Brugmansia: autumn bloom, preparing Brugmansia for wintering

Brugmansia: autumn bloom, preparing Brugmansia for wintering

Brugmansia flowering video. End of September. Brugmansia continues to bloom. She delighted throughout the summer with her huge bells of a creamy yellowish hue. The whole bush is simply covered with these flowers.

Video of the autumn bloom of brugmansia

Brugmansiya is being dug out for the winter. If you leave it in the ground, it will freeze, so you need to wait until the flowers fade, and before frost it must be removed to the basement. Place in a pot of earth and lower it into the basement, since the slightest frost and brugmansia can no longer tolerate this. When the flowers have already faded, and before planting brugmansia in a pot, of course, the bush will need to be partially cut off, since it is huge, taller than me. Partially it will be necessary to shorten the trunk.

After the branches are cut off, you can root the brugmansia in some water. That is, a twig with 1-2 internodes is cut off and placed in some water. She spins very well. You can also graft it and grow it in greenhouses.

Grow wonderful brugmansia, may it please you, bring you a good mood!

Literature

  1. Information about Garden Plants
  2. Information on Perennial Plants
  3. Shrub Information

Sections: Garden plants Perennials Flowering Shrubs Solanaceous Plants on B Video


The tree hydrangea Incrediball belongs to the Hortensia family. The homeland of the plant is considered to be North America, where the shrub grows freely in the wild.

The Annabel species was taken as the basis for the Inkredibol variety, so it is often possible to find another name for hydrangea: Strong Annabel.

The shrub grows up to 2-3 m in height, gradually becoming rounded in shape. The dense shoots are lignified, which makes the plant look like a tree in appearance.

The branches of the Inkredibol hydrangea are pubescent, densely leafy. The leaf plates are curly, ovate-elongated, oppositely arranged. The upper part of the leaf is colored green, and the reverse side is bluish-gray. The root system of the Incredible variety is located close to the surface, branched.

Hydrangea Incredible is popular among gardeners due to its appearance and long flowering period.

The inflorescence is presented in the form of a shield, collected from many small, up to 2 cm, snow-white flowers. The ball reaches from 15 to 30 cm in size. As it blooms, its color changes to lemon-greenish.

Hydrangea Incredible grows very quickly: during the year its branches reach 1.5 m. The fully decorative properties of the shrub can be assessed 4 years after planting.


Rare plants for a dacha near Moscow!

"Silver rain", "lilac waterfall", "captivating dreams" ... Even these poetic names do not reflect all the beauty of plants that are grown in foreign dachas. Having met this on the Internet, you immediately ask yourself the question: "Will it survive with us?" Our article is devoted to those species that, according to the reviews of summer residents, take root in Russian latitudes.

Mother-of-pearl buttons

Flower enthusiasts hunt for this mysterious exotic with three petals (native to North America and East Asia), just as the well-known hero hunts for mother-of-pearl buttons. In the beginning, it is snow-white, by the middle of flowering this flower acquires a pinkish, pearlescent hue. There are plants with brownish purple flowers. The plant looks expensive and costs the same, from 400 rubles.

Trillium is a perennial plant up to 30-40 cm high. Feels good in shade and partial shade, loves moist fertile soils. The flower is especially effective in group plantings, looks beautiful near shrubs and on rocky hills.

Trilliums are cold-resistant plants, they grow well in the Moscow region. Most common problem: leaves can be damaged by mice and late spring frosts. This greatly affects their decorativeness, since the leaves of trilliums appear only in spring and do not grow again over the summer.

Waiting for the plant to grow is not so easy. Sometimes you plant a flower, forget about it, and after a few years you will be surprised where this outlandish beauty came from. But the bushes can grow in one place without transplanting up to 25 years. Trilliums fade quickly. According to the reviews of seasoned summer residents, terry varieties hold flowers the longest.

We found advertisements for the sale of trilliums, for example, in this nursery and in this store.

