Sowing chestnut

Sowing chestnut

It has several names: edible, noble (Castanea savita), also called sowing - any of the subspecies is included in the beech family.

Chestnut is a fairly large tree with falling leaves. On average, the height of such a tree reaches 35-40 m in height. It has a powerful, almost straight trunk, about 2 meters in diameter. The bark of the tree is dark brown, along which cracks are located. The branches are spread widely, which makes the tree large and voluminous.

Chestnut leaves are oblong in shape, with jagged edges. The length of the leaf is 25 cm, and the width is 10 cm. Painted in dark green, bloom by April.

Chestnut is a flowering tree. Flowering usually occurs in June. The flowers are small, spike-shaped.

The chestnut fruit is a nut, which is placed in a spherical shell with thorns. When the ripening of the nut is completely completed, the shell (shell) cracks. Chestnut contains seeds of a cream or white color, they have a sweet taste, loose and fatty in composition, they can be eaten. The chestnut begins to bear fruit in October, or early November, when foliage begins to fall from the tree.

It is possible to propagate a culture by planting seeds, cuttings. The culture is pollinated with the help of insects, bees, and also with the help of the wind.

The tree begins to bear fruit at 3-6 years of age. The older the chestnut, the more fruit it bears. Upon reaching 40 years of age, it is possible to harvest about 70 kg of the crop from the chestnut.

The chestnut tree lives for a long time. In rare exceptional cases, it can live up to 1000 years. In the Caucasus, there are chestnut trees that have lived for 500 years.
Europe (southeastern part), the peninsula of Asia Minor - are considered the birthplace of culture. Now the chestnut grows in Ukraine, in Dagestan. The Caucasus and Moldova also sheltered the chestnut on their lands. Chestnut is also found in the south of Crimea.

Edible chestnut grows well in soil where there is no lime, loves warmth and moisture. Very hard to tolerate drought.

The use of chestnut nuts and its composition

Chestnut nuts are used in full swing as a food product. They can be eaten both raw and cooked in any way - fry, bake, boil. It all depends on the flight of the cook's imagination. Nuts are also added to baked goods and confectionery. Dry ground seeds can be used to bake bread. Also, the seeds can be used to make coffee, you can also get alcohol from them.

Chestnut is rich in vitamins, as well as macro and microelements such as potassium, magnesium, calcium, zinc, manganese, copper, phosphorus and iron. The nut also contains ash, water, cholesterol.

Horse chestnut, photos, description, planting, cultivation, care, use

Chestnut not only pleases with its beauty, but also contributes to the preservation of our health.

Researchers at the Stockholm Biochemical Institute claim that one tree chestnut can clean 20 thousand cubic meters of air from automobile exhaust gases without losing its decorative effect.

The chestnuts are blooming again. From the history of Kiev chestnuts

I know the color of the chestnut,
Khvilya Dniprovska b'є.
Youth is sweet - happiness is mine.

Andriy Malishko "Kiev Waltz"

For many generations of Kiev residents, chestnut has been and remains an integral attribute of their hometown. Kiev is often called the city of chestnuts. Nevertheless, the chestnut appeared in Kiev, given the more than 1500-year history of the city, relatively recently. The homeland of the common horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum L.), namely such a botanical name "Kiev chestnut", the mountain forests of the Balkan Peninsula (Albania, Greece, Yugoslavia), where it is still found in the wild as a relic plant. The first chestnuts in the landscaping of Kiev appeared in the 30-40s of the 19th century. For its attractiveness, especially during flowering, the chestnut has become a favorite tree of the Kievites. And over time, its inflorescence has become a symbol of Kiev. Images of a chestnut leaf and inflorescence are on many emblems of Kiev firms and goods, for example, on the box of the famous "Kiev cake".

There is a legend according to which chestnut trees were planted in the city after the scandalous story with the initial planting of the Boulevard Highway (Bibikovskiy Boulevard, now Shevchenko Boulevard). Before Tsar Nicholas I arrived in Kiev, in 1842, chestnuts were planted on the boulevard, which the Tsar allegedly did not like, so the city authorities ordered to dig up the chestnuts and plant pyramidal poplars, loved by the Tsar, instead. But local residents picked up chestnut seedlings, did not let them die, planting them in their yards. Although at this time pyramidal poplars were massively planted in the city, which turned into a symbol of the city's prosperity, but in the end, chestnuts still "won out", they began to be planted everywhere in the city.

