Raspberries are prized not only for their pleasant taste, but also for their medicinal properties and beauty. Of the existing varieties, Taganka is well suited for growing in almost any region of Russia. The high yield of this remontant variety and the ability to bear fruit until late autumn have won the recognition of many gardeners. Ease of care makes Taganka raspberries available to anyone.
History of the Taganka variety
Taganka is a domestic raspberry variety, learned a long time ago, in 1976. The birthplace of the variety was the Selection and Technological Institute of Horticulture and Nursery (Moscow) as a result of the work of the breeder V.V. Kichina, who crossed the variety Krupna Dvuroda with the Scottish hybrid 707/75.
Description of the variety
Raspberry Taganka is late-ripening and belongs to remontant varieties, that is, it bears fruit twice a year - both on old and young shoots. Some amateur gardeners call this variety semi-renovated due to the fact that the ovaries on annual shoots are formed very late and do not have time to ripen in cold regions.
Taganka grows in large spreading bushes reaching 2 m in height. Each bush forms 7 to 9 rather thick brownish-brown shoots and 4–5 root suckers. Large, wrinkled leaves, painted in a dark green color, grow densely on the stems. The surface of the shoots is covered with many lilac thorns. Luckily the thorns are very small and soft.
On each fruit branch, two to three dozen berries are formed
Ovarying occurs on fruit twigs, it is very abundant - up to 30 pieces, so that the twigs can break off. The berries are rather large, with an average weight of 7–8 g, occasionally up to 17 g. The shape of the berries is a rounded cone. The dense burgundy skin covers the juicy pulp with a strong raspberry aroma and a sour-sour taste.
Characteristics of the variety
The Taganka variety is characterized by a number of positive and negative qualities.
- dry separation of berries;
- good winter hardiness of the aboveground part and root system (up to -20aboutFROM);
- high yield - each bush gives up to 5 kg;
- thornless thorns;
- large size and beautiful appearance of berries;
- good resistance to a number of major diseases and pests.
- poor drought tolerance - with a long dry period, the quality of the berries deteriorates;
- not very sweet taste of berries;
- poor transportability and keeping quality - the berries sag quickly.
Raspberry seedlings are planted in the spring, before sap flow begins, or in the fall, during the dormant period. It is recommended to plant in the spring in the northern regions, as in this case the plants will have a better chance of rooting normally. In regions with a mild climate, on the contrary, it is better to plant in autumn - raspberries will take root until frost and will begin to bear fruit the next year.
Raspberry seedlings should be purchased from nurseries. Healthy seedlings are characterized by developed roots without signs of decay, whole and strong stems.
Saplings of the Taganka variety look unsightly - small, with a thin stem, which does not prevent them from rooting well.
Seedlings can be obtained independently from adult bushes: separate root suckers or shoots with a sufficient number of roots. You can also use seeds - in remontant raspberries, they retain the properties of their parents in 60–65% of cases. Seeds are washed out of the crushed pulp, dried and stored at a temperature of + 1 ... + 3aboutFROM. The shelf life can be several years.
Raspberries are not demanding on the soil, the main thing is to provide good nutrition and drainage (stagnant moisture quickly destroys the root system). The soil should be moderately moist all the time, since Taganka does not like drought.
If water stagnates on the site, it is necessary to make a drainage system
The place reserved for the raspberry tree should warm up well and be illuminated by the sun. Planting in partial shade is allowed, but with constant shading, a drop in yield and a deterioration in the taste of berries is observed.
For the formation of ovaries, raspberries must be pollinated by insects, so the plantings must be protected from the wind, which not only interferes with the work of bees, but can also break the shoots. Therefore, it is advisable to place raspberries along fences or buildings.
Raspberry beds can be protected from the wind with an openwork fence
The soil for planting is prepared in 4-5 weeks. Fallen leaves and weeds are removed from the designated area, fertilizers are applied (for each square meter, 12–15 kg of manure and 140–160 g of wood ash) and dug up. Then, grooves are prepared with a width of 3 bayonets of a shovel and a depth of 1 bayonet. The distance between adjacent grooves (future rows) should be 1.5–2 m. A layer of nutrients 8–10 cm thick is poured at the bottom of the groove. The nutrient mixture is prepared at the rate of 2 buckets of compost, 200–250 g of superphosphate and 100–120 g of salts potassium per 1 m2... Fertilizers are covered with a thin layer of soil.
On the site intended for planting raspberries, you need to thoroughly clean and dig up the soil
- Check the condition of the seedlings, remove broken and dried roots.
- Dip the roots for a few seconds in a potting soil (you can add a growth stimulant, for example, Kornevin).
- Place the seedlings in the prepared groove at intervals of 80–100 cm. Spread the roots, sprinkle with soil and compact. Make sure that the root collar is not submerged in the soil!
- Cut off the stems 25–30 cm above the ground per bud.
- Water each seedling with 7-8 liters of water and mulch the soil with humus.
Video: planting remontant raspberries
Features of growing raspberries
For the successful cultivation of raspberries, it is necessary to follow simple agrotechnical rules - watering, pruning, weeding and feeding on time.
Watering, pruning and tying
Taganka is very demanding on watering - it suffers from both excess and lack of water. With a long absence of moisture, the berries lose their taste and become smaller, the yield decreases. Water the raspberries regularly, but not too abundantly. The main need for moisture occurs during the setting and ripening of berries. Usually plantings are watered twice a month, in the morning or evening. Until flowering occurs, it is recommended to irrigate by sprinkling; the rest of the time, water is supplied to the grooves at the rate of 20–25 liters per running meter.
