In spring, people do not have enough vitamins, they want fresh fruits and vegetables. Therefore, many are trying to plant tomatoes that will delight with the harvest earlier than others, like the Ultra-early ripening tomato variety. In the article we will consider its advantages and give a description and description.
Description and characteristics of the tomato Ultra-early ripening F1
The plant is characterized as low bushes with small round fruits ripening already 70 days after germination.
The average weight of one tomato is 100 grams... It has a dense, glossy red skin. Tomatoes grow in clusters, about eight each, on strong, thick stems. The height of the bushes according to the established norms is 50 centimeters.
The harvested crop can be eaten raw, or can be used to prepare hot meals and can be preserved. The product is not fleshy, but juicy, therefore it is also suitable for making tomato paste and juices.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Ultra-ripe tomatoes have practically no drawbacks.
Despite the fact that this is a relatively new variety, the country's gardeners grow it on their plots and in the Urals and in the Moscow region with pleasure.
The characteristics that can be called advantages include:
- Frost resistance.
- Undemanding care.
- Resistant to tomato diseases.
- Early harvest.
- Suitable for workpieces.
- They taste good.
- They are well preserved and transported.
- No need to tie up.
- Withstand temperature extremes and heat.
- Uniform ripening.
In which regions is it better to grow
The variety was bred in the twenty-first century in Siberia. Its cultivation is possible in all regions of the country, because these tomatoes are resistant to various temperatures and many common diseases.
The ultra-ripe species grows equally well in the greenhouse and in the open field.
Soil requirements for planting
Tomatoes grown in slightly acidic soilhave the best performance. Loamy and sandy loam options are also suitable for them. The soil prepared for seedlings must be fertilized.
The beds are created in places where the winds are rare and light. Consider which vegetables will grow nearby. Good neighbors are carrots, cabbage, onions or zucchini, and these tomatoes should be planted away from other members of the nightshade family. It is not recommended to grow a culture for more than three years in the 1st place.
Varietal early ripening variety grows and in the shade and in the sun... In the second case, the process of fruit ripening is faster.
Seeds can be sown immediately in the greenhouse, but more often the harvesting of planting material is done in advance at home. Tomato seed is deepened 2-3 centimeters into pre-prepared containers with fresh soil.
The containers are covered with foil to keep warm for germination. When two or three leaves appear on the sprouts, they are planted in separate pots or on the beds of the greenhouse.
Transplanting tomatoes into open ground
Seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place after 55 or 60 days, usually this event occurs in May.
A suitable temperature regime is called preservation +15 degrees and no night frost... Ten days before this procedure, gardeners are advised to start the hardening process.
Fertilizer is applied to the dug holes before planting. Planted young bushes are watered with warm water. It is recommended to install special arcs above the bed so that when the temperature drops, it can be insulated with a transparent film. In greenhouse conditions, an early ripe tomato can be moved already in April at a temperature of 22-24 degrees.
Distance between seedlings must be maintained at least 50 centimeters... This is necessary so that the plants have enough room for development and nutrition.
Variety care after transplanting
The convenience of growing this species is that it no need to pinch... Tying is necessary in rare cases: if the active growth of the seedling has overcome the upper limit corresponding to the variety, or the abundance of fruits inclines the plant down.
During the season, 3-4 feeding is organized with mineral fertilizers, a mixture of potassium and nitrogen or phosphorus.
Watering should be regular, as the soil dries up. The best time for him is the evening hours after sunset. Used by only warm water... You also need to clear the area around from weeds and take preventive measures against pests.
Loosening is standard maintenance, but if the plantings are mulched, then this is not necessary.
Diseases and their prevention
This early subspecies is valued for its resistance to many external factors, including pest infestations. If necessary, various insecticidal preparations are used. It is recommended to fight insects with organic compounds. Tincture of wormwood or potato tops refers to the most effective folk methods.
The fruits of this variety have time to ripen before the spread of phytophthora begins.
Harvesting and storage rules
Compliance with the correct agricultural techniques allows you to collect 2 kilograms of product from one bush... This yield is considered average.
