How to grow popular and not very well-worn spicy herbs in the kitchen with your own hands, what to look for in order for the crop to please the eye and taste?
General recommendations for growing herbs on the windowsill
Almost any greenery can be grown on the windowsill in the apartment. The main thing is to choose the right variety and comply with the plant's requirements for soil composition, air humidity, watering, and temperature conditions.
- Choose unpretentious varieties, or better hybrids specially bred for indoor conditions. This will make it easier to care for and increase the chances of a crop. If you are not confident in your abilities and want to get a quick result, buy not seeds, but ready-made seedlings in pots.
- Practical greenery pots on the windowsill should be rectangular. Use a wide and shallow dish. Plastic containers are quite suitable, they are lightweight and practical to clean. Ideal for multiple use. Read more about the choice of containers here.
- Buy a light, well-drained soil for your greenery.You can prepare a mixture of vermicompost with coconut fiber. The proportion should be 1: 2. At the bottom of the pot, be sure to pour a layer of small stones, expanded clay, crushed foam or make other drainage.
- If the window is cool or blowing, use plastic hoods to create mini greenhouses. You can buy ready-made or do it yourself from a package.
- The optimal daylight hours for green pets are 10-13 hours. In winter, there is not enough light, especially on the north side. To illuminate the greenery on the windowsill, install lamps, it is better to buy fluorescent or special phytolamps. Regular fixtures will not work.
- Do not neglect top dressing, pick up complexes of mineral fertilizers for watering every 2-3 weeks. But make the solution less concentrated than for open ground.
- Spray green pets every other day or more with a fine spray, especially if the air in the apartment is dry.
- Do not be lazy to turn the pots in different directions to the light so that the plant develops evenly.
- To grow greenery to the apartment, it is better to take a window sill in the kitchen. The bedroom is not the best place for frequent watering, spraying, and fertilizing. In the bathroom, herbs will look ridiculous; other plants are more appropriate for her landscaping.
If you do not want to be limited only to greenery, then study our tips for organizing and decorating a vegetable garden on the windowsill and find out what else you can grow in a city apartment all year round. However, for beginners, it is best start with herbs and indoor pepper. Difficult to cultivate plants can disappoint with the result and discourage the process.
Requirements of different greenery
Before heading to the store for seeds or seedlings, learn how to grow different types of greens on the windowsill, and stop at the simplest and most affordable option for you.
How to grow parsley on the window
To grow parsley in pots, you need a mixture of one part of peat, the same amount of humus and twice as much garden soil, disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganate. But it's easier to buy a ready-made universal primer.
When choosing seeds, give preference to early, fast-maturing varieties. This information is indicated on the packaging. Low-grade species and curly parsley look beautiful. It is important that the selected variety can easily tolerate frequent pruning, because you will constantly pluck the leaves to decorate dishes.
Optimal varieties for indoor conditions:
- Station wagon
- Russian feast.
To increase the germination of parsley, experienced gardeners are advised to keep the seeds warm in a damp cloth for two or three days. Then you need to squeeze out excess water, place a cloth with seeds in a bag and put in the refrigerator for several days.
Basic rules for growing parsley on the windowsill:
- Choose containers for planting with a height of at least 15 cm.
- During planting, be sure to keep the distance between the holes at least 5 cm.
- Deepen the seeds to a depth of 0.7-1.4 mm.
- Immediately after sowing, cover the pot with foil or a special plastic greenhouse and place it on a lighted windowsill.
- Provide a temperature of 17-21 degrees.
- Moisten crops, but not liberally, otherwise mold will form. Remove the film every day, providing air access.
- With proper care, parsley shoots will appear in one and a half to two weeks. The film can be removed.
- Water your greens two to three times a week. Provide supplemental food once a month.
- The optimum temperature for indoor parsley is 15-18 ° C during the day and 10-12 ° C at night.
- Make sure that the greens are not attacked by pests. Spider mites are often transferred from other plants to parsley.
When harvesting, try not to rip off the tops, but thin out ranks... This will improve the conditions for further growth.
