Sarracenia - Sarracenia flava

Sarracenia - Sarracenia flava

Sarracenia

Sarracenia is a very particular carnivorous plant. It belongs to the Sarracenia genus, which includes eight species, and to the Sarraceniaceae family. The name "sarracenia" derives from Dr. Sarrazin who was a Canadian scientist; in the sixteenth century the scientist was the first to describe in detail the characteristics of these plants and brought some of them to Europe to study and classify them. The sarracenias are native to North America, in particular to the United States and Canada, where they are very widespread; in Europe we can find them above all in Switzerland, Ireland, Great Britain and Germany. They have a rhizome which is the underground part of the plants. An important feature of sarracenia is the presence of ascidia; these are modified leaves that constitute the trap for catching prey. The plant can reach a height of 1 m and produce dozens of ascidia. The ascidian has the shape of a long vertical tube with an operculum at the upper end, which partially covers the opening and acts as a lid; insects are attracted to the opening of the trap by the operculum, which has particular colors and smells and the downward hair, and by the nectar found in the ascidium; once inside, due to the waxy walls, they fall towards the bottom; here they are blocked by the downward-facing down and are no longer able to get back up; at this point the trapped insects are digested, thanks to the production of enzymes, and absorbed. The ascidian can have a color ranging from green to purple and can be elongated, flattened or small, depending on the species; there are no normal leaves, but only leaves modified in ascidium. It is grown essentially as an ornamental indoor plant.


Environment and exposure

Sarracenias prefer to live in humid and brightly lit environments. They should be placed in direct sunlight. They tolerate both heat and cold well; in summer they survive at temperatures higher than 30 degrees and in winter they resist 0 degrees. In winter the plants need a rest period during which the ascidia dry up and then be reproduced in the spring.


Ground

The most suitable substrate for this plant is made up of peat mixed with perlite and quartz in a proportion of 11; or 23 of peat and 13 of perlite can be used; vermiculite (which is a substance formed by aluminum silicates) can also be mixed with the soil, but must not exceed 10% of the substrate.


Planting and repotting

Planting must be carried out from the end of summer to after the end of winter; the plant must be prepared by extracting it from its container and eliminating the excess earth; a fairly deep hole is dug and the plant is placed there, trying not to damage it; the hole is covered with earth, compressed and then watered. Repotting must be done to keep the plant in conditions suitable for cultivation; it is advisable to do this in the months of February - March using a jar slightly larger than the previous one and taking care to keep the whole earth bread.


Watering

Sarracenias need enough moisture, so it is recommended to water them abundantly, preferably with water at room temperature. Better to leave some water in the saucer to always ensure the right degree of hydration. At the end of the vegetative period, the soil should be left only slightly moist.


Fertilization

These plants should not be fertilized; for optimal growth, just place them in the right environment, use the most suitable soil and water regularly.


Reproduction

Reproduction occurs by seed. However, the seeds produced by the plant must be sown the following year; in fact, before being used they must be subjected to stratification, that is, there must be exposure to the cold, which can also be done artificially. The multiplication can also take place by rhizome cutting; cut rhizome pieces of about 2 cm, with a sharp and clean knife; each piece must have a good amount of roots and must be placed in a container where the new plant will form.


Pruning

Sarracenia does not need excessive pruning. It must be remembered that the leaves of this plant should never be cut while they are green, even if they are damaged; dry parts must be eliminated.


Flowering

The plant blooms at the beginning of the vegetative period, from March to June; the flowers are of different shapes and colors depending on the species. The flower is not self-pollinating and therefore to obtain seeds it must be pollinated artificially or naturally thanks to the birds, the wind, the insects coming from another flower.


Diseases and parasites

The sarracenia fears above all the cochineal; this parasite determines the appearance of spots on the plant; the remedy consists in washing the plant and treating it with specific pesticides. In the presence of excessive humidity it can be attacked by molds; in this case it is necessary to intervene with a specific product.


Sale

Before buying a sarracenia you need to check the health of the plant. It is advisable to avoid buying plants that have diseases, that are damaged and that have not been sufficiently watered (a lack of water can occur by observing the dry earth). Better to buy lush and healthy plants.


Species

Among the various species we have: Sarracenia flava which reaches 70 - 80 cm in height and has slender leaves; Sarracenia minor, which may have one meter tall ascidia; Sarracenia psittacina and Sarracenia purpurea, which are the only species that have horizontal rather than vertical ascidia.


