Summer food for peonies

 Summer food for peonies

Peonies are flowers that start summer. They bloom in June for a short time, but so magnificently that they always attract the eye and cause delight. However, plants spend a lot of energy on this luxury; it is the gardener's task to make up for them. And to do this is very simple - just make one correct feeding.

Why do you need feeding for peonies in summer

Peonies are so unpretentious that it is enough for them to give only two dressings per season - in spring, during the growth of greenery, and in summer, after flowering. But if in the spring it is enough to apply a simple nitrogen fertilizer, then in the summer the diet of this luxurious flower must be replenished with potassium, phosphorus and trace elements. It is these substances that the plant actively absorbs from the ground during flowering, and after it, thanks to them, it begins to lay flower buds of the next year and prepares for overwintering.

Video: caring for blooming peonies

The importance of different nutrients in the summer feeding of peonies

  • Potassium participates in photosynthesis, promotes the outflow of carbohydrates from the leaves to other organs: during flowering - to the buds, and then - to the roots and replacement buds. As a result, the growth of greenery stops, and generative organs begin to form. With a good potassium diet, the peony easily tolerates summer drought, its winter hardiness increases, as well as immunity to diseases. If the plant lacks potassium, then its leaves begin to die off, drying out from the edges.
  • Phosphorus contributes to the development of the root system. And without a root, as you know, a plant cannot exist. The stronger the root, the more powerful the bush and the more abundant the flowering. This element is involved in photosynthesis and in all life processes. With a deficiency of phosphorus, nutrition is disrupted both from the root and through the leaves, which means that there will not be enough strength to lay many peduncles, the buds will be small and inconspicuous. The first sign of a lack of phosphorus is that the leaves turn purple or red.
  • Trace elements are a whole set of chemicals that peonies need in small amounts. These include: boron, manganese, magnesium, copper, iron, calcium, etc. For plants, they play the same role as vitamins for us: they stimulate growth, increase resistance to adverse conditions and diseases. Due to the lack of trace elements, the leaves curl or become stained, chlorosis develops.

Feeding peonies with mineral fertilizers

The simplest feeding of peonies in the summer is to take 1 tbsp. l. superphosphate and potassium salt (potassium sulfate) and add under the bush. Spread this fertilizer evenly around the circumference of the plant and loosen. If the soil is dry, water it. You can add phosphorus-potassium salts in the form of a solution. To do this, dilute the indicated amount in 10 liters of water. Water at the rate - a bucket of top dressing for one adult peony.

Superphosphate dissolves better in hot water.

However, in this case, the deficiency of trace elements remains. It is difficult to find them separately from macronutrients on sale. Therefore, if you want to provide a balanced diet, instead of simple phosphate-potassium fertilizers, buy a complete mixture for garden flowers. They are sold under the brands: Fertika, Agricola, Flower Paradise, etc. Each is accompanied by its own instructions.

The most optimal way of feeding is to buy a ready-made mixture for garden flowers and water the peonies according to the instructions

Natural feeding

Natural fertilizers include organic matter and wood ash. But in summer, bird droppings, infusions of herbs or mullein are no longer needed by peonies. Organic is the main supplier of nitrogen - the building material of leaves and shoots. And the peony bushes have already grown and are finishing the growing season. This means that only wood ash remains relevant.... Unlike the already mentioned phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, it is rich in trace elements, it contains almost the entire periodic table, except for nitrogen. In summer, it is enough to add only ash under the peonies.

Video: about the benefits of ash for plants

Choose one of the following ash feeding methods:

  • Shake a glass of ash in a bucket of water and pour until the heavy fractions have settled.
  • Scatter a glass of ash under the bush, loosen and pour.
  • Insist a glass of ash for 7 days in 10 liters of water. Pour under the root or strain and pour over the leaves.
  • Pour a glass of ash with 2 liters of water, boil for 20 minutes, strain, bring the volume to 10 liters and water the whole bush, wetting the leaves.

Some gardeners feed peonies with a talker made of stale bread or crackers. Such feeding serves as a source of yeast, which is organic, that is, nitrogen enters the ground with it. In summer, peonies should not be fed with bread, it is better to leave this event until spring.

Summer dressing is needed for peonies for flower buds and good development of the root system. It should include phosphorus, potassium and trace elements. Their source can be a ready-made complex mixture for garden flowers from a store, simple mineral fertilizers or ordinary wood ash.

How to feed phlox for flowering: spring, summer, autumn

You can feed phlox for flowering both in autumn and spring. In addition to the usual mineral complexes, experienced gardeners recommend using organic fertilizing and folk recipes.

