Cucumbers are one of the most popular garden crops loved by both adults and children. Such a demand for this vegetable pushes breeders to invent more and more innovative and improved varietal varieties. It is to such an innovation that the Meringue cucumber variety can be confidently attributed. In this article we will talk about the description of the variety of cucumbers and consider the technology of their cultivation.
Characteristics and description of the meringue cucumber variety
Merengue is a hybrid that was bred by Dutch breeders in 2007. This variety, in terms of ripening time, belongs to the early types of cucumbers. The versatility of use allows you to use it both fresh and processed (in the form of pickled or pickled cucumbers in jars). The culture positions itself as suitable for cultivation in all regions of our vast country.
The varietal variety is excellent for cultivation in summer cottages and on an industrial scale. The versatility of growth allows you to grow crops, both in open soil and in greenhouses. The plant does not need pollination, which allows you to grow it in greenhouses without much hassle.
The crop is a tall shrub with average weaving ability. Leaves are medium-sized, rich green color. Fruits of regular cylindrical shape, neat, do not exceed 10-12 cm in size, and weigh no more than 100 grams.
The first crop begins to be harvested 35-40 days after planting the seeds. The crop bears fruit throughout the growing season, but the largest number of ripe crunchy cucumbers is harvested at the beginning of fruiting, which is very convenient for winter harvesting.
The taste is excellent, the lack of bitterness in the fruit is genetically determined.
The yield is quite sufficient. In open soil, collect 2-3 kg. ripe vegetables per square meter. In greenhouses, with proper care, it is possible to achieve yields of up to 10 kg. per square meter.
Variety resistant to common cucumber diseases such as powdery mildew, spotting, mosaic virus... The fruits are not deformed or yellow.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
This type of cucumber has many advantages:
- Decent productivity.
- Drought resistance.
- Immunity to temperature extremes.
- Excellent taste.
- Versatility in use.
- Growing versatility.
- Excellent presentation and transportability.
- Fruit neatness, identity and long shelf life.
- Disease resistance.
- Unpretentious care.
The only drawback of the variety can be attributed to its not very good resistance as such a common disease as peronosporosis, or downy mildew.
Judging by the numerous reviews of gardeners and summer residents, this varietal variety of cucumbers significantly differs in price and quality from different suppliers. If you believe these reviews, then the highest quality seeds are from suppliers from Moscow and Ukraine, respectively, and the price is much more expensive. The quality and price are much lower for suppliers from Rostov, Volgograd and Kazakhstan.
Recommendations for planting seeds
This varietal variety is planted both by seedlings and seeds. The seedling method of planting will simply accelerate the ripening of the fruits somewhat. Regardless of which planting method is used, the soil needs to be loamy with good breathability. To achieve a good harvest, you need to prepare the site in the fall: clear it of weeds, fertilize it with manure and dig it up.
It is strictly forbidden to use chlorine-containing fertilizers for this variety. Saline soil is also unsuitable for plants.
For a good harvest, you need to use exclusively high-quality and prepared seed. It is better to buy ready-made glazed seeds. Such seeds have already been disinfected and treated with growth activators. The germination rate of such seeds is almost 100%.
If you purchased ordinary seeds, then you should prepare them yourself properly. First, the seeds are kept in a solution of potassium permanganate, then they are germinated in moist bags. Already germinated seeds are hardened by taking them out for several days in the cold.
Seeds are planted in extremely warm soil, the temperature of which should be at least 12 degrees. If plants are planted in open soil, the possibility of night frosts must be completely excluded.
With a horizontal growing scheme, no more than two plants are planted per square meter. But this method of growing has proven to be the least effective.
It is best to use vertical cultivation, in which the bush is formed by tying it to supports, mesh, or trellises. This method is less traumatic for the plant and allows you to place 4-5 bushes on one square meter. Seeds are planted in holes, no more than 3 cm deep.
3-4 seeds are planted in each well. If all the seeds sprout, then they must be thinned out. The first shoots appear in 6-7 days.
Any kind of cucumber loves cleanliness. The plant needs timely care, which includes loosening the soil, cleaning weeds, watering and feeding.