Miniature roses

These tiny ground cover flowers up to 20 cm high, imported from China, are an exact copy of "real" roses. Flowers up to 4 cm in size, sometimes up to 1-2 cm, can be admired all summer long. Breeders have developed many disease and frost resistant varieties of various colors. There are even roses with blue (Lavender Jewel) and greenish (Green Ice) shades. Some of the babies have a very delicate aroma, others are odorless.

Miniature roses are unpretentious, but it is better to plant them in a sunny and protected area from northern winds. Roses are planted in spring so that the root system has time to develop before winter, otherwise the plant may freeze out. Small frosts (up to -7 ° C) are not terrible for these flowers, but for the winter they need to be covered or grown as potted ones.

Frost-resistant varieties: Baby Masquerade (lemon color turning into pinkish-red), Green Ais Min (greenish-white flowers), Daniela (pink-white), Gene Kennilly (apricot), Debut (dark red), Yellowdoll (yellow ), Lavender Jewel (purple), Madie (blood red), Magic Carrusellin (white with a red border).

In order for miniature roses to winter successfully, it is better to buy hardened plants - not in stores, but in the market or in nurseries. You can buy pink crumbs here.

Captivating dreams

This is the name of another spectacular plant - honeysuckle. In ancient legends, the flower is mentioned as a symbol of loyalty and devoted love. Summer residents appreciate the plant for its unpretentiousness, frost resistance and life-giving properties. They say that honeysuckle cures all diseases.

Honeysuckle is a climbing or erect shrub. The flowers of the plant are large, white, pinkish, yellowish or blue. The berries are beautiful, sitting in pairs, round or elongated. Some varieties are edible (blue and black), with a strawberry or pineapple aroma. Orange and red berries are poisonous.

The most frost-resistant variety that grows wild in the North of Russia is Blue Honeysuckle. Gardeners recommend buying seedlings for the fall in the Bakcharsky nursery (Tomsk region).

Butterfly bush

For late flowering buddleya is called autumn lilac, for the honey aroma, to which insects flock, - a butterfly bush. In order for the buddlea to delight you with lush flowering, it must be fed at least 3-4 times during the summer.

The genus buddley has more than a hundred species, but the most popular, due to winter hardiness, is the buddley of David. Even if the shoots of the plant are thoroughly frozen, the next year the bush will recover quickly enough and bloom profusely on new shoots. The older the plant gets, the worse it endures the winter. Therefore, the bush is periodically rejuvenated. In central Russia, the plant is spud and covered for the winter. Some summer residents cut the bush to a height of 10 cm and cover it with humus or peat.

Silvery rain

Dichondra is an outlandish plant that creates the illusion of water jets falling from a height. This creeping herb is grown as a groundcover in warmer climates. In areas with severe winters, it is used as an ampelnik. Dichondra feels best in the winter garden.

Summer residents note that this is a rather capricious plant. It should overwinter in a cool room (+ 18 ... + 20), otherwise it may dry out. Also needs good lighting. Important note: dichondra loves soil with a slightly acidic reaction, this should not be neglected.

We found good reviews from summer residents about the plants purchased in the "Russian Garden" (varieties Silver Waterfall, Emerald Waterfall, Emerald in silver).

Pineapple lily

The genus "Eukomis" has about 15 species of exotic bulbous plants from the "Liliaceae" family. Once these perennials were brought from South Africa. For their resemblance to ordinary pineapple, they received the name "Pineapple lily". Another name - "crested lily" - the plant owes an unusual spike-like flowering with a tuft. Blooms from July to September.

In central Russia, eukomis is most often grown in containers. In order for the plant to bloom as long as possible, summer residents are advised to plant eukomis tubers in May, and before that, store it in a cool place, but not in the refrigerator, otherwise it will be difficult to "wake up" the flower later.

Elegant little thing

Flowers of bright colors (purple, pink, white, red, blue) densely strewn with bells will not leave you indifferent! Penstemon is a plant that can creep in a carpet or grow as a bush from 40 cm to a meter in height. This perennial loves attention, is sensitive to growing conditions. Summer residents note that it is not easy to achieve chic flowering in the Russian climate.

