Secrets of growing pepper in the open field

Secrets of growing pepper in the open field

Delicious, sweet, aromatic pepper, which is suitable for many salads, canning, stuffing, etc., can be grown simply in your country house in the open field. Gardeners have long proven that fairly thermophilic crops, such as peppers, can grow in more severe conditions, if you follow certain rules and take appropriate care of them. This article will discuss how to cultivate pepper in the open field.

Growing conditions

Before you start growing peppers, you need to prepare open ground. In regions where the climate is mild, sweet peppers grow well in the open field in areas protected from the wind, provided there is enough sunlight. These requirements are met by the site, which is located next to the southern wall of the house. If wind protection is not provided, you can build a curtain shield consisting of plants or create a windbreak in the form of a wattle fence.

It is worth saying that the cultivation of peppers cannot be carried out earlier than 3 years after the growth of nightshade crops on the ground (for example, tomatoes, eggplants, potatoes). A large number of diseases of these plants can be transmitted through the soil. Before planting, you can grow cabbage, zucchini, cucumbers, other pumpkin and legumes, table roots.

The soil in the area where you are going to grow the pepper must be drained, fertile, and retain moisture well. Site preparation must be done in the fall. After the previous crop has been harvested, you need to completely free the soil from plant residues and dig up the soil.

It should be noted that from 30 to 50 grams of superphosphates, from 50 to 80 grams of wood ash and from 5 to 10 kg of humus or manure are introduced per 1 m2. At the same time, I would like to focus your attention on the fact that you should not plant peppers on the ground where fresh manure has just been added. An excess of soluble nitrogen negatively affects the preservation of the ovary, as well as the ripening of the fetus.

In the autumn, you need to carefully dig up the area where you are going to grow the peppers. In the spring, it is necessary to loosen the soil, add 30 to 40 grams of fertilizers (potash and phosphate) and 20 to 30 grams of nitrogen fertilizer per 1 m2.

Landing rules

To get a really great harvest, planting must be done according to certain rules.

The cultivation of peppers in the open field is usually carried out in the last days of May. During this time, the danger of frost is minimized. Peppers are planted according to the scheme 60-70 x 20-30 cm. Before planting, you need to water the seedlings abundantly so that during the planting process your pepper does not look wilted, it can take root better, and grow faster.

When planting peppers in the heat, it is better to choose the second half of the day to allow the plant to grow stronger overnight. When the weather is cloudy, disembarkation can be done in the morning.

Prepared holes should be poured with plenty of water: at the rate of 1-2 liters per hole. In this case, it is better to use water heated in the sun. After carefully pulling the seedlings out of the pots, they must be placed in the holes in an upright position and planted a little deeper than they grew in the pots. This is necessary to provide your pepper with additional nutrition, which will help the adventitious roots that have appeared on the stems covered with earth.

What should the care include?

To grow a good crop of pepper, it is necessary to carry out certain care, which consists in ensuring proper watering, weeding, feeding, garter and other actions.

When growing, the optimum temperature should be between +20 and +25 ° C. If the temperature is below + 13 ° C, cover the peppers with a special material or film. If you see lilac shades on the fruits, this will indicate a violation of the temperature regime.

It is better to water your peppers with water that has settled, or with rainwater. The optimum water temperature for irrigation is from + 24 ° C to + 26 ° C. Before flowering, you need to water once a week, and in the heat - 2 times. The irrigation rate is up to 12 liters per 1 m2. During flowering and fruiting, it is worth watering 2-3 times throughout the week. At the same time, the irrigation rate is up to 14 liters per 1 m2.

The first feeding must be done when 1-2 leaves appear on the pepper seedlings. You need to mix 3 grams of superphosphates, 1 gram of potassium fertilizer and 0.5 grams of ammonium nitrate in one liter of water. After 14 days, you need to re-feed your pepper. In this case, the dose of mineral fertilizers should be doubled.

The soil under the pepper must be loosened. Loosening is carried out to a not very great depth (up to 5 cm), since the roots are located in the upper layer. In addition, it is necessary to huddle and weed the plants.

Pepper shoots are very fragile, break easily, so they must be tied to pegs. And it is better to plant tall crops around the garden bed, which will create protection for your planting from the winds.

Cold protection

As soon as you plant pepper seedlings in open ground, you need to take care to protect the plants from frost. As an excellent protection from the cold, it is recommended to use tents, which are made of wooden blocks, cardboard, burlap and other materials. Such tents should be covered with pepper in the evening and opened in the morning. If the cold snap lasts longer, it is better to use a portable temporary film cover.

