January in the gardens, the work schedule
If the month of January is not a very full month in the gardens, vegetable patch or ornamental garden, there are still things to do: maintain, prevent, anticipate ... so as not to be late for the new season which approaches more and more.
All regions are not equal, because often in this period, the cold, the rains, the mildness and the sun are not often in the same places, in the same regions (;-))!
Finally, let's say that you will come across the mildness and the sun more often, even sparingly in a wide South and in the same way, or rather the opposite, the cold, the gray, and a generally not very pleasant weather, you will have guessed where, in a large northern area.
And don't forget, to be ready on time, order your vegetable seeds for early sowing and others, and let's go back to the gardens ...
January in the vegetable garden:
What to do for vegetables and aromatic plants?
• Sow the chives : in place or under frame
• Sow the melon: under warm shelter and in buckets especially in the southernmost regions, for the others wait February-March.
• Start making the first seedlings carrots, peas and leeks under hot frame.
• Sow the next spring lettuce under cover.
• Plant garlic, onions and shallots in areas with mild winters.
• Harvest the almost last winter sprouts and Brussels sprouts, sorrel, salsify, lamb's lettuce.
• Maintain: take a look at the condition of the potatoes.
January in the orchard:
Feed the earth:
• Bring fertilizer and well-decomposed compost at the foot of fruit trees and fruit shrubs. Integrate them into the earth by scratching on the surface.
• Liming the trunks fruit trees to destroy the larvae that nest in the hollow of the bark and may attack your next harvest.
• Prune fruit trees like the apple tree, the pear tree if they have become too bushy, these are trees that need air to circulate between the branches. This is an "optional" size that you would only practice if the "need" arises and not necessarily every year. Drive and prune trained trees.
• Also prune small fruit trees: blackcurrant, currant, mulberry ...
• Treat fruit trees or not: During the winter the parasites overwinter well hidden in the bark of fruit trees or even in the soil. When the beautiful days return, it is the awakening, they attack and destroy the leaves, damage the twigs and reach the fruits. Cleaning the trunks and large carpenter branches with a good brushing eliminates much of the moss and lichens in which larvae, insect eggs and other mealybugs nest. Before brushing, spread a tarp on the ground under the tree, brush, then collect the waste and burn it. If there is any fruit hanging from the tree or on the ground, burn them at the same time. Most often, they carry parasites in them or on them fungi such as black rot (fruit rot), scab and many more. With fine weather, they would thrive on young shoots and could ruin before they even start harvesting.
Take care of the earth:
The most common natural treatments are Bordeaux mixture and white oils.
• Bordeaux mixture is a fungicide made by neutralizing a solution of copper sulphate with slaked lime (wikipedia) which does not mean that it can be overused. It is used to treat fungal diseases (fungi such as scab, blister, powdery mildew, etc.) which affect many shrubs including roses and small fruit trees. This treatment to be provided in "anticipation" will limit the effects of the disease which will be at worst delayed and at best avoided.
• White oils: are mineral oils which can be used in organic farming. To use them as for any product, certain conditions must be observed. Use them outside of frost, protect your hands and face and if possible avoid spraying in high winds. White oils are useful as an insecticide treatment against mealybugs, the woolly apple aphid (Eriosoma lanigerum)…
In the orchard you can plant a fruit tree as long as it does not freeze and must not freeze in the days that follow.
January in the ornamental garden:
Prune summer flowering trees and shrubs:
• Wisteria is a plant that can be invasive. By pruning the secondary branches you can reorient it towards non-troublesome areas where it will not interfere with the life of other plants.
• Outside the frost period, prune other summer flowering shrubs like hibiscus, tamarisk, or even buddleia. Make no mistake, you absolutely must not prune the shrubs that bloom in the spring.
• Prune large trees, remove dead, diseased or misplaced branches. depending on the variety, it may be necessary to protect the cuts to prevent the development of diseases.
• Pay attention to the size of branches of trees that you hesitate to cut. In fact, in a strong wind or in a period of snow, they could break under the force of the sale or the weight of the snow.
Planting of deciduous species.
Prepare the planting and in particular the holes which will receive the trees or shrubs. Do not hesitate about the size 0.50 m in diameter for a shrub, 0.80 m for a tree. Take advantage to improve the soil if necessary, compost or river sand. To place your trees do not hesitate to inquire about the rules in force. It would be too bad for a badly licked neighbor to come and knock you down and ask you to cut off one or the other of your plant pride.
Maintenance of flowering shrubs:
• If you haven't already, protect the foot of camellias by mulching it.
• Scratch the earth around the base of the shrubs, this will promote the integration of the rain into the soil, take the opportunity to add a well-decomposed compost if necessary.
And for the roses, what do we do?
