Narcissus - Plant and care for them

Narcissus - Plant and care for them

Narcissus, did you say narcissus?

The Narcissus (or Daffodil, its common name) is a plant native to Perce. She is one of the stars of the late winter gardens. It appears in February and adds color, mainly yellow, heralding the sun and the coming spring. This perennial plant has a timeless charm, it is and will remain in our gardens for many years to come, no doubt at least in part, as it is so easy to garden. It can be used almost everywhere, on the edge, it's classic, in flower beds, in meadows, or even in pots to embellish an old garden staircase…. it is in the mixtures with other varieties of plants also, and often in number, that the Narcissuses draw their pins of the game, for example in a mixture wild way, with Héllebore d'Orient, and "coeur de Marie" ".

Botanical name:

Narcissus pseudo-narcissus

Type of plant

• Plant: perennial
• Rooting: bulbous
• Family: amaryllidaceae
• Foliage: deciduous


Resists extreme cold: -30 ° C

Benefits to the garden

The Narcissus is a bulb plant that is easy to set up and maintain. There are a few varieties of yellow, white, yellow and orange…. Like Crocus and Snowdrop, Daffodils are winter flowers but have the advantage of a long flowering period, from February to June. The perennial narcissus requires little maintenance. The bulbs in place will resume the following year without any difficulty, if before cutting them when they are wilting, you wait for the leaves to turn yellow. Only then should they be cut, flush with the ground.

Description of the Narcissus

Common varieties of Narcissus measure between 30 and 40 cm. The foliage is made of long, slender, slightly pointed leaves, quite erect vertically. The stem is quite generous and strong and allows the design of beautiful bouquets of cut flowers. A beautiful corola with six well-opened petals and with a "trumpet" in its heart, sometimes of a color other than the petals, in the middle of which we find the yellow or even orange pistils. What colors for the Narcissus? The most distinguished - it's subjective, it's my opinion, they are the whites (they can be slightly salmon-orange, very very pale) and the most colorful: Dense yellow daffodils, others paler yellow, varieties two-tone, yellow and orange, or even white daffodils with a yellow center.

Gardener's Info

The Narcissus is a "go-anywhere" plant - perhaps but still superb - ideal for borders, in beds, but it can also be planted in small isolated groups in the grass if you have a good surface area. Here you can let the grass grow, why not mix in some poppies.

Daffodils grow over the years and produce more flowers.

Gardener's advice:

To create a nice effect, you can proceed like this, planning the planting areas for the flowering areas of the Daffodils. In some places, group together several bulbs to create an “explosion” of flowers and in others, only have one or two, this way you will create a “natural” effect, a bit like the Daffodils. that you find in the wild during your walks in the Vosges or the Jura.

How to plant the Narcis?

What type of soil:

• Daffodils thrive particularly well in heavy, rich but not saturated soils. In general, the soil in our gardens does well, apart from very very clayey soils where the addition of compost soil is welcome.

Daffodils are flowers that are very easy to grow:

• Loosen and amend the soil with a supply of potting soil (if necessary).

• Bulbs should be planted about 5 cm deep.

• Use a bulbous dibble that is wide, round and hollowed out, rather than a pointed dibble.

• Put down the bulbs, as said above, you can create areas with high concentration of bulbs and others less.

• At the edge, you can create alternations: 3 bulbs, 1 bulb, 5 bulbs ... 10 cm apart, for flower beds, go for it!

• Cover with soil.

• Tamp.

• Water.

When to plant Daffodils?

• Plant the bulbs in the Fall from September to December.

• In mild winters you can also plant them during the winter, of course the later the bulbs are deposited, the later the Daffodils will grow in the season.

Some varieties

There are dozens of so-called Botanical varieties: Narcissus cyclamineus trena with a deep yellow heart, Narcissus poeticus actaea with a flatter heart.

Double Daffodils, Narcisse Chambord, Narcisse Acropolis, double beauty.... Very dense yellow heamoor narcissus, a very fleshy narcissus.

There are still many other Narcissus!

Agrees with

Daffodils are to be planted in clumps or along the edges with Pansies, Snowdrops, Tulips, Hyacinths, Paquerettes or even Muscaris. Integrate the renewal of flowers, especially when creating a bed.

With or without a garden ...

In the garden :

• In beds, borders, flower beds, meadows, suspended ...

Without garden:

• In a pot, in a small pot, 20 cm in diameter, plant at least ten bulbs for an… explosive effect!

• In larger pots, mixed with other plants: Hyacinth, Paquerette, Tulips ...