Features of growing dill in an apartment
When choosing which greens can be grown on the windowsill in winter, pay attention to dill - the second most popular spice in the kitchen.
To enjoy the summer aroma in a month, buy varieties with fast ripening: Gribovsky, Carousel, Early miracle, Aurora, Grenadier. You can plant varieties with different ripening periods on the same windowsill, in order to first use the early ones, and then switch to the later ones, which will just have time to grow up.
- To select good seeds, soak them in warm water for two days, changing the water to fresh every 12 hours. Throw away everything that comes up mercilessly, and use the rest of the material for planting.
- Moisten the soil in the pots and make holes 1-1.5 cm deep, leaving gaps of about 4 cm.
- Cover with soil, sprinkle with water and cover with plastic as described above for parsley.
- Place in a warm (18 to 20 degrees) place protected from sunlight for a week.
- When shoots appear, remove the film and place the pot of herbs on the windowsill. If it seems that there are a lot of shoots, thin out, leaving a space of about 3 cm around each shoot.
- Water as the soil dries. It is better to take a spray bottle as an assistant so as not to damage young seedlings.
- Turn the pot with opposite sides to the sun so that the dill grows evenly.
- Fertilize once every 30-45 days.
Fragrant basil on the window
Basil is another popular choice for growing fresh greenery on a windowsill in a city apartment. There are many varieties of basil in nature, but only a few dozen are suitable for human consumption. The leaves of the plant are used in cooking, they are ideal for salads, and for meat dishes, and for marinades.
The best varieties for a room are:
- Marquis - is distinguished by its compactness and beautiful shape of the ball
- A dwarf is a low bush, there are species with greenery of a purple tide
- Clove - attracts with a pleasant aroma and high decorativeness.
- Lemon - delicate scent of lemon and crown with beautiful light green leaves.
- Purple is a bright bush with large leaves.
Basil seeds are different long germination... To speed up the process, keep the seed in a warm place for 10-14 days, then soak in warm water for a day. Throw away the floating instances.
- Make holes in the soil and plant the seeds about 3 cm apart. It is unnecessary to do large intervals, since not all crops will sprout.
- Make a polyethylene greenhouse to accelerate germination. The plant loves light and warmth - provide a temperature of 25 ° C.
- Moisten the mini-bed as it dries.
- When the basil rises, thin out the excess so that there is 5 cm of free space around each plant.
- Place on a well-lit windowsill and regularly look after the plantings - water, turn, fertilize, loosen the soil. Heat water for irrigation to 30 ° С.
- Basil loves light, so be sure to install a backlight lamp on the windowsill and provide at least 15 hours of daylight.
For culinary purposes pick off the leaves from the tops of the bush... This will prevent blooms that make the grass unfit for food.
Ideal salad variety for home growing
If you are planning to plant greens on the windowsill for the first time, pay attention to watercress. This is one of the most unpretentious and fastest growing plants. Watercress seeds do not require long soaking, and seedlings are resistant to temperature fluctuations and light. The best varieties: Pepper, Ordinary, Broadleaf, Curly.
- To get a bountiful harvest, soak watercress seeds in a mild potassium permanganate solution for a couple of hours.
- Make good drainage at the bottom of the pot and fill it with flower soil from a bag or a mixture of two parts coconut fiber and one vermicompost.
- Prepare holes 5-10 mm deep, sow basil and sprinkle with soil. Moisten and cover with plastic wrap.
- The first micro-greens on the windowsill will appear in a week. Keep the pot at 17-20 degrees.
- The higher the temperature, the more watering should be.
Watercress is one of the most unpretentious plants, it can be grown without land at all. Someone does it right in the water, and someone on foam rubber. But in a pot on the kitchen windowsill, greens look more attractive.
How to get green onions quickly in winter
To grow onion greens at home on the windowsill, you can use two options - in the soil in a pot and in water. The second method is high speed and is well known to everyone from childhood. You just need to fill the glasses with water and place the bulbs in them. Better to take those that have already begun to germinate.