Slightly unripe specimens will turn red after ten or fifteen days, and their taste will not differ from the fruit ripened on the bush. Green tomatoes will also ripen, but their taste may deteriorate.
For early varieties such as Ultra-early ripening, there is no threat of frost or cold rain during harvest. It is held from mid June to August, so there is no point in rushing to harvest these tomatoes.
To ensure longer storage, the vegetable is kept in a clean and dry container. All overripe, dented and infected specimens are removed.
An ultra-early ripening variety of tomatoes has properties that are especially appreciated in the cold regions of Russia, where not every type of tomato takes root.
A delicacy tomato variety belongs to the indeterminate type, which needs to be pinched off. The leaves are large, dark green in color, a plant with a powerful stem. The culture is of medium ripening, fruiting is extended - the variety bears fruit until frost. The yield is quite high - up to 5 kg of tomatoes can be obtained from one seedling. The main feature that is inherent in the Moscow Delicacy is its high sugar content. The hybrid is suitable for growing in the south of Russia, as well as in the Moscow region. The average weight of the fruit reaches 150 g, the shape is pepper-shaped. The pulp is juicy, sweet.
Popular varieties for open ground
Early ripe tomatoes are always in demand among summer residents. After all, building greenhouses is not required, and an early harvest of vegetables is ensured. Most popular tomatoes:
- Agate - compact bushes do not grow higher than 45 cm, ripe tomatoes weighing 70-100 g appear 95-98 days after sowing the seeds. Up to 7 kg of rounded flattened tomatoes are harvested from the bush
- Sanka - low bushes need support. Some gardeners do not tie up the plants, while the bushes are formed sweeping and are able to "fall apart" on the ground. 2-2.5 kg of early tomatoes are harvested from the bush, which can be preserved and consumed fresh
- Parodist - tomatoes ripen 80-84 days after seed germination. Convenient to care for small plants (up to 50 cm)
- Betalux - they start harvesting in 80-85 days. Low bushes do not need to be pinned, the fruits are tied weighing 80-100 g. Smooth rounded tomatoes are suitable for making fresh salads, juices, and preservation.
The early ripe tomato with the funny name Skovorodin is in demand. Strong stems grow to a height of 45-47 cm and do not need support and pinching at all. Rounded tomatoes with a rich pink hue ripen, weighing 120-135 g.
Types for open beds
Tomato varieties for open ground must tolerate unfavorable conditions, such as rain, wind, heat, well. The fast ripening of the fruit allows the harvest to be harvested even before the diseases begin to spread.
Ultra-early ripening tomatoes for open beds are simply salvation, since unstable weather conditions, pests and diseases sometimes cause a decrease in the yield or its complete loss.
The superearly varieties of tomatoes that are recommended for planting in open ground include the following.
The Moscow ultra-early ripening tomato can surprise with the appearance of tomatoes after 73 days. Determinant bushes reach a height of about 55 cm. Care consists in rare but abundant watering, loosening the soil and regular feeding.
Round-shaped fruits can weigh about 100 g, are characterized by amicable ripening. When mature, the red, flat surface has an orange tint. The dense flesh and skin allow the fruit to be stored for a long time.
The variety firmly tolerates all tomato diseases, is not picky about care, easily tolerates temperature fluctuations and other adverse effects.
Tomatoes for open ground Aphrodite F1 will delight you with their juicy fruits after 90 days. The plant reaches a height of 1.5 meters. Growing requires increased care. It is imperative to establish a support and remove side branches. The plant loves a lot of sunlight and accepts fertilizers well.
Smooth, round red fruits weigh about 105 g. Sweetish taste of pulp with a small amount of seeds will not leave anyone indifferent. Harvested tomatoes are stored for a long time and tolerate transportation well.
High yield allows you to remove up to 7 kg of vegetables from the bush. The variety is slightly susceptible to infections, rarely affected by pests. Poorly tolerates temperature changes, lack of timely watering and fertilization.
Maxim is an ultra-early variety that is ready to present tomatoes after 80 days. A bush of determinant type, in height does not exceed 55 cm. Slightly spreading branches will take up a little space on garden beds.
