Krasnodar

Krasnodar

Krasnodar |

Krasnodar

Everyone knows that the first greens can be harvested in May. What about cucumbers and radishes?

Where does smart greenhouse equipment begin? With the installation of the frame, automation systems? And not only. We will tell you what the roofed garden is based on.

Let's talk about the most popular drugs that are used for spring garden processing.

What are the important steps to take to protect the seedlings, so as not to lose the battle for the harvest in the coming season.

Find out what you can do with your seeds to grow strong, healthy tomatoes.

Briefly about the weather and the main works on the site in April.

Where did the damage on the leaves of seedlings come from, and how to save young plants.

They did repairs, but, as often happens, they bought building materials with a margin, and now you don't know where to attach extra PVC pipes? Make something useful out of them, of course!

How to solve the problem with interruptions in the work of cellular communication and the Internet outside the city?

When and how to sow your favorite flowers for seedlings.

One of the most commonly planted trees in our gardens is cherry. Spring is the best time to graft this tree.

The last days of winter are on the calendar. An active sowing campaign is about to start, and the happy owners of greenhouses can already see the first shoots on the window. Are you all set?

Make sure of this by downloading the latest release.

Everything about soil, seed preparation, seedlings, fertilizing, watering, treatment and shaping of bushes in one file.

Diagrams and tables with accessible and visual material.

Everything about planting seedlings, shaping the crown, feeding, watering, treatment and care in one file.

Diagrams and tables with accessible and visual material.

Everyone knows that the first greens can be harvested in May. What about cucumbers and radishes?

Let's talk about the most popular drugs that are used for spring garden processing.

Do you want the fruit to not get sick in summer, not break and give a good harvest? Then urgently in the garden, before the start of the sap flow, you need to do something!

How to help seedlings grow strong and healthy?

Let's talk about the most popular drugs that are used for spring garden processing.

10 helpful tips for growing strong, healthy seedlings.

Let's talk about the most popular drugs that are used for spring garden processing.

See for yourself how many different dishes you can make with potatoes!

We understand what a Bordeaux mixture is and how to properly use it in the garden and vegetable garden.

Schemes, photos and videos of spring pruning of garden trees.

Berry bushes are among the first to wake up. This means that it is impossible to delay spraying currant bushes in the spring - diseases and pests are not asleep!

March is approaching, which means it's time to take care of the safety of the garden - to protect trees and bushes from diseases and pests.

Tips for grafting trees in your garden in spring.

Simple and intuitive instructions for spring pruning of grapes.

It would seem that not so long ago you rolled up cans of pickled and pickled vegetables in the sweat of your brow, but now you have to think about what to do with your "surplus production".

We understand what a Bordeaux mixture is, what it is used for and how to prepare it correctly.

Here's how to prune a plum in spring, summer and autumn.

Correct pruning of roses in spring is a guarantee of rapid growth and lush flowering of the queen of the flower garden.

Do you think the calendula on the site is just a bright annual? However, this plant can do a lot of benefits!

In order not to once again run around the shops in search of the right things, make a list of everything you need in advance, as well as the menu for the upcoming feast.

Everything you wanted to know about the most famous nitrogen fertilizer.

Proven ways to save oversalted food.

Natural and pharmaceutical remedies to protect seeds and soil from infections

"Fasco" - the formula of love for plants.

Garden Center Greensad

Garden video school "Shining"

It would seem that not so long ago you rolled up cans of pickled and pickled vegetables in the sweat of your brow, but now you have to think about what to do with your "surplus production".

Chicken broth and fried chicken - what more exotic can you make from familiar meat?

Why you should pay attention to soy wax candles if you care about your health.

What to play on cold winter evenings in anticipation of the start of the season?

17 variants of original Christmas trees that will create a festive atmosphere in your home.

Low maintenance, simplicity and naturalness are the three pillars of modern landscape design.