Another long-known means for protecting plants from frost is sprinkling and fuming. It is better to select a material for combustion that can provide thick smoke. The sprinkler must be capable of fine atomization of water. This will have the greatest effect.

Pest and disease control

Peppers can be susceptible to the same diseases as other vegetables from the nightshade family. Diseases can be caused by a variety of viruses, bacteria and fungi. The most famous diseases of peppers are wilting and blackleg. "Black leg" is associated with the defeat of pepper seedlings. To solve the problem of this disease, you need to adjust the temperature and humidity. Adult crops are prone to withering. The manifestation of this disease occurs in a change in the color of the leaf blades, the shedding of leaves and the browning of the vessels on the stems. In the end, all this leads to the death of plants.

Disease control and prevention measures are primarily the purchase of high-quality seeds and seedlings, the elimination of pests and weeds, the observance of crop rotation and the removal of diseased plants. The main pests for peppers are mites, slugs and aphids. Good old proven folk methods are suitable for dealing with them. Such a solution will help to overcome aphids: 200-250 grams of wood ash is taken in a bucket of water (+ 50 ° C). To protect peppers from spider mites, you can apply chopped onions or garlic (200 grams), as well as dandelion leaves (200 grams) in a bucket of water. The above solutions must be infused for at least a day. Stir and strain before use. To increase the effect, you can add a little liquid soap to the solution (30-40 grams). Regular loosening and processing of the soil with dry mustard or crushed red pepper will save you from slugs (one teaspoon is false per 1 m2). Straw mulch can also help.

As you can see, it's pretty easy to grow a good quality pepper crop outdoors. You just need to follow the recommendations outlined in this article. We wish you a rich harvest.

Video "Growing pepper in the open field"

Secrets from an experienced gardener. She will tell you how to care for peppers, what top dressing to use and how to identify missing trace elements by the appearance of the pepper.


Pepper in the open field - my 5 secrets of a large harvest

Sweet pepper came to Europe in the 15th century from South America and was so popular with Europeans that today, for example, in Hungary there is even a museum dedicated exclusively to pepper. This vegetable is extremely rich in vitamins and minerals, making it an essential health food. In this article I want to talk about my experience of growing bell peppers in the open field. And why I manage to get good harvests of this vegetable every year.

Pepper in the open field - my 5 secrets of a large harvest

Any pepper is good for the body, but the most useful substances are in red pepper, which is as ripe as possible.


Landing in the ground

The most acceptable cultivation method is greenhouse or under plastic. The yield of this thermophilic crop in the open field is not high.

Before planting, the seedlings are placed at the intended landing site - in a greenhouse or greenhouse for acclimatization. Watering is sharply reduced, but daylight hours are increased.

To prevent the plants from getting sick, they are treated copper sulfate or Bordeaux liquid.

With the potting method, seedlings are watered two days before planting, in boxes - the day before. In addition, before extraction, cuts are made in the ground with a knife to the entire height of the coma across the row.

After eruption, watered abundantly. Such a technique will cause the growth of small roots, and it will take root faster during transplantation.

Peppers are planted in greenhouses at the end of May, and in open ground in mid-June.

Where to plant

Pepper it is impossible plant after potatoes, tomatoes. The best predecessors for it are cucumbers and cabbage, onions, carrots, zucchini are also acceptable.

This rotation ensures optimal nutrient content in the soil and prevents disease. Re-cultivation in the same place as in the previous year reduces yields, contributes to the defeat of pests and diseases.

It is also important to take into account the neighborhood in the beds. You should not put peppers in the same greenhouse with tomatoes, as they need different humidity and temperature. But in the open field, such a neighborhood is beneficial.

Disembarkation scheme

Cold soil is the main enemy of this plant. High beds are made under it, raised by 30-40 cm, this will allow the roots to be placed in well-heated soil.

Peppers are planted in the same mounds using a seedless method. When sowing it in open ground, the garden bed is covered with non-woven material. However, it is possible to grow peppers in the open field without seedlings only in the southern regions.

Plants are placed 40-50 centimeters apart, in row spacings - 60 cm.

When planting, make sure that the stem does not go deeper above the level at which it grew before. Moving to the ground is best done in the evening so that the sun does not burn the plants. The root will take root for at least ten days, so in the open field it is advisable to cover it at night with temporary film shelters.

