Mirabelle Plum Care: How To Plant Mirabelle Plum Trees

Mirabelle Plum Care: How To Plant Mirabelle Plum Trees

By: Tonya Barnett, (Author of FRESHCUTKY)

One of the most exciting parts of starting and maintaining a home garden is the ability to grow interesting and unique plants. Heirloom vegetables, nut trees, and fruits are delightful additions for those wishing to expand their harvests and broaden their accessibility to specialty fruits and vegetables. Read on to learn more about this plum tree.

What is a Mirabelle Plum?

Mirabelle plums are a small, sweet type of fruit most commonly grown in the Lorraine region of France. These high sugar plums are renowned for their use in various jams, jellies, baked products, and fruit brandy (known as eau de vie).

Though it is possible to grow Mirabelle plums in the home garden, true Mirabelle fruit (grown in France) will not be found in the United States due to bans on the import of the fresh fruits. While many gardeners may be left wondering why are Mirabelles banned in the U.S., this is mainly due to difficulties related to importing high-quality, fresh products.

Growing Mirabelle Plum Trees

Luckily, for those not able to make the trip to France, many varieties of Mirabelle plums are able to be grown in home gardens throughout the country. Hardy to USDA growing zones 5-8, mature plants reach heights of up to 12 ft. (3.5 m.). While requiring some space, care and maintenance are generally trouble-free, aside from regular fruit tree pruning and fertilization routines.

To plant Mirabelle plums, growers will first need to locate a supplier. Due to the nature of this fruit tree, it may not be found at local nurseries or garden centers. Fortunately, Mirabelle plum saplings can be obtained online. When ordering online, make certain to order from reputable suppliers to ensure healthy and disease-free transplants.

When preparing to transplant the fruit trees, soak the root ball in water for an hour before planting. Select a well-draining location that receives at least eight hours of direct sunlight each day. Amend the planting area with high-quality compost.

Dig the planting hole to at least twice as wide and as deep as the root ball of the tree. Fill the hole with soil, making certain not to cover the crown of the tree. Though sometimes listed as self-fertile or self-fruitful, Mirabelle plums benefit from the planting of an additional pollinator tree as a means to increase yields and harvests.

Common Mirabelle plum varieties include ‘Mirabelle Plum de Metz’ and ‘Mirabelle Plum de Nancy.’

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Mirabelle plums

strathclyde, United Kingdom

Does anyone know anything about mirabelle plums - small yellow plums the size of cherry tomatoes. My little boy loves them. Can we grow them in uk? Have only seen them in italy.


Well we've got plenty of them in Hungary growing semi-wild. Didn't know the name until you wrote this. I can see no reason why they shouldn't grow in UK. After all they are a plum.

If I were you, I'd google for UK fruit tree suppliers. That will tell you if they are considered suitable for the UK - and also, of course, where you can get one!.

I have tried googling but cant find any so far.

The mirabelle plum, also known as the mirabelle prune (Prunus domestica var. syriaca), is the edible drupaceous fruit of the mirabelle prune tree, a cultivar of the plum tree of the genus Prunus. It is believed that the plum was cultivated from a wild fruit grown in Asia Minor.
The mirabelle plum is identified by its small, oval shape, smooth-textured flesh, and especially by its dark yellow colour which becomes flecked in appearance. They are known for being sweet and full of flavour. The fruit is primarily used in jams and pies, and its juice is commonly fermented for wine or distilled into plum brandy. Ninety percent of mirabelle plums grown commercially are made into either jam (70%) or eau-de-vie (20%). The plums are also excellent when eaten fresh.
The mirabelle reaches maturity and is harvested from July to mid-September (Northern Hemisphere). The traditional method of shaking the trees is now mechanized, but the principle remains the same: The ripe fruits are shaken loose and collected in a net.
The mirabelle is a specialty of the French region of Lorraine, which has an ideal climate and soil composition for the cultivation of this fruit. This region produces 15,000 tons of mirabelle prunes annually, which constitutes 80% of global commercial production.
There are two main cultivars grown for fruit production, derived from cherry plums grown in Nancy and Metz. The Metz type is smaller, less hard, and less sweet, and has no small red spots on the skin. It is very good for jam, while the Nancy type is better as fresh fruit as it is sweeter.
Since 1996 the mirabelle de Lorraine has been recognized and promoted by the EU as a high-quality regional product, with a Protected Geographical Indication (PGI). This label guarantees a minimum fruit size (22mm) and sugar content, and can only be used in a specific geographical zone of production.

Mirabelle de Nancy plum

My Mirabelles have finished flowering already, I'm in County Durham. This is just the first full year they've been in. I think you've buried your graft. Have a look at the base of the tree if you can't see a join then dig down gently with a trowel until you find the join.

If you have buried it then uncover it, if any roots are coming from the scion then remove them with a very sharp knife or secateurs. The graft/join should be well above the soil since even an inch above may not be enough to stop the scion rooting in especially since you've mulched. I've got an apple tree that I think has probably rooted from the scion even though it's above the soil. There's roots coming from the join which could be from either the rootstock or the scion and it still hasn't flowered which tells me I need to get the secateurs out.

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