Merengue is very fond of various fertilizers. The yield of the crop depends on them. You can feed seedlings throughout the growing season, but with a break of at least 2-3 weeks. Any organic fertilizers are suitable for these purposes.
The variety positions itself as disease resistant, but still this variety can be damaged by a disease such as downy mildew.... If this happens, the culture should be treated with suitable products that are sold in all specialized stores.
You need to harvest the crop every 2-3 days. This is done carefully so as not to damage the ovary.
Meringue cucumbers, with proper care, will provide you with an excellent harvest with excellent fruit taste.
The new self-pollinating hybrid has stable fruiting throughout the entire growing period. Cucumber can be cultivated in greenhouses, greenhouses, open beds.
- Cucumber bush of medium branching, vigorous. Formation is necessary for him. Differs in the female type of flowering.
- Cylindrical zelents have large tubercles and white pubescence. Cucumbers do not change their dark green color, remaining the same throughout the ripening period. Their length is small - about 10 cm, and the weight, respectively, is also 80-100 grams.
- Merengi fruits are distinguished by good taste, there are no signs of bitterness, which other varieties have. Cucumbers are rich in trace elements and vitamins. This hybrid is great for a dietary menu, as one fruit contains no more than 13 calories.
- The breeders have put good immunity to diseases in the cucumber. A medium-open vegetable has bundle ovaries, which looks rather unusual and unusual.
- Fruiting occurs in 1.5 months from the date of disembarkation. The entire period of being on the bush, the fruits do not outgrow, which is very convenient for use.
- Cultivation of a hybrid is possible in any area of the country if the soil has a sufficient oxygen content. The Meringue F1 root system needs oxygen very much.
Some gardeners note that the fruit of the hybrid is a bit similar to the sweet meringue. The same sweetish aftertaste, bright aroma.
The plant is not sick with powdery mildew, mosaic. It has strong resistance to other fungi and viruses. The mistake of many gardeners will be to try to collect seeds of this species: the hybrid does not retain maternal characteristics.
Features of the variety
If you look at the characteristics of this hybrid, you can find out that it belongs to varieties universal type of application... Although, if you believe the reviews of gardeners, "Pasamonte" is inferior in taste to the types intended for salads. But the taste of zelents is perfectly revealed when canning.
The variety is very susceptible to both downy mildew and bacteriosis. But the plant has no tendency to outgrow the fruit (growth automatically slows down when the green stage comes). It has increased resistance to the main diseases inherent in this variety - spotting (brown), cucumber mosaic.
Cucumbers "Pasamonte" are produced by many domestic agricultural firms and are distributed throughout the central part of Russia. The characteristics of the variety may vary depending on the manufacturer.
To get an early harvest, gardeners most often grow Merengue cucumber through seedlings. In order not to damage the root system of the seedling, it must be transplanted carefully and together with an earthen lump. It is recommended to grow seedlings in briquettes or special coconut tablets.
In the open field
To get healthy and strong shrubs, the first step is to prepare the beds. To do this, dig up the ground, remove all debris, stones and roots from previous plants. For the prevention of diseases, the soil is disinfected with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or ash.
Meringue cucumbers respond well to complex fertilizers. Therefore, after planting seedlings, after a couple of days, it is recommended to start using foliar feeding. As the bushes grow, the shoots are tied to a support. This will facilitate harvesting and prevent the development of infection, since many pathogens enter the plant organs from the ground.
It is necessary to collect ripe cucumbers every 5 days, otherwise the fruits will be in vain to take nutrients from the bush, and inhibit the development of new young green plants.
In the greenhouse
The hybrid is successfully grown in greenhouse conditions. You can plant a plant both with seeds and seedlings. The technology is the same as for open ground. In the cold season, seedlings need good lighting and the right temperature conditions so that they do not freeze overnight. The soil should be loose, decontaminated and saturated with nutrients. For seeds, holes are made 2-3 cm deep. 3-4 seeds are planted on 1 m 2. If you suspect that the seeds are of poor quality, it is better to plant 2 seeds in each hole. As soon as the shoots germinate, the weak ones will need to be removed.
For planting seedlings of Meringue cucumber, the indentations should be slightly larger than the glass itself, where the sprout grows. It is necessary to transplant together with an earthen clod. This reduces the possibility of root damage. The crop is watered and waited for the seedlings to adapt to the new location.
