Tansy: useful properties and contraindications, planting and care in the garden, photo

Tansy: useful properties and contraindications, planting and care in the garden, photo

Garden plants

Common tansy (lat.Tanacetum vulgare) is a perennial herb of the family Asteraceae, or Asteraceae, a typical species of the genus Tansy. The people call tansy wild mountain ash, love spell and nine-sided. In the wild, this plant of the forest-steppe and forest zone is found on roads, in fields, shrubs, on forest edges, in dry meadows, in birch forests throughout Europe, as well as in Mongolia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Turkey, Korea and Japan.
Ancient peoples (Persians, Egyptians and Greeks) used tansy to embalm corpses, and got a green dye from its roots. Tansy is food for sheep, marals, deer, marmots and ground squirrels, but in large quantities it can cause poisoning in animals. In some developed countries, tansy is cultivated as an essential oil plant, which is used in the chemical, pharmaceutical and food industries.

Planting and caring for tansy

  • Bloom: in July-September.
  • Landing: in the middle of autumn, but also in late April and early May.
  • Lighting: bright light, partial shade and even shadow.
  • The soil: any.
  • Watering: as needed. In the season with the usual rainfall, you can not irrigate.
  • Top dressing: in early spring and after the end of flowering - with ammonium nitrate and superphosphate at the rate of 10-15 g and 20 g per 1 m² of the plot, respectively.
  • Reproduction: seeds and dividing the bush.
  • Pests and diseases: practically not affected.
  • Properties: is a popular medicinal plant.

Read more about growing tansy below

Botanical description

In height, tansy grass can reach from 50 to 150 cm. It has a long, woody branching and creeping rhizome, numerous straight, faceted and branched stems in the upper part, glabrous or slightly pubescent. Alternate, doubly pinnately dissected, oblong-ovoid leaves consist of 5-12 pairs of pointed, whole-edged or serrate at the edges of the oblong-lanceolate leaves. On the upper side, the leaves are dark green, on the lower side - in glands and dots. Small bisexual tubular yellow flowers of tansy form baskets, which, in turn, are collected in flat, dense apical plates. Tansy blooms in July-September. The fruit of the plant is an elongated pentahedral achene.

Growing tansy

Planting tansy

Tansy is undemanding neither to the composition of the soil, nor to the amount of moisture in it, nor to lighting. Tansy seeds are sown outdoors in late April or early May, although many gardeners prefer to do so in mid-fall. Sowing is carried out according to the scheme 20x40 cm, the seeding depth is 2-3 cm.

Tansy is also propagated vegetatively: in May or August, two- or three-year-old plants are dug up, divided and planted.

Care rules

Tansy requires virtually no maintenance. Water it from time to time, loosen the soil around it, remove weeds in the aisles. In early spring and after the end of flowering, tansy is fed with ammonium nitrate and superphosphate in an amount of 10-15 g and 20 g per 1 m², respectively. Tansy from seeds will bloom only in the second year.

The plant is very resistant to pests and diseases, and if suddenly you find any changes on its leaves, then just cut them off.

Collecting tansy

Medicinal raw materials are mainly flower baskets, which are harvested at the beginning of flowering, from July to September. They are cut off, laid out in a thin layer and dried under a canopy. You can dry tansy in bunches by hanging it from the ceiling in a well-ventilated room. Dried baskets are cleaned of stem remnants and stored in a paper, glass or wooden container for no more than two years.

Keep in mind that brown inflorescences cannot be used for medicinal purposes!

In folk medicine, the leaves and stems of common tansy are sometimes also used.

Types and varieties

What other types of tansy are known in horticulture?

Silver tansy (Tanacetum argenteum)

- an ornamental deciduous garden plant with upright feathery leaves. Sometimes this species is included in the genus Yarrow.

Balsamic tansy (Tanacetum balsamita)

Or canooper, or kalufer - a spicy-aromatic and food plant cultivated practically throughout Eurasia. Sometimes the kalufer belongs to the genus Chrysanthemum.

Shield tansy (Tanacetum corymbosum)

Or Caucasian chamomile - a well-known unpretentious type of tansy, outwardly very similar to a disheveled chamomile.

Dense tansy (Tanacetum densum)

Highly decorative, but unpretentious undersized plant with silvery feathery leaves and loose yellow inflorescences. This species has many varieties and varieties.

Maiden tansy (Tanacetum parthenium)

Or feverfew maiden - a well-known decorative species, a perennial herb that bears fragrant white corymbs.

Kharajan's tansy (Tanacetum haradjanii)

A highly decorative plant native to Syria, forming dense, low dense bushes with gray-silvery foliage and yellow short-petalled daisies.