Curiosity

The sarracenia has mainly insects as its prey: bees, wasps, flies; in some cases some species of spiders live inside the ascidia (where the trapped prey remains) and in this way they are able to obtain food very easily and without effort.



Sarracenia flava

The Sarracenia has long and vertical "tube" leaves, that is, in the shape of an inverted cone with an opening at the top, surmounted by a lid called "opercolo". The underground part is composed of a "rhizome" similar to a fleshy tuber, and several roots that are not extremely thick.

This plant can reach up to one meter in height and form dozens and dozens of tubes, called "ascidia",

able to attract and contain numerous prey. Its capture system is very simple, in fact the prey is attracted by the beautiful colors that this plant creates on its ascidia, and by the production of a dense and fragrant nectar that covers its entrance. Our victim therefore, intent on collecting the "honey", enters more and more towards the internal area of ​​the trap, which looks like a smooth and waxy wall, which inexorably makes the victim slide into the deepest and narrowest part of the trap. 'ascidio. At this point, the insect is unable to fly or even climb to the exit, due to a thick downward hair, which serves to facilitate the descent, but to make the ascent impossible. the insect will be digested and absorbed by the plant, which will draw useful nourishment and benefit.

The eight species of Sarracenia differ greatly from each other, both in terms of colors and shapes.

Sarracenia psittacina and Sarracenia purpurea for example, are the only two species that possess the "lying" ascidia horizontally and not vertically like all the others.


Sarracenia flava flava

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Sarracenia flava flava

Ease to Grow: Easy
Dormancy: Suggested.
Native Range: Wet Pocosins of Coastal Southeastern North America.
Zones: 7-9 (6-10).

The traps of Sarracenia flava flava are predominantly yellowish green, and vivid buttery yellow in full sun. It has prominent dark red veins that branch out from a blotch of red in the throat. It is a naturally occurring variety of S. flava from North Carolina, and is often referred to as the 'typical' form. The nectar glands along the hood margins and throat are very productive, and attract many flying insects, particularly wasps. S. flava flava grows well in wet bog soil. It has its best traps in Spring when they are considerably larger and sturdier. They fade by Summer and develop phyllodia (flat leaves) that persist through winter. The very large and showy flowers are yellow, and fragrant. They are one of the largest and most spectacular blooms within the Sarracenia. They generally bloom from March to May before the pitchers fully develop. This is a pitcher plant for the collection or garden, and will grow in northern zones with winter protection. Sarracenia flava was one of the first pitcher plants to be discovered by European naturalists in the 1600s.

Plants are shipped bare-root, wrapped in damp sphagnum moss. In it's dormant season, it will be shipped as a dormant rhizome with trimmed off pitchers. Photographs are representative of species, and not the specific plant shipped. Veining and coloration may vary because these are a seed strain.

Height: 12" - 32".
Plant Type: Perennial, temperate.
Soil: Upper Bog Mix or General CP Mix.
Light: Bright indoors, full sun outdoors.
Use: Grows well in the bog garden, greenhouse and indoors. It is an excellent accent plant.


Sarracenia flava maxima

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Sarracenia flava maxima

Ease to Grow: Easy.
Dormancy: Suggested.
Native Range: Wet Pocosins of Coastal Southeastern North America.
Zones: 7-9 (6-10).

The name Sarracenia flava maxima suggests a large plant, however it's distinctive feature is not it's size, which is typical for a S. flava, but rather its nearly all green coloration, which can be yellowish green in full sun. Red pigment appears at the base of the trumpets, damaged leaves, and leaf tips especially in young traps. It is a naturally occurring variety of S. flava throughout the Atlantic Coastal Plain of Southeastern North America. It is often referred to as the 'all green' form. S. flava maxima grows in wet boggy soil. It has its best traps in Spring when they are considerably larger and sturdier. They fade by Summer and develop phyllodia (flat leaves) that persist through winter. The very large and showy flowers are yellow, and fragrant. S. flava has some of the largest and most spectacular blooms within the Sarracenia. They generally bloom from March to May before the pitchers fully develop. It is a wonderful plant for the bog garden or collection, and will grow in northern zones with protection. S. flava maxima should not be confused with a British cultivar called 'Maxima', which has light venation and gray tinting at the base of the pitcher.

Plants are shipped bare-root, wrapped in damp sphagnum moss. In it's dormant season, it will be shipped as a dormant rhizome with trimmed off pitchers. Photographs are representative of species, and not the specific plant shipped. Veining and coloration may vary because these are a seed strain.