The plant is light-requiring, prefers loose, fertilized soil with good drainage. In central Russia, penstemons are covered with leaves for the winter. More unpretentious - bearded penstemons. The plant loves sun and moisture, blooms in late June and blooms for more than three months.

Penstemon looks good on mixed flower beds and in border compositions. Potted plants are often sold at flower centers. You can buy here too

Archangel's trumpet

Tree-like dope, the archangel's trumpet - these are all the names of another exotic, brugmansia. The flowers of this plant exude an intense, pleasant (intoxicating) aroma. You should be careful with this tree: due to its high hallucinogenic properties, brugmansia have long been used for medicinal purposes and in spiritualistic rituals. In decorative floriculture, fragrant brugmansia is better known.

Summer residents note that the success of growing this plant and the abundance of its flowering largely depends on the quality of the irrigation water. It is preferable to use water saturated with carbonates (hard). In Russia, the plant is grown as a tub, sending it to a greenhouse or a dark cellar for the winter. It is important not to cut the branches too short for the winter so as not to damage the blooming area.
Brugmansia grows quickly enough with good feeding (once a week). Transplanting into a large pot is required. The tree shows all its beauty only in full sun. Can't stand the wind.

For wintering, the plant is sent without leaves. In this case, it needs to be watered less, the risk of diseases is reduced. In a dark, cold place, brugmansia is watered once a month.

Beautiful all year round

Krasivarodnik is an unusual ornamental shrub with purple berries. They remain on the plant throughout the winter. In the suburbs (with shelter for the winter), you can grow the frost-hardy beautiful Bodiniera Profusion. In mild winters, the plant can do without shelter at all. Even if the bush freezes out in winter, it will quickly recover in the spring.

It is not difficult to grow a beautiful fruit: this undemanding plant is not susceptible to pests and diseases. Krasivoplodnik prefers sunny places and fertile light soil with good water permeability. At the beginning of the season, a complex fertilizer is applied under the bush. To maintain a rounded shape, in early spring, before the leaves appear, the branches of the beautiful fruit are shortened.

You can buy the American beautiful fruit here.

Blue eyed grass

Sizirnhium is a small perennial plant with a height of 5 to 30 cm. It blooms in May-June with lilac-blue or yellow flowers. This graceful and unpretentious dwarf member of the iris family comes from North America. For its beautiful color, the flower is also called "blue-eyed" and "blue-eyed grass". Another feature of the plant: every day one flower blooms, which withers in the evening, and the next morning a new one appears.

In Russia, sizirinhium was first grown in the botanical garden near Moscow, Count Razumovsky, a famous lover of rare plants. Sizirinhiums are suitable for decorating rock gardens and miniature reservoirs.

Colorful grapes

On the Internet you can find information about the sale of colored grapes. In nature, there really is such a plant - ampelopsis. Liana with unusual rainbow fruits is used for decorative purposes - it is used to decorate fences, houses, gazebos. Berries have an unpleasant taste and have a laxative effect.

Apelopsis has no attachment antennae, so it is planted near the support. This is a very undemanding plant, but not devoid of flaws. One of them is low frost resistance. In our climate, the vine is removed from the pore, laid on the soil, covered with material, and covered with a layer of grass or leaves on top. The second minus is that multi-colored grapes can manifest themselves as an aggressor, quickly spreading over the site. A more winter-hardy alternative to ampelopsis is the well-known girlish grape.

Cotton wool from the garden

The cotton wool got its name due to the fact that its ripe seeds are covered with cotton wool. For its medicinal properties, the plant is also called Asclepius (in honor of the god of healing). The stems of the plant were used to make ropes, fibers for fabrics, stuffing for soft toys and furniture. The tuft of the fleece was also used in the manufacture of various life-saving appliances, since they almost never get wet. Sometimes tuft hairs were used instead of cotton wool.

Not all varieties of cotton wool are resistant to frost. Syrian and meat-red vatniks are considered problem-free in this regard. However, the latter is still recommended to be mulched and covered with dry leaves for the winter.