There is also another version. According to her, chestnuts were brought to Kiev back in 1825 and were first planted on the territory of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra. From there they were carried around the city by the people of Kiev, because young chestnut trees grow quickly, they begin to bloom as early as adolescence, are quite unpretentious (they can literally grow on clay, which is very important for Kiev), frost-resistant, relatively shade-tolerant (which is no less important in urban conditions ), they themselves give a lot of shade and are extraordinarily beautiful.

At the present time, the oldest specimens of chestnut are preserved in the University Botanical Garden and on the territory of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra.

In Ukraine, more than 10 species of chestnuts have been introduced (according to botanists, there are about 25 species in the world), belonging to the Hippocastanaceae family. In culture in Ukraine, the most common horse chestnut and meat-red horse chestnut. In the plant collections of botanical gardens and arboretums, one can find horse chestnut, naked, small-flowered.

There is a tree close to the name - Sowing chestnut (Castanea sativa), belonging to the Beech family (Fagaceae). Sowing chestnut in most regions of Ukraine not only freezes, but, during severe frosts, also freezes, therefore it is the common horse chestnut, which is popularly called simply - chestnut, remains the most widespread.

Chestnut is a very beautiful, attractive tree with a compact, broadly pyramidal crown, intricate mosaic of leaves and abundant flowering. The height of a tree in natural conditions can reach a height of up to 30 meters, in culture it is much lower than -10-15 meters. The bark of the trunk is gray-brown, in cracks. Leaves are large, palmate, up to 25 cm long and 10 cm wide, contain 5-7 fan-shaped leaflets. After the leaves fall, a scar remains on the bark, similar to a horse's shoe. Inflorescences - panicles 15-30 cm long, flowers are white with a pink tint. Blooms in May.

Fruits are large brown shiny seeds enclosed in thorny capsules up to 5-6 cm in diameter. Ripen in August - September. For its resemblance to the seeds of an edible chestnut from the beech family, which forms forests in Western Transcaucasia, it is called horse chestnut, emphasizing its inedibility.

Chestnut is especially effective during flowering, when its pyramidal inflorescences, like candles, flash in the dark foliage. And in autumn, large fruits armed with thorns delight the eye. When cracking, the fruits reveal a large dark brown, as if polished seed

Propagated by sowing seeds to a permanent place in autumn (September - October) and spring. For spring sowing, seeds are stored at a temperature of 2-5 ° C in humid conditions. Before sowing, it is necessary to stratify the seeds in a moist substrate for 3 to 4 months at a temperature of about 5 ° C. Sowing depth 6 - 9 cm. Seedlings appear in four weeks. The next year, the seedlings are transplanted to a school, and then two or three years later - to a permanent place. It is better and safer to plant a 3-7 year old seedling bought in the nursery. For normal growth, you will need fertile moist soil and a sunny location. Although the chestnut can withstand partial shade, it blooms weakly when shaded and does not create a large decorative effect. It is not difficult to care for - in the absence of rain, it should be watered and, sometimes, once every two years, fed with fertilizers.

Since ancient times, chestnut has been used for medicinal purposes. The first mention of the use of chestnut for therapeutic purposes appeared in 1556. In folk medicine, chestnut is used for varicose veins, thrombophlebitis, prevention of thrombosis, strengthens the walls of capillaries and veins, prevents the formation and promotes resorption of blood clots in blood vessels, endarteritis, hemorrhoids, ulcers , post-traumatic lesions of the veins, rheumatism, vascular spasms. Chestnut flowers cure radiation sickness. Chestnut peel tincture treat prostatitis and adenoma, as well as hemorrhoids, hypertension and thrombophlebitis, increase potency.

Chestnut today remains one of the favorite trees not only in Kiev, but also in other cities of Ukraine and Europe, where there are appropriate environmental conditions for its normal growth.

If you notice an error, select the required text and press Ctrl + Enter to inform the editors about it

Exotic nuts suitable for growing in Ukraine

Today in Ukraine there is a real boom around hazelnuts and walnuts. Many people want to plant at least a few plants in their garden. If walnut is a familiar culture for many, then hazelnut is a novelty. But very few people know anything about other nuts. And there are many of them in the world. Among exotic nuts, there are also those that will feel good in our latitudes. It should be borne in mind that these edible nuts belong to completely different families, and in order to understand their agricultural technology, it is better to consider each family separately.