  1. What elements are needed and what fertilizers do phloxes like?
  2. Signs that you need feeding phlox in the fall
  3. How to feed phlox flowers
  4. How to organically feed phlox for the winter
  5. Mineral fertilizers for phlox
  6. Folk remedies
  7. How to feed phloxes for abundant flowering: fertilizers and schemes
  8. How to feed phloxes in the fall so that they are large
  9. How to fertilize perennial phloxes in the fall before winter
  10. Top dressing of perennial phlox
  11. How to feed phlox in spring
  12. How to feed phlox in the fall
  13. How to feed phlox before winter
  14. Florist tips
  15. Conclusion

Why feed peonies

Peonies can grow in one place for over 50 years. And since this culture is rarely transplanted, it quickly depletes the soil in which it grows. Because of this, after 3-5 years, the culture begins to grow more slowly, bloom sparsely. So feeding for peonies is an important part of grooming.

The first time after planting, peonies are fed from about the third year of life, provided that the land is well fertilized. Each season, peonies need three to four feeding.

Each season, peonies need three to four feedings.

  • The first feeding is done after winter, when the snow melts. At this time, peonies, first of all, need a lot of nitrogen, but also a little potassium, phosphorus will not hurt.
  • During budding, a second feeding is carried out. Peonies need potassium and phosphorus for abundant flowering. The amount of nitrogen in top dressing is greatly reduced.
  • A few weeks after flowering, a third feeding is done. Potassium and phosphorus are the basis of fertilization at this time.
  • The fourth feeding is always in the fall. During this time, the plant is fed to activate its defense mechanisms.

When to feed hydrangeas in spring and summer: optimal timing and scheme

Many growers fertilize hydrangea according to this scheme (you need to focus on the season and the phase of plant development):

  • First feeding... How to feed hydrangea in early spring. Fertilizers are applied after the snow melts and the plant awakens, after spring pruning. Nitrogen fertilizers (urea, ammonium nitrate or organic matter) are added to the soil. You can add a little phosphorus and potassium (potassium sulfate or potassium sulfate).

Interesting! The first feeding can be skipped, but the second must be done, while adding a little more nitrogen to it. Many growers fertilize hydrangea 1 time in the spring before flowering with a complex of mineral fertilizers with trace elements.

  • Second feeding... The second time feeding is carried out at the beginning of budding. By this time, the plant needs a lot of potassium and phosphorus and a little nitrogen. You can make a fertilizer based on potassium sulfate (potassium sulfate) and superphosphate. Or add nitroammofosk or diammofosk.
  • Third feeding... You can fertilize flowers during flowering with potassium-phosphorus fertilizers with trace elements. It is also necessary to acidify the soil several times.
  • Fourth feeding carried out after flowering - in the fall. It is needed to lay flower buds for the next year, as well as to improve the winter hardiness of plants. A phosphorus-potassium fertilizer is introduced (the best is superphosphate, where there is a lot of phosphorus + add potassium).

Watch the video! Hydrangea Care, how to feed and how to water

List of dressings for raspberries in the summer

Summer feeding is carried out in order to provide the plants with the required amount of nutrients for the full-fledged set of berries, and also so that they grow large and tasty. So, during flowering or at the very beginning of the setting of berries, raspberries need good nutrition, which is fully provided with organic fertilizers.

Signs of a lack of nutrition

Feeding can be carried out according to standard rules, but experienced gardeners are trying to consider, according to the state of the raspberry, signs of a deficiency or excess of one or another element. For example:

  • small and dull leaves indicate a lack of nitrogen
  • an abundance of green mass and shedding of unripe berries - an excess of nitrogen
  • folding and drying of leaves - lack of potassium
  • thin shoots and their weak growth - lack of phosphorus
  • yellowish leaves - lack of magnesium
  • yellow leaves with green veins - lack of iron.

With a lack of nutrients, the leaves become smaller, the shoots become thinner, the color changes

Most of the nutrients needed in raspberries are found in natural fertilizers - cow or horse dung, poultry manure. There is a large selection of both complete fertilizers and useful additives on sale.

Fertilizers for raspberries

During the setting of berries, herbal infusion is suitable (1 kg of weeds is fermented for 2-3 weeks in 10 liters of water) or bird droppings (0.5 liters per bucket, insist for a week). Each bush consumes 1.0–1.5 liters. For remontant varieties, the amount of fertilizers can be increased by 1.5–2 times. Any top dressing is applied after abundant watering of the raspberry tree. In the absence of organic matter, fertilizers similar in effect can be bought in the store. So, the preparations Gumi-Omi, Biohumus, Ideal have a balanced composition. For example, dry Biohumus is simply scattered between raspberry bushes in a dose of 500 g per 1 m 2, slightly mixed with the top layer of soil and watered well.

Purchased vermicompost almost repeats the properties of the best organic fertilizers

Wood ash as a source of potassium and calcium, as well as a small amount of phosphorus and various trace elements is suitable for feeding at any time of the year. You can not insist on it, but simply sprinkle it in a raspberry-tree (a half-liter jar for 1 m 2), with rains and irrigation, the required amount of nutrients will flow to the roots.

Foliar feeding of raspberries with nitrogen fertilizers is also useful: it is necessary at the beginning of summer if the growth of shoots is weak and the leaves are small. In this case, the plants are sprayed with a solution containing 1 tbsp. spoon of urea in 10 liters of water. This top dressing works faster than root dressing.