• The older the Narcissus bulbs, planted for a few seasons, the more flowering they are.

• Cut the leaves flush with the ground, only when the leaves have turned yellow and even dried out, the next year's regrowth is at stake!


• In spring: from February to June.

• The flowering time of a Narcissus 'plant' is two to three weeks. To achieve a longer flowering time, you can plant the bulbs in different sunny areas, and planting at different times, to stagger the growth. By spreading out the plants and varieties well, you can get up to five months of flowers in the garden, and Daffodils for five months, that's beautiful!

Daffodils indoors….

It's possible ! Starting in September, you can prepare an indoor pot at home in a few quick and easy steps. Follow these steps to get Daffodils in the fall, at home, in your home!

• In September, in a pot, choose it "aesthetic" in accordance with your interior, here, for example a rectangle pot, shallow, 10 to 12 cm.

• Place a mixture of potting soil mixed with garden soil up to half the height. • Place all the bulbs, the number of bulbs depends on the surface of your pot. Place them next to each other, bulbs against bulbs, so as to cover the surface of the pot. The idea is to create a mini forest of Narcissus.

• Push them in slightly.

• Cover them with the potting mix, allowing the tips of the bulbs to pass through.

• Tamp.

• Water.

• Complete if necessary.

• Place the pot in a cool place, away from light. Keep the soil moist.

• When the leaves come out after a few days, place the pot in a cool place but this time in the light.

• As soon as the leaves have grown well, the operation is complete and the pot can enter your living room ...



High. and Width

Sun to shade

Dry soil between 2 waterings

from 20 to 40 cm
and 10 cm

Space between plants


0 to 10 cm

Bulbs at 5 cm

Top photo source: Thanks to - Own work on Wikipedia.

How to have beautiful daffodils in the garden: advice on growing

Because they are very easy to grow and naturalize, daffodils are found in all gardens, in the sun and in light undergrowth.

Exposure: Sun
Soil: deep and fresh
Planting: September - November
Flowering: February - May

From the beginning of spring, perched on their straight stems of 10 to 50 cm, the pretty flowers of narcissus, white, yellow, orange or salmon, colonize the garden, where they quickly naturalize.
Some species are fragrant. The flowers can take various forms: crown, cup or trumpet.
There are about fifty daffodils botanicals native to France, Portugal, Spain and North Africa, but there are thousands of hybrids. Thus, by choosing different varieties, flowering can be spread over 3 to 4 months.

Planting narcissus

It is in autumn that it is necessary to proceed to the sowing at a depth equal to three times the height of the bulb. Flowering takes place throughout the spring. The narcissus can be planted in all soils (even if it has a slight preference for clay soils), provided it benefits from a sunny or semi-shaded exposure.
It is a flower that is equally suitable for flower beds, borders, planters, and which will thrive in nature as well as in a garden or on a terrace or balcony.

For magnificent flower beds, do not hesitate to associate the narcissus with flowers such as:

  • The primrose,
  • The crocus,
  • Hellebore, another flower heralding spring.

How to plant Daffodils?

When to plant daffodils?

Plant them in the fall (September to November) for flowering from March to May.

Where to plant the daffodils?

Exposed to the sun or partial shade, in the ground or in pots for some varieties, to promote flowering sheltered from the wind. Plant them in loose soil, cover them with compost in winter in case of severe frost.

Tips for planting daffodil bulbs

Unlike other bulbs, daffodils tolerate fairly wet soils in winter, and are perfectly resistant to summer drought, which is necessary for the formation of flower buds.

  1. Plant the bulbs in groups of 5 to 10.
  2. 20cm deep.
  3. Water slightly.

Discover all our advice on planting bulbs.

How to plant flower bulbs? Plant the flower bulbs in a bed

Dwarf varieties of daffodils are particularly suitable for pots and planters. Install the bulbs in a mixture made up of one third of loam, one third of good soil such as planting soil and one third of coarse sand.


The simplest solution for multiplying daffodils is to divide the tufts. It is an operation that can be repeated every 3-4 years.

  1. Wait until the foliage is completely dry
  2. Dig up the bulbs without damaging them
  3. Remove the earth
  4. Separate the bulbs from each other
  5. Untangle the roots
  6. Replant immediately following the planting instructions

How to maintain your daffodils?

  • Cut off faded flowers in order to avoid the formation of seeds, which depletes the bulb.
  • Cut the leavesonly when they are goodparched (when the leaves are very yellow), once the bulb has reconstituted its reserves.
  • Fertilizer can be added at the time of flowering.
  • Once flowering has passed, the daffodils regenerate to bloom again the following spring.

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