Families (BLOCK)

nut (walnut, black, pecan, gray, bitter, Manchurian, Siebold, heart-shaped)

beech (chestnut, acorn, chinarik)

palm (coconut, Seychelles)

lecithic (Brazilian, paradise)

Protea (macadamia, Chilean hazelnut)

Manchurian walnut. In Ukraine, the walnut blooms from late April to early May. May fall under late spring frosts. Begins to bear fruit in the 6-7th year. He loves fertile soils, he is moisture-loving, winter-hardy, has a weak drought resistance. It grows up to 200 years old.

Black walnut. Tall trees 30-40 meters. Photophilous, can withstand flooding. Fruiting in the 6-9th year. The number of fruits on the axis is 1–5 pieces. It has a poisonous effect on some plants. It oppresses nearby growing apple, pine, birch trees. And the best neighbors are maple, linden, pear, hazelnuts, cherry plums. You can propagate by seeds, grafts and cuttings.

Siebold's nut. The height of the tree is 20-22 meters. Age up to 200-300 years. Winter hardy. Growing rapidly. Propagated by seeds. Homeland - mountain forests of Japan, the Kuril Islands and Sakhalin.

Pecan. The height of the tree is 20-30 meters. Blooms from mid-May to early June (minimal danger of spring frosts). Photophilous. Loves fertile soils, without stagnant water. Fast growing tree. Flowers are dioecious. In Ukraine, it can withstand frosts down to -30 degrees and below. In the early years it grows slowly. Growth 40-50 cm ripens in mid-September - October. From the moment of fruiting, it gives up to 5 kg per tree, and an old tree can give up to 200 kg. The homeland of this nut is the USA and Mexico, the best varieties are Thomas, Textan, Stewart, Greenriver, Shley, Indiana, Busseron. The best neighbors for him are acacia and gledichia. In the 1960s, a large plantation of this nut was planted in the Kirovograd region. Reproduction is possible both by seeds and vegetatively, as well as by cuttings, budding and grafting on white pecans. Saplings 3 years old are suitable for planting in a permanent place. Fruiting occurs in the seedling in the 10th year, and in the vaccinated - in the 4-5th year. Flowers form only at the ends of young shoots. Practically does not get sick. North of the Kherson region, it is better to plant northern varieties of pecans from the United States.

Heart-shaped walnut. The homeland, like the Siebold nut, is Japan. The height of the tree is 15-18 meters. Fruits in a bunch of 7-12 pieces. Propagated by seeds, grafting, budding. Ripens in September. It is important to consider that he does not tolerate a transplant. The value of a nut is equal to that of a walnut, and higher in taste.

Now consider beech family... There are many beech forests in the Carpathians. Residents of these places collect nuts for livestock feed. Themselves eat them slightly fried. But of all the fruits of this family, it is worth taking a closer look at the chestnut.

Edible chestnut grows in the Mediterranean, Asia Minor, China, Japan, North America and the Caucasus. Industrial production is established in Japan, China and Turkey. On the territory of our country, it grows in the Odessa region, on the southern coast of Crimea and Podillia. More than 400 varieties of cultural forms of chestnut are known. Sowing chestnut (noble) is used as a fruit tree. The tree grows up to 200-300 years old. Its height reaches 35-40 meters. Moisture-loving. Adjacent to shade-tolerant beech and walnut. Hazel is good as an undergrowth for chestnut. Loves the northern and northeastern slopes. Dislikes open spaces. Soils are preferable fertile, but can grow on dry stony. Calcareous soils are not suitable for planting chestnuts. European varieties can grow on clay soils and bear fruit well. Ideal soils are brown mountain forest. Delivers moderate shading. It tolerates drought easily, since it has a taproot that extends far into the soil. Suffers from spring and early autumn frosts. In the latitudes of the Kiev region, the tree sometimes suffers from frost. We need a selection of frost-resistant varieties. The origin of seeds is of decisive importance in the cultivation of frost-resistant varieties. For the culture of frost-resistant forms, seeds are harvested in hazel-type chestnuts on the northern slopes of the Main Caucasian ridge. If we take seeds from Transcarpathia, then we will not get frost-resistant forms. There are undersized and dwarf forms.

Chestnut stands suffer from endotium cancer. There are no measures to combat this fungus, and diseased trees must be cut down and burned.

