Cochia

Cochia

The ornamental deciduous plant Kokhia is part of the Marevye family. It is widely cultivated in almost every corner of the planet Earth. Kohia is also popularly called bassia, annual cypress, prutnyak, summer cyprus, izen and broom grass.

Cochia is a dense, slender and low bush that can decorate any garden plot with its unusual appearance. It is used to decorate borders, fences and flower beds. And the fact that this plant is distinguished by its unpretentiousness and undemanding care makes it even more popular among gardeners.

Features of kochia

Cochia is an ornamental deciduous plant that is cultivated as an annual or perennial. Her crown is fast growing. The genus is represented by both shrubs and herbaceous plants. Already in the first days of June, the kochia bushes become as decorative as possible and remain so until the first frost. The average height of the bushes is about 0.6-0.8 m. They include a large number of thin stems that branch strongly along the entire length. At the base of the bush there is a lignified erect stem.

Many of those who saw the kohija for the first time in their lives believe that it is a coniferous plant. This is due to the fact that the leaf plates of such a plant are very narrow and outwardly similar to needles. The top of the stems and leaves are soft and pleasant to the touch. There is a short pubescence on the surface of the leaf blades. While the bush is young, its foliage is painted in a pale green color, but after a few months it changes to crimson or pink.

Such decorative shrubs not only have attractive foliage, they also bloom. However, the flowers are very small, so they are not particularly decorative. They grow from the axils of the apical leaf plates and are part of the panicles. If pollination occurs, then fruits will form on the bush, which are very small nuts. Each fruit contains one seed that remains viable for 2 years.

How to grow kochia from seeds? / kohija cultivation

Growing from seeds

Cochia can be easily grown from seeds both through seedlings and by sowing them directly into open ground. Sowing seeds for seedlings is carried out from the last days of March to the end of April. To do this, not very tall small boxes need to be filled with a substrate consisting of sand and garden soil. Experts advise, be sure to disinfect the soil mixture by calcining.

To begin with, moisten the surface of the soil mixture in a box from a spray bottle, and then proceed to sowing, and you should try to distribute the seeds evenly. They are not buried or sprinkled with soil mixture from above, but only slightly pressed into the substrate, using a flat board for this. Transfer crops to a lighted place, and the optimum air temperature should be between 18-20 degrees.

After the seedlings appear, they are rearranged to a cooler place (about 10 degrees). When 3 true leaf plates are formed on the bushes, they should be cut into small containers. In a pot that reaches 10 centimeters in diameter, you can plant 3 seedlings at once. In the last days of May, after the end of spring frosts, seedlings are transplanted into open ground, while they should have a height of about 10-15 centimeters. Such a plant needs space, in this regard, when planting seedlings in open ground, a distance of 0.3 meters is left between them.

Cochia can be sown directly into the garden. As a rule, this is done in the southern regions, where the climate is mild, and the period from mid to late May is best for this. Some gardeners prefer to sow kochia before winter in the fall, in which case the seedlings will appear immediately after the snow melts. If in your garden there are favorable conditions for the growth of such a shrub, then abundant self-seeding is not excluded. The seeds of such a plant do not die from not very large frosts, but they will be detrimental to seedlings.

Before starting sowing, dig up the soil, while adding a little sand and peat to it. Level the surface of the soil and distribute small seeds evenly on it. After that, the crops must be watered carefully. The first seedlings should appear after 10-12 days.

COHIA SEEDING SEEDS SROPPING REVIEW SEASON 2019

Outdoor Cochia Care

Caring for a kochia is very simple. It is distinguished by its unpretentiousness and is very tenacious. But this is only if you choose the most suitable place for growing it.

Illumination

In nature, kohija prefers to grow in desert as well as rocky areas. Therefore, sunny areas are best for her in the garden. However, you can also plant it in a little shade, but in this case the bushes will be elongated and looser.

Priming

Choose an area where the soil is water and air permeable (well drained). The ground should also be slightly acidic or neutral. During the season, do not forget to loosen the soil several times and remove weeds from it in a timely manner. Low-lying areas that are flooded by rain or melt water cannot be used to grow this plant. Also, kochia is not suitable for growing in a pot, as its root system needs space. If you nevertheless decide to plant a bush in a pot, then remember that when the root system becomes cramped in the container, the growth of the crown will stop and the plant will bloom. The same problem can arise if the plantings of kochia are very thickened, that is, the bushes are planted too close to each other.

Watering

This plant is resistant to drought, in this regard, it can not be watered at all, since it will have enough natural precipitation. However, during a prolonged drought, the foliage of the bushes may begin to fall, in this case it is better to water them.

Top dressing

In order for the kochia to grow intensively and be as effective as possible, it should be systematically fed. The first time this is done half a month after landing in open ground. Further feeding is carried out once a month. For this, you can use both organic and mineral fertilizers. After pruning, the bushes are additionally fed, this speeds up their recovery.

Pruning

Such a shrub has a very dense crown, which is also uniform. That is why the bush can be given almost any shape. For example, the crown can be shaped into a geometric figure, and if there is a desire, then a complex garden sculpture can be made from a bush. The stems are characterized by rapid growth, in this regard, pruning can be carried out quite often (1 or 2 times in 4 weeks).

Diseases and pests

This plant is highly resistant to both pests and diseases. However, with prolonged stagnation of moisture in the roots, they can rot. Most often, cochia is harmed by a spider mite. As soon as there is a suspicion of the presence of a pest, immediately treat the bush with an insecticidal solution.

Cochia in landscape design

Kohia is widely used in landscape design. For example, lonely bushes are planted on the front flowerbed and give them an intricate shape. You can plant several bushes at once and make up a whole ensemble of them. You can also plant cochias with different shades of leaves next to it, which will also look quite impressive. Low-growing varieties are used to decorate garden paths or lawns.

