The spider mite is a frequent visitor to summer cottages, due to which many cultures suffer. At the same time, not all gardeners like to use chemistry against the tick, especially if the plants affected by the pest have already bloomed or formed fruits. In this case, folk remedies will come to the rescue.
To combat the tick, freshly cut needles are used. The infusion is prepared as follows: 2.5 kg of raw materials should be placed in a suitable container and pour 10 liters of water. Leave for a week, stirring occasionally, then strain and add another 20 liters of water. Use a spray agent.There is another recipe: pour boiling water over the needles in a ratio of 1 to 1. Close the dishes with a lid and leave to infuse for a day. After this time, the solution can be used by diluting it with water 5 times.
Onion peel decoction
Onion peels effectively eliminate spider mites. To prepare the solution, you should take 200 gr. onion peels (for greater effect, some summer residents add another 100 grams of garlic peels), pour 10 liters of water and insist for 5 days. Spraying with a ready-made product is carried out every 5 days, the maximum number of treatments is 3.For potatoes, the infusion is prepared a little differently: pour 5 kg of husk with hot water and leave for a day. Strain the liquid and dilute 2 times with water. Carry out the processing by combining with other drugs.
Dandelion is likely to be found in any area. This weed can be effectively used to protect against spider mites.You need to take 300-400 grams of crushed leaves and roots of the plant and pour 10 liters of warm water. Leave for 2-3 hours, and then immediately start processing - it is advisable to carry out the first during bud break, the second after flowering.
Ash is often used in horticulture and horticulture. To prepare a spider mite remedy, you need to take a glass of ash and dissolve it in 5 liters of water. Insist for 3 days, then strain.Add 50 grams of grated household (or liquid green) soap to the infusion and spray the plants.
A solution of kerosene also effectively eliminates spider mites. It is not difficult to prepare the product: you need to take 2-3 ml of kerosene and mix it with 10 liters of water. Additionally, you can add 30-40 grams of laundry or green soap. Plants are washed with this drug, and then watered with a shower.
Remedies for aphids and spider mites and more. Do it yourself
How to protect your garden from pests and diseases with improvised means? Very simple! There are many tips - and they all work great, try it!
Let's see what tools and how you can use.
It will help in the fight against strawberry gray rot (2 teaspoons per 10 liters of water), powdery mildew on berry bushes (you need to make a dark pink solution), wireworm (shed soil with a solution of 2 g per 10 liters of water before planting plants).
When preparing potatoes for seeds, freshly dug tubers are washed in a strong solution.
It is advisable to process all bulbous planting material with potassium permanganate.
If the tips of the feathers of the onion turn pale and the feather turns yellowish, it lacks nitrogen. A solution of ammonia will help you. Dissolve 3 tablespoons of ammonia in 10 liters of water, pour the onion under the root in the evening.
Soil pollinated with mustard powder is not suitable for slugs, so strawberries can be protected.
In the first half of summer, berry bushes are sprayed with mustard infusion against gooseberry fireflies and sawflies (100 g per 10 liters of water, leave for 2 days, strain, dilute with water 1: 2 and add 40 g of soap for every 10 liters of solution).
This infusion will also protect fruit trees from apple moth caterpillars and leaf-gnawing caterpillars (treat trees 15-20 days after flowering).
He will help cabbage and root crops, relieve them of aphids, bedbugs, thrips. Mustard is a real lifesaver for the gardener and gardener, and remember that it can also be used to wash dishes, instead of any chemicals.
If you are overcome by slugs, beer will come to the rescue.
Leave a saucer filled with beer (preferably a dark one) overnight in places where slugs are most concentrated. Slugs are very fond of dark beer and after such a treat they quickly die.
Honey is a bait for a bear. Grease a glass jar with honey from the inside at the neck and dig it into the ground. The neck is closed with a board with a gap of 1-1.5 cm so that the bear does not get out.
A solution of sugar (1 teaspoon per 1 liter of water) attracts bees, the plants need to be sprayed with this syrup.
Salt solution protects tuberous planting from ants. Pouring a pack of salt onto a fresh tree stump and roots will drown out the growth of a felled tree and bush. The salt will not allow the horseradish to grow: dig up the extra bushes, pour salt on the remaining root, and the horseradish will die.