Chestnut is a monoecious plant (male and female flowers on the same tree). In Kiev, it begins to bloom in June at a temperature of +20 degrees. Flowering lasts 15-18 days. Chestnut is almost not damaged by pests.

Propagated by seeds and vegetatively - by grafting and layering overgrowth from the stump. The chestnut is easily renewed from the stump. He is able to create shoots throughout his life. In a year, the growth grows by a meter. And in 20 years - up to 19 meters. It is better to plant the collected seeds in the same autumn, because chestnuts are poorly stored. If it is necessary to store until spring, it is better to keep their seeds in a box of sand (proportion 1: 3) in the cold. And to plant in March in medium loamy chernozem.

An annual seedling reaches a height of 16-22 cm, a 5-year-old tree - 3 m, a 7-year-old 9-13 m, 20-year-old 15-20 meters. The tree grows faster than oak and walnut. The grafted seedlings begin to bear fruit at the age of 3–6. Ripening occurs in October – November. In 2 weeks the chestnut spills out. Productivity from one tree is 10-50 kilograms. Sixty-year-old trees yield 1–2 tons per hectare.

It is worth considering closer and the family pine.

Pines - Italian pines, give seeds (located in cones) of the same name. They grow on the Mediterranean coast from the Iberian Peninsula to Asia Minor. It is a thermophilic plant, monoecious, wind-pollinated. The height of the pines is 20-30 meters. The culture is light-loving and drought-resistant. Grows on dry calcareous soils, does not like waterlogging. Withstands frosts down to -18 degrees. The growing areas are very warm; these are places closed from the winds throughout the Crimea to the Krasnodar Territory. Pines also grow in Kiev. I tried to plant them in my garden. The seedlings were friendly, but they did not survive the winter. The seeds germinate without preparation. The seeds ripen in the third year, in October, and fall asleep in the spring.The buds can remain on the plant for another 2-3 years.

Almond from the family rosaceous also deserves special attention. The homeland is the mountainous regions of the dry subtropical zone. But it can also be grown in the northern regions of our country. To do this, you need to choose the right variety and find a favorable planting site.

It is a shrub or small tree. Almonds are considered nuts, but they are stone fruits (similar in shape to a peach stone). In the wild, it grows on rocky and gravelly slopes at an altitude of 800-1600 meters above sea level. It grows in groups of 3-4 trees at a distance of 5-7 meters from each other. Almonds do not grow in heavy, acidic clays and saline areas. Grows well in fertile soils.

Photophilous and does not like thickening of the crown. Drought-resistant. It is an insect pollinated plant and the best pollinators are bees. For good pollination, it is better to plant several trees nearby in the fall. The grafted plants bear fruit in 2-3 years. From a 10-year-old tree, you can harvest up to 10 kilograms of walnut.

Late flowering almond varieties bred by Nikitsky Botanical Garden (Yalta) - Hardy, Confectionery, Yalta, Soviet, Crimean, Sudak, Nikitsky 62, and from American varieties (USA) - Rims, Neck Plus Ultra, Nonparel. In Ukraine, varieties with a long period of winter dormancy (flowering end of March – April) are suitable. Suffers from fungal diseases - monilial burns and clotterosporia. Preventive measures: spraying with Bordeaux liquid in the fall after the leaves fall and in the spring before bud break.

The main producers of almonds are the USA (California) - 82%, Australia - 6% of the world production. From one hectare of almond orchards, up to a ton of peeled nuts can be harvested. World market (wholesale) prices - US $ 9 per kilogram.

Pistachios belong to the sumach family, and they come from the subtropics and tropics. Grow well in the Mediterranean, Asia, Northeast Africa. Thickets of wild pistachios are found only in Central Asia. The wild pistachio nut is not much different from the cultivated one. There are plants up to 400-500 years old.

Pistachios it is recommended to plant in our country at the latitude of Odessa-Nikolaev, to the north - only for amateur planting. In the capital's Botanical Garden named after A. V. Fomin, pistachios were brought back in 1958, and in 1973 they bloomed and bore fruit. It is important that there are enough total active temperatures.

It is a deciduous shrub that grows on the mountainside. Loves dry, sandy, calcareous soils, pH 7–7.8, gravelly, unsuitable for other plants. The multi-stemmed shrub grows up to 6-10 meters in height. In order for the crown to form properly, dry-hot, sunny summer weather is necessary. The tree does not survive long frosty winters. The plant is heat- and drought-resistant, dioecious. It is necessary to plant one male tree for 8-12 female trees. Female flowers with paniculate peduncles are pollinated by wind and insects. In the early years, a powerful taproot grows up to 5 meters long. The aerial part grows more slowly. A mature tree has roots that extend 15 meters deep.