Height: 8" - 22".
Plant Type: Perennial, temperate.
Soil: Upper Bog Mix or General CP Mix.
Light: Bright indoors, full sun outdoors.
Use: Grows well in the bog garden, greenhouse and indoors. It is an interesting accent plant.


Sarracenia purpurea

The sarracenia purpurea is native to North America and its range extends north to the area of ​​the Great Lakes and southeastern Canada.

In this species the ascidia are green with reddish streaks arranged in a rosette and are between 10 and 30 cm tall.


Growlist FIREDRAGON91

cephalotus follicularis typical

Nepenthes Rebecca soper (garden)

Nepenthes Bloody Mary (p-97)

PINGUICULES

Pinguicula x weser (Garden)

Drosera capensis 'alba' (Rey)

Drosera filiformis Red (Rey)

Drosera binata var. dichotoma (Rey)

Drosera Binata (Born alone)

Drosera Filiformis possibly california sunsent

Sarracenia x "Jutatip Soper" (Rey)

Sarracenia flava var. cuprea "Bronze" Santee Coastal Reserve, SC W, Phil Wilson (Rey)

F110MK, Sarracenia flava var.rubricorpora, Apalachicola National Forest, FL., Giant red tube, W (p-97)

A27MK, Sarracenia alata, black tube, De Soto national forest, MS, W (p-97)

Sarracenia minor "Okefenokee Giant" potted in coconut (rey)

Sarracenia Barbapap (capellidipaja)

Sarracenia Purpurea ssp. Purpurea (gert)

Sarracenia Purpurea "Smurf"

Sarracenia Barbapap adult

Sarracenia leuco x mitcheliana

Sarracenia rubra subsp. alabamensis

S. rubricorpora x Alata x rubricorpora (Klien hybrid)

SX149 NAPP, Sarracenia x areolata

Sarracenia oreophila Sand mountain

L07mk Sarracenia Leucopylla

Sarracenia oreophilla heavily veined

Sarracenia leucophylla 'Schnell's Ghost' white top, yellow flower (DennisB)

Sarracenia Leucophylla pubescent pink

Sarracenia Leucophylla "Helmut's Delight"

Dionea muscipula (Carnivorous Garden)

Dionea muscipula 'Fused Tooth' (Will)

Dionea muscipula "Red Line" (Carniplants)

Dionaea muscipula "Crested Petioles" (Carniplants)

Dionea muscipula "Pink Dragon" (Carniplants)

Dionea muscipula "Yellow Orange" (Carniplants)

Dionea muscipula "Red Pablo" (Carniplants)

Dionea muscipula "Prickly Pear" (Rey)

Dionea muscipula "Fine Tooth x red" (Paolo)


Everything is bigger on Sarracenia 'Saurus'. - The height, the heft, the color, and the price tag! It’s one of the biggest, baddest man-made hybrid pitcher plants around, and no surprise, originates from the gardens of Mr. Phil Faulisi. The pitchers are tall, but more impressively, and unique to S. 'Saurus,' cary a mighty heft. This plant is known for setting a Sarracenia record at auction, selling for $ 1,025 on January 30th, 2015 which has only recently been unseated by newer Phil creations like 'Mega Mouth.'

The following description is a modified excerpt from Phil Faulisi’s formal cultivar description of Sarracenia 'Saurus' submitted to the International Carnivorous Plant Society for publication on June 7th, 2016.

Sarracenia 'Saurus' is a primary S. moorei hybrid of (S. leucophylla × flava var.ornata) which Phil Faulisi made in the spring of 2005 and selected in 2008. This clone is a sibling to cultivars' Vintner's Treasure' and 'Hot Lips '.

Sarracenia Saurus, which has created quite a stir worldwide, is a true beast of a pitcher plant reaching towering heights of 85-100 cm or more on well-established older plants. High ambient humidity during the growing season ensures big, robust pitcher growth. According to more than a few carnivorous plant aficionados, this is one of the single largest cultivated pitcher plants they have ever seen. As of the time that S. Saurus received cultivar status, June 7th of 2016, the plant was the largest Phil had ever created. There may be taller pitcher plants out there, but the overall girth and heftiness of this cultivar carries its weight as one of the biggest man made ever. It is a spectacle of the carnivorous pitcher plant kingdom.


Video: Even Large Bugs Cant Resist Sarracenia Flava!