How to use wood chips in your garden

How to use wood chips in your garden

Waste-free construction

When there is any construction in the garden, and it, as a rule, goes on all the time, a lot of various wood waste is collected: sawdust, bark and chips. And if sawdust and bark are usually attached somewhere, then in most cases the chips are simply burned as completely unnecessary trash.

Most often, the best specimens will be chosen from them for kindling the stove, and all the rest go to the fire. As a result, a lot of organic matter useful for the garden disappears. Of course, it does not completely disappear - ash is still formed, but after all, any wood is a ready-made building material for creating a breeding ground for growing new plants. And in order for it to start working, you just need to turn it into chips, sawdust, or shavings that are convenient for rotting.

In other countries, in particular, in the Federal Republic of Germany, they have long invented special branch pliers, which are easy to use and which, by the way, are not difficult to buy. And in Austria and Canada, chips are specially produced for gardeners. In general, not a single knot is wasted there. In our country, alas, no one has invented anything like this, and chopping branches by hand with an ax and pruning shears is slave labor. But at least the chips that are simply formed during construction work should not be burned.

Mulching chips

It is very useful to use wood chips as mulching material for trees and shrubs. Wood chips retain moisture well in the soil and regulate the temperature regime. It is often used as a decorative cover in garden beds to avoid the appearance of bare ground, on which weeds will immediately appear, and they will have to be weeded.

But it should be borne in mind that rapidly decaying deciduous wood chips (for example, birch) will require their dose of nitrogen for decay. Therefore, here you need to increase the dose of nitrogen fertilization. And if you have chips from conifers, then it will rot for a very long time, and therefore problems with a lack of nitrogen usually will not arise.

Slivers on the tracks

Wood chips are often used as decorative coverings on walkways. However, such a coating requires the mandatory use of bumpers so that the mulch does not crumble and is not washed off by rain. Moreover, unlike other types of coatings in any kind of dirt, such paths remain clean and without water, since the chips pass well into the soil any streams of water rushing from above. Walking along such paths is a pleasure, you walk like on a feather bed.

There is one more plus here - after a few years the tree path turns into a semi-fertile path, which can already be used for refueling greenhouses and greenhouses. Of course, there will still be large pieces of wood, but you should not pay attention to them - they will rot, and the soil with them will only be looser and more breathable.

High Ridge Slivers

Any wood material without exception (including chips) is a good component for equipping multi-layer high ridges. On such a bed, which is based on rotting plant residues of various wood trimmings, many crops ripen faster, including tomatoes, cucumbers, eggplants, peppers, carrots, beets, and root crops grow much larger than in ordinary beds.

To build such a ridge, first remove the top fertile layer of earth and set it aside. Pour wood chips into the resulting trench 1 m wide and 3-5 m long (the length depends on desire and capabilities) and rise to the required or designated height. And on top you lay the ground laid down earlier. So that the chips are heated from below, it is advisable to spill it thoroughly with slurry and sprinkle with lime.

Chips in raspberries

Pay attention to those places in the forest where the most delicious and largest raspberries grow - these are usually inaccessible places littered with half-rotten stumps and trees. And if you prepare the soil in your raspberry-tree as well, then you will also be pleased with a bountiful harvest of large berries.

For example, in our garden, when laying our own raspberry tree (there was no soil at all), we laid various rotting stumps right on the stones, perhaps we collected all the stumps in the neighborhood. And then we filled the space between them with the same chips. And only then they laid a layer of manure with sawdust and tops. The top layer was the soil from the greenhouse. As a result, the raspberry was given to us at a considerable price, but now we do not complain about the raspberry harvest.

By the way, chips in a raspberry tree are needed not only when forming the soil, but also after mulching - for a raspberry tree, chips are the best mulching material. And there is no need to dig or loosen anything there in the fall (it is not required during the entire growing season) - you just pour out another dose of chips, sprinkle them with a little manure - that's all.