You can propagate by seeds, grafts, layering. Seed germination up to 2 years. Pistachios do not tolerate transplanting well. The best method for planting is through seedlings in containers. One-year-old plants are carefully planted in holes in a permanent place at a great distance from each other. This is one of the few crops that, growing in the south, can do without irrigation.

Pistachios are characterized by periodicity of fruiting - high yields once every 2-3 years. They begin bearing fruit in the 8-9th year. And the maximum yield begins to give by the 20th year of life. Blossom in March-April, and harvest in September-October. Pistachios are harvested at night, as during the day they release intoxicating essential oils (protection from the scorching sun). From 200 pistachio trees in the 15th year of fruiting, up to a ton of nuts can be harvested. The walnut is highly valued in the international market. In the EU, pistachios are grown only in Italy (Sicily), Spain and Greece.

And finally, about one more nut loved by many - peanuts from legume family.

Peanut originally from South America. In our latitudes, it is well cultivated in the open field. I myself have cultivated this crop for several years and received an excellent harvest. Since peanuts grow well at temperatures of 25-30 degrees, our summer is very suitable for growing them. It is necessary to sow seeds in May, when the open ground warms up to positive temperatures. Seeds germinate at 12-14 degrees. Phosphate fertilizers must be applied before planting. The distance in the row is 15 cm, and in the aisle - 60 cm. The peanut loves fertile soils. The garden bed should be well lit. Loves watering. In the fall, when the tops have dried up, we begin to dig. It is better not to delay harvesting, as it will begin to germinate in moist soil. The collected nuts are washed in the shutters and dried well. Remove the shutters before use, and I recommend frying the nuts themselves a little.

Nikolay Lysenko, Grebenkovsky district, Poltava region

The delicacy and its namesake: Are all chestnuts edible?

Of course, chestnuts exist not only to fall on the heads of careless passers-by. They say that in Europe they are fried and then eaten with pleasure - about the same as nuts or seeds. What if we try it too? Moreover, the autumn is almost over, the earth is strewn with varnished fruits, it remains only to collect them ... Wait a minute! First, let's find out what chestnuts are, and which ones are good for food.

Of course, chestnuts exist not only to fall on the heads of careless passers-by. They say that in Europe they are fried and then eaten with pleasure - about the same as nuts or seeds. What if we try it too? Moreover, the autumn is almost over, the earth is strewn with varnished fruits, it remains only to collect them ... Wait a minute! First, let's find out what chestnuts are, and which ones are good for food.

There are different kinds of chestnuts ...

Let's start with the fact that the edible chestnut is completely different from the plant, the fruits of which the people of Kiev can pick up on Khreshchatyk. A special charm to Ukrainian cities is given by decorative horse chestnut, got its name for the fact that its fruits have the same color and shine as those of bay horses. Other names for this plant are - acorn or esculus.

The flowers, fruits and bark of the horse chestnut are valuable raw materials from which medications for the treatment of vascular diseases. In folk medicine, juice squeezed from fresh flowers is used internally for vasodilatation on the legs and for hemorrhoids. From the decoction of the bark of the branches, baths are made for hemorrhoids. An alcoholic tincture of dried flowers is used externally for rheumatic and arthric pains ...

But edible seed chestnut belongs to a completely different family. It grows mainly in the Mediterranean, the Black Sea region of Asia Minor and the Caucasus. In Ukraine, wild chestnut is found in the Crimea. True, the "civilized" European varieties that are grown in Italy, France or Spain are much larger - the size of a tangerine.

What does an edible chestnut look like?

It can be distinguished by its long, serrated leaves, which are attached to the handle not with an "asterisk", but one at a time. The trees reach 40 meters in height, and the flowers are plain yellowish spikelets. The fruit capsule is covered with a large number of thin long thorns, and inside (unlike the single horse chestnut) there are 2-4 nuts in the shape of a bulb at once.

The edible nuts themselves are outwardly slightly similar to the fruits of horse chestnut. It is a large flattened (sometimes almost flat) nut with a thin dark brown shell. The kernel of such a chestnut is white with a sweetish pulp - when fried, its taste resembles a dry, crumbly potato.