Nuances of growing luka in the water:
- The water should be warm - about 40 degrees.
- If the bulb has not yet begun to germinate, it is recommended to cut the top by 1.5 cm.
- Only the roots should be in the water; the bulb should not be immersed more than one third.
By the way, in the same way, you can grow an avocado from a stone at home and get a beautiful tree.
Instead of jars, it is convenient to use egg packs or special pots for growing onions at home. This is a container with holes for the bulbs. Looks neat and beautiful on the windowsill.
It is longer and more difficult to grow green onions in soil. Use bulbs for planting, as the harvest from the seeds may not wait at all.
See the video for planting bulbs on greens in a bottle.
Fragrant mint in the home kitchen
An excellent choice for home - mint with a wonderful aroma. Mint is a perennial plant that is easy to grow on a windowsill using root cuttings or seeds. The second method will take more time, but it will also bring more pleasure.
For growing mint, peat or loose humus soil with an acidity of no more than 5-6 pH is suitable. Feel free to buy a universal primer in the store and do not worry. The ideal temperature is 18-25 degrees. Plant good lighting required.
- You need to divide the bush in the fall after the completion of the growing season. Divide the rhizomes carefully so that each portion contains dormant buds.
- Fill the pots two-thirds full with nutrient soil.
- Spread out the seedlings carefully and cover them with soil.
- Drizzle with warm water.
The first leaves should appear in about two weeks.
If you bought a bunch of fresh mint, then try to get planting material using the method cuttings... Simply place a few twigs in the water by dipping them into a root stimulator (root). The roots will appear in 8-14 days. All that remains is to plant the seedlings in pots.
- Sowing mint seeds for growing on a windowsill is best in mid-spring.
- Fill the pot with soil, prepare the wells 0.5 cm deep and moisten the soil.
- Sow the seeds and sprinkle on top with a little of the same soil.
- Cover with a plastic greenhouse.
- At a temperature of 19-25 degrees, seedlings will appear a couple of weeks after sowing.
- Control the moisture content of the ground, avoid drying out and excessive moisture. Water using a spray method to avoid diluting crops.
When growing mint in winter, do not over-water it. Let the soil dry slightly. Avoid drafts. Water liberally in summer, but protect fresh greens from excess direct sunlight. If conditions permit, use mint to create a fragrant atmosphere in the garden on the balcony.
What else can be grown on a windowsill in an apartment
If you are going to grow greens on the windowsill in winter, you can choose almost any type of fast growing spicy herbaceous plants. Oregano and sage celebrate themselves well in the apartment, they are not demanding of light and withstand partial shade.
Unpretentious fragrant melissa... Lemon balm seeds just need to be sown into the soil to a depth of 0.5 cm without presoaking, watered and moistened regularly. The greens will hatch in days. Melissa loves light, a lack of it reduces the production of essential oils that impart fragrance to the leaves.
It will require care, but it looks very original on the window celery... The easiest way to get celery greens is in water. Just cut the root off the stem and leave it in a container of water in a sunny place. In a few days, new shoots and roots will appear. You can transplant the plant into soil or leave it in water. Cut green leaves as needed and groom if transplanted.
Green seeds cost a penny. Try, experiment with different types and planting options. Create your own spicy mini-vegetable garden to delight yourself and the envy of passers-by looking through the windows. And for more effect decorate the pots with your own handsusing our selection of ideas. So you will be able to significantly save on the purchase of containers.
Having made it your hobby to grow herbs on the windowsill at home, you will enjoy, decorate the kitchen and always have spicy herbs on hand for salads and soups. This hobby is ideal for joint leisure activities with children and husband. Have a good harvest all year round!
Planting parsley and dill
Is it worth growing dill in an apartment
Let's make a reservation right away that there are no special varieties intended specifically for "window-sill" cultivation in nature, therefore, when buying seed, you should pay attention, first of all, to the ripening time. It is very important not to be mistaken with the choice: of course, early varieties quickly give green mass, but they also stretch quickly into flower stalks, moreover, they are not as leafy as early ripening crops. As for the late varieties, they do not ripen in the beds during the summer, but they are excellent for home cultivation. Now - directly to the workflow.
