Pros and cons of planting potatoes in combs

Pros and cons of planting potatoes in combs

Traditionally, farmers have planted potatoes in holes, but a different method of planting potatoes is gaining popularity at the moment. This is the planting of tubers in the ridges. And this method has become so popular for a reason. The fact is that potatoes can be planted using this method much earlier than in the holes, since there is no need to wait until the ground warms up, because only the top layer of sod is used. And also the ridges quickly warm up in the sun, which improves the yield.

Planting potatoes in the combs by hand

This method is very good in that it facilitates the manual disembarkation procedure itself. The ground can be prepared just before the procedure. Pour ash on the future bed and dig thoroughly so that the fertilizer is evenly mixed.

Ridges must be spaced apart 40 centimeters... Thus, three rows will fit in a 120 cm garden bed. They are long mounds of earth, in which you need to place potato tubers, placing them at a distance of 30-35 cm from each other.

It is important to make sure the area is free of weeds and pests.

If the weeds can be simply pulled out, then the pests are more complicated. If there are pests on your site, such as a bear and a wireworm, then it is worth pouring poison for pests on the garden bed with fertilizer and digging it up.

Correct cutting before planting

When the soil is fertilized and free of weeds, it is necessary to form groove ridges Location on. This can be easily done with an ordinary hoe.

On the loosened ground, draw grooves, placing them at a distance of 40-50 cm... They will be paths between the ridges. Then shape the embankment so that the ridges rise above the ground.

The higher the comb, the better. It is not worth digging the paths, thereby forming it. It is necessary to rake the top layer into the embankment, since it is already warmed up and is suitable for planting tubers.

Tuber preparation

Tubers, before planting this method, it is necessary select carefully... The potatoes should be free from cracks and medium in size.

Potatoes are considered ideal for planting by the ridge method. the size of a chicken egg... The tubers must be left in a dark place so that they germinate a little. Heavily germinated tubers are not suitable for planting with this method.

Before planting, tubers must be treated with drugs against sprout diseases.

How to plant potatoes

Planting potatoes in the ridges is divided into several stages:

  1. Soil preparation and fertilization.
  2. Tuber preparation.
  3. Ridge formation.
  4. Planting potatoes.

When the bed has already been formed, you can proceed directly to planting. To do this, at the top of the ridge, it is necessary to lay the tubers at a distance of 30-35 cm apart and sprinkle with earth using your hands. If the ground is dry, you can water it after the procedure.

Care

Care for the beds must be carried out in the same way as in the usual way, i.e. pull out weeds and loosen... And also, when shoots appear (20-25 days after planting) of 7-10 centimeters, the beds must be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate, taking 2 grams of substance per bucket. At the same time, you can fertilize the ridges with any liquid fertilizer.

In dry weather, the ridges need to be watered. Basically, they are watered once a month in moderate weather and twice per month in dry conditions.

And also, as soon as potato shoots appear, it is necessary to loosen the beds and sprinkle them with earth using a hoe. After rain, they must be restored with a hoe, returning them to their original appearance.

Harvesting

The crop must be harvested in the spring (late August - early September), after removing the tops from the beds 2 weeks before harvesting. This will help ripen the tubers.

The collection is carried out without the help of any technique - manually. To do this, the combs are simply pushed apart, freeing the potatoes. Thus, harvesting takes place in a short time without obvious effort.

Harvested potatoes must be dry and remove lumps of earth... It is necessary to store the crop in a dark and cool place. Traditionally, potatoes are kept in the cellar.

After harvesting, you need to take care of fertilizing the land for the next year. So, grass and leaves are laid between the ridges. And also often needles are laid on them. During the winter, the grass will rot, thereby fertilizing the earth.

Dutch technology landing

This method gives a richer harvest than the traditional one. Its peculiarity lies in the fact that after planting, the potatoes are removed from the ridges when they have sprouted and are re-selected.

The first planting for germination of tubers is carried out very thick... Potatoes must be planted very close to each other.

Sprouted potatoes selected and re-planted in the ridges, placing the tubers at a distance of 30-35 cm from each other, sprinkling with earth. The combs should be up to 30 cm high.

Pros and cons of the method

The ridge planting method has both advantages and disadvantages.