Slivers when planting fruit trees

Proper preparation of planting holes for fruit trees is one of the important conditions for their healthy growth and good fruiting. Ignoring these conditions often leads to the most dire consequences; trees do not take root well, look skinny, undersized - they show all the signs of weak vital activity, can hardly withstand adverse atmospheric and other phenomena, easily get sick and often suffer from attacks of various harmful insects.

Taking into account the condition of the soil, the depth of the pits should be from 70 cm to 1 m, and therefore a lot of organic matter is required in each pit for the apple tree. Therefore, it is quite possible to put wood waste in the bottom layer, and large ones cannot be used, since then the pit will settle strongly. But it is quite possible to lay wood chips there. In this case, it is better to mix the chips in layers with semi-rotted manure. Of course, such pits need to be prepared in the fall, and seedlings should be planted in the spring.

Svetlana Shlyakhtina,
Yekaterinburg city

How to use autumn leaves in the garden and at home

Leaf humus is an effective means of improving soil structure, an excellent mulch and an acidifier for acidophilic plants. Spread wet fallen leaves on empty soil. The leaves will serve as a natural mulch that prevents weeds from growing, weathering the soil and leaching minerals from it. In the spring, either collect the semi-rotten leaves with a rake, or dig up along with the soil.

Add some fallen leaves (preferably crushed) to the compost heap, especially if you put a lot of green garden and vegetable waste there in the fall. The leaves will serve as a rough material and will balance the green waste in the compost. Use dry leaves as insulating and insulating material for winter shelter roses, hydrangeas and other heat-loving shrubs, as well as plants in pots and containers.

In natural gardens, fallen autumn leaves look beautiful and natural on dirt paths. Just don't harvest them until spring. Leave fallen leaves near the fence and under the trees in the far corners of the garden, especially if your site is located near the forest. Hedgehogs like to settle in dry fallen leaves in order to spend their winter hibernation in warmth and comfort.

To quickly and easily remove leaves from the lawn, in dry weather, walk over it with a lawn mower with the basket removed. The shredded leaves will remain on the grass and soon simply disappear into the soil under the lawn, while improving its quality.

If you use the technology of a loose garden (high beds, containers, boxes, etc.), which greatly facilitates the life of a gardener, then after the end of the harvest, pour a layer of fallen leaves there (it is even better to grind them first). You can mix the leaves with green waste, compost, and other materials that you use to fill tall ridges. The leaves will improve the quality and structure of the soil in the garden.

Mix chopped fallen leaves of deciduous (not evergreen!) Trees with annual weeds. Weeds must be rootless and free of flowers / seeds. Place everything in a plastic bag and set aside for composting. Shake the bag periodically or stir the contents to make it even. When the decomposition period is over, you will be left with fine quality soil for seedlings and indoor plants. Collect the most beautiful leaves and use in autumn decorative compositions, for home decoration, as well as for interesting projects with children.

Sowing care harvesting carrots

Carrot seeds contain essential oils that prevent moisture from penetrating to the embryo and delay seed germination. Therefore, any carrot seeds before planting should be soaked in warm water for 10-12 hours, periodically draining and pouring fresh water, at a temperature of 25 ° C. During this time, the seeds will give off essential oils and swell. Before planting, the seeds must be dried on paper towels so that they dry slightly. Treated and swollen seeds can be planted in the garden. Seeds prepared in this way germinate in 7-10 days, while dry seeds germinate in 18-23 days.

What are the benefits of pallets (or pallets) for arranging a site?

Compared to other building materials needed to create outdoor furniture, beds, flower beds and other elements of garden decor, pallets have a number of advantages:

  1. Pallets remain after the transportation of building materials, that is, you do not need to pay for them.
  2. Pallets are made of wood - a natural material.
  3. Pallets, if necessary, can be easily disassembled into boards and bars.
  4. To create garden furniture or other decorative forms, you need a minimum amount of tools, which, as a rule, will always be at your fingertips.
  5. Pallets are an excellent material for creating all kinds of containers, flower beds, pots, garden furniture and many other shapes.

Create simple pallet beds

The simplest and most unpretentious use of pallets in the garden. In this method of arranging the simplest beds, pallets do not need to be disassembled or changed in their design.

