Some summer residents believe that pumpkin is an unpretentious vegetable, and growing it does not require much effort. In fact, in order to get a good harvest, several important rules must be followed.
Correct crop rotation
If the pumpkin has an unsuitable "predecessor", the vegetable will not be able to fully develop, so experienced gardeners must take into account which crops grew in the garden last season. Some plants greatly deplete the soil, while others have similar pests and diseases that remain in the soil for a long time ...
The worst "predecessors" of pumpkin are cucumbers, pumpkin, zucchini, squash.
The vegetable will be much more comfortable after wheat, corn, onions, lettuce, legumes, cabbage, potatoes, carrots, radishes and spinach.
They begin to prepare the site in the fall after the end of the harvest. To begin with, the land is cleared of weeds, then dug up along with fertilizers. Most often they use manure (14 kg per 1 sq. M) or humus (10 kg per 1 sq. M), as well as superphosphate (60 g per 1 sq. M).
The fertilization procedure must be repeated shortly before sowing.
It is important to choose the right landing site. Pumpkins need a lot of light, so the area should be sunny and protected from drafts and strong winds. The soil in the chosen place should be fertile and loose.
Pinching the stem
In order for the set fruits to ripen and turn out to be large enough, you need to pinch the stem in time. The procedure is carried out when the stem reaches a length of more than 1.5 meters, in the early morning and in cloudy weather without precipitation, so that the pumpkin can quickly recover.Make sure that at least 5 leaves remain above the place of formation of the fruit. One bush should have 1-3 stems, because the plant will not have enough nutrition for a larger number of fruits, which is why they will not be able to ripen normally.
Pumpkin requires rare but abundant watering. From the moment of planting until the beginning of July, the vegetable is moistened more often (1-2 times a week), and then watering is halved. A month before the start of the harvest, irrigation ends altogether.
Remember to loosen the soil before each watering so that moisture reaches the roots of the plant faster.
The vegetable needs warm and settled water (+ 20-25 degrees). Watering itself should be done in the early morning or evening after sunset. Pour 5-8 liters of water under each bush.
Wait until the lashes grow up to 1 meter, untangle them, put them in the correct position and sprinkle with earth in several places. Thanks to this trick, the wind will not be able to break the whips and leaves. This procedure will allow the plant to put down new roots through which the fruits can receive an additional portion of the nutrients.
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How to properly care for clematis
Greetings, dear friends!
I will tell you how to properly care for clematis in the spring and summer in today's article.
Like all flowering vines, clematis requires close attention from the gardener. The care program for this luxurious handsome man, pleasing to the eye in the warm season with an abundant flower waterfall, includes the following activities: loosening, weeding, watering, feeding, mulching. Also, as necessary, long clematis lashes should be tied up and directed to the supporting structures.
Place for clematis, watering, weed removal, loosening, mulching in spring
The plant is light-requiring, so it is planted in well-lit areas of the local area or garden (see the article "How to plant clematis correctly"). And clematis does not react well to drafts, both in winter and in summer. Try to place the vine on the leeward side of buildings and fences, but the distance to them should not be less than half a meter.
Watering clematis is organized from early spring to September. The soil in the trunks of the plants is moistened to a depth of at least 0.3 m and at least once a week. A lack of moisture in the soil leads to dry leaves and a shorter flowering period. In rainy weather, it is not required to water the vine, but in a dry summer, the frequency of watering is increased to 2-3 times a week.
After each watering, it is recommended to loosen the soil and pull out weeds. You can get rid of this type of work by mulching the soil surface with organic matter: humus, mature garden compost, low-lying peat, breaking straw (3-5 cm layer). Mulch not only prevents the growth of weeds, but also prevents the evaporation of valuable moisture, and as it decomposes, enriches the soil with vermicompost and minerals.
Correct feeding of clematis is the key to abundant flowering
If, when planting a seedling, the pit was filled with organic matter and mineral fertilizers, then your clematis will not need additional fertilizing during the first two years of life in a new place. In the future, you should regularly fertilize the soil. to support the plant and enhance flowering.
In early spring, when the leaves are forming, clematis requires increased doses of nitrogen. Until the budding period, the plants are fed twice with an interval of 2-3 weeks, using a solution of urea or ammonium nitrate (1 tbsp. Spoon in a standard bucket of water). 10 liters of nutrient fluid are poured under an adult plant, 5-7 liters under 3-5 years old.