You need to water the pepper abundantly when planting, and after that it is better not to water it for a week. Until the roots begin to absorb moisture, there is a risk of rotting due to excess moisture. Watering is carried out only with warm water. Cold slows down growth.


Technology for growing pepper in the open field

Caring for pepper in the ground has its own nuances. It is better to choose a place for planting in the fall. For this, neutral sandy loam and loamy soils are suitable, on which nightshades have not previously grown (for example, tomatoes or eggplants), because your plants can inherit a number of diseases lurking in the earth. Before the onset of autumn frosts, the soil in the garden is dug up, adding a bucket of compost mixed with 20 g of superphosphate per 1 square meter. If you did not manage to fertilize the soil ahead of time, then you can do it in the spring (a bucket of humus and 1 glass of ash per 1 square meter).

Planting pepper seedlings in open ground

Young plants can be planted in the ground at the beginning of June, when the threat of return frosts disappears. At the same time, it is not recommended to deepen the peppers. But it will be useful to sprinkle the soil around them with peat. And do not forget to water each bush with 0.5 liters of water.

If you cover the bed with plastic wrap or non-woven material, and then make holes in the flooring in which to plant the peppers, the plants will hurt less. In addition, the need for regular weeding will disappear.

After transplanting, the bushes can be covered with foil or spunbond to protect them from temperature extremes and allow the plants to acclimatize.

Top dressing of pepper in the ground

Peppers growing in the open air are fed as needed - from 2 to 4 times per season. The first feeding is carried out two weeks after planting the plants in open ground (15 g of ammonium nitrate, 30 g of superphosphate and 25 g of potassium sulfate per 10 L of water). You can also use a compound fertilizer or poultry manure diluted in water (1:20). But with the latter, you need to be extremely careful and avoid exceeding the dosage. Many novice gardeners think that organic fertilizers are absolutely safe, but bird droppings are quite capable of burning the roots. And ammonia, formed during the breakdown of uric acid, can slow down the growth of young plants.

The second feeding is carried out when ovaries are formed on the pepper. At the same time, the dosage is reduced (10 g of ammonium nitrate, 25 g of superphosphate and 25 g of potassium sulfate per 10 liters of water). Subsequent feeding is carried out only if necessary, if the development of plants has slowed down.


12 simple secrets of growing pepper in soil and greenhouse

Sweet peppers have long since moved from the category of a garden curiosity to a frequenter of amateur gardens. And the secrets of growing peppers have ceased to be secrets.

  • Moreover, the open spaces of the Runet are literally inundated with useful tips for caring for this sissy.
  • For yourself I have compiled a list of rules and agrotechnical techniques, the observance of which guarantees me a decent harvest, even in an unsuccessful summer for pepper.
  • Let's look at those "secrets" of growing peppers that have served me faithfully for many years.

Secret number 1. Cooking pepper seedlings in the middle lane begins no later than the third decade of March.

At the same time, for planting plants in heated greenhouses, pepper seeds are sown from the second half of February, and for growing in greenhouses and film shelters - in early March.

Secret number 2. The best age of pepper seedlings for an open garden is 45 days, for unheated greenhouses - 50 days, for heated ones - 60 days.

By the time of moving to permanent residence, each pepper must have a dense, strong stem 20 to 25 centimeters high, 6 to 12 leaves and two or three tiny buds.

Secret # 3. During the seedling season, peppers need a lot of space to grow.

It is desirable that each plant has 10 square centimeters of area. Please note that it is better not to dive this vegetable, so immediately sow seeds in pots or cups 10 x 10 centimeters in size.

Secret No. 4. Pepper seedlings are watered with warm water at a temperature of + 25 ... + 28 degrees.

Containers with seedlings are placed in the brightest place, while protecting the plants from direct sun exposure.

It is important that during the daytime in a room with peppers the temperature is maintained in the range from +22 to +25 degrees, at night - not lower than +18 degrees. For the prevention of diseases, plants are watered at the root with a solution of Trichodermin.

Secret number 5. It is important to correctly include the planting of this crop in the crop rotation.

Plots after green manure, cucumbers, cabbage, carrots, onions are perfect for peppers. But I do not recommend planting seedlings next to hot peppers, tomatoes or potatoes.

Secret No. 6. To protect against weeds and maintain soil moisture, the bed for peppers is covered in advance with a black film or non-woven covering material.

If the north wind loves to walk on your site, it is better to alternate planting sweet peppers with beds of sorghum, corn or beans.