Any saltpeter can be used, but urea (carbamide) is less toxic to the environment.

At a later date (mid-summer), plants need nitrogen in limited quantities: at this time, nitrogen nutrition leads to the growth of green mass to the detriment of the quality and safety of the crop. Therefore, in the second half of the season, it is better to spray the leaves with solutions of complex mineral fertilizers containing trace elements. There are many compositions that are readily soluble in water. These are, for example, Yagodka, Kristalon, Zdraven, etc. The compositions of the solutions must be given on the packaging of the drug.

So, the drug Zdraven is suitable for both root and foliar feeding. In the latter case, 10 g of fertilizer is dissolved in 10 l of water. Its use leads to an increase in yield, increases the sugar content of berries, the resistance of plants to diseases and vagaries of the weather. As a last resort, in the absence of the listed drugs, you can use the traditional nitroammophos, adding a little potassium humate to it.

The drug Zdraven has complex properties that contribute to both improving the quality of the crop and the growth of bushes.

In recent years, feeding garden crops with yeast has become fashionable. They contain a small amount of minerals, but, once in the soil, as a result of their vital activity, they contribute to the translation of many elements contained in it into a form easily assimilated by plants. They are fed with yeast and raspberries. For this, 10 g of dry yeast and 5 tbsp. tablespoons of sugar are dissolved in a bucket of warm water and insisted for at least 2 hours. Then the solution is diluted 5 times and the raspberry tree is immediately watered, spending about 2 liters of top dressing per adult bush.

Top dressing of raspberries in the summer is needed both for setting berries and for their full growth. The subsequent development of the bushes and their preparation for winter also depend on the availability of nutrients. Any fertilizer is suitable in the raspberry plant: both organic and those that are sold in garden stores.

10 important things to do in the garden in July

1. Harvest your first crop of vegetables. Early ripening varieties of potatoes and white cabbage can already be harvested. And if everything is clear with potatoes, then it is also better not to store early-ripening cabbage for a long time, but to use it as soon as possible, adding to salads and other dishes. It is preferable to harvest in dry weather - so you will have to plan ahead for harvesting.

2. Sow green manure. This is necessary in order for the field to "rest" after cabbage and potatoes, which are more demanding on the nutritional value of the soil. For example, it can be legumes - peas, beans, beans, soybeans, lentils, chickpeas and other types of green manure.

3. Protect your potatoes from the Colorado potato beetle. The "second bread" that is still in the field needs protection from the annual uninvited visitor. Wait for dry weather without wind and spray the plants with biological agents - Fitoverm (dilute 0.4 ml in 10 liters of water, treat with an interval of 20 days 3 times), BioKill (4-8 ml per 10 liters of water, every 20 days) or Bitoxybacillin ... The bushes should be sprayed with a solution of Bitoxibacillin (diluted 40-100 g in 10 liters of water) three times with the following interval: at temperatures above 20 ° C - 6-7 days, at a lower temperature - 8-10 days. You can use other means in the fight against the Colorado potato beetle - both chemical and folk.

4. Treat your garden crops against diseases and pests. In addition to potatoes, cabbage, onions, garlic and other garden plants also need preventive measures. In the fight against adversity, fungicides, insecticides, as well as folk remedies - tobacco, onion husks, wood ash and others will help.

5. Regulate watering. The same advice applies to garden crops. In rainy weather, they are not watered, and when the heat comes, the condition of the soil is assessed. If it is dry and crumbles in the hands, then the plants need watering.

6. Stepson the tomatoes. Do this at the moment when the lateral shoots grow up to 3-5 cm. When breaking off stepchildren, leave "hemp" 2-3 cm: this way new stepchildren will not appear in the same place.

7. Feed your vegetables. At the fruiting stage, they need less nitrogen, much more - phosphorus and potassium. But different garden crops have different needs for nutrients. For example, tomatoes are fertilized in a completely different way than cucumbers in a greenhouse or open field. And plants sometimes do not have enough micronutrient fertilizers in the summer.

8. Observe the microclimate in the greenhouse. In warm summer weather, it is better to keep the door to the greenhouse open until the evening, and if the air temperature at night does not drop below 15 ° C, then the greenhouse is not closed at night either. Things are a little more complicated in the heat. Indoor plants are already hot, and in order to keep them strong and healthy, they need to be protected from high temperatures. For example, place buckets of water inside the greenhouses. There are other ways as well.

9. Loosen the plants in rainy weather. This will help them cope with high soil moisture during lingering rains by providing air to the root system. By gently loosening, you will help the "tops" and "roots" to preserve the harvest.

10. Proceed with conservation. So that in August the entire volume of this season's canning does not immediately fall on you, fill your cellar or basement with blanks gradually. In July, you can already start canning cucumbers, early varieties of tomatoes, as well as some types of assorted.


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