Today cleoma is an infrequent guest of domestic flower beds. The flower growers did not like it very much. Like, it has a rather strange shape, flowers are also not for everybody's taste, and their smell is far from floral, with its own specificity, even frightening. With such a characteristic, hardly anyone wants to acquire the seeds of such a flower and grow it in their flower bed.
But you can also characterize such a plant in a different way and you get a more forest description. A flower with charming flowering, beautifully shaped leaves, very decorative, acquires an original look with age, does not fade for a long time after cutting, has a smell that can get rid of unwanted insects and pests. Although this is an annual plant, its stems are getting stronger every day, the flower can reach 1.5 meters in height, becoming a tree in miniature.
The queen among the flowers of cleoma does not strive to become. She is more suited to the status of an extravagant foreigner, which only brave and radical gardeners dare to start. But many people like cleoma. She is also unpretentious and resistant, like the well-known zinnias and marigolds. And how beautiful it blooms! The appearance of flowers on a plant is similar to small butterflies or dragonflies, or maybe spiders. Indeed, in the translation of cleoma, this is a spider plant. Even after flowering, it has an attractive appearance. Instead of buds, seed pods are formed, which are densely located and are kept on the plant until late autumn. If you turn on your imagination and look at such a flower from a distance, it is like an open bottle of champagne with splashes on the sides.
What does this South American (her origin) beauty need to feel great in our latitudes?
How to grow glue
This flower loves to receive the sun in all its forms. Cleome should have enough light, warmth and space. Feels great in the latitudes of the south. But if she is given proper care in the seedling method, she will delight gardeners with her beauty in colder regions. This plant is grown using seeds. First, it is better to get seedlings from the seeds, and in the future it will be possible to try to sow the seeds directly into the ground at the site. It is imperative to take into account that cleoma has a long development period, and if you are late with sowing seeds, they may not ripen for the next season, they will not have time. Then, next year, they will become bored with buying seeds again, because they will not have their own.
Growing from seeds. Starting from mid-February, it is already possible to sow seeds for seedlings. Seedlings will appear in two weeks. True, these will be frail and sluggish boring, but you should not be upset. As soon as two leaves are formed, plant growth slows down and mass build-up begins. So, when it is necessary to land on open ground, it will already be a fully developed plant.
The transplant is very harmful to cleome, so the dive must be done on time: two leaves appeared and dive right away. Children need to be planted deeper and separately, cups are perfect. The level of cotyledon leaves is just a good measure, so the plant survival rate will be better.
Soil and place. Shade and partial shade are not allowed, only a bright place. The soil can be any, but if it is fertile land, then the cleoma will grow and bloom more abundantly. Before planting, it is advisable to fertilize the soil, a little mineral fertilizers and organic matter will only benefit. Densely glue does not need to be planted. From thickening, it will not be so high, and the flowering will lose its attractiveness.
Watering and fertilizing. Here you need to approach individually. Some sources claim that cleoma loves moisture very much, while others advise to be careful with watering. You need to find a middle ground: do not flood the plant and do not expose it to drought.
The flower must be fed every two weeks. When growing and flowering, he spends a lot of energy, so he needs help.
Seed collection. As already mentioned, this is an annual plant and a lot of seeds can be harvested for the coming season in the fall. Only here there is no need to rush, the seed boxes should dry completely. After that, it remains to correctly fulfill the conditions for their safety, and when the time comes, grow healthy seedlings.
The smell of a flower cannot be called pleasant, and it is far from floral, but it is almost inaudible. But all sorts of flies and pests perfectly feel the scent of cleoma, and they do not like it at all, and this is just in the hands of gardeners. And, in general, with such a beauty of flowering, you completely forget about the smell. Cut flowers can last up to two weeks without losing their beauty.
Cleoma is perfect for decorating a flower bed. There are plants that have one thing beautifully, or flowers or leaves, but here are two in one! Such a flower is irresistible both in the development process and during the flowering period. It is worth trying to dilute the glue yourself and then everything will immediately become clear.
Site about a garden, a summer residence and houseplants.
Some compare these flowers with a spray of champagne, others with a flock of delicate dragonflies. In general, cleoma has many wonderful names.
And "spider-flower" and "flower-bouquet". But whoever sees this plant, always admires its original shape and rainbow color of the petals. The only thing that not everyone likes about it is the thorns on the stem and a peculiar, even unpleasant smell. In the homeland of cleoma, in tropical America, in the wild, this scent is intended to attract bats that pollinate the flower.
There are a number of varieties and hybrids of Hassler's cleoma, the most famous of which are:
- Variety series Queen, which includes cultivars of different colors - Violet Queen, Rose queen, White queen - powerful, 1.2 m high.