At the time of ripening, the fruits acquire a red-orange tint. The shape is round, slightly flattened on both sides. The fleshy insides are characterized by sugariness. The weight of each tomato is no more than 100 g.
A large number of tomatoes are placed on one bush, which do not crack, are stored for a long time and tolerate long journeys.
Skovorodina is a very early variety. A strong, powerful stem stretches in height only up to 47 cm. No pinching and installation of a support is required.
Round fruits turn red and scarlet during the ripening season. The mass reaches 90 g. The pulp has a sweet-sour taste. Thin but dense skin maintains the integrity of the structure for a long time and prevents cracking during transportation.
Shows high resistance to diseases and other adverse conditions. Numerous fruits ripen at the same time and are of the same size.
Wind rose is an early ripening variety. The characteristic of the plant marks the short stature of the bush. The height most often does not exceed 45 cm.
The fruits are round in shape, as they ripen, they acquire a bright pink hue. The average weight is about 135 g.
Plant care is minimal, no need to pinch and tie. It is required to water and weed the beds on time. It tolerates occasional watering well. The harvest can be rich.
The F1 doll begins to bear fruit after 87 days. It belongs to the determinant group of plants, it stretches in height only up to 65 cm. Since a lot of fruits are formed on the branches, a garter is required. Extra branches can be removed to increase fruit production.
The tomatoes ripen together and are of the same size. The shape is round, slightly flattened. The mass of one tomato can reach 350 g. Ripe tomatoes are colored pinkish. The dense, sugary pulp contains few seeds. The fruits are well stored and transported.
Good reviews from experienced vegetable growers can also be found about other equally popular varieties of tomatoes that are characterized by early ripening periods: Bullfinch, Katyusha, White filling, Alaska, Alpha, Amur shtamb, Junior, Explosion.
This variety can be grown in two ways: seedling and without seedlings, but to get an earlier harvest, it is better to use the first one. In early March, seed preparation begins. To begin with, the seeds are disinfected, the procedure is carried out if the manufacturer did not take care of this. Then, for germination, they are placed in a warm place on a damp cotton cloth for 4 days. In this case, the seeds should not be allowed to dry out.
A special container is filled with soil, it is advisable to take prepared soil for seedlings. Before sowing, the soil mixture is moistened, and I make grooves about 1.5 centimeters deep. After laying the seeds, sprinkle on top with a layer of soil 1 cm.
Before the first shoots appear, the container with seeds is removed in a dark, warm place and covered with a film, thus creating a greenhouse effect. After the sprouts appear, the container with the seedlings is placed in a bright place, providing a temperature of +18 degrees during the day and +16 at night. When the seedlings release a pair of real leaves, they are dived into separate containers with a capacity of 500 ml, you can use plastic cups.
Before planting, the seedlings are hardened, they are taken out into the street or balcony for the first time for 10-15 minutes within a week, increasing the time they spend in the fresh air every day.
Ultra early ripening tomato: reviews, photos, yield
The desire of summer residents to get their own tomatoes as early as possible is quite understandable. Therefore, it is not surprising that many gardeners experiment and plant different early varieties of tomatoes all the time.
Description of the variety
Ultra-early ripening tomato - refers to varieties in which fruits appear approximately 70 days after seed germination. This variety is the result of the work of Siberian breeders. The main advantage of the Ultra-early ripening tomato is that it grows well in any Russian regions.
This variety is determinant and does not belong to hybrid. Standard bushes grow in height by 50-60 cm. The shape of the fruit is round, and the mass of the tomato is about 100 g (as in the photo).
About eight fruits are tied in one brush. The flesh of the tomatoes is quite dense, so the Ultra-early ripening tomatoes are easily transported over long distances.
According to the reviews of summer residents, with good care, you can collect up to 15 kg of fruit per square meter of area.
The Ultra-early ripening tomato is highly resistant to many diseases. This variety is unpretentious and grows superbly both in an open area and in a greenhouse.