Stage one. We prepare everything you need
You should start by preparing everything that is required for cultivation. For the convenience of visitors, the information is given in the form of a table.
Table. What is required in the work
After preparing everything you need, you can start pickling the beans.
Stage two. Seed preparation
Planting dill includes proper seed preparation, it begins a few days before sowing
If the seeds are more than two to three years old, then they should be soaked in warm water overnight. In the morning, the water must be drained, and the seeds themselves must be soaked in a heated solution of potassium permanganate (the color should be bright pink) for about two hours. This is necessary in order to disinfect the grains - the plants after processing will not hurt.
If it was not possible to purchase potassium permanganate, then you can use one of the following methods.
Method one... Use a 2 or 3 percent hydrogen peroxide solution. It should be preheated to a temperature of 38-40 degrees, after which the seeds should be soaked in it for about six to eight minutes.
Method two... Use of boric acid. In this case, you need to dilute ½ teaspoon of acid in a glass of water. The seeds should be soaked in the resulting solution for two to three hours, while the temperature should vary within 25-30 degrees. After dressing, the seeds are thoroughly rinsed under the tap.
Stage three. Sowing seeds
While the seeds are pickling, you can start preparing the pots. The algorithm of actions should be as follows.
Step one... Expanded clay drainage is poured to the bottom with a layer of two to three centimeters.
Step two... Soil is poured over the drainage, not reaching the upper edge about three or four centimeters. The soil is abundantly watered with pre-settled water. Everything, containers are ready for further sowing.
Step three... After dressing the seeds, potassium permanganate is drained, and they themselves are laid out on a piece of gauze to drain the remaining liquid.
Note! It is necessary to leave for sowing only the seeds that sank to the bottom during soaking. The fact is that the seeds left afloat will have a low germination rate.
Step four... Dried seeds are sown in pots. This can be done in the usual way, that is, simply sprinkle them with a pinch, or plant them in any convenient order - in a checkerboard pattern, in rows, etc.
Step four. A layer of soil with a maximum thickness of two centimeters is poured over the seeds, after which you can additionally water a little.
Step five... The pots are covered with cling film or PET bags to create a greenhouse effect. Then they are placed on the windowsill. It is important that the optimal temperature for germination is maintained in the room - it is about 18 degrees.
Cover the container with the sown seeds with foil
The pots can now be left alone until the first shoots are formed. For parsley it takes no more than two weeks, for dill it takes from seven to ten days.
Stage four. Further care
When shoots appear, the film must be removed.
Further care for plants is to comply with standard requirements.
- Water should be moderate but regular during the first month. In summer, watering should be abundant, and in winter, again moderate.
- Dill "loves" spraying with a spray bottle, even with ordinary tap water.
- Plants need to be provided with enough sunlight - at least three to four hours a day. It is for this reason that the seeds are best sown in the spring (around March).
- Growing temperature should be 18 degrees (+/- 2). Although dill is able to withstand a drop in temperature up to eight degrees, which means that this culture can be bred on a balcony (that must be glazed) until late autumn.
- Rotate the pots 180 degrees daily, otherwise the stems will stretch to one side.
Further care for dill
Note! Three to four weeks after germination, it is advisable to add soil a few more centimeters. Such a simple action will replace picking, that is, germinating seeds in small cups, followed by transplanting them into larger pots.
Actually, this is all you need to know about caring for parsley and dill. Now all that remains is to wait for the harvest, which will appear after 1.5 months (for parsley) and five weeks (for dill) after the introduction of seeds. As for overseeding, in our case it is not required, since the described crops yield a harvest throughout the year.