- Helen campbell has a height of 1-1.5 m and pure white flowers. The variety has received an award from the Royal Horticultural Society of England.
- Kelly rose - compact dense variety with pleasant lilac-pink flowers.
I cannot understand why this interesting and beautiful plant is still a rare visitor to city flower beds and dachas of amateur flower growers. The plant is very decorative, tall, stately with beautiful leaves and unusual flowers of various colors.
Having grown glue once in my garden, I fell in love with it and now I grow it every year.
Here's how she looks in my garden:
I usually sow seeds in early March. I try to sow in separate containers. But if there are a lot of seeds, then in a common bowl, but so that future seedlings are not cramped.
I plant young plants in the ground in May. It is better to choose open sunny places for planting. But I noticed that the spider flowers quickly fade in the sun, so I have recently been highlighting the cleome in partial shade.
I did not notice any difficulties with growing this plant. Only in rainy and cool summers the seeds of cleoma may not ripen. In this case, as a safety net, I buy seeds in the store. Fortunately, now it is not a problem to buy any seeds, and, in addition, you can purchase plants with some other color and make the flower bed even more elegant and attractive.
The color blue, mysterious and alluring, contains something mystical. Initially, it symbolizes the sky, enchants, brings peace and tranquility. It is no coincidence that he has gained a large number of admirers among gardeners and specialists in decorative floriculture.
The properties of blue make it ideal for small gardens.
Unobtrusive, restrained and elegant blue tones visually expand the space. To this fact, we add the fact that plants of these tones, unlike reds, are perfectly combined both with each other and with plants of other cool colors, for example, white, silver or pale pink.
From the point of view of perception, plants with flowers of blue and blue tones are remarkable not only in clear, but also in cloudy weather, when they acquire a mysterious glow. You can see the same blue glow effect in the wee hours and twilight hours.
Once planted, this beautiful blue mixborder grows prettier every year.
This blue splendor, unfortunately, will play its part pretty quickly.
Blooming Veronica and Geraniums will delight you in May. Delphiniums, Ankhuza and Irises will perform in June. Syrian hibiscus will reveal its short-lived flowers until August. Decorative blue bow and muscari, planted in different places, serve as a frame for this composition.
In the figure, the number of plants is indicated with a fraction. Letters indicate:
but - Geranium "Jonson's Blue"
b - Ankhuza "Loddon Royalist"
from - Lupine multifoliate (Lupinus polyphillus)
d - Catnip "Walker's Low"
e - Mordovnik (Ehinops ritro)
f - Veronica "Knallblau"
g - Iris "Nicht Owl"
h - Veronica austriaca
i - Delphinium "Blue Lace"
j - Delphinium "Blue Jay"
k - Veronica long-leaved (Veronica logifolia)
I - Linen (Linum prenne)
m - Iris "Victoria Falls"
n - Syrian hibiscus (Hibiscus syriacus "Coelestris")
Sky blue rabatka - scheme
The dominants of this composition are the one and a half meter poles, along which a blue bindweed - morning glory - climbs. The vertical theme will also be supported by annual spur delphiniums. The dark flowers of the rejected sage will be the most suitable background against which cornflowers, geraniums and lobelias will shine brightly.
It will only take about three weeks, and this rabatka will shine with all shades of blue.
In the figure, the number of plants is indicated with a fraction. Letters indicate:
but - Felicia amelloides
b - Blue daisy "Hochstamm"
from - Lobelia "Cambridge Blue"
d - Sage rejected (Salvia patens)
e - Spurnik (Delphinium consolida "Blue Mirror")
f - Spur "Blue Bell"
g - Cape Ankhusa (Anchusa capensis "Blue Angel")
h - Cornflower (Centaurea cyanus)
i - Lobelia "Kaiser Wilhelm"
j - Ipomoea tricolor (Ipomoea tricolor)
The most interesting combinations with blue
Blue, silver, purple, white.
This combination of cold tones looks gentle and soothing.
Contrast that softens the coldness of the blue-green color.
A classic contrast in which one color accentuates the brightness of another.
Scheme of a yellow-green flower bed
Color is most impressive in contrast. But not everyone likes combinations that are shocking with their activity. Therefore, we settled on a combination of a small amount of yellow with green - neat and calm.
We bring to your attention the following flower bed scheme.