Spraying with soda ash and soap (50 g of baking soda and 50 g of soap per 10 liters of water) has a good effect in the fight against powdery mildew. Dissolve the soap in soft water (preferably rainwater) and add the baking soda previously dissolved in the water.
Kefir saves black currants from powdery mildew. The branches of the bush are tied together for convenience and treated with a mixture of kefir and water (1: 1).
Natural remedies for aphids
Aphids do not tolerate apple cider vinegar, but at the same time it is good against fungal diseases. Dilute 1 tbsp. a spoonful of vinegar in 1 liter of water, spray the plants with this solution (in cloudy weather).
Grind 50 g of aloe, pour 1 liter of water, leave for a day and spray the plants.
Coniferous infusion from aphids: pour 500 g of pine or spruce needles with 2 liters of water and let it brew in a dark place for a week. Dilute with water (1: 7) and spray the plants before use.
10 g of dry peels of orange, tangerine, lemon (any citrus) pour 1 liter of boiling water, soak for 24 hours, boil for 15-20 minutes, strain, dilute to 10 liters of water, spray.
Grind 100 g of garlic (leaves) or 50 g of garlic cloves in an enamel bucket, pour water to the brim and leave for 12 hours, strain, spray at least 3 times at intervals of 5 days.
An infusion of 300 g of horse sorrel roots in 10 liters of water helps (leave for 3 hours). Sorrel can be replaced with 400 g of dandelion leaves.
The onion husk spread on the strawberry plots relieves the ticks. You can spray carrot crops with decoction of onion peels to scare off carrot flies.
For processing carrots before storage, an infusion of onion husks is good (50-100 g of husks per 1 liter of water, leave for 3-5 days). Root vegetables are dipped in it for 10 minutes and, without drying, are laid in storage.
Onion peels help prevent yellowing of cucumber leaves. If the leaves of the cucumbers begin to turn yellow, feed them with onion infusion. Add 1 cup of onion skins to a bucket of warm water (about 30 0). Put the bucket on fire, bring to a boil and let it brew for 2 hours. Pour this infusion over the cucumber leaves.
Natural remedies for caterpillars
To get rid of cabbage whitefish caterpillars, scoops and moths, make an infusion of burdock. The crushed leaves are placed in a bucket and filled to the brim with water. Insist 3 days. We filter and spray the plants.
Small caterpillars are afraid of the decoction of pepper pods.
Finely chop 100 g of pepper, simmer for about an hour, cool, let it brew in a glass container for two days, dilute with water (50 g of broth per 10 l of water), spray.
Instead of pepper pods, you can use ground red pepper.
Insect repellent essential oils and cloves
Essential oils will not protect plants, but you yourself, from mosquitoes and other gnats, they help a lot to work in the garden in the evening.
Apply clove oil to the skin in small amounts, you can buy it at the pharmacy, it is inexpensive. Midges do not tolerate this smell. You can prepare a clove remedy differently: boil 5 g of cloves in a glass of water for about 10-15 minutes. Mix a teaspoon of the broth with a tablespoon of cologne (any) and wipe open areas of the body, the product works for about two hours.
Basil, anise and eucalyptus oils will protect your home when the window is open. Moisten a cotton swab and place on the windowsill. Insects won't fly in. These fleeces can be carried in pockets when working in the garden. The same oils can be dripped into an open fire, on hot bricks (if there is a stove in the house).
Not a single insect will land on you if you wash your face with a decoction from the roots of wormwood. Pour a handful of chopped wormwood roots with 1.5 liters of water, bring to a boil, let it brew.
FOLK REMEDIES FOR PESTS AND DISEASES - REVIEWS
USE FOLK REMEDIES FOR PESTS AND DISEASES WITH THE MIND!
On the Internet, readers can find a lot of useful ideas that promise to facilitate activities in the garden. But is all this advice worth believing without looking back?
At one time I was fond of such tricks and even started a thick notebook, where I wrote out especially tempting offers of savvy craftsmen. At first, I was lucky: folk advice-secrets really helped to protect cultural plantings from diseases and pests, and at the same time to increase the yield. Some of the innovations even significantly saved the budget by eliminating expensive drugs from the gardening store.