Pros:

  • High yield, compared with the traditional method of planting tubers.
  • The land is less depleted, since every year you can alternate the location of ridges and paths.
  • The combs warm up well, thereby improving the yield.
  • This method makes it possible to penetrate oxygen to the root system, thus development is going faster.
  • There is no need to huddle the beds often.
  • With a large amount of precipitation, the roots of potatoes do not rot, since excess moisture rolls down the ridge; also, with a lack of moisture, the ridges restrain the required amount of water for the development of the root system.
  • Thanks to ridges, snow retention improves in winter, which gives good soil moisture in spring.

Disadvantages:

  • Accelerated drying of the soil, which leads to constant watering and considerable waste on water.
  • Not suitable for light soils, since in windy weather they crumble, exposing the tuber. Such land is rapidly becoming poorer and requires constant feeding in the form of fertilizers. Loose soil quickly gives rise to weeds and pests, which affects the yield of potatoes.

Is it possible to plant not by hand

Although the planting method is very simple, it can be done with the help of technology.

So, using a walk-behind tractor form ridges... To do this, with a walk-behind tractor, you need to walk along the bed, where the wheels passed, paths are formed, and between them directly the ridges themselves. Potatoes, after this method of forming ridges, are planted by hand.

After planting the potatoes, they are again traversed through the beds with a walk-behind tractor to cover the tubers with soil.

And they also often use hiller, since planting with this unit is less costly and easy.

The equipment package includes such elements as:

  • Furrower - for the formation of furrows;
  • Conveyor - for feeding tubers;
  • Distributor - forms the time intervals for the potato supply;
  • Hiller - to cover the tubers with soil.

Basically, auxiliary equipment is used for a large area.

This method of planting potatoes has become very popular due to its unpretentiousness and lightness. Many farmers have been using the Dutch method for a long time, mainly to increase their yields. Of course, as with any method, it has its pros and cons. But he has much more advantages than disadvantages.


Potatoes: planting tubers in spring - how and when

Author: Natalia Category: Garden plants Published: February 12, 2019 Last revised: January 06, 2021

  • When to plant potatoes in 2018
    • Planting potatoes in March
    • Planting potatoes in April
    • Planting potatoes in May
  • Preparing potatoes for planting
    • Processing potatoes before planting
    • Sprouting potatoes before planting
  • Fertilizing potatoes before planting
  • How to plant potatoes
  • Planting potatoes with a walk-behind tractor
    • Planting potatoes with a hiller
  • Ways to plant potatoes with tubers
    • Planting potatoes under a shovel
    • Trench method of planting potatoes
    • Planting potatoes using Dutch technology
    • Planting potatoes using the Mittlider method
    • Planting potatoes according to the Gülich method
    • Growing potatoes under a hill
    • Growing potatoes in barrels
    • Growing potatoes in bags
    • Planting potatoes under straw
    • Planting potatoes under film
  • Growing potatoes from seeds
  • Potatoes are planted - what's next?
  • Literature
  • Comments (1)

Potatoes are one of the staple foods for many nations. Its significance is so great that potatoes are grown not only in agriculture, but also in private gardens and summer cottages - after all, there are potatoes grown with our own hands, which are both more pleasant and tastier. The yield of a crop depends on climatic and weather conditions, the quality of the soil and the method of its cultivation, the quality of planting material, the timeliness of preventive treatment of tubers and soil, the amount of fertilizers applied to the soil, as well as many other factors.
We decided to devote our article to growing potatoes in the conditions of a summer cottage and intend to highlight the following issues in it:

  • the timing of planting potatoes in different spring months
  • preparing potatoes for planting
  • soil preparation for planting potatoes
  • planting potatoes with tubers
  • growing potatoes from seeds
  • care for potatoes after planting.

We prepare the site in advance

The first thing to start with growing potatoes is to choose a site. It is good that it is even, otherwise moisture will be unevenly distributed during watering. Cultivated - potatoes like the soil to be clean from weeds and breathable. And the beds on it were located from south to north - this provides plants with uniform illumination.

In the fall, the selected area must be dug up. Once every four years, manure must be applied at the rate of 4 - 6 kg per square meter, followed by immediate incorporation into the soil to prevent nitrogen losses. If the soil is poor, manure can and should be applied annually, and even in the hole - under the tuber planted itself in the spring - several handfuls of rotted manure or the same amount of other organic fertilizer. In years when manure is not applied, it is recommended to sow green manure. Mustard is especially good in this matter, since it will not only enrich the soil with organic matter, but also drive the wireworm away.

If potatoes are grown in the same area for several years in a row, it is most likely that the area is littered with pathogens. In this case, in the spring, before planting, in order to reduce the phytopathogenic load (the number of accumulated pathogens), it must be treated with one of the biological products to improve the soil. Such as, for example, "Trichoplant" or "Ekomik Urozhainy" from the Biotechsoyuz company.