  • We mark the place for future beds, taking into account the size of the pallets
  • Pallets are cleared of construction debris and laid out on a pre-prepared and level area
  • Pallets can be placed both on regular ground and on a hard surface
  • We fill the space inside the pallet to the top with fertile soil
  • We plant seedlings or seeds and water them.

How to make in high beds from pallets + greenhouse

This type of beds is already more difficult to arrange:

  • We need to build a frame for the container. The pallets are split on one side of the center beam and nailed to the frame. The rest of the pallets are used to fill the gaps.
  • The inner part of the formwork is covered with foil or waterproofing.
  • Since the beds are quite deep, we fill the bottom of the box with rubble, stones, broken bricks. Top with fertile soil, organic compost or peat.
  • Now you can plant vegetables.

Create vertical beds from old pallets

Sheathe the pallet with a stapler and spandbond or agrotechnical fabric. We fill the palette with fertile soil. It is necessary to fill the pallet tightly with soil so that, being in an upright position, it does not spill out. Plant plants or seeds (this can be strawberries, flowers, herbs). It is advisable to leave the pallet in a horizontal position until the plants germinate and strengthen the soil with their roots and fill the holes in the pallet. Then feel free to lift the pallet to a vertical position.

Such a bed can be placed against a wall, fence. Some keep such beds in a city apartment on the balcony.

Original pallet railings

If you need a small enclosure to separate your vegetable garden from your garden or yard, you can use the same pallets. And it is not always necessary to disassemble pallets for this. As you can see in the photo, you can freely use whole pallets to create a fence by combining the fence with a small flower bed on a pallet.

Pallet rack

Pallets can be used not only as a fence, but to create a whole rack, turning the demarcation line into a hanging garden. Here you will have to disassemble the pallets, supplementing the structure with bars for reliability. But on the other hand, such a fence will look great against the background of your site.

Strawberry pallet beds

With a little time and effort, the pallet can be turned into an original strawberry container. The photo shows the process of building such a bed. Moreover, strawberries will grow from all sides of the container.

Garden furniture made of pallets

You have no place to store your garden tools - pallets will come to your aid. The photo shows how you can diversify your garden furniture using wooden containers.

Small "vegetable garden" of pallets on a small plot

If there is no room in your yard for a normal vegetable garden, the same pallet will come to your aid. With a little effort, you can build a small compact bed, where you can indulge in gardening or floriculture. Such a bed will look very original, and you can place it in any corner of your yard or plot.

Flowerbeds from wooden containers

Having disassembled the pallets into components, you can easily create original flower beds, which will not only make your site functional, but also add beauty and originality. Come up with original ideas, and the tools at hand will help you realize them to the fullest.

How to use a small suburban area to the maximum?

All novice gardeners and truck farmers need to divide all the land into plots where different crops will be planted. For example, you can make a mini-vegetable garden for cucumbers, tomatoes, and herbs. Separately highlight the area where gardeners want to plant fruit bushes and trees. Such a division is suitable for beginners who know little about gardening, but want to make the most of the entire dacha.

Be sure to read the advice of experienced gardeners on the care of the land. A useful book will help you plant the plants correctly. Therefore, a smart but lazy gardener must study the book "Smart Greenhouse" by Nikolai Kurdyumov. It describes the secrets of preparing soil in the spring, correctly equipping a greenhouse and growing crops. Galina Kizima gives reasonable advice to beginners in her book "Garden and Vegetable Garden for the Lazy". In the publication you can learn from "A" to "Z" how to work in a new or garden, when and how to properly plant plants in a summer cottage. Galina Kizima's books are suitable for studying information about the garden, where everything grows quickly and without special fertilizers and plant processing.

You need to start marking the site after studying all the useful information. Video tutorials and forums will also come in handy in this. On them you can find out where to start planting when weeding weeds. It will be very useful for a lazy gardener to read books by Ivan Ovsinsky. In them, the author talks about how to get the maximum yield without chemicals or constant weeding of the garden.

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Watch the video: How To Use Free Wood Chips For Garden Mulch