Interesting fact: For chestnut trees, 500 years old is not a record. This plant has existed since prehistoric times. In the 4th century BC. the Romans actively cultivated chestnuts by grinding nuts into flour for baking bread.

The value of a real chestnut

Chestnut is the only nut that contains vitamin C. In addition, it is a low-calorie nut - for 30 grams of dried or baked chestnuts, there is only 1 gram of fat and 70 kcal. Chestnut seeds are high in carbohydrates: they contain up to 62% starch (perhaps this explains the similarity to potatoes), 17-20% sugars, as well as a large amount of vitamins and biologically significant elements - potassium, magnesium phosphorus ...

Interesting Facts: Up to 40% of all chestnuts in the world are eaten by the Chinese. They appreciated the nutritional properties of these nuts, and awarded the chestnut the title "rice growing on trees." In the best traditions of oriental cuisine, a huge number of recipes have been invented: chestnuts are baked in hot sand, stewed, added to soup ...

And the poetic inhabitants of the Japanese islands call the chestnut a symbol of autumn (just like sakura is a symbol of spring). Up to 30 thousand tons of sweet fruits are collected here annually. You can often see how merchants fry this delicacy right in the carts installed in the middle of the street. Especially famous are the aromatic chestnuts from the Tamba highlands - "big as a chicken egg" and so sweet that sugar is not even added to them when preparing the filling for waffles. Chestnuts, in the opinion of the Japanese, are also good as a snack for beer.

However, we will talk in detail about how to cook and serve edible chestnuts in our next article. Why not give it a try? Now you definitely can't go wrong choosing them in the store!

Types of edible chestnuts

In nature, there are just over 30 species of chestnut trees and shrubs. Here are several types of chestnut trees, the fruits of which are eaten.

European sowing chestnut

Sowing chestnut - a noble slender tree up to 35 m high with a regular ovoid crown. Leaves are large lanceolate, 25-30 cm long. Inflorescences are spike-shaped, light yellow in color. The nuts are large, enclosed in a round fluffy cocoon. Sowing chestnut is a long-liver, under favorable conditions it can live in one place for up to 500 years, and in natural conditions even longer.

Chinese chestnut is the softest

Chinese chestnut is the softest - a beautiful tree up to 15 m high, with spreading branches and finely toothed leaves. Chinese chestnuts are famous for their unsurpassed taste.

The softest Chinese chestnut, photo from

Japanese chestnut, or crenate

Originally from Japan, China and Korea. It grows quickly and begins to bear fruit early (2-4 years after planting). The fruits are the largest among edible chestnuts, up to 6 cm in diameter and up to 80 g in weight. More than 100 varieties with delicious large nuts have been developed in Japan.

Japanese chestnut (crenate)

Among summer residents-gardeners, horse chestnut is more valued for its decorative qualities. Its luxurious crown, strewn with lush candlesticks of inflorescences, is simply breathtaking, and you want to admire this magnificent creation of nature again and again. You can read about horse chestnut and its cultivation in the publication Horse chestnut - an ornamental healer.

The softest Chinese chestnut can be grown in St. Petersburg

Viburnum rhytidophyllum - wrinkled viburnum. With our climate, every evergreen deciduous tree deserves close attention. The Americans give this Kalina the 4th zone. It makes sense to try it with us. This viburnum is declared in the GBS collection. It seems that it grows and blooms there. They say that it grows very quickly. Is it true? Does anyone have any experience with growing this plant?
I sowed, there are a lot of seedlings, the leaves are very beautiful, but what about winter hardiness?

Castanea mollissima - the softest chestnut - a real chestnut, in contrast to the horse chestnut, which belongs not only to a different genus, but also to a completely different family.
Here are some characteristics: winter hardy (USDA zone 4), not susceptible to disease, edible (the Chinese say: if you have a chestnut, you have a pig), leaves are glossy, leathery, crazy beauty. It sprouts from the fruit quite easily.
I know there is no cultivation experience. But, your opinions about the prospects are interesting. Or maybe someone is already growing?

Thanks in advance to everyone who answered!

Maybe someone grows a whitish sassafras, a blunt-bladed lindera (and maybe other species), please share your experience. Maybe someone sowed - how about germination / survival rate?