However, over time, my experimental work stalled. Among the so-called life hacks, more and more "dummies" began to come across, from which at best there was no use, and at worst, the death of green pets nurtured with great love happened. There is no one to blame but myself: the first successes lulled my vigilance, and I stopped critically evaluating the recommendations of the advisers (and I could not even call some of them other than storytellers).
Now next to my "secret" notebook is always a pen with red ink. She helps me make striking marks next to written and tried-and-true advice. Some of them, after lengthy checks, are awarded the title of "Best of the Best", and some are crossed out with a bold red line because of their harmfulness. And sometimes the same "drugs" fall into both categories.
For example, I was very interested in the effect of a baking soda solution on aphids. After reading a recipe somewhere, I diluted 1 tbsp in 1 liter of water. l. powder, added 1 tbsp. l. liquid soap (for better adhesion of the solution) and, for the sake of interest, dipped the tops of black currant shoots covered with aphids in the resulting liquid. The next day, the number of bugs really decreased significantly. I still use such a cocktail today in the fight against this pest, when I do not want to take up insecticides.
That is why I gullibly reacted to the recommendation of another adviser about baking soda: he sprinkled the shoots affected by aphids directly with dry powder. After such an experiment, the aphids on the young apple tree completely disappeared along with the tops of the shoots - they first turned black and twisted, and then dried up.
Another example. For a long time I tried to find a reliable way to protect onions from onion flies, and carrots from carrots. The first thing I tried was a mixed planting of these crops on the same bed, which is recommended by experienced people. Indeed, no pests were noticed that season, but in the summer I faced the following dilemma. A couple of weeks before harvesting, the onions should not be watered so that the bulbs ripen well, and the moisture-loving carrots were not going to put up with such barbarism. Taking pity on her, she continued to water the "mixed" bed - and, naturally, the onion heads, saturated with excess moisture, then quickly rotted during storage.
Now, to prevent the appearance of onion and carrot flies, I do it easier: I plant crops in different beds and water them as expected, but I keep the defense against pests using the same means - tobacco dust. With this fragrant powder, I begin to dust the aisles and the plants themselves immediately after germination with an interval of 12-14 days. And the malignant insects do not withstand such aromatherapy, to my delight. And I am still tormented by conjectures: how do those advisers who recommend planting onions and carrots in the same garden manage to get a decent harvest with good keeping quality? Or such subtleties do not count? The main thing is to defeat the fly?
Previously, a raspberry plantation caused a lot of problems: I was tortured to tame this life-loving berry plant, cutting out nosy root shoots that threatened to seize all neighboring beds. Frivolously inspired by the advice of one summer resident, who, in order to combat it, recommended sowing sorrel around the perimeter of the plot. No sooner said than done. Raspberries now grow with a wide sorrel border, but continue to multiply equally intensively.
I don’t know what special phytoncides the sorrel exuded on the plot of that advisor, but my berry grower calmed down only after titanic efforts on my part: along the perimeter of the plot, I dug pieces of slate close to each other to a depth of about 40 cm, Only after that I sighed calmly. Occasionally I notice weak sprouts outside the slate "cradle". Apparently, these goners took a lot of effort to overcome the obstacle, since after being cut with a pruner, they no longer risk being shown to the light.
Another sore subject is late blight of tomatoes, which rages in our area every season. How many popular tips and recipes have been tried by me! I even tried to stick copper wire into the stems. So what? Late blight immediately attacked the tomatoes during prolonged rains and cold night dews, despite all my dances with tambourines.
In the fight against this insidious ailment, only one thing helps - the correct agricultural technology for growing plants, starting from adhering to the planting scheme and watering with warm water under the roots and ending with a garlic and the formation of bushes. And even with such a scrupulous approach, one always has to hope that in the second half of summer, when the fruits are poured and ripen, the weather will not let down and give the opportunity for tomatoes growing in the open field to bring the ovaries to mind.
The conclusion suggests itself: always critically evaluate the recommendations of popular rumor and, when you are going to implement them on your site, be careful. Try the advice you are interested in first on one or two plants or a small experimental bed. And, having made sure of its effectiveness, introduce it into "mass circulation". And do not forget that the success of the event is influenced by a whole range of factors, from the climatic conditions of each specific region to the type of soil on the site. Well, a lot also depends on the perseverance of the gardener himself.