Works well under clematis and fermented nettle infusion, rich in nitrogenous substances and humic compounds. For its preparation, the bucket is filled by 2/3 with chopped weeds, filled to the top with water and left in a warm place for fermentation for 7-10 days. The resulting concentrate is diluted with clean warm water in a ratio of 1: 5 and used for root or foliar feeding.
At the beginning of the budding period, the plant experiences a lack of potassium and phosphorus. Of the mineral fertilizers under the vine, double or ordinary superphosphate and potassium magnesium are used, respectively, 40 and 20 g per bucket of water. Of biological compounds, soot or plant ash is used as a phosphorus-potassium supplement rich in trace elements, dusting the ground around the bushes with ash at the rate of 1/2 liter per plant, after which a planned abundant watering is carried out.
According to the reviews of experienced flower growers, it is not worth feeding clematis during flowering, since fertilization can shorten the duration of the most important process. After the end of flowering, the plants can be fertilized with ash infusion (5 tablespoons per 5 liters of water, leave for 3 days).
Do not forget to insulate the root system of clematis before frost by spreading a mulch layer around the trunk. Before winter, tyrsa, sawdust, wood shavings, straw, compost and humus are used as mulch.
Now you have an idea of how how to properly care for clematis throughout the spring and summer. By doing all of these grooming activities, you can enjoy your pet's floral splendor during the summer. Beauty to you at your summer cottage every season! See you!
How to properly care for cherries in the garden: tips and tricks
Cherry is a very picky tree that requires proper care. Cherries need to be planted in a funnel 15-20 centimeters deep into the ground. Around the bush, be sure to sketch out the earth, and then fill the seedling with two buckets of water.
How to fertilize cherries
For the first two years, cherries must be fertilized without fail. During this period, the tree does not receive enough fertilizer from the ground. In the third year of flowering, the plant can be fertilized with nitrogen-containing preparations. You can also fertilize the tree with humus, droppings, or compost. In the fall, you can use organic or potash-phosphorus fertilizers.
How to properly prune cherries in the garden
There should be at least 50 centimeters of bare trunk from the ground line to the first branch. Excess twigs must be cut off. You need to cut the branches very carefully, without leaving a hemp. No more than 6-7 "strong" stem branches should remain on the seedling, which will serve as the basis for the crown. In the future, the branches will need to be pruned every year. All rotten, dried and diseased branches are also subject to pruning.
How to protect cherries in winter
Cherry is a fairly frost-resistant plant, but you need to take care of it in winter. Before frost, it is recommended to sprinkle the tree trunk with snow and insulate it with sawdust and straw. If the winter turned out to be snowy, but frosty, then the tree needs to be double insulated.
Prevention of pests and diseases
Taking proper care of cherries helps to avoid diseases and pests. In autumn, it is recommended to spray the cherries with a urea solution. This procedure will destroy pathogens. It is important to get rid of dry, sick and rotten branches in time, which can transmit their diseases to healthy branches. The most popular antimicrobial agents for the prevention of pests and diseases of cherries are: "Tsineb", "Skor", "Nitrafen", "Flatan", "Topsin M".
Growing pumpkin. How and when to plant a pumpkin? Pumpkin care
Only an experienced gardener does not take much time and effort to cultivate a pumpkin, but to please yourself with a good harvest in the fall, you will have to make a lot of effort.
When to plant a pumpkin?
Pumpkin is a plant that prefers to grow in the sun, so there is no need to plant seeds in cold, unheated ground. A suitable time is mid-May, when the soil has been warmed up by the sun and the spring frosts have passed.
Also, the landing time is determined by the climate of the region. For example, early June will be good days for planting seeds in northern latitudes. For planting plants in the southern regions, the beginning of May is suitable. For residents of central Russia, the plant will take root perfectly after the May holidays.
How to plant a pumpkin?
Pumpkin is planted by 2 methods: seedlings and in open ground. Growing pumpkin seedlings implies the harvesting of plant seeds from the fall. Around the beginning of April, the seeds should be examined for disease and should be of a natural color.