• Straw or mound the feet to protect them from frost. Preventively, spray a Bordeaux mixture to anticipate possible diseases or attacks.
• Plant roses outside of frost periods.
• Maintain the control of trellised climbing roses.
And on the lawn side?
• Avoid walking on the lawn in freezing weather.
• Collect the last dead leaves and place them in the compost.
• To install a new lawn next spring, see the how to sow the lawn page and if you are going to create a new lawn, plan ahead by roughly plowing the soil.
• Take the opportunity to find out about sprinkler systems if necessary.
In January, what about flowering plants?
Sow poet's carnation, begonias, annual carnations and other annuals or not, such as sedge, glaucidium, Mexican agerate, or gilliena trifoliata under warm shelter
Plant your daisies, wallflowers, pansies, forget-me-nots, anemones, ranunculus…. And clean the beds of your perennial beds.
January in the gardens: what are gardeners doing?
If January in the gardens is not the most active period, there are actually many works to be done to prepare for the coming season: Garden maintenance, treatment, cleaning, constructions, preparations, sowing ...
What to do in January in the garden?
January is the month of rest for a number of plants, especially in colder regions, but it is also the month ofobservation, care andanticipation. This is the moment when the landscape of tomorrow takes shape. Take care of your ornamental garden, standing plants, flowering trees, flowering bulbs. Savor the winter harvests in a vegetable garden not totally asleep and prepare for future tastings. Prune, treat fruit trees and draw your new orchard. Small repertoire of invigorating spots ...
January in the ornamental garden
Heather, hellebore, pansy, cyclamen ... a large number of bulbous flowers and plants but also ofshrubs and trees - jasmine, viburnum, sarcococcus, prunus, etc. - brighten up winter with their bloom.
If you are lucky enough to have a few specimens in your garden, keep a regular maintenance : remove faded flowers, ventilate and renew any mulching.
In case of severe frost, temporarily protect the most fragile, such as the Japanese Camellia, with a wintering veil, Also check the protections already in place on potted plants left outside.
In case of snow, let it play its role of protective coat on the ground but relieve the fragile branches by gently shaking them.
Jardiland - Winter sail L.2 x H.5 m - 30 gr.
Jardiland - Winter sails L.1 x H.1,5m 30g
Wintertex winter sail 2X10m
For an even more flowery winter, don't hesitate to take a look at our selection of 8 most beautiful winter flowers and 20 trees and shrubs in bloom in winter !
Want to know more about overwintering plants in the ground or in pots? Discover our dedicated articles: How to protect plants from the cold in winter? and How to protect potted plants from frost?
January is also a month of cuttings, sowing and planting.
Start the new year by planting your Christmas tree. Discover some tips in our article How to properly replant your Christmas tree?
Outside of the frost period of course, you can also plant trees and shrubs purchased in containers but also a number of bare-rooted plants, whether they are lapsed ornamental or rosebushes.
It can also be an opportunity to transplant poorly exposed or cramped plants.
For a successful plantation, we offer you some tips in Plant an ornamental tree and How to plant a bare root tree?
Warm you start them summer flower seedlings like geraniums, gazanias, begonias ... It's time to design your garden of the year, take an inventory of your seeds and list your future flower seed purchases.
This is also the start of the multiplication period by cuttings or division of your plants. Of perennials like carnations or violets, bulbous like lily or hyacinth, trees and shrubs persistent like boxwood or conifers.
And if you work in tight, take the opportunity to check all the overwintering plants. Bring additional protection if this month of January is harsh. Check that the substrate is not too dry and rehydrate it if necessary (even in winter our plants consume water!). Ventilate daily, at least 10 minutes, except in the event of negative temperatures.
Finally, proceed to sizes for the formation or restoration of certain trees such as conifers - spruce or cedar - but also deciduous trees such as Japanese maple or horse chestnut, summer climbers such as clematis, flowering shrubs such as buddleia or l rose hips, ivy or Virginia creeper.
And of course, especially this month don't forget the small fauna which populates the garden.
Leave in place piles of wood, piles of branches and overturned pots, these small, dark, warm and safe places serve as breeding places for many species such as hedgehogs.
Treat yourself to the incessant spectacle of small birds to whom you will give a helping hand by drawing ideas from the article How to feed birds during the winter.
Finally, if you have a garden pond, take care of the well-being of fish - and aquatic plants. In the event of frost, prevent the formation of ice over the entire surface by submerging an object such as a buoy, a balloon or a large wooden stake.
Want to know more ? Discover our article on winterizing the garden pond.
January in the vegetable garden
Your vegetable garden, too, continues to demand your attention.
Without action on your part, the earth is often hard because of the severe cold and sometimes frosts, and the soil very difficult to work.