Svetlana Bulycheva, Svetlana, I have been growing wrinkled viburnum for the 4th year. The most gorgeous plant! For the last 2 winters, this evergreen viburnum has lost almost all the leaves and buds that it has been laying in the fall. Apparently, this pattern will repeat itself this year. But the shoots are preserved and new fresh leaves grow from the axils of dried leaves (which have to be cut off with a pruner - they themselves do not fall off for a long time). Here it is: It is growing really fast. The growth of shoots is half a meter or more.
Until recently, the softest chestnut from China was absent from the collections of domestic botanical gardens. Its closest relative from America, the toothed chestnut, feels good in the middle lane, including in Moscow.
Pale Sassafras is absent in our country.

This viburnum has a hybrid with Viburnum x rhytidophylloides, and in particular the 'Alleghany' variety, which is semi-evergreen and more winter hardy. That would be it.

There is enough information about him on the Internet.

Milyaev, we will try with viburnum. If it loses all the leaves, then, in practice, it turns out that it is "semi-evergreen". Well, let's hope that with age it will become more tolerant - colquitia, too, froze well in its youth, and now it hibernates beautifully, almost like a mock-orange.

Phellodendron, very interesting about sassafras! How does it behave? Have you already purchased or planted it as a seedling? Is there a wintering experience?

On your chernozems, Andrei Anatolyevich, it has already taken root quite well. Congratulations!

Svetlana BulychevaThe Chinese-made Castanea mollissima can sometimes be found in the grocery store. They sprout well. I also remember that it was once on sale in PORPAX. In the 5th zone it is godlessly freezing, even when it is covered. K. sowing in this respect is much better.
Viburnum wrinkled is sometimes found in garden centers. Production Czech Republic / Poland. The plant is not expensive, but decorative. In the 5th zone, it burns and freezes. Does not bloom.
Sassafras is hard to come by. I succeeded only last year. The plant is delicate, especially young specimens. In zone 5, shoots tend to be damaged by autumn frosts. I suspect that the plant requires no less than 2500 degrees for wood to ripen.
I have not seen Lindera blunt-leaved, but I have seen L. benzoin for Linder. Stable in the 5th zone. It grows poorly on sandy soils. Not very decorative, but rather collectible. Nice autumn color.

And he sowed, and brought a sapling. I cannot say anything definite about wintering. The ends of the one-year growth, apparently, do not mature enough to overwinter, but he does not notice autumn frosts. Seeds in the trade are rarely germinable, I did not succeed on the first attempt. We need very fresh ones. Dry ones give single shoots at best. Yes, and fresh ones behave somehow strangely, in one place they sprout into a forest, and thirty meters away the seeds of the same origin do not germinate at all. With regard to seedlings, the difficulties of replanting them seem to be greatly exaggerated. In any case, they tolerate the unceremonious pruning of the roots that have crawled out through the bottom of the pot quite calmly.

SergeyA., Thank you!
With chestnut, it is really not clear: there are two opinions: 1. because the seed is freezing, the American and Chinese species are much more promising in our country 2. because the seed is more promising from the point of view of winter hardiness than other species.
But the most interesting thing is that in Moscow there are 2 chestnuts (maybe more, but I don’t know others): toothed and to sowing, and both have been growing for a long time. At the same time, Canadians, for example, write that the softest Chinese chestnut is more frost-hardy than the American one.
In general, complete confusion and a lot of contradictions.
Tell me, have you yourself tried to grow the softest and the sowing plant? Do you write about their winter hardiness from your own experience?

Phellodendron, I speak only from the standpoint of my own experience. I only have one tree. Several years ago there was still a seedling (the seeds germinated for 2 years), which died safely with a careful transplant with a lump (!). Sassafras underyearlings are very tender.
Svetlana Bulycheva, yes, I grew them myself. Molissima is still alive, but does not exceed a meter in height.
As for the sowing chestnut, it is more interesting here. As it turned out, he is very picky about the landing site. My chestnuts were grown from Italian seeds (bought from the store). For 3 years in Spartan conditions, 2 copies remained in the school. The rest either fell out or were discarded. Those 2 copies, although they were strong, were still freezing every winter by more than half. But some of them after transplanting under the protection of a hedge into more fertile soil after an average winter (-22-24)had no damage... The second is both cold and freezing. Moral of the fable: choose the right landing site.

Phellodendron, SergeyA., Thank you!
Yes, opinions are different. In Belarus, it is damaged by autumn frosts, but in St. Petersburg - not. Perhaps one more "moral of the fable" can be added: "Seedling to seedling - strife"
Plus, it adds optimism that both sassafras and the softest chestnut are given the 4th zone. As life shows, the USDA zones can be trusted as a whole - the Americans are more likely to overestimate the zone in "problem" cases.