For quick germination, they need to be soaked in warm water for several days. Swollen seeds form roots more actively and begin to grow. Soaked grains are planted in small plastic containers, at the bottom of which a hole must be present, otherwise moisture will remain in the soil, which leads to rotting seeds and the development of many diseases.
The soil should be soft, loose, without the roots of other plants. Grounding is made in the center of the tank, filled with water. In order to disinfect the soil a little, it is good to treat it with a weak infusion of potassium permanganate a couple of hours before planting.
Next, a seed is placed in the middle, lightly sprinkled with earth and watered abundantly. It is better to put the pots further away from drafts, in a place where there will be a lot of sun, but we must not forget about the humidity of the air and stable watering. If a growing pumpkin seeds is done correctly, the first shoots will begin to appear within a week after planting.
Grow pumpkin outdoors even easier. To do this, you need to choose the right site for planting: where there are few drafts and a lot of light. At the same time, it is important to observe the distance between seeds up to half a meter, the pumpkin grows and needs a lot of space.
The bed is formed into a shovel bayonet, stones and weeds are removed from the ground. If the land is fertile, then you can do without top dressing, but if you want to get a bountiful harvest, it would be good to add humus, peat, sawdust and ash to the soil.
Further, the earth must be watered. The seeds of the plant are placed in separate holes, lightly sprinkled with soft soil and sprayed with water in the same way. Further, the pumpkin needs watering 1 time every 2 days, with warm water. The first shoots will begin to appear after a week.
What are the best pumpkin varieties to grow?
Gardeners have established several basic types of pumpkins:
Butternut pumpkin is the most delicious type of pumpkin, which contains a lot of nutrients for humans. This species requires warmth and fertilized soil, does not always have time to mature in northern latitudes, so experienced gardeners give advice on growing nutmeg varieties in seedlings. Pumpkins have yellow-brown fruits with bulky seeds inside. Among the nutmeg varieties, the variety "Golden Pear" stands out - the fruits are more reminiscent of a huge drop of orange hue. The pulp is sweetish in taste, fleshy, has a lot of nutrients. Pumpkin no more than 2 kg, is a variety that ripens 3 months after planting. Among the nutmeg varieties, gardeners prefer to grow such varieties as "Arabian" pumpkin, "Vitaminnaya", "Pearl" and "Gilea".
Large-fruited type of pumpkin - pumpkin of huge size, with a sweet core and soft light seeds inside. Due to their size, many gardeners prefer to grow alternative pumpkin varieties. they require a lot of space to preserve them. Pumpkin variety "Titan" - the name speaks for itself, gardeners grow specimens up to 150 kg! Variety with medium ripeness, pumpkin is rich in orange hue. Sweetish to taste, with fleshy pulp. Ripening occurs 120 days after planting. One of her varieties, "Rossiyanka" - brings a regular harvest, ready-made fruits are perfectly preserved until cold weather, has a pleasant aftertaste. Pumpkin weighing 2-6 kg, dark yellow color with soft and sweet flesh. Among the large-fruited varieties of pumpkins, the following types stand out: "Hundred-Pound", "Marble", "Smile", "Kroshka" and "Centner".
Hard-bodied pumpkin varieties - these varieties are ready for consumption in late summer - early autumn. They differ in creamy shades of fruits, with small seeds, sweet taste. Simply to grow a pumpkin "Golosemyanny" varieties. Although its pulp does not have a sweet taste, but its seeds grow without a shell, there is only a transparent thin film. "Bulgarian" is a round-shaped variety with light gray or yellowish skin tones. Fruit weight from 3 kg, has a pleasant aftertaste. Of all the hard-headed pumpkin varieties especially famous are: "Gribovskaya bush" pumpkin, "Spaghetti or noodles", "Almond", "Dachnaya" and "Freckles".
How to care for a pumpkin?
Pumpkin care does not require much effort and does not take much time. Throughout the summer, after the seedlings have sprouted, the pumpkin needs a lot of moisture.
It is better to water it at night, so the water does not evaporate under the rays of the sun, but is absorbed into the ground and nourishes the roots. To keep the moisture longer, it is worth covering the pumpkin bushes with mulch or dry grass.
Also, while the bushes are young, the ground around them needs to be loosened - this saturates the soil with oxygen and gives the root system air. In addition, when loosening, weeds are removed near the plant, which can block out sunlight and take moisture.