The wadder has several unpleasant characteristics. The plant secretes a toxic milky sap that can irritate the skin, especially when exposed to sunlight. Summer residents do not like the self-seeding of cotton wool. So that there are no problems with the plant, the seed pods must be removed in a timely manner.

What exactly will bloom in your garden is up to you, of course. Fortunately, there is plenty to choose from. We wish you success in growing new exotic plants! We will talk about other outlandish plants and vegetables in our next issues.


Description and features of brugmansia

Refers to evergreen shrubs. It grows in the subtropical climate of South America. During its existence, it has acquired many nicknames - they are called angelic trumpets, dope, demon tree. The last two names are associated with the content of toxic substances in the chemical composition.

In nature, it settles mainly in wooded areas of river valleys. Growing brugmansia in the open field in our strip is impossible - in winter the plant freezes. They are used as a tub culture - they are kept at home in winter, and, if possible, taken out into the street in summer.

In its natural environment, it grows up to five meters. In indoor culture, hybrid undersized varieties are more common. Looks decorative all year round. The leaves are large, oval. The edges are wavy. The flowers are bell-shaped, very large. In nature, the length of a flower reaches half a meter. The apartments are smaller. The colors are different - there are varieties with red, green, orange, yellow flowers. The aroma is pleasant, intense, becomes stronger by nightfall.

Interesting! In open ground, brugmansia can only be grown in the southern regions. In winter, the aboveground part will die off, but the root system will remain unharmed. Growth will resume in the spring.


Weigela - blooming twice a season. Growing

It is difficult to find a similar plant that can please with flowering at the beginning and end of the season in one year. Weigela shrubs have such an amazing quality. Large tubular bells bloom a second time completely unexpectedly, when the bright colors of autumn are just gaining in strength. What structural features distinguish weigela from other brethren?

Biological structure

The height of the deciduous shrub is 1.5-2.5 m, depending on the variety. The leaves are oblong-lanceolate, dark green with small denticles along the edge. Inflorescences that bloom in spring (mid-May - June) are laid in the fall. Re-bud formation (end of August) occurs at the tops of new shoots of the current year. Autumn bloom is more modest.
The buds are large, up to 5 cm long, bell-shaped with a funnel-shaped tube, a double-lipped corolla. The color depends on the type and variety of weigela: cream, white, yellow, pink, red, crimson. Single flowers prevail in the center of the shoot. At the ends of the branches, they are collected in groups of 5-8 pieces. During this period, the bushes look spectacular, resembling an elegant "Christmas tree" with many flashlights.
By the end of summer, bivalve fruits are formed in the form of a box with angular, small seeds.

Habitat conditions

Prefers sunny places, protected from northerly winds, with sufficient light. Withstands openwork partial shade under the canopy of a sparse forest. In deep shade, the shoots stretch out, the flowering is weak, the ripening of the wood worsens. Which negatively affects the wintering of plants.
Loves fertile soils with enough humus. On poor soils, rotted manure, compost, peat are added to increase the humus content. The heavy earth is loosened with sand.
Poorly tolerates waterlogging, the proximity of groundwater. The root system is subject to putrefactive diseases. In such places, drainage from broken bricks, clay shards or expanded clay is arranged at the bottom of the pit.

Landing

Digging up the garden in the fall. Remove weeds. In the spring, holes are dug with a diameter and depth of 50 cm. A loose mixture is prepared from: compost, sand, garden soil in a ratio of 2: 1: 2. A complex fertilizer nitroammofosku 30 g is added to a bucket of soil. The mixture is poured half the height of the hole with the resulting mixture. The distance between neighbors is set to 1.5-2 m.
Ready-made plants are planted in spring before bud break. Spill pits with water. Set the seedling in the center, spreading the roots. Sprinkle with fertile soil, compacting the near-trunk zone with your hand. The root collar is located at the level of the soil horizon. Moisten abundantly on top. After soil shrinkage, add mulching material: sawdust, peat, straw cutting.
Autumn plantings are not desirable. Unpredictable weather at the end of the season, the rapid onset of frost, without snow, can provoke the death of young animals that did not have time to take root.