1. Speckled lamb 'Album' (Lamium maculatum 'Album')
2. Fragrant woodruff (Asperula odorata)
3. Astilba Chinese 'Pumila' (Astilbe chinensis 'Pumila')
4. Marsh telipteris (Thelypteris palustris)
5. Hosta 'Sum and Substance'
6. Hybrid catchment (Aquilegia x hybrida)
7. Marsh marigold (Caltha palustris)
8. Iris pseudacorus (Iris pseudacorus)
9. Brunner large-leaved (Brunnera macrophylla)
Gray rabatka - flower garden scheme
To create such an elegant and stylish flower garden with your own hands, it is not at all necessary to paint everything in gray tones.
On the contrary, you need to apply a variety of matching colors. Later in this article we will look at an approximate planting plan, using its example you will see how you can combine different colors in the design of a "silver" flower bed.
If you want to create a gray flower bed, follow the simple rules that we offer, you can easily create an excellent flower garden with your own hands. We offer you a planting plan, in which we have thought over the design for your flower bed to the smallest detail.
The leading part in this composition is performed by two bushes of macklea heart-shaped, located in the corners of the house and attracting the eye.
She is accompanied by lower erythrops (Miss Willmott's Ghost), Louis' wormwood (Silver Queen) and clary sage.
In front of them are bearded irises, breaking the surface into separate parts. As a contrast to the composition for this flower garden, Alpine oat was planted with them.
The foregrounds are occupied by lavender and Byzantine chastetus, over the stonework hangs the euphorbia myrtle.
In the picture of the planting plan, the number of plants is indicated through a fraction. Letters indicate:
a - Louis wormwood (Artemizia ludoviciana Silver Queen)
b - Bearded Iris (Iris barbata Superstition)
from - Narrow-leaved lavender (Lavandula anqustipholia)
d - Seaside cineraria (Senecio cineraria)
e - Eryngium Miss Willmott's Ghost
f - Alpine sheep (Helictotrihon sempervirens)
g - Melianthus (Melianthus major)
h - Stachys byzantina
i - Gypsophila paniculata (Gypsophila paniculata)
j - Wormwood (Powis Castle)
k - Schmidt's wormwood (Artemisia schmidtiana Nana)
l - Sunflower (Heliathemum Henfield Brilliant)
m - Clary sage (Salvia sclarea)
n - Macleaya cordata
about - Euphorbia myrsinites (Salvia myrsinites)
p - Pseudo-weaver (Pseudolysimachion spicatum subsp.incanum)
For this flower garden, the most interesting combinations with gray were used:
|Dark red / gray-green - very strong sounding, emphasizes additional contrasts.|
|Silver / light pink is the most winning combination|
Tips for planting:
The silvery-gray color of the foliage is given by a waxy bloom (cuticle) or the finest hairs that protect plants from the scorching sun rays and drying wind. Such species grow best in open, sunny places, this is their habitual habitat.
Many silvery species are decorative-leaved plants, their flowers are small and inconspicuous. When creating a flower garden composition, it is important to observe the following rules: in the background there are one or two tall sculptural bushes, medium-sized plants (various sages or wormwood) accompany them as an accompaniment, the empty spaces are filled with ground cover plants (Byzantine purse or gray fescue).
Many gardeners who grow glue have appreciated its exotic beauty. Flowering plants resemble a flock of colorful butterflies or small hummingbirds fluttering over a flower garden. At night, cleomas look like colorful fireworks, fountains, fireworks of flower splashes. The only drawback of the plant is that it is prickly, but roses are also prickly, and this inconvenience does not prevent gardeners from loving, growing them.
Cleoma belongs to the caper family and came to us from South America. The plant is an annual growing up to 1.5 meters in height. The stem ends with a large cluster of inflorescences. The leaves of the plant are long-stemmed, beautiful. They, like all parts of the cleoma, are covered with glandular, sticky hairs. The color of the inflorescences is varied: pink, white, purple. The plant blooms all summer. Emitting a peculiar aroma, it attracts many bees. Fading away, the flowers form seed pods, which do not affect the decorative effect of the cleoma in any way.
These exotic flowers are widely used in landscape design. They are good both in the center of the flower bed, among low-growing plants, and in the background. The plant is planted in mixborders, and as companions, fragrant tobacco, rudbeckia, pink echinacea, phlox, zinnia are suitable for it. When cut, cleomes retain their beauty and freshness for a long time.
They multiply easily by planting seeds before winter or spring. But still, in order for the cleoma to bloom earlier, it is grown through seedlings. Considering that the seeds are hard-growing, it is better to soak them in "Epin", otherwise you will have to wait three weeks for seedlings. In the future, they need to be sprayed or watered very carefully (so as not to overmoisten). After the appearance of several true leaves, the seedlings dive. It is not worth delaying with this procedure, because cleoma painfully tolerates a transplant, and the younger the plant, the better it takes root. Seedlings are planted in the ground in late spring, since cleoma is thermophilic, afraid of frost. On a flower bed, they are placed at a distance of at least seventy cm from each other. This distance allows plants to develop freely and form a luxurious bush with a powerful root system.