Additional feeding pumpkin is needed when the soil on the site is infertile. Here humus, barn solution, mineral and potash fertilizers are perfect.
If fertilizing was introduced into the pit before planting, then it is better to forget about them in the summer. The plant is unpretentious for feeding and is able to please with a bountiful harvest without additional fertilizers.
Features of growing in a greenhouse and open field
Grow pumpkin convenient immediately in open soil, this method does not take a lot of time, and in terms of the amount of harvest it is not inferior to similar planting methods.
One thing to remember when growing pumpkin outdoors is to regularly irrigate the plant with water. In addition, after the pumpkin has formed the first 5-6 leaves, the bush needs the formation of the main lashes.
Lateral shoots, set inflorescences are cut off. 3-4 flowers and 5-7 leaves remain on the stem.So the pumpkin will not waste energy on the growth of the lash, but will go to form fruits. You can save 2 main shoots, but no more than 4-6 leaves and 3-4 ovaries on each lash.
However, gardeners plant the plant in greenhouses. Pumpkin cultivation technology differs little from planting in open ground, plant care is carried out identically.
When the pumpkin forms 5-7 leaves, it must be transplanted into open ground, or simply direct the whip into an open space, and leave the root part in the greenhouse.
Growing pumpkin a closed greenhouse allows you to increase the amount of harvest, and accelerate its ripening. This method is used mainly in northern latitudes.
In the photo, pumpkin seeds sprouted
Pumpkin is a favorite culture of the gardener, special conditions for growing pumpkin not necessary. In addition, its fruits not only have a lot of useful properties, but are also perfectly preserved in cold weather.
Tips from experienced gardeners
You need to know how to properly care for a pumpkin outdoors. To have a good harvest, you should heed the recommendations of experienced vegetable growers:
- The plant can produce many shoots. Only one should be left in the hole.
- You need to form one main whip and one side. Then there will be a good harvest. Excess ovary is removed. On each lash, no more than three fruits should be left.
- It is bad if the fruits lie on the ground in wet weather. Planks or other natural material must be placed under them.
- If the whip "climbed" on the fence, then when ripe, the pumpkin should be hung in an ordinary string bag, secured. Then it will not roll under its weight, will not break, will not break the whip.
- To get a good harvest in spring, before planting the pumpkin on the prepared garden bed, it is recommended to plant early ripening crops, for example, lettuce, herbs or radishes.
- Do not plant cucumbers, melons and pumpkins nearby. As a result of cross-pollination, the taste of all fruits deteriorates.
- Tomatoes in the neighborhood will save the pumpkin from moth, sawfly and aphids.
- A great pumpkin neighbor is a black radish. It protects the vegetable well from spider mites.
Even inexperienced summer residents will be able to grow a rich pumpkin crop, since it is not difficult to care for it in the open field. To make it good, you need to be careful about watering and feeding. Pumpkin is an unpretentious vegetable that can be stored in a dry place for up to two years. It belongs to dietary products, which is why they love to grow it in gardens.
In order to house garden garden with own hands was well-groomed, and the trees and plants bore good fruit, it is important to know all the details about how to properly care for them. People begin to prepare for planting even in winter - they choose high-quality seeds, plan on which site and what should be planted. Each plant has its own secrets of how to care for it. Usually for those who do this professionally, or grow fruits and vegetables for themselves, there are special editions.
Garden vegetable garden log talks in detail about how to properly care for plants, how to avoid diseases, and what needs to be done in order to get a good harvest. There are many different plants, and care for each of them should be chosen depending on what kind of soil they will grow in, how favorable their environment is, and what kind of care they will be provided with. It is impossible to know everything and about all plants, therefore people often turn to garden vegetable garden shop... There are people who can advise and help with the care of various types of plants. Also, there you can choose seedlings or seeds of various crops that will be planted in the garden or vegetable garden.
Universal rules for care
There are some universal rules that you need to follow, regardless of whether you are going to plant trees, or seedlings for vegetables.... Garden and vegetable garden plants it is important to plant so that some plants help others. This is possible because some plants have special enzymes that positively affect other plants. For example, apple trees with dill or tomatoes grow well next to them. Then the lower branches of apple trees are not beaten by parasites, because they are repelled by these carriers of phytoncides. If corn is planted between the rows in the garden, then there are fewer tree pests. Through the row, you can plant cabbage and tomatoes - then there will be no caterpillars on the cabbage, and there will be more tomatoes. Many people know that onions can be grown mixed with carrots, then the harvest of these two crops in the fall will be good. Many people are familiar with the problem that the apple harvest is beaten by harmful insects. To save yourself from the apple moth, it is recommended to attach a belt to a tree with glue from rats, mice and insects applied to it.