In early spring, after the snow melts, the bushes are fed with complex fertilizer nitroammofosk 40-50 g per 1 sq. M. The second portion of the phosphorus-potassium composition is given at the beginning of the formation of the buds. In this case, the color of the inflorescences becomes brighter.
In dry periods, water is watered once a week at the rate of a bucket of water per adult specimen. After moistening, the near-stem zone is loosened, closing the evaporation. Mulch with peat or sawdust with a layer of 10 cm. Timely "competitors" for batteries are removed.
Before the onset of stable cold weather, the trunks are insulated with leaf litter or sawdust with a layer of 20 cm. In young seedlings of hybrid varieties, the branches are tied with a sheaf, wrapped in non-woven material. Adult specimens need shelter only in severe winters with little snow.
If the tops of the shoots are damaged (breakage, freezing), weigela quickly restores the crown in a season.

Weigela propagation will be considered in the next article.


Growing and caring at home

To grow brugmansia at home, you must adhere to some rules for watering and feeding, as well as monitor its timely pruning and transplanting. Let us consider in detail exactly what actions should be performed on the plant in order to get the expected result.

Watering and feeding

Since brugmansia grows in tropical rainforests, it prefers abundant watering. However, excess water is harmful to the plant. In hot weather conditions, he needs daily watering, in the cold season, he should wait until the top layer of earth in the pot dries up somewhat. In this case, the water must be settled.

It is customary to feed the flower in spring and summer. To do this, you can choose complex fertilizers that are designed specifically for flowering plants.

In addition, organic fertilizer is also suitable: it is prepared by mixing 1 part of mullein with 10 parts of water. This top dressing should be added every 10 days. You can stop fertilizing the soil in mid-September.

Pruning

To prevent damaged and dry branches from spoiling the appearance of the crown and not depleting the plant, they must be pruned. For this procedure, the time is usually chosen until mid-March.

Y-shaped shoots should not be cut off, as flower stalks form on them during the flowering period. In addition, do not get rid of the small and lateral branches, as flower buds will appear on them. In case of urgent need, they can be shortened by 1/3. It should also be remembered that the fruit should be cut before seed formation in order to prolong the flowering period.

Transfer

Naturally, the plant needs a transplant - this is due to the fact that it has a branched root system. In addition, the shrub grows quickly and is capable of reaching impressive sizes.

But if you have just purchased a flower pot, then at first there is no need to replant it. Subsequently, you will have to do this several times per season.

Video: When and how to plant brugmansia

Plant propagation

Reproduction of brugmansia can be done in 2 ways: cuttings and seeds.

As a rule, seeds are sown in winter, but in conditions of additional illumination, this can be done at any time of the year. If they were fresh, then the first shoots will appear in a week. Otherwise, the flower will germinate for more than a month. The most common seeds are white aromatherapy.

For propagation by cuttings, it is necessary to purchase annual lignified shoots, the length of which should be more than 20 cm.

Next steps:

  1. Cuttings should be cut from the shoots so that each of them has 2-3 buds. In this case, large leaves must be removed.
  2. Then you need to prepare an opaque container and pour a little water into it with the addition of 2 tablets of activated carbon - this will prevent decay. After this manipulation, the cuttings can be placed in the container.
  3. Then place it in a well-lit place where the air temperature is about + 20 ° C above zero.
  4. After 2 weeks, you will be able to observe the appearance of small roots. Now they can be planted in a pot.

Flowering period

This plant blooms with large, funnel-shaped flowers from early summer to late autumn. To increase this period, you can feed it with mineral fertilizers.

Flowering is accompanied by a pleasant aroma, which is especially strong in the evening. If, during the period when the plant begins to form buds, there is a temperature drop with a difference of + 10 ° C, then flowering will be successful.

Also, such decorative deciduous plants will look great in the house, such as:

Saving a flower for the winter

Since brugmansia is thermophilic, it is extremely important to create comfortable conditions for it in winter.

There are several ways to keep shrubs out of the cold season. One of them is that the flower is dug up, placed in a pot and subsequently hibernates at home.