Raspberries respond well to sprinkler irrigation
Raspberry Taganka can be cultivated as a one- or two-year crop. In the first method, after harvesting, all shoots are cut to the ground. In cold climates, the second method is recommended. In this case, only the shoots of the last year are cut in the fall.
In the spring of planting, they inspect and remove dry and damaged areas of the shoots to a healthy bud. With a strong thickening, the planting is thinned out.
Raspberries tend to creep outside their area, so all root suckers that appear outside the site, as well as in the aisles, must be removed.
Video: pruning remontant raspberries
Tying serves not only to protect the stems from breaking by the wind or under the weight of the crop, but also facilitates planting maintenance. The most common type of support for raspberries is a single trellis. For its device, pillars 2.5 meters high are driven into the ground along the crimson row, and several rows of support wire are stretched onto them. If no wind protection is provided, the crimson stems must be tied to a support wire, otherwise the shoots may break on it.
Video: features of caring for remontant raspberries
Top dressing, soil care and preparation for winter
To get a full harvest, you need to regularly fertilize the raspberry tree. Plants begin to feed from the second year. Nitrogen compounds should be applied every spring (e.g. 15-20 g / m2 ammonium sulfate), at the beginning of summer - organic fertilizers (rotted manure, compost) at the rate of 5 buckets per 1 m2, and in the fall - potassium salts (30 g / m2). Every three years, it is required to add phosphorus compounds to the spring feeding (for example, 55-60 g / m2 superphosphate). Organic matter is brought in for digging up the soil, and minerals are scattered over the soil surface, mixed with a pitchfork and watered.
In addition to traditional fertilizers, complex fertilizers can be used for feeding.
In addition, in the summer, during the flowering period, it is recommended to cover the ground near the bushes with a layer of humus. After flowering, liquid feeding is carried out with a solution of fresh chicken droppings (1 shovel per bucket of water).
The soil on the raspberry plantation must be kept loose and free of weeds. Loosening is carried out as soon as the soil dries up a little after the next watering. The depth of processing should be no more than 6-7 cm so as not to touch the roots.
Before wintering, all last year's shoots are cut out at the root.
For the winter, Taganka needs to be covered because of its low winter hardiness. First of all, pruning is carried out and all cut stems are eliminated. For full autumn pruning, you just need to cover each row with peat mulch. If the shoots of the current year are left for the winter, they are tied together, bent to the ground and covered with straw, spruce branches or non-woven covering materials.
Protection from pests and diseases
Taganka shows sufficient resistance to most common pests and diseases of raspberries. Nevertheless, the raspberry beetle should be wary of pests, and purple spot of diseases.
The raspberry beetle actively damages almost all parts of the raspberry bush.
The raspberry beetle is a universal pest, as it eats inflorescences, buds, and leaves. In addition, the beetle lays eggs in flowers, and the released larvae gnaw the berries, which become smaller and rot. Beetles can be knocked down from bushes onto spread polyethylene or cloth, and then destroyed. Chemicals are also used: Fitoverm (in the last decade of May), Konfidor, Kinmiks, Iskra.
Video: how to treat raspberries from pests
Purple spot, or didimella, is one of the most dangerous and common raspberry diseases. Usually, the onset of the disease is observed in June in the form of dark spots with a purple tint on the leaves and buds. If you do not take measures, then the area of the spots increases, the bark begins to crack and flake off. To reduce the spread of the disease, thickening of the plantings should not be allowed. Diseased shoots are cut out with a portion of healthy tissue. Watering should be moderate. Of the chemical means of protection are used:
- Bordeaux mixture (the first time when the buds open, then three more times);
- Cuproxat (50 ml per bucket of water);
- Fundazol (20 g per bucket of water).
Purple spot is a very common and dangerous raspberry disease.
Anthracnose is an even more unpleasant disease, since it does not respond well to treatment. It manifests itself in the form of brown specks on the leaves and stripes on the stems. Over time, the area of this damage increases. The surface of the stains becomes depressed and cracked, and at high humidity, decay begins.
At the onset of the disease, brownish spots appear on the leaves.
Prevention of the disease is to keep raspberry plantings clean and, if possible, away from other berry crops, as well as timely thinning and feeding with potassium-phosphorus fertilizers. Of the chemical agents for the prevention and treatment of anthracnose, preparations containing copper are recommended - copper sulfate, Oxyhom, Kuproksat.
How to harvest and preserve crops
Fruiting of Taganka raspberries begins in the first half of August and lasts until mid-October (weather permitting). Raspberries are harvested by hand and very carefully - they wrinkle extremely easily. Ripe Taganka berries separate easily from the stem, so do not try to forcefully separate the berries. The collected fruits are placed in boxes, small plastic buckets or containers.
It is advisable to lay the berries in layers, laying them with raspberry, hazelnut or horseradish leaves. The same leaves must be placed on the bottom of the container.
Fresh berries can stay in the refrigerator for 5-6 days, but you can keep raspberries fresh all year round by freezing the berries in plastic containers. Taganka is also well suited for making jams, wines, fruit pies and other delicacies. You can use not only berries, but also raspberry leaves - they are included in herbal teas.
Raspberries are an excellent filling and decoration for fruit pies
Raspberry Taganka is a fruitful and disease-resistant variety that can be grown in almost any climatic conditions. Large elegant berries will serve as a decoration for the garden and table. True, they are not stored for long. But this lack is redeemed by the late periods of fruiting, which allows you to eat fresh raspberries until late autumn.
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