Housewives especially like that tomatoes do not crack during heat treatment. Therefore, this tomato is suitable for whole fruit canning. Also, Ultra-early ripening tomatoes are great for fresh consumption.
Planting and leaving
When growing a tomato of the Ultra-early ripening variety, both seedling and non-seedling planting methods are used. Of course, in order for the name to justify itself, it makes sense to use the seedling method:
- in early March, the seeds germinate. For this, the grains are folded into a damp cloth and placed in a warm place for 4-5 days. The textile fabric is constantly moistened so that the seeds do not dry out
- the soil is poured into a specially prepared container, leveled and moistened. To keep the sprouts strong, it is advisable to use a special seedling potting mix. On the surface of the earth, grooves are made with a depth of 1.5-2.5 cm, in which the seeds of ultra-early ripening tomatoes are laid and covered with a thin layer of soil
- so that the soil does not dry out and a constant temperature remains, the container is covered with plastic wrap. It is not recommended to place the box in direct sunlight, as the seeds can simply "cook"
- when the first shoots appear, the film is removed and the containers are placed in a warm, bright place. When two leaves appear on the seedlings, they dive - they are seated in separate pots.
One and a half to two weeks before planting seedlings, they begin to harden it. For this, the cups are taken out every day in the open air. Hardening begins in a few minutes. The seedlings should be outdoors all day before planting.
Advice! The place for hardening is selected protected from drafts and direct sunlight.
Seedlings of the Ultra-early ripening variety are planted in the garden at the beginning of June, when there is no longer a danger of sudden frosts and the earth warms up enough.
For planting an Ultra-early ripening tomato, you can choose both sunny and shaded areas. But it must be admitted that in shady areas the harvest ripens later. From soils, this variety prefers light fertile lands.
It is possible to form a planting of an Ultra-early ripening tomato variety in the form of rows of holes or trenches. The last method is the most convenient for watering.
Growing in a greenhouse
If you equip a greenhouse, then the seedlings will receive additional protection. In this case, the planting of Ultra-early ripening tomatoes can be carried out earlier - approximately May 14-19.
In order for the seedlings to get used to the conditions of the greenhouse, the boxes with tomatoes are left under the film for two to three days. Moreover, it is advisable to open the film for a day.
Important! In case of sudden frosts, the greenhouse can simply be covered with a thick cloth (blanket or bedspread).
Ultra early ripening tomato bushes are planted in holes arranged in two rows. You can use the 35x35 cm scheme.In the row spacings, a distance of 60-80 cm is adhered to.
There are a lot of options for arranging greenhouses. You can build stationary structures (from boards, glass doors) or mobile, temporary.
Important! When erecting permanent structures, it is necessary to plant varieties of tomatoes that will not create problems with courting.
Greenhouse construction stages
You will need PVC pipes, spunbond with a density of 30kgkv. m, pegs.
- Drawstrings 10 cm wide are adjusted on a rectangular canvas with a step of 50-60 cm. Drawstrings should be placed parallel to the narrow side of the canvas.
- PVC pipes are threaded inside the wings.
- Pegs are set along the beds with tomatoes (on both sides) at distances equal to the distances between the drawers on the canvas.
- The pipes are bent and put on pegs.
Such a structure has a lot of advantages: the structure is easily removed, it is easy to fold and put away for long-term storage, all parts of the greenhouse can be simply replaced, the canvas is easily assembled in arcs (when the greenhouse needs to be opened).
After transplanting the seedlings into a greenhouse, it is watered, and the soil is mulched so that a crust does not form on the surface of the earth. A week after transplantation, the Ultra-fast-ripening tomatoes are treated with late blight remedies.
Since tomatoes do not welcome high humidity and temperatures above +30 ˚C, then on hot sunny days the greenhouse should be opened slightly.
Advice! As soon as constant warm weather is established, it is advisable to completely remove the greenhouse.
Top dressing and watering
Two to three weeks after planting the seedlings, it is recommended to apply fertilizers for the first time. For feeding, you can use the following solution: 25 g of nitrogen, 40 g of phosphoric, 15 g of potassium fertilizers are diluted in 10 liters of water. About 0.5-0.6 liters of solution is poured under each bush.