Diseases and pests
Table: common diseases varieties and treatment methods
Root rot affects both seedlings and adult plants. The reason for the occurrence is the use of low-quality seeds, watering with cold water, planting in dense soil.
Cleaning of weeds.
Soil cultivation with dry bleach (200 g per 1 sq. M.).
Elimination of sick cucumbers.
White rot develops as a result of increased humidity.
The presence of mucus on the stems, leaves and ovary.
Removal of affected plants.
Soil treatment with a composition of 10 liters of water, 10 g of urea and 2 g of vitriol (1 liter of solution per 10 square meters).
Anthracnose occurs due to high humidity.
The formation of yellow-brown spots on the leaves, the spread of pink bloom throughout the plant. Darkening and shrinking of fruits.
Treatment of a diseased plant with a suspension of bleach 20 days before harvesting (40 g per 10 l of water). If necessary, the solution is applied again after 10 days.
Photo gallery: common diseases
Table: typical pests of the Meringue variety and control methods
Ways to fight
The presence of larvae on the back of the leaves.
Removal of larvae with water.
Planting around the perimeter of the tobacco site.
Treatment of cucumbers with Inta-Vir (1 tablet per 10 liters of water). Plants can be sprayed no more than 3 times.
The presence of mucus and dark droppings on the plant. Traces of eating fruit pulp.
Use of the drug Metaldehyde. In the evening, it is laid out on the site at the rate of 4 g per 1 sq. M. The drug should not be used more than 2 times.
The presence of many underground passages.
Placement of bottles filled with sweet syrup as a trap on a bed.
The presence of a small cobweb on the plant.
Planting dill near cucumbers, which attracts ladybirds. These insects destroy spider mites.
Spraying cucumbers with an infusion of 200 g of onion or garlic husks and 10 liters of water. Processing is carried out 4-5 times during the season.
Falling leaves, wilting flowers, decreased yield.
Destruction of weeds in the garden.
Spraying the culture with a solution of 50 g of crushed soap, 200 g of ash and 10 liters of water.
Photo gallery: common parasites
Svetlana K, 37 years old
This summer, for the first time, Babushkin's secret planted cucumbers. Cucumbers grow in clusters. To make it convenient to collect, it is better to tie it up in time. All cucumbers are smooth and neat, no curved or crooked. In general, the harvest of this variety was very pleased, very tasty. I plan to plant them again next summer.
Ivan S, 46 years old
I bought seedlings of cucumbers Grandmother's secret F1 for my summer cottage. Of the 4 bushes, one died after night frosts, the rest survived. In the open field, the harvest was not great. They picked cucumbers about 12 cm each. Perfect for preservation. Fresh ones are stored in the refrigerator for a long time.
Olga U, 59 years old
I was very interested in the cucumber variety Babushkin's secret. Cucumbers grow in bunches, a large crop was harvested for a balcony plant, despite the fact that growing on the balcony was not indicated in the instructions. He showed himself not bad, the whips were watched and the harvest was harvested. For a balcony plant, it fit perfectly, with a formed shoot it gives a good harvest. I will take more.
Due to its high yield and resistance to adverse weather factors, the variety is suitable for both summer residents and large farms that grow vegetables for sale to the population. In regions with short summers, this variety becomes especially valuable, as it gives a large yield in a short period.
Rules for caring for cucumbers Harmonist
The Harmonist variety is very demanding on moisture. It is carried out twice a week, and in hot weather - every other day. The water should be warm and settled.
During the season, they are fed several times:
- In the flowering phase - infusion of chicken manure, diluted in a ratio of 1:20.
- During fruiting - liquid manure (1:20).
- To increase yields - ammonium nitrate (15 g) and double superphosphate (20 g).
For uniform illumination of cucumbers, they are periodically tied to a trellis. So that the bushes do not thicken, they carry out pinching - 2-3 side shoots are removed. At a height of 1.5 m, the tops of the plants are pinched.
Cucumbers of the Harmonist variety are watered in the evening, and in the morning they loosen the soil, remove weeds, mulch the soil surface