The landing site must be sunny. Cleoma is not demanding on the soil, as well as on the irrigation regime, but nevertheless it develops better on fertile soils.Young plants must be pinched, and in order for the cleoma to bloom magnificently and beautifully, it should be regularly fed with a special complex mineral fertilizer. During drought and extreme heat, plants are sprayed with microvit epin.
Plant - spider or cleoma: get acquainted, study, sow for seedlings
Good afternoon, dear friends, gardeners and gardeners! Welcome to the channel "Country stories".
Each grower has his own favorites. Some people cannot imagine their garden without lush hats of peonies and hydrangeas, others prefer the charm and scent of phlox, and still others prefer roses to all flowers. But over the long winter, studying catalogs with new varieties of already known crops, gardeners discover a plant that is unfamiliar to themselves, which they certainly want to grow in their garden.
This article will focus on an unusual annual plant - cleoma. The name of cleoma in German sounds intimidating - "spider plant". And all because of the unusually long stamens that stick out in all directions and look like the legs of a spider.
Color and shape of flowers
Cleoma is more suitable for a landscape-style flower garden than for a ceremonial flower bed. Its colors are very delicate, in purple tones. There are varieties with pale pink flowers, like the "Vilma" cleoma, with deep pink, lilac, like the "Camellia" or "Victory" varieties, cherry, wine color, like the "Cherry Queen". A mixture of colors is often on sale, for example, "Colored droplets" or "Colored fountain".
The plant really resembles a fountain with bright splashes. Cleoma leaves are in the lower part of the plant, and a powerful stem rises to a height of 90 - 120 cm. Cleoma naturally lets out stepchildren, each of which blooms. Thus, one plant turns into a powerful bouquet with 5-7 peduncles.
A cap of flowers is formed at the top of the stem. Flowers, simple in shape, open in a circle, bristling with long graceful stamens, and unopened buds remain in the center of the flower.
Flowering continues throughout the summer. The top flowering moves along with the plant's growth, providing continuous flowering from June to October. After pollination, pods with seeds are formed on long stamens. Due to the long "antennae" with seed pods, the high stem of the cleoma does not look naked.
Cleomas look good in large groups, at the middle level of mixborders. When planting cleoma, one should take into account its specific aroma, which not everyone will find pleasant. The fact is that in the wild, cleomas are pollinated by one of the species of bats, this aroma attracts pollinators.
Cleoma loves diffused light. In the sun, its flowers suffer a little from the bright sun, it is better to choose partial shade for cleoma. Cleoma is unpretentious to soils, although it will not give up fertile soil. Watering is needed moderate, regular. Several dressings during the summer season, as well as for other ornamental plants, will help the cleome to reveal its full potential.
Cleoma has a rather long growing season, therefore, seedlings are sown at the end of February. In addition, its seeds quickly lose their germination. When buying, pay attention to the date of collection and choose seeds harvested in the previous season.
Cleoma reproduces easily by self-seeding. So it is only necessary to grow several varieties from purchased seeds only once, and after that you can provide yourself with seed material annually. If you want to collect seeds, it is better to tie the lower pods in gauze bags, because the seeds ripen gradually, unevenly.
Purchased seeds are characterized by poor germination. This must be taken into account when purchasing and sowing. Before planting, the seeds must be treated with some kind of growth stimulant: the preparations "Epin-extra", "Zircon", "Bud" or "Ovary".
Cleoma seeds are sown in moist, loose nutrient soil. You can use ready-made purchased soil for seedlings or prepare the soil mixture yourself by mixing garden soil, peat and sand in equal proportions. In order to reduce the risk of developing pathogenic microflora, it is recommended to steam the garden soil, and spill the soil mixture with a biological fungicide.
Seeds are embedded in the soil to a depth of 1.5 cm. Since cleoma is a plant in southern latitudes, it needs a high temperature of + 23-25 ° C for seedlings to appear. In such conditions, seedlings appear in about two weeks.
Growing and planting seedlings
Seedlings are grown in good lighting and a temperature of + 20-22 ° C. When two or three true leaves appear, the seedlings dive into hotel containers. In order for the seedlings to be strong, it is recommended to carry out regular fertilizing every two weeks with a complex fertilizer for flowers. Seedlings are planted in the ground when the threat of frost has passed.
Growing glue will not be difficult even for a novice grower. Someone will remain indifferent to her foreign beauty, while others she will charm and take a worthy place in the flower garden.