"Trichoplant" contains in its composition living microorganisms of the genus Trichoderma, the same as healthy soil, which are able to suppress the causative agents of late blight, fusarium, gray rot and other potato diseases.

"Ekomik Urozhainy" contains bacteria from the genus Lactobacillus and Bacillus. Which also suppress pathogenic microflora, and also contribute to the breakdown of complex organic substances in the soil, transferring them from a form inaccessible to plants into an accessible one.

Biological preparation "Biospectrum"

"Biospectrum" is a unique product of modern biotechnology, produced on the basis of a highly effective BAS extract from the cells of a unique microorganism - Saccharomycopsis fibuligera.

Its use makes the soil healthier, reducing the environmental burden associated with the use of pesticides.

This is true not only if you yourself used them on your site, but also if your garden is located next to the fields, or your neighbors are intensively using these means of protection. Since the products of their decay migrate in the soil over fairly long distances.


Disadvantages of planting potatoes with combs

One disadvantage is that the soil in the ridges dries out very quickly. Especially in regions with hot climates, this can cause some inconvenience. In such cases, you cannot do without regular watering. And since usually potatoes are planted more than other crops, it will take a lot of water. This nuance does not allow residents of the southern regions to use the ridge planting method. Most often it is used in areas with wet soil or in cold regions. Of course, if it is possible to water frequently, then you can plant potatoes in this way and in warm places. Industrial plants can equip an automatic irrigation system.

Too light and crumbly soil will not work for this method. It will be very difficult to form ridges from it, because the soil will constantly crumble and erode. Another reason is that such soil dries out even faster, and the tubers may simply burn out in the sun.


Planting potatoes in the combs

Hello dear readers!

An article today about how to plant potatoes in the ridges and the benefits of this method. This technology of growing potatoes has been known for a very long time and now, it is difficult to say in which country it was first applied.

I have been planting potatoes only in the ridges for 15 years already, and during this time I have become convinced of all the advantages of this planting method so much that you can no longer force me to plant “under a shovel” or something else. My site is located outside the city, and it is not irrigated. In the first year, I dug it up the only time in mid-April and leveled it with a rake. In subsequent years, digging with the ridge method is simply not needed. So:

  1. First, along the long sides of my site, I drive in pegs at a distance of 0.9 - 1.0 meters from each other. It is impossible to make a smaller distance, because then there will be nowhere to take a sufficient amount of land for hilling. It is better that the direction of the future ridges is from south to north.
  2. Now, between the opposite stakes, you need to pull a rope or twine. In the resulting rows, I spread 3-week-old sprouted potato tubers on the ground at a distance of about 20 - 25 centimeters from each other. As you can see, despite the large row spacings, the soil is used sparingly, due to the short distance of the plants in the rows. I live in the Saratov region and for my region I choose the date for such a planting from April 22 to May 5.
  3. Without pressing the tubers into the soil, I sprinkle them with loose earth on both sides with a hoe. It is better to choose the largest hoe or make a homemade, large size. I shovel the soil at once to its full height (30 - 35 centimeters, or even higher). As a result, the width of my ridges at the base reaches 50 - 60 centimeters. As you can see, I do not start with planting in holes, but with hilling seed tubers, and this can be done alone, without outside help.
  4. After that, you can rest for 20 - 25 days, without worrying about hilling, which I no longer do this season. All further work consists in regularly weeding the ridges with the same hoe from the bottom up. At the same time, I simultaneously restore the ridges in case of their subsidence after the rains. This is, perhaps, all the work on caring for my potatoes. This work is quick and easy to do.
  5. In late August - early September, I start harvesting. For this I do not need a pitchfork or a shovel. If digging potatoes is quite laborious, then planting potatoes in the ridges makes this procedure one of the easiest. On the ground between the rows, I lay some kind of rug, kneel on it, slightly rest and shift the top of the ridge in the direction I need. A few nimble movements and the whole nest is already in the bucket.Practically no physical effort and even kids 5 - 6 years old can harvest by hand. Just don't let them carry heavy buckets. The harvesting process is so easy because the potato tubers are located at the top of the ridges, no more than 6 - 8 centimeters deep. All nodules during such a harvest remain intact and do not have punctures from a pitchfork or cuts from a shovel, as is often the case with the traditional method of planting potatoes.
  6. Well, after harvesting, you need to start preparing for the next season. To do this, I put needles and fallen leaves, which I bring from the forest, into the passages between the ridges. In principle, during the entire summer season, green mowed grass can be laid in the aisles. This ensures a gradual increase in the fertile soil layer and the need for a large amount of manure disappears. I no longer dig the soil so that its heavy infertile layers do not fall on the ridges.
  7. The next spring, I plant the tubers no longer in the ridges, but lay them out along the aisles with a soft bedding of needles and leaves. I take the soil for hilling only from one ridge and evenly transfer it to the laid out tubers. Now, in the place of last year's ridges, a passage is obtained, and in the place of last year's passes, ridges are formed. All these actions save time and effort.