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    84 entries

    The "Living Garden and Vegetable Garden" YouTube channel is a unique author's video about propagation by seeds and cuttings, and about many other experiments.
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    01 Silver maple (Acer saccharinum)
    02 Red maple (Acer rubrum spp.drummondii)
    03 Field maple (Acer campestre) Expand text.
    04 Sugar maple Laciniatum Vieri
    05 Long-bladed Maple (Acer longipes)
    06 Maple mono (Acer mono)
    07 Maple red (Acer rubrum)
    08 Norway maple (Acer platanoides) grade
    09 Maple Miyabe (Acer miyabei)
    10 Maple of Shirasawan (Acer shirasawanum)
    11 Japanese maple (Acer japonicum)
    12 Maple Japanese variety
    13 Palm maple (Acer palmatum)
    14 Maple of Shirasawan (Acer shirasawanum)
    15 Maple Trautfetter (Acer trautvetteri)
    16 Maple false-plane variety
    17 Green Maple (Acer tegmentosum)
    18 Hairy maple (Acer capillipes)
    19 Spike maple (Acer spicatum)
    20 Maple of David (Acer davidii)
    21 Bearded Maple (Acer barbinerve)
    22 Pennsylvanian Maple (Acer pensylvanicum)
    23 ?
    24 Ash
    25 Manchurian Maple (Acer mandshuricum)
    26 Grape-leaved maple (Acer cissifolium)
    27 Gray Maple (Acer griseum)
    28 Maple Henry (Acer henryi)
    29 Hornbeam maple (Acer carpinifolium)
    30 Norway maple 'Palmatifidum' (Acer platanoides Palmatifidum ')
    31 Maple yellow (Acer ukurunduense)

    UNNECESSARY OF A PLOW, THE EARTH DOES NOT NEED TO BE DIGGED! THEORY OF NATURAL AGRICULTURE

    Natural farming theory is not as new as it seems. Show in full. The first to suggest and test it was the scientist agronomist I. Ye. Ovsinsky. As a result of 10 years of work, in 1899, he wrote a book called "The New Farming System", in which he revealed the principles and evidence that a gentle approach to soil is less aggressive towards nature, less laborious and ultimately more productive. than an intensive farming system.

    Ivan Evgenievich Ovsinsky is the first Russian agronomist who showed the uselessness of the plow.

    S.M. Skornyakov in the book "The Plow: A Breakdown of Traditions?" (VO Agropromizdat, 1989). Here is his story, in a nutshell.

    At first, Ovsinsky worked in the Far East, and took over a lot from the Chinese.

    When he returned, he began to work in Bessarabia, then in the Podolsk province. I tested my new system for ten years. The results were amazing.

    In 1898 he gave a lecture in Kiev. Then, with great difficulty, he published a book. It shook the minds of farmers, and in ten years it was reprinted four times in Russia.

    It should be said that the first detailed instructions on the role of organic mulch, on the natural structure of canals and the non-necessity of plowing were given, twenty years before Ovsinsky, by D.I. Mendeleev.

    In France, Holland and Germany, there were also devotees of this system, receiving 20-44 centners per hectare of grain.

    Ovsinsky never plowed deeper than 5 cm.

    The main advantage of his system was the exceptional resistance of crops to both droughts and waterlogging.

    Whenever the neighbors' crops burned out or the bread did not sprout at all, Ovsinsky collected excellent harvests, twice the best harvests of that time.

    Over time, his crops grew.

    “Ovsinsky's method was tested for five years at two experimental stations in the south of Ukraine, and showed no advantages.

    Many farms also tested it - however, with large deviations, and did not receive any results either.

    For two years V.A. Bertenson, scientist at the Ministry of Agriculture.

    He noted many advantages of technology and the excellent condition of the fields, especially corn, which grew under three meters and "tied 8-10 large cobs."

    Nevertheless, Bertenson did not recommend (!) The system for widespread use. "

    Reacted very cleverly to Ovsinsky D.N. Pryanishnikov. After examining the essence of the matter and setting up experiments, he concluded:

    “Any technique is good in its place. Deep plowing is needed during the wet season to accumulate moisture, while in dry times, to save moisture, surface tillage is appropriate. "

    A very accurate definition of the essence - if you do not know that unplowed soil also accumulates moisture well.

    In 1909, the Department of Agronomy at Kiev University, for some reason, attacked Ovsinsky with indiscriminate criticism, declaring his book to be complete confusion and nonsense.