Not only beautiful, but also delicious greens in the house
Video - Growing dill in the winter
Preparing a place in the garden for planting basil seedlings
For planting basil, it is recommended to choose a place that is well lit and protected from drafts and winds. It is best to plant near a garden house or a densely standing fence. In places where there is a lot of shade, the plant will also grow, but the leaves are not so fleshy, large and beautiful, the height of the plant is small, the flowers are weak, the smell is not pronounced, so it is better, after all, to avoid shaded places in the garden. Basil should be grown in the beds after harvesting tomatoes, cucumbers, legumes. Good for vegetables and basil proximity. This herb is rich in essential oils, so it spreads its aroma far beyond the garden, thereby repelling vegetable pests. The place of the beds for planting seedlings must be changed every three years, otherwise the soil is depleted, the plant does not receive the necessary microelements, and as a result, the yield is weak. It should be noted that saponin is released from the basil plant during growth, which perfectly stimulates the growth of vegetable crops grown in the neighborhood.
The bed for planting the basil is prepared in advance, having dug it up in the fall, with the introduction of mineral and organic fertilizers. For these purposes, cow dung, chicken manure, nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers, and potassium salt are widely used.
Quite by accident stumbled upon watercress seeds in the store. Before that, we had never heard anything about this type of salad, we decided to try it and bought it. After reading the instructions, they did not even believe that they could ascend so quickly. The instructions describe in detail when the seeds germinate and what is better to plant in a shaded place ... Having planted these seeds on the site, they sprouted on the third day, and after half a month you can already use ready-made greens. Since this culture loves shade, we planted it under a tree. It is advisable to cut the salad with scissors, the main thing is to remove it in time, since when flowering begins, the plant is attacked by aphids. In general, the culture does not require special care, the only thing is that it loves moist soil. Watercress is a real find for those who like to quickly taste fresh herbs in early summer. You can plant it in any month of summer, but it is probably better all the same at the end of May, when the ground is even more humid. Plants grow tall.
I bought several bags of watercress last year. I wanted to grow early greens in a pot on the windowsill. Sowed in the ground, germination was very good, but it turned out very densely. bought a super early watercress, so after 10 days it was already possible to eat. The sprouts grew plump, strong, but we did not like the taste, it tastes bitter, because of the mustard oil. Perhaps not familiar, for an amateur. Therefore, she did not sow any more. Although the seeds are still there, you can experiment again. Not whimsical. Can be grown without land: on cotton wool soaked in water, toilet paper.
When it's winter outside, I really want greenery, so I grow greens at home on the windowsill. I especially love watercress. It is the fastest growing green crop suitable for all-season cultivation. It is unpretentious, grows well, both in the garden and in a pot on the windowsill. The salad tastes spicy. Contains many vitamins and minerals.
I grow watercress regularly. And not only in the garden, but also at home on the windowsill (in winter). It is really very easy to grow. The crop can be harvested as early as two weeks after germination.masko4
Watercress calmly tolerates a cold snap up to 5 degrees. I plant sparsely and not in the shade. Once planted in the shade, so he was some kind of dead. I know the taste, not everyone likes it - something between horseradish and mustard. Feels that spicy. I tried to grow it once on the windowsill. But I didn't like it. The taste is not the same.Sveta
My wife grows watercress on a windowsill in winter and outdoors in spring. We are so used to it that we can no longer live without it. Very useful, and most importantly, it contains almost the entire periodic table.Maxim Pavlovich
As for me, even though watercress has a rather specific taste, growing it is one of the few ways to provide yourself with healthy and necessary greens for our body in winter without any problems. All that is required is to provide a low temperature (the ideal place for growing in apartments is a balcony) and sufficient lighting. Some people advise to fertilize the salad, but it grows beautifully without any fertilizers. The main thing is not to forget about watering, because watercress does not like dry soil very much.geniusik
Watercress is often referred to as the "vitamin bomb". This amazing plant is easy to grow in your window during the winter months. 14 days after planting, you can already use healthy sprouts with a pleasant mustard taste for food. However, excessive consumption of lettuce leads to headaches and insomnia. Experts say that a single plant intake should not exceed 15 grams. With a moderate addition of watercress to the diet, winter beriberi can be easily avoided. ...