Large-leaved tansy (Tanacetum macrophyllum)

Widespread species from Turkey and Southeast Europe. It has whitish, dense corymbose inflorescences that resemble yarrow flowers, but the leaves of the tansy are larger, like the whole plant itself.

Sneezing tansy (Tanacetum ptarmiciflorum)

A popular garden plant from the Canary Islands that used to be a member of the Chrysanthemum genus. It is a perennial shrub with leaves and stems velvety from fine pubescence and whitish flowers with an irritating odor. This species has many varieties, differing in the size and color of the leaves.

Properties of tansy - harm and benefit

Beneficial features

The medicinal properties of tansy have been known since time immemorial. It is used in folk medicine, cosmetology and even in cooking. Tansy is also in demand in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries.

At the moment of opening of flowers, baskets of common tansy contain alkaloids, polysaccharides, proteins, glycosides, organic acids, bitter and tannins, vitamins, gallic and tanacetic acids. And the essential oil of tansy, although it contains a poisonous substance, nevertheless has an antimicrobial effect.

Tansy is used for intoxication of the body and inflammatory processes in the kidneys, liver and stomach. Flowers of tansy are included in the composition of choleretic, gastric and renal medicinal charges. Official medicine uses the plant to treat diseases of the bladder, joint aches and low acidity of gastric juice.

Tansy increases blood pressure and stimulates appetite. In folk medicine, it is used for colitis, tuberculosis, hemorrhoids, epilepsy, diabetes, malaria, diarrhea, spasms and worm infections.

Medicinal preparations of tansy are decoction, infusion and powder.

Broth: 2 tablespoons of dried flowers are poured with 500 ml of boiling water, boiled for 10 minutes, covered and infused for an hour. Drink 1/3 or ¼ cup three times daily before meals.

Infusion: Brew 1 teaspoon of tansy flowers with a glass of boiling water and let cool. This infusion is used for compresses, rubdowns, for bruises, gout, dislocations and for baths.

Decoction for enemas for worms: 1 tablespoon of crushed tansy seeds are mixed with two crushed cloves of garlic, boiled for 10 minutes in 2 glasses of milk and used warm.

Contraindications

Tansy preparations are not recommended for pregnant women and children. Exceeding the dosage can lead to poisoning: vomiting, indigestion and convulsions occur. At the first sign of poisoning, you must immediately rinse the stomach and take an adsorbent. People with heart problems, high blood pressure and irregular heartbeats should consult a doctor before taking tansy medications.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the family Asteraceae
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Information about Garden Plants
  6. Information on Perennial Plants
  7. Information about Herbaceous plants
  8. Information about medicinal plants

Sections: Garden plants Perennials Herbaceous Flowering Medicinal Compositae (Asteraceae) Weeds on P


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It is taken orally for diseases of the liver (giardiasis, cholecystitis, hepatitis) and gallbladder, low acidity of gastric juice, inflammatory processes in the small and large intestine, bladder, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, migraine, headache, joint aches, and for malaria, for stimulating appetite, expelling roundworms and pinworms.
Outwardly, plant preparations are used for baths and compresses for sluggish ulcers and wounds, scabies, gout and inflammation of the joints.

Tansy herb infusion: brew 200 ml of boiling water 1 tbsp. l. chopped herbs, leave for 4 hours, drain. Drink 1 tbsp. l. 3-4 times a day for roundworms, pinworms, hypacid gastritis, colitis, hepatitis, cholecystitis, hypotonic illness, nervous excitement, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer with low acidity of gastric juice. Flush festering wounds.
Infusion of tansy seeds: pour 100 ml of water at a temperature of 60 ° C for 3 hours with 5 g of seeds, strain. Use for enemas with pinworms within 7-8 days.
Infusion of tansy flowers: brew 200 ml of boiling water 5 g of flowers, leave for 1 hour, drain. Drink 1 tbsp. l. 4-5 times a day for colitis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer. A stronger infusion (20: 200), take 1 tbsp. l. 3-4 times a day 15 minutes before meals for worms, colitis, hypotonic disease, gastritis.
Tansy herb decoction: brew 200 ml of boiling water 1 tbsp. l. herbs, boil over low heat for 5 minutes, drain. Drink warm, 100 g 3 times a day before meals for colitis, gastritis, hypotonic disease. To wash long not healing wounds, ulcers, make compresses for gout, rheumatism, dislocations, bruises.
Decoction of tansy flowers: dip in 400 ml of boiling milk 20 g of tansy flowers, 2-3 cloves of garlic and simmer over low heat for 5-10 minutes. Strain. Use for enemas for worms.
Powder from tansy seeds take 3 g 2-3 times a day from ascaris.
Powder from tansy flowers take 3 g 2-3 times a day, mixed with honey or sugar syrup, from roundworms and pinworms.


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