The advantages of the method of planting potatoes in the ridges are obvious:

  • In winter, the aisles are not blown out and snow is better retained.
  • Ridges warm up faster in spring than flat soil, so work can be started earlier.
  • Since the work begins immediately with hilling, the process of planting tubers is completely eliminated.
  • With this method, potato plants are less damaged by recurrent frosts, since seedlings appear later, and those bushes that have emerged are high above the soil, and the main frost is at the very bottom.
  • Loose ridges retain moisture better and are much less compacted.
  • In the ridges, the tubers form additional roots and, due to this, the bushes survive the dry time better.
  • There is no need to carry out repeated hilling of seedlings.
  • Since the growing locations change every year, the soil is depleted less.
  • All the hard work of digging the soil every year, digging holes for planting and digging up potatoes is eliminated.
  • How many times in dry years have I compared my crop to that of my neighbors who used to grow potatoes on a flat surface. And in terms of the size of tubers and the amount of harvest, I won over them by a large margin.


Disadvantages of planting potatoes with combs

One disadvantage is that the soil in the ridges dries out very quickly. Especially in regions with hot climates, this can cause some inconvenience. In such cases, you cannot do without regular watering. And since usually potatoes are planted more than other crops, it will take a lot of water. This nuance does not allow residents of the southern regions to use the ridge planting method. Most often it is used in areas with wet soil or in cold regions. Of course, if it is possible to water frequently, then you can plant potatoes in this way and in warm places. Industrial plants can equip an automatic irrigation system.

Too light and crumbly soil will not work for this method. It will be very difficult to form ridges from it, because the soil will constantly crumble and erode. Another reason is that such soil dries out even faster, and the tubers may simply burn out in the sun.

Important! Loose soils are a favorite habitat for various insects and pests. It will be difficult to save crops in such soil.


Planting potatoes in ridges and growing

Planting potatoes in ridges is one method of growing vegetables that is especially popular and effective in heavy soils.

Interestingly, for many gardeners, the ridge planting technology of potatoes is known as the Dutch technique. But no matter how the method is called, there is no arguing that it is effective.

The technology not only ensures excellent growth of vegetable crops, but also creates convenience when caring for potatoes and contributes to better soil aeration.

What is this technology - in the crests?

What is this technology for planting potatoes - in the ridges? The ridge method of growing a vegetable crop involves the organization of long hills-ridges, the height of which reaches 25 centimeters.

They are located along the potato rows, and they make planting ridges by even hilling the plant on both sides.

As a result, between the rows of potatoes there is a free space of about 100-120 centimeters wide, which makes it easy to use equipment, organize drip irrigation or provide other care in a convenient way.

This method assumes that the soil remains loose for longer. As a result, it receives about 70% more oxygen compared to conventional planting of tubers in holes.

But keep in mind that in the rows organized by the ridge method, the soil dries out in a short time. That is why the underhead technology is suitable exclusively for clayey and heavy soils, where the groundwater is shallow.

In fact, the method is unique and ideal for wet regions.

Practice shows that planting potatoes in the ridges stimulates the vegetable crop for a greater formation of young tubers.

Why is this happening? The answer is simple - the plant has a lot of free space for the formation of embryos. As a result, their further accelerated growth and development is observed.

That is why it is possible to harvest the crop before it is infected with late blight, which is often a problem with the usual method of planting.

How to plant potatoes?

How to plant potatoes in this way? Planting potatoes in the ridges is not difficult, but some peculiarities must be observed. The procedure can be performed manually or using a suitable technique. In the first case, you should use a hoe, shovel or hoe as an assistant.

The easiest way is to use the hand-operated hiller plow, which is easy to find in specialist gardening shops.

Also, this device can be made with your own hands, it will become an important assistant in garden work, helping to simplify and speed up the process of cutting ridges, loosening and weeding.