    Having put forward a lot of theoretical objections, opponents of Ovsinsky argued that his results were the result of exclusively the previous deep plowing of his fields.

    The argument, as you will see, is ridiculous, but since then, Ovsinsky's teachings have been discounted and forgotten.

    And only half a century later, thanks to the works of T.S. Maltsev, the experiments of southern Ukraine were rechecked and found that Ovsinsky's system was, in fact, not observed in them!

    T.S. Maltsev, and after him A.I. Baraev proved the effectiveness of the moldboard-free system and introduced it into the practice of many regions of the USSR.

    A small excerpt from the book of I.E. Ovsinsky, published in Kiev in 1900 (selected from his works are given in the book by N.I. Kurdyumov "The Mastery of Fertility").

    When the Liebig school finally found out that plants do not feed on organic residues, but on food of inorganic nature, and when chemical analyzes indicated that the subsoil contains more mineral parts than the upper layer, then the desire to extract the subsoil upward, in the hope of increasing fertility, was strengthened.

    Deep plowing became a cultivation ideal based, it seemed, on scientific evidence.

    But, the subsoil, rich in mineral reserves, takes part in plant nutrition even where the farmer does not get it up by deep plowing.

    Plant roots often exploit the subsoil at great depths, bringing its constituent parts to the surface.

    It delivers food along with water, which rises, due to the capillarity of the soil, from the subsoil to the upper layers.

    The adherents of deep plowing were not satisfied with this role of the subsoil, and cherished the hope of a sudden coup to pull out all the food contained in it.

    But, deeply plowed land, did not want to give birth, and many of the adherents of deep plowing found themselves in the position of a person who, having killed the hen that lays the golden eggs, thought to get rich right away.

    There is no doubt, however, that the so-called deep plowing, practiced on our estates, costs us dearly, but it looks a pity, in comparison with the depth to which the roots of plants, even among the shallowly rooted ones, reach.

    “In the Berne Museum,” says Mr. Z. Gavaretsky, “they preserve, as a phenomenal rarity, the root of alfalfa 16 meters long”.

    Cereals, like all herbaceous plants in general, are considered to be plants whose roots do not go deep.

    By the way, twice in my life I had the chance opportunity to personally convince myself of the injustice of such a view, which is not based on anything.

    I twice saw rye sown on the mountain, part of which had once collapsed.

    When the grains of earth remaining on the sheer wall dried up and crumbled, each time you could see a kind of hanging curtain formed from thin, hair-like roots of rye.

    The length of this curtain reached the first time about a fathom (fathom - 2.1 m), and the second time about 2 arshins (about one and a half meters), since the mountain collapsed to this depth. It may very well be that the roots are even longer in the ground.

    A well-known Czech farmer, Gorski, showed samples of rye with roots 70 centimeters long to those visiting his farm.

    In view of such a length of roots, the so-called "deep plowing" of 10 inches (24 cm) practiced in our country can only bring harm, not benefit, which we will consider in detail below.

    In fact, deep overturning of the earth by the plow often spoils it completely.

    This was the case more than ten years ago in the Podolsk province in the Brailov estate, and in many others.

    On the best soils, if the result of such deep plowing (40 centimeters) was not completely so deplorable, then this is solely due to the depth of the black soil.

    The bad results of deep plowing, it would seem, should have led to abandoning it. But, this remedy, for her adherents, seemed too simple.

    As the metaphysician, who, having fallen into the pit, did not want to get out of it with the help of a rope, due to the fact that this method is too simple, so the adherents of deep plowing began to look for more cunning ways of how to get out of trouble.

    They advised gradual deepening, plowing in late autumn, along with strong fertilization.

    When, on the ground, the organic remains did not decompose vigorously enough, and the soil either liquefied after rains, then became covered with crust during a drought, then, in addition, it also turned out to be necessary to use sometimes a huge amount of lime.

    With all of these aids, the subsoil turned upwards should have given good results.

    But, if the bare rock were also dung with earth and fertilizer, then plants would grow here, and, despite the fact, no one would dare to assert that the bare rock is fertile.

    Abundant fertilization can reduce the harmful effects of deep plowing, but, for most of our farms, such a system of preliminary spoilage and subsequent soil correction is not available even if it were paid!

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