The moral of this fable is as follows: "And experience, the son of difficult mistakes, and a genius, a friend of paradoxes, and chance, God is an inventor." Only empirically can one come to some definite result. And, of course, chance should help.
We are mainly talking here about winter hardiness, but we forget that winter hardiness is not a constant value. In different conditions, the same plant exhibits different winter hardiness. Much depends on the conditions of the growing season preceding wintering. A cool summer is bad! A very hot summer is not a gift! Drought is bad, excessive moisture, oddly enough, is also not good. Critical frosts at the beginning of winter are better than the same frosts at the end. For the wintering of most border plants, 3-4 days of -30 C are better than 3-4 weeks of a temperature of -15 -20 C. The list of such injections can be continued. I'm not even talking about the microclimate. As an example, I would like to cite the following fact. I had a meat-red horse chestnut. I grafted it with my own hand on the one-year-old seedlings of a local k. K. Ordinary, and brought cuttings for grafting from Sochi. For 11 years I have formed a regular tree of 3.5 m in height and a bole in a hand thick. This chestnut has bloomed three times already. There was never even the slightest freezing of the kidneys and the trunk, although the winters were awful. In a word, the chestnut was a feast for the eyes! And in the fall of 2010, I cut down 2 apple trees that grew on the north side of this chestnut. It would be a stretch to say that these apple trees served as some kind of significant protection for the chestnut. Nevertheless, in the spring my chestnut was ashamed, ashamed and died. Exactly the same chestnut in another corner of the garden, where I did not touch anything, overwintered without problems. So then draw conclusions about the winter hardiness of this or that plant!

SergeyA., about the questionable decorativeness of Lindera benzoin, I agree. But "decorativeness" is a subjective concept. Here "who likes the pop, who loves the priest, and someone who loves the pork cartilage." Let's say, someone doesn't like bird cherry, but someone “goes crazy” about it. The only thing that seems certain to me is that an unusual type of plant is always decorative. Hanging birch is a very decorative tree, with an unusual white bark, but, for us, this tree is ordinary, familiar. So few people will plant an ordinary birch in their area. But Schmidt's birch would have been planted by many - what, birch with black bark, and even "iron"! In my opinion, in this sense, almost any uncommon plant is decorative.
Milyaev, sorry for your horse chestnut!
I still remain an opponent of grafted plants, especially rare ones. They are already not sweet, and then there is the problem of scion / rootstock compatibility. I don’t know, I am not ready to take such a risk yet. I think the seedlings are more reliable.

Viburnum rhytidophyllum blooms and bears fruit. Leaves freeze below 25. Freezing of shoots was not observed. The seeds are similar to Viburnum lantana. They also sprout in the 3rd year. Yes, it grows quickly, but for good decorativeness it takes 8-10 years.
I had a seed-grown edible chestnut. For 8 years, it has not risen above a meter. It grew in a bush, the leaves were chilled with frost, the tips of the shoots froze. In severe winters, two or three-year-old timber fell out. The plant needs a lot of heat. I sent it to a warmer area.

vardanyan, Thank you!
As far as I understand, in your area there are rather severe winters? Can you compare with Moscow?

Well, 8-10 years is not a lot :), for the sake of evergreen viburnum, you can wait. As Chapek said, “Gardeners are patient people”. And then, it's the same with almost all trees. How long to wait for an apple or lilac tree to bloom in Moscow? You can wait 15 years. But then!

I turned to professional dendrologists about the prospects for Moscow species of chestnuts. They say - because sowing (or edible) - without a chance (although, as already mentioned, one is growing in Moscow). Toothed chestnut is quite suitable, Chinese and Japanese chestnuts must be tested, according to the literature, they are quite promising. Toothed chestnut (or American), in my opinion, is also interesting because it is practically an extinct species. They say that only small trees remained in America, almost overgrowth, and even then only in a few places. And this, in the past, is one of the forest-forming species in the United States! The Americans are now planting the softest chestnut instead of it. In Europe it is not planted - there are enough of their chestnuts, in Asia - the same story. So, all hope is on us :)))

Watch the video: Paano pinapatubo ang Moneytree seeds Chestnut. Selection and Splitting Chestnut Pods