You can also attach a jar of diluted vinegar, where all the insects will flock. Everyone wants to grow vegetables in small quantities on their site. They do not go for sale, but go straight to the table - and you can be completely sure of their naturalness and quality. Such a vegetable is a tomato. Growing this culture, many are faced with the problem that the seedlings are stretched and become thin, not supporting the weight of the tomatoes. This can be dealt with very simply by cutting off the lower leaves of the seedlings. They can be cut even when the tomatoes have already been transplanted, then the seedlings will not hurt. This is because fresh air is available to the stem. When a lot of plants grow on the site, you can forget what and where it was planted. A new seedling will sprout, and the forgetful farmer will simply confuse it with a weed and pull it out of the ground. To prevent this from happening, you need to cut out the rings from a plastic bottle and stick them into the ground in the middle of the seedlings. Garden and vegetable garden tips are very different, and they depend on the situations in which different plants are grown. Before you start disembarking, it is better to familiarize yourself in advance with all the rules for a particular culture. Then the work will not be done in vain, and the plants will give a good harvest.
- Diseases and pests
Bonsai temperature requirements are different depending on the plant, but on average it needs 10-18 degrees. In addition, bonsai is sensitive to light, the more it is, the easier the tree tolerates an increase in temperature, if there is little light, then the temperature should be lower.
For the winter, bonsai should be placed on the balcony, where the temperature is around 15 degrees. With the onset of spring, when the air temperature rises above 10 degrees, the bonsai should be taken out into the open air.
And at the end of summer, it is very important to bring the plant into the house, so that there is no sharp change in temperature when the cold begins. In addition, bonsai should be protected from drafts and strong heat sources.
Bonsai is best placed near a window that faces east or west, since these sides will be the most effective location of light. 2-3 times every four weeks, the plant must be expanded so that the leaves and shoots develop fully, and the light evenly falls on the entire plant.
Poor lighting has a bad effect on the development of the tree. To provide bonsai with a sufficient amount of it, you need to keep the plant in the light throughout the day, that is, do not hang the windows. Also, when the sun disappears, you can turn on a halogen or fluorescent lamp at a height of 50 cm.
Many experts point out that watering is the most time consuming part of caring for a plant. To a large extent, the frequency and amount of watering depends on the type of soil used.
Ideally, bonsai should be watered quite often, but in small portions. But this option is not suitable for everyone. But here, too, there is a way out. There is a so-called immersion method.
This method implies the following:
Take a container with warm, but not hot water, larger in size than the one in which the bonsai is located.
A plant is lowered into it and left for a while. However, care must be taken not to overexpose it. The sign that you need to get the plant will be the disappearance of air bubbles rising to the surface.
When this happens, you need to get the flowerpot in the tree, but hold it a little to let the excess water drain, and after that put the plant in place.
Bonsai does not require any special fertilizers. In order to provide it with everything you need, ordinary mineral fertilizers for indoor plants will be enough. Once a month, watering or submerging in a mineral solution, the bonsai soil will be saturated with everything it needs.
Diseases and pests
Like all plants, bonsai is susceptible to various diseases and pests. To avoid this, you need to periodically inspect it.
If we talk about diseases, then most often the plant is affected by gray rot or powdery mildew. This is usually due to over-or under-watering. Therefore, in order for the plant to recover, it is necessary to adjust the irrigation schedule.
If the disease is already severe, then treatment with fungicides should be started. The most dangerous pests for bonsai are:
- spider mite,
- and thrips.
To save the plant, you need to spray it from a distance of 40 cm with special preparations. However, you need to be very careful with the dosage.
Bonsai is a wonderful plant for those who want to bring a piece of nature into their home. However, like all living things, bonsai requires care, this is not a cactus that you can not really watch out for.
Bonsai is an art, but, like any art, it requires investments that will turn into beauty, which will delight your eyes and make your home more comfortable.