For the following dressings, complex inorganic fertilizers are also used. Best of all, the Ultra-early ripening tomato responds to the application of potash fertilizers.
But organics can also be used. The easiest way: dilute one liter of manure in 10 liters of water. Let this solution brew for 10-13 days. To fertilize the Ultra-early ripening tomatoes, dilute a liter of infusion with 10 liters of water and pour the final solution into the ground. A liter of top dressing is enough for one bush.
Important! The periods of ovary formation and fruit formation are the most important for feeding.
When choosing an irrigation regime for the Ultra-early ripening variety, it must be borne in mind that tomatoes do not tolerate constant stagnation of moisture in the soil. Therefore, the best option is abundant, but infrequent watering. It is important to take into account the climatic characteristics of the region.
When irrigating an Ultra-early ripening tomato, the general rules for watering tomatoes are applied:
- water is not allowed on stems and leaves
- in hot sunny weather, watering is carried out in the evening
- in cloudy weather, you can water the tomatoes at any time
- it is advisable to use warm, settled water for irrigation
- drip system is the most acceptable irrigation option.
The Ultra early ripening tomato variety can be considered unpretentious and to get a good harvest, it is enough to regularly loosen the ground and weed weeds. In order not to damage the root system, it is necessary to loosen the soil near the trunks carefully. Hilling of bushes is also periodically carried out.
Advice! Thanks to the pinching of the bushes, the yield of the Ultra-early ripening variety increases.
The Ultra-early-ripening tomato belongs to the standard varieties, which means that it is not necessary to tie up the bushes. However, according to the reviews of summer residents, the supports protect the tomatoes from falling during natural disasters (heavy rains or faith). In addition, in cool areas, tying tomatoes provides ventilation of the bushes and protects against late blight.
Pests and diseases
The Ultra-early ripening variety practically does not suffer from diseases. The exception is late blight, which can occur with sudden changes in temperature and humidity. Therefore, when arranging greenhouses, you must carefully observe the bushes, avoid high humidity. As a preventive measure, it is recommended to spray the bushes with a solution of Bordeaux liquid.
Among the pests of tomatoes, the whitefly, the bear are worthy of attention. The appearance of the whitefly leads to the appearance of a special plaque on the tomatoes and the plant dies over time. To get rid of the whitefly, you can spray the bushes with Confidor, Mospilan, Akellik.
The Ultra-early ripening tomato is very undemanding and, with minimal care, gives a fairly good yield. Therefore, even a novice gardener can plant such tomatoes and enjoy the early harvest.
Reviews of summer residents
Nikolay Veselov, Taganrog
I planted the Ultra-early ripening tomato in open ground, did not bother with greenhouses. The harvest ripened earlier than other early varieties. The tomatoes are beautiful looking and taste great. The harvest was good, we even managed to roll up a few jars. I will plant the Ultra early ripening variety in the next seasons.
Natalia Sergeeva, Samara
I have already planted an Ultra-early ripening tomato and advised this variety to many friends. I like the fact that their tomatoes appear early to the table, and they are tasty and beautiful.
Planting and leaving
To improve the germination of agricultural technology, it is advised to soak the seed in special stimulants. Duration of processing is not less than 8-10 hours. Effective means to accelerate germination:
If the seeds are harvested on their own, then they should be disinfected before planting. To do this, use a solution of potassium permanganate for processing for half an hour, "Fitosporin".
For sowing, boxes with sides within 10 cm are used. Drainage is laid on the bottom, soil mixture is poured on top. The best soil composition is turf combined with compost, sand and peat.
Standard set of care methods:
- A pick in the presence of 2-3 true leaves.
- Hardening on the veranda at a temperature of 14 degrees.
- Additional lighting with LED lamps.
- Irrigation with standing water 18-20 degrees.
- Feeding with diluted organic matter or complex nutrient compositions.
In the greenhouse, the tomato is planted when the bushes reach 55 days. By this time, the seedlings already have 6-8 leaves and 1 inflorescence.