In this case, the roots should be cut off, because their diameter with positive growth dynamics can reach 1 meter, which will complicate the placement of the flower in the pot.

Recommendations for creating the most favorable conditions for a good wintering:

  1. Place the pot in a cool and dark place. Some gardeners allocate a place in the cellar for wintering.
  2. Set the temperature mode to +5. + 7 ° C above zero.
  3. Provide the plant with moderate watering, solely to maintain soil moisture.
  4. Increase the number of waterings in February.

The second method is relevant for those gardeners who do not have the opportunity to preserve the entire bush as a whole:

  1. Even in the summertime, the apical bud should be cut off during the flowering period. This will lead to a bifurcation of the trunk.
  2. Then you need to place the cuttings in a vase or jar of water.
  3. When the roots appear, the plant is planted in a pot and placed in conditions of abundant lighting.
  4. With the onset of winter, it is not watered or fed, but 12-hour lighting is used for leaving.

Video: Preparing Brugmansiya for wintering


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Viburnum diseases and pests

How marvelously and magnificently the viburnum blossoms and bears fruit! And how many troubles the beauty attracts to itself: both aphids and viburnum leaf beetle. The bush looks like a black thundercloud or Vologda lace. To protect the viburnum from pests, carry out eradication treatments with special preparations before bud break.

Viburnum pests

1. Viburnum leaf beetle (Galerucella viburni Payk).

A light brown beetle up to 6 mm long in August lays eggs (up to 700 pieces!) In the grooves made on young shoots. Shoots dry up, but clutches successfully overwinter in them. In early May, larvae emerge from the eggs and immediately begin to intensively feed on young leaves and shoots. In early June, they go to the soil to pupate. In July, beetles appear, eating huge holes in the leaves. With a greater number, leaf beetles do not shun berries and shoots.

Measures to combat the viburnum leaf beetle

- Autumn and spring pruning of dried and damaged shoots, removal of leaves with leaf beetle larvae.

- Spring treatment before the leaves bloom and in August during the release of leaf beetles with one of the preparations according to the instructions: "Fufanon", "Karbofos", "Aktellik", "Aktara". Double treatment with "Intavir" with an interval of 7-10 days.

2. Viburnum aphid (Aphis viburni Scop.)

The black viburnum leaf-rolling aphid is a small insect up to 7 mm long. Larvae appear from hibernating eggs when the leaves open. They actively reproduce by feeding on the sap of the plant. Leaves curl, deform and dry out.

Control measures for viburnum aphids

The first treatment - before bud break - will help to significantly reduce the number of overwintered eggs, so it is better not to postpone it. Alternate drugs: "Arrivo", "Fury", "Fufan" (aka "Fufanon") and "Karbaphos". You can also use biological preparations: "Fitoverm", "Akarin" ("Agravertin KE", "Aversectin"), Iskra "," Intavir. They quickly decompose and do not cause addiction in aphids.

3. Other pests of viburnum

Viburnum moth and comma-shaped scabbard strongly affect the viburnum. To combat them, in May the plant is treated with Karbofos (90 g / 10 l of water), and in August it is sprayed with Fufanon or Iskra.

Viburnum diseases

In cold, rainy weather, young shoots are affected by various fungal diseases: gray rot, phyllostic spotting, fruit rot, powdery mildew.

In wet weather, spots appear on the leaves, plaque of fungal sporulation. Plant growth slows down, tissue transpiration deteriorates, young shoots dry up, severely damaged leaves fall off prematurely. The plant is poorly prepared for winter, has a "miserable" appearance, yield decreases. The infection persists in plant debris.

How to deal with viburnum diseases

To prevent diseases such as spotting and powdery mildew, viburnum must be treated with tobacco, garlic or onion infusions throughout the season. Do not forget to remove plant debris, thin out bushes, and carry out sanitary pruning.

In case of severe damage by rot, before leafing out and after flowering, the bushes are treated with a Bordeaux mixture or preparations "Hom", "Abiga-Peak".


Watch the video: Dissecting Devils Breath Scopolamine from Angels Trumpets Brugmansia