We offer you to watch a video showing how to properly plant potatoes under a manual hiller.

A more optimal solution is to use special equipment for planting. This method allows you to minimize both the time and physical costs of the gardener.

Cutting ridges by means of seeders of a walk-behind tractor or a mini-tractor helps to easily plant potatoes by adjusting the height and depth of the ridges.

In principle, it is possible to use disc tillers, which have proven themselves in agriculture on the positive side.

If you are interested in how to use a walk-behind tractor for cutting ridges, you can watch the video below.

Remember that in order to bring Dutch technology to life, you first need to determine the site and process it correctly. It is advisable to give preference to a flat area where legumes, cereals, carrots, garlic, onions, green manures, peppers, garlic or beets were previously grown. But after the nightshade plants, it is not recommended to plant potatoes.

Site preparation and selection of planting material

Site preparation and the choice of planting material are important issues that need to be paid attention to. The processing of the site involves plowing the soil in autumn to a depth of 22-25 centimeters.

In spring, the soil is additionally processed with a mill to a depth of no more than 12 centimeters, which helps to level the area and loosen the soil.

In principle, soil cultivation in spring can be omitted, but then the harvest will ripen 7-10 days later.

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Planting material also needs special preparation. It must be of excellent quality. It is advisable to choose certified potatoes that are treated against pests and diseases.

If its germination rate is 100%, then this is the best choice. The tubers themselves should be up to five centimeters in diameter, sprouted (sprouts from 0.5 centimeters), with five or more eyes.

If all conditions are met, then it is possible to achieve an increase in yield up to 20%.

Advice! You should not take potatoes with too long sprouts, as they can break off during the planting process, which reduces the yield by 25%.

What varieties of potatoes should you give preference to? Good choices are "handsome", "lark", "lugovsky", "nevsky", "borodyansky pink" and Dutch hybrids. But keep in mind that the latter are unsuitable for use as seed material for planting a year later, although they are famous for their yield.

Growing and care

The cultivation and care of the planted vegetable must be correct. If desired, during the autumn and spring soil preparation, fertilizers, both mineral and organic, can be used. The choice in specialized stores is huge. And you can also give preference to home remedies, for example, 10 kilograms of rotted manure can be mixed with:

  • 60 grams of nitrophoska and one glass of water
  • 40 grams of nitrophoska, one tablespoon of ammonium nitrate and one gram of potassium sulfate
  • one tablespoon of potassium sulfate and ammonium nitrate, 450 grams of dolomite flour and two tablespoons of superphosphate.

Each of the fertilizers is quite effective. It is permissible to introduce it both in spring and autumn. Additionally, you can take care of summer feeding (optional).

A solution of chicken manure with water (1:20, respectively), mullein with water (1:10, respectively), ammonium nitrate (2 grams for each potato bush) is suitable to activate growth.

To accelerate the appearance of flowers, use a mixture of ash and potassium sulfate (3: 1, respectively, for each square meter) or a solution of superphosphate, mullein and water (1: 5: 20, respectively, and 0.5 liters for each bush).

To increase yields and starchiness, use a liquid top dressing of superphosphate (20 grams) and water (10 liters). The tool must be insisted for two days, and then the potatoes must be processed on the basis that one liter of the drug is enough for a hundred square meters of area.

Remember that when planting potatoes in ridges, the latter are formed from north to south. The tubers should be buried in the soil so that there is at least 30 centimeters between them, and 75 or more centimeters between the rows themselves. The ridges are first made low (up to 10 centimeters), and as the tubers germinate, they increase in height up to 25 centimeters.

It is necessary not only to plant the potatoes in the combs, but also to provide them with proper care. Remember to remove weeds in a timely manner, loosen the soil, increase the height of the ridges and provide watering if necessary (this will be evidenced by dry soil).

Harvesting takes place in August. Moreover, for digging potatoes for food - closer to the end of the month, and if seed is required for the next year, then at the beginning. 10-14 days before harvesting, the tops of the plant must be mowed, which prevents late blight infection and allows you to achieve a strong peel on vegetables to simplify the transportation process.

Many people say that potatoes grown using the ridge method are tastier than vegetables grown in the usual way. This can be explained by the fact that the tubers contain about 8% more starch.

Recall that the method of growing potatoes in ridges is now very popular. Responsibly approach the use of ridge technology, paying attention to the composition of the soil and the location of the area where you intend to grow plants. This is the only way to wait for a really big harvest.


Watch the video: How to grow potatoes indoors