Next year, for sure, you will anticipate this fact with a soil mulch that you install in late fall, even when the earth is still warm. We tell you all about this process in our article How to mulch the vegetable garden in winter?
Mulching can greatly facilitate your task because it will keep the soil frost-free, thus making it easier to pull up vegetables.
Description of the arche
L’arroche (Atriplex hortensis) is part, like spinach, amaranth or lamb's quarters (also edible wild plants) of the chenopodiaceae (or Amaranthaceae) family.
Under favorable conditions, false spinach can reach more than 2 m in height.
The approach of the gardens is characterized in particular by:
- long, erect and grooved stems (i.e. marked with grooves, more or less wide furrows, parallel to each other,)
- hasty leaves (spear-shaped) at the end of long petioles
- dense apical inflorescences, composed of tiny flowers
The color of the Belle-Dame varies according to the variety, the soil or even the stage of development: green, red, purple, pink… this applies to the stems, the leaves or the inflorescences.
In addition to its culinary interest, arroche is a beautiful plant.
In fact, some gardeners simply grow it as an ornamental plant.
The varieties of arroche
When I first started gardening, you could only find blond arroche in the store.
But, thanks to organic seed companies, the red arrow (traditionally cultivated in certain mountainous regions) and the green arrowroot are again available, each of these varieties comprising themselves different cultivars.
As always, I invite you to test different varieties to select those that appreciate your growing conditions (soil and climate).
At the beginning of April, it's time to sow the tomatoes. Use a special fine and draining sowing potting soil. Sow and place the terrines warm in a small greenhouse or behind a window in the house. The goal is to have sufficiently developed plants for repotting in mid-April and planting in the garden after the last risk of frost.
At the end of April, it is necessary to transplant the tomatoes sown a month ago, in a universal potting soil and containers of 10 cm in diameter. Select the strongest seedlings and bury them down to the first leaves to promote root development. Maintain the plants between 16 to 20 ° C, and a good humidity. Expose the tomato plants to the sun and avoid drafts.
After all of this effort, it's time to do the big winter cleaning of your little patch of your vegetable patch.
Once the pruning has been cleaned, you can turn to the rest of the vegetable garden. Complete remove summer and fall plants that no longer give, remove dead leaves and weeds etc. There is a lot to do even when our vegetable garden is only a few square meters or less.
As far as dead leaves are concerned, I agree, like Romain Bocquet, landscape gardener and teacher at the ENSP, that they should be left as much as possible on the ground so that they decompose and nourish it. Be careful, however, if these are leaves from diseased plants, it is better to remove them and discard them to avoid contamination.
As to weedsSince winter is a period when we traditionally leave the garden, they tend to come back in force, as we give free rein to their growth. This is often the case with me anyway! Be careful to control them to avoid finding yourself once spring comes with a vegetable garden composed only of dandelions and other invasive plants. For that the most ecological remains your hands and… the rain. A little downpour, nothing better to moisten the soil and allow you to remove the weeds with their roots. Note that mulching also prevents weeds. It’s all good I tell you!
Weeding is done by hand.
Finally, why not take advantage of this period of plant lull to repair your pots and planters which end up empty and perhaps in need of a facelift.
Maintaining your urban vegetable garden also means maintaining your containers so that they accommodate your precious plants for longer. I am thinking above all of crates and other wooden pallets. As this material is even more prone to the elements than others, it is important to take care of it.
After all, being a green gardener also means making your tools and planters last.
Do not throw away your debris from broken earthenware pots, placed at the bottom of your pots or planters, especially if they are not pierced, they will serve as drainage and prevent the roots from rotting.
In all cases, it is advisable to clean and disinfect the containers that have remained empty in order to prepare them for the beautiful season and the new seedlings that go with it. If you are thinking of adding new planters or pots, remember to prepare them as well while you still have time. Attach casters to your wooden crates to be able to move them easily, make holes in those that do not have them etc.
In episode 2, you will find out how to prepare your vegetable garden for winter ...
Garden in winter: how to clean it?
Weeds, dead leaves, moss on trees ... winter, nature can quickly take over. So for a well-kept garden and clean, we put on our gloves and we cleans carefully. Note, however, that if you want to weed, it is best to wait until it has rained recently so that the soil is loose. This is also the time to clean your tools and of drain the faucet to prevent the pipes from freezing.
March in the garden, all the advice
The month that heralds the arrival of spring has finally arrived.
A few rainy days, sleet and morning frost continue to alternate with beautiful spring days and the whole garden begins to come to life!
Trees begin to bud, some flowers bloom while other plants require maintenance.
March is the start of a great gardening season and so much the better!
It’s a great joy to start this season with you on smart gardening!
Remember that you can ask all your questions on the forum ...