© Author: Valentina Vasilievna DEVYATOVA. Voronezh
Fighting spider mites on indoor plants
Houseplants make it easier to deal with a horde of parasites, especially in the early stages, and even easier to prevent them from coming.
Spider mite on indoor plants
- At home, with a spider mite, the fight can be reduced to the usual washing off of the insects in the shower, having previously tightly wrapped the pot with polyethylene to protect the soil.
- Abundant spraying of indoor flowers, followed by putting on a bag fixed to the rim of the pot, will create moisture inside that is incompatible with the survival of the tick.
- It is good to add hydrogen peroxide, turpentine or ammonia to the water for wetting - the effect will increase.
- If the tick has only recently started and the lesions on pets are insignificant, then a simple rubbing of the leaves with a wet sponge is enough.
- Affected foliage should be carefully torn off and destroyed outside the home.
- Before wetting indoor flowers, the cobweb is removed - otherwise it will turn into a barrier for liquid drops, and it will not fall on the foliage, but will drain along the cobweb.
Important! Many people advise adding soap or other detergent as an adhesive - this method is only suitable for the upper part of the leaf and stems of indoor flowers, and the underside of the foliage does not need to be foam treated. The so-called stomata - channels for gas exchange - become clogged.
If efforts to combat the spider mite with folk remedies do not give a result, then it's time to arm yourself with acaricides or biological products that can kill the tick colony.
How to properly spray cucumbers from spider mites
- The procedure is performed early in the morning or late in the evening. It can also be done during the day in calm and cloudy weather.
Advice! Read the instructions, as biological agents and others are effective only at high air temperatures.
- First, all ripe fruits are harvested, then spraying is carried out.
- First, the inner side of the sheet is processed, and then the top.
- The tick has several stages of development, so different preparations must be used depending on its phase.
- Spraying is carried out with a certain frequency: at + 12-20 degrees - 1 time in 15 days, at +20 and above - 1 time per week.
- Processing is carried out several times, since many drugs do not kill the eggs of the pest. The hatched mites will become sexually mature within 3-5 days and will lay new eggs themselves.
- Examine the waiting time - the time during which you can not pick and eat the fruit after processing the crop.
How to get rid of Spider mites on Roses
Spider mites on flowers are common. The most favorite plant is the rose. Usually pests attack weak, damaged specimens. White dots usually form on the leaves, after which the leaves fade, fall off, a cobweb forms on them.
In order to prevent insect development, it is recommended to take preventive measures. Be sure to water plants with warm water, inspect crops for pests. Having found the first signs, immediately begin to eliminate. To exterminate Tetranychidae, it is better to use the acaricides "Neoron", "Actellik", "Fitoverm". Be sure to respect the proportions indicated in the instructions.
How to properly process cucumbers with drugs
Regardless of which type of treatment you choose, it is recommended to carry it out only in the early morning or evening, so that solar activity is minimal. Choose calm weather with moderate humidity.
Chemicals should be used with consideration of how they affect beneficial insects. This is especially important during the flowering period: after treatment, pollinated varieties may not wait for bees if a drug that is toxic to them was used. Accordingly, the volume of the harvest will be greatly reduced.
Biological preparations are harmless to humans. On fruits, they last up to three days, after which vegetables can be removed from the bush and eaten, after washing. Chemicals remain on the fruit for a very long time, they can be collected only a few weeks after the spraying.
If the product remains and all the plants are already sprayed, you can treat the greenhouse or spill soil.
Important! Carefully read the instructions for each product used, do not violate the dosage and use personal protective equipment if necessary.
Prevention of the appearance
The mite loves dry air and high air temperatures. In order not to give him pleasure, the flowers need to be often sprayed, and the apartment must be ventilated so that it is not too hot.
A hot shower every 3 weeks can be a good preventative measure. Many plants can easily tolerate temperatures up to 45 degrees.
Everything related to plants and brought into the house from the outside must undergo strict control and, if necessary, processing. The new flower is washed in the shower and placed on an empty windowsill, where it must undergo a two-week quarantine. Soil for plants needs steaming, like all other components used to make planting mixtures, including drainage.
The spider mite is a very dangerous and insidious enemy. He can quickly destroy the entire collection of indoor flowers. Therefore, you need to fight it mercilessly, only then you can defeat it.