Secret number 7. Before planting seedlings, do not forget to screw wooden pegs into the soil in advance for garter bushes of pepper in the future.

The fact is that the stems of this vegetable are fragile, and the leaves are easily injured.

Secret number 8. In greenhouses, pepper is formed into two or three stems.

To do this, all stepchildren are cut off on the trunk until the first branch and the first crown flower. In this case, only two skeletal stems are not touched.

In the future, on each of them, after a new branching, the strong branch is directed along the twine to the trellis, and the weak branch is removed over the first ovary.

All the lower leaves and stepsons are removed over time.

Secret number 9. Pepper loves frequent and moderate watering - 5-7 liters. / sq.m.

Before flowering, the bed with peppers is watered by sprinkling once a week. And during the fruiting period, they switch to watering at the root twice a week.

Secret number 10. Make sure that the soil in the garden does not crumble or float.

Pepper has roots close to the soil surface. Therefore, although it is necessary to loosen the peppers, it should be done super carefully.

Secret number 11. In the summer heat, open all the vents and doors in the greenhouse and remove the film shelters.

You can also protect plants from the scorching sun by whitening the coatings of the greenhouse structure. To stimulate pollination, you need to periodically shake the pepper bushes slightly. Or just treat them with fruit regulators according to the instructions.

Secret number 12. The fruits of the pepper are removed from the bush in the phase of technical ripeness.

Otherwise, such fruits will inhibit the development of newly formed ones.

At the end of the growing season, it is important to cut off all the buds and flower stalks in order to give a chance to ripen the already set fruit. Peppers, like eggplants, are not broken out, but cut from the bush.

These are the main secrets of growing peppers, which are also elements of the agricultural technology of this culture.

You may have noticed that I have bypassed the topic of pepper dressing in the garden. But if you are planting peppers in thick and loose soil, there is no need for additional nutrition!

How to care for peppers from A to Z, see the video.


Site selection for pepper

In order for the plant to feel great, to give large fruits, it must be planted in areas protected from winds and drafts. I have - on one site - the threshold of the house, on the second - wattle and cherry, which create a windbreak.


A condition for healthy development and growth will also be the proximity of vegetables to pepper. You cannot grow it in the beds where potatoes, tomatoes, eggplants grew in the previous year. Each of these plants has a host of diseases that are transmitted through the soil. At my dacha, I try to alternate the cultivation of peppers in the beds with pumpkin, cucumbers or zucchini.


FEEDING BULGARIAN PEPPER ALREADY IN OPEN GROUND

During the flowering period, I feed the plantings with a solution of chicken droppings and infusions of herbs. To accelerate the ripening of fruits, I carry out foliar dressing with boric acid: 1 tsp each. 10 liters of water. For the same purpose, I shorten the shoots below the main fork of the stem so that there are no ovaries. Although many gardeners believe that it is imperative to carry out pinching, I personally rarely do this: in our summer, usually the heat is more than 30 °, and if the bushes are "liquid", then moisture will evaporate better from the ground, and the peppers can burn out from the sun ...

But in hot and calm weather, I do light shaking of the plants to pollinate them completely and to prevent the formation of crooked fruits. And in order to increase the yield, I remove the peppers at the stage of technical ripeness, leaving individual specimens on the bushes.

So, dear summer residents, do not forget: frequent collection stimulates the appearance of new ovaries, which means it guarantees a larger harvest. After July 20-25, I remove all shoots with flowers in order to accelerate the maturation of young ovaries again. During the fruiting period, I do not process planting with anything, since all my household members, together with seven grandchildren, eat peppers directly, as they say, from the bushes. I did not notice pests on plants.

With the onset of cold weather, those who have a greenhouse can dig out bushes from the beds and transplant them there. I usually throw two or three plants into buckets and put them on the veranda, prolonging the summer for them and myself.

And in the end, I can't help but say about the benefits of peppers: in terms of vitamin C content, they surpass lemon and black currant. They are also rich in vitamins B1, B2, B6 and PP, thanks to which it is possible to cope with memory impairment, insomnia and loss of strength. In addition, daily consumption of these fruits stimulates hair growth, improves vision and skin condition. I wish all gardeners and summer residents to grow a good harvest of peppers and, of course, good health. And I wish the magazine prosperity, numerous subscribers and an inexhaustible stream of letters. And, of course, so that all employees of the editorial office (and summer residents, of course, too) have dreams come true!


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