This shrub is very often grown in rock gardens, rockeries, as well as near fountains and against the background of large stones. From tall varieties, hedges are created, and they are also used to decorate outbuildings.

Varieties with emerald foliage make the perfect backdrop for brightly flowering plants. Sometimes kohija is planted in a group, creating the effect of a vase, while tall, spectacularly flowering plants are grown inside it. It is recommended to grow varieties with purple or crimson leaves in the middle of the lawn.

Beneficial features

Kochia has medicinal properties and is also used as a forage crop. In alternative medicine, alcoholic tinctures and decoctions are prepared from seeds and young stems, which are distinguished by a diuretic, stimulating, antimicrobial, diaphoretic, laxative and cardiotonic effect.

Means prepared on the basis of such a plant are used in the treatment of erysipelas, eczema or gonorrhea. And in oriental medicine, kohija is used to prepare a cream that can strengthen both the skin and the nail plates.

After cutting the bushes, the young stems can be fed to livestock. Kohija is used to grow silkworms on specialized farms. There are countries where young leaves of this plant are used in the preparation of first courses. And you can also get soda from such a shrub.

Types and varieties of kohija with photos and names

The genus Kokhia unites about 80 species. In mid-latitudes, only a few of them are cultivated in gardens:

Cochia corona

The short bush has a spherical shape, it is distinguished by its unpretentiousness and resistance to drought. In autumn, the color of the foliage changes to burgundy red. This species is not afraid of even small frosts. In this regard, it is able to maintain its decorative effect until late autumn.

Hairy cochia

In this species, the bushes are slender and have an elongated shape, they reach a meter in height, and in width - from 0.5 to 0.7 meters. The leaf plates are narrow, and there is pubescence on their surface. They are painted in a greenish color, which changes to burgundy in autumn. Such kochia prefers well-lit areas and grows normally in depleted soil.

Kohia Childs

The height of such a compact spherical plant is about half a meter. The branching stems are covered with lush greenish foliage. Its color remains unchanged throughout the year.

Breeders, using these three species for their work, were able to obtain several varieties of kochia, which are highly decorative:

Sultan

The height of a slender bush varies from 0.7 to 1 meter. At the beginning of the season, the foliage is painted in an emerald hue, and at the end - in burgundy. The plant tolerates pruning normally.

Acapulco Silver

The bushes have a spherical shape, and are decorated with green leaf plates, the edge of which is silvery. In autumn, they change their color to crimson.

Nephritis

This variety is distinguished by its rapid growth, and the bush reaches a height of about 100 cm. It is often used to form green sculptures.

Flame

The crown has a columnar shape, the bush itself can reach a height of 0.8 to 1 meter. Green foliage in the autumn is painted in a crimson hue. The plant is able to withstand slight frosts.

Shilzy

The bushes are dense, one meter in height, and in diameter they reach about 0.6 m. Green foliage in the summer begins to change its color to purple-red.


We study the rules of planting lobularia and caring for flowers in the open field

Planting a lobularia and caring for a plant in the open field is an easy task. It is a vibrant, showy annual plant that is grown as a groundcover. It belongs to the Cruciferous family and is common in the Mediterranean. Lobularia Maritima (Lobularia Maritima) is used as an ornamental plant in temperate climates.

Black cohosh varieties - a godsend for the gardener

In total, there are about 15 types of decorative culture. However, only a few varieties are used in landscape design.

Among them, the following are especially popular:

  1. Racemose or branched. The average height is 120-180 cm. Bush diameter: 60-120 cm. Large foliage takes on a rich dark green hue. Inflorescences (50 cm) have a soft creamy tone with a white tint.
  2. Mountain wave. A characteristic feature of the variety is the bronze-purple leaves. They give the flower garden a special charm. It reaches 180 cm in height and 60 cm in width.
  3. Hearty (White Pearl). In landscape design, black cohosh looks original thanks to the unique shape of the leaves that resemble a heart. Beige inflorescences (30 cm) rise above the light green foliage.
  4. Brunet. A compact bush of lilac-purple foliage creates a luxurious tandem with lilac flower stalks. This beauty pleases the gardener's eye until October.
  5. Plain. A low-growing variety of cimicifuga grows up to 100 cm. White flowers are collected in dense panicles and beautifully planted on flower stalks. However, with excess moisture, rainy summer, the culture may not bloom.

Black cohosh reaches 90-150 cm in height. Grayish-beige flowers appear in the middle of summer and delight with their appearance for only one month.

Bonus plus

For direct baiting of bedbugs, a variety of stinking cimicifuga is used. A strong and persistent odor repels pests. Nevertheless, paniculate inflorescences of a lemon shade give the backyard a certain mystery.

In landscape design, popular varieties of black cohosh are often used, such as:

  • Black Neglige
  • Atropurpurea
  • Pink Spike
  • Cordifolia
  • Ramos (branched)
  • Carbonella
  • Chokaholic
  • Hillside Black Beauty.

Variety Pink Spike cannot be transplanted and propagated by dividing the bush. Moreover, at the first frost, the plant is cut flush with the ground.

The most unpretentious variety, but with original decorative properties, is Black Neglige. Its compactness, carved brownish-brown leaves and snow-white flower stalks look amazing on a flower bed. At the same time, Carbonella is highly frost-resistant, as it can withstand temperatures as low as -29˚С.

Planting and caring for black cohosh in the open field takes place according to these principles. Yet a lot depends on the individual characteristics of the personal plot, as well as the weather conditions of the region. Therefore, the cultivation of culture is often called a creative process, because here you cannot do without creativity and observation.


Watch the video: Cochia é Doqia