What comes to your mind when you hear the name Florida? There are several types of palm trees in Florida, which grow throughout the state. The state has a warm tropical climate, making it one of the most ideal places in the world to grow palm trees. Florida has many tall and majestic palm trees and they usually grow along the roads, near beaches, and in parks. You will also find some dwarf and small palm trees in Florida, which can make fantastic residential garden landscapes.
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Overgrown 25 Year Old Pineapple Palm Tree in FloridaContent:
- What Is the Fruit of a Palm Tree?
- Florida Palm Trees
- 25 Different Types Of Palm Trees With Pictures For Easy Identification
- Types of Palm Trees with Identification Guide (Pictures and Names)
- 34+ Types Of Palm Trees In Florida
- Florida Plants and Trees
What Is the Fruit of a Palm Tree?
Although there are already several articles on coconuts and dates, this is a general overview of palms as a source of edible fruits. Surprisingly there are a lot of palms commonly harvested for their fruits, and some are hugely important to both local populations and economically throughout the world. And many are delicious! At first you may have to rack your brain a bit to think what sort of fruits come from palms.
You might be surprised how many do, and some of these fruits are among some of the most important fruits from an economic as well as health point of view. Coconut is the first fruit that probably comes to mind, and date fruits might be the next. Both of these are important in the world economies.
But one you may not have known was a palm fruit is the Acai berry. There are dozens more, most which are tropical in origin, but a few which can be grown and enjoyed even in marginal warm temperate climates such as found in parts of California, Florida, Texas, Arizona and a few of the southeastern states.
If you want to be absolutely accurate, almost all palm fruits are edible, though I would not really recommend eating most of them. Some are toxic however, and have high levels of oxalates in them so these are palm fruits that definitely should be avoided see article on Dangerous Palms.
I have tried numerous palm fruits myself and have been disappointed most of the time. However our local squirrels seem to like them regardless and palm fruits are a large part of many Fox Squirrel diets in Southern California. The actual fruit parts of these palms is just the fibrous, mostly inedible seed coating surrounding the nut or seed. There are already several articles in Davesgarden about coconuts and dates. Both have recently been increasing in popularity due to health benefit claims of these fruits and their byproducts.
In particular, coconut water has really become a popular item, at least here in Southern California, and dozens of brands of this product seem to have magically popped up overnight. Coconut palms in Hawaii left ; right photo shows ripe coconuts left and unripe right - photo Thaumaturgist. Coconut cut up open showing fibrous, inedible fruit layer around the actual seed nut inside photo htop. Entire shelf of coconut water options at grocers left ; one of many other food products from Coconuts right.
Get organic coconut water here. Date palms in Cochella Valley, southern California left ; Date palms in landscaping full of ripening fruit right. Dates on tree unripe still. But few palm fruits can top the Acai berry for health claims. This fruit comes from a South American tree in the Euterpe family Euterpe oleracea aka Acai Palm , a clumping, tropically fastidious palm that is also an attractive landscape plant as well as an economically important source for palm heart see this article for more reading.
Many people have been asking me over the last few years how they can grow this palm in their greenhouses or back yards. Unfortunately it is a nearly impossible palm to grow outside the tropics with only the southern-most tip of Florida and Hawaii having climates in the US that can support this palm. And it is a very tall palm over thirty feet , so growing it in a greenhouse unless you have a really tall one is not practical.
And it does not tend to fruit well until it reaches maturity. Acai fruit left ; very similar in appearance, Mountain Acai Euterpe precatoria fruit in tree- right photo. As you can see from the article below, Acai berries if you believe everything you read are truly a magical fruit, curing aging, diabetes, dementia, bad skin, etc.
The antioxidant and fatty acid components alone can supposedly help cured dozens of common maladies. And the palm fruit business is making a fortune off these claims. I am not able to determine what is actually true, though some of the weight loss claims have been found to be fraudulent and there have been big lawsuits over this already.
Just Google acai fruit and you will see what I mean. The link below is to one of the better articles on Acai and it has some nice photos of Acai berries as I do not have any. Below you can see some Euterpe precatoria aka the Forest Acai Palm fruits which supposedly have even a higher antioxidant concentration than Euterpe oleracea fruits and look nearly identical. Get acai powder here. Above are just a few of the dozens and dozens of Acai products one can find in grocers today.
For more reading on Acai, clickon this link. One of the tastiest of all the palm fruits comes from the Peach Palm Bactris gaisepes , which makes a juicy, red fruit that reportedly tastes a bit like peaches. Most Bactris are intensely spiny palms, but a spineless form of this species has been selected for in cultivation making harvesting of this fruit much more practical. This is another fairly fastidiously tropical species. It too is a good source of palm heart like the Acai palm.
Peach palms Bactris gaisepes left photo: Right is close up of fruit in tree. Both these photos are of the cultivated non-spiny form of this species. Elaeis guineensis and its South American relative, Elaeis oliefera are known commonly as Oil Palms and are among the most economically important of all the world's palms.
The African Oil palm is the primary source of palm oil throughout the world, and it is harvested from both the fruit and the seeds. Technically palm oil is obtained from the fruit of these palms while palm kernel oil, the far more important economic product, is obtained from the seed of these palms.
This kernel oil is very high in saturated fats and has been villanized as being the cause for all sorts of ailments from high cholesterol to coronary artery disease. It is one of the most common vegetable oils in processed foods. On the other hand, palm oil from the fruit of these palms is considered one of the more healthful oils, full of vitamin E fractions and other antioxidants as well.
Many local parrots live in part of this fruit and the oils within and maintain an excellent health because of it. The palms themselves are large, solitary majestic species definitely worthy of growing as landscape palms, even if they are a source of such dietary evil. Another palm that has received its share of negative attention is the Betel Nut Palm Arecea catechu , a very commonly grown and moderately ornamental palm through many Asian countries.
Betel Nut is a mildly hallucinogenic fruit that is usually chewed to effect, somewhat as one would do with chewing tobacco. It has also been associated with increased incidences of oral cancer, asthma exacerbation, hypertension, psychoses and type two diabetes. Additionally the discoloration it creates to ones mouth and gums is unsightly, as is the constant spitting chewers have to do to get rid of the large quantities of saliva the fruit stimulates.
Many other species of Areca have been chewed as well, though most are far less common in cultivation. Betel Nuts wrapped in leaves ready for chewing left ; person chewing Betel Nut right ; both photos from Wikipedia. Another tropical palm sometimes grown for its edible and quite tasty fruit is the Snake Palm Salacca zalacca. This is an intensely spiny palm and sadly not terribly ornamental, so few grow this as a garden palm hence I have not seen too many , but it is somewhat economically important in some Asian countries as a food item.
It is called the Snake Palm due to the fruit's snake-like scaly skin. The edible part is a large white, succulent but somewhat astringent fruit. On a trip to Thailand I had the opportunity to eat this fruit and it was actually pretty good. Salacca zalacca in cultivation Hawaii left or above ; fruit with seed coat, then without, and then seed itself right, or lower, photo from Wikipedia.
Locally, for me, there is a species of palm Butia capitata , or perhaps B. This fruit is particularly good for making jam and jellies hence the name , but eating it right off the tree or usually off the ground as it tends to fruit best once the fruit is just out of reach is fine with me.
There is a huge variation in the amount and sweetness of the fruit from tree to tree, so if you try it once and don't find it particularly appealing, try another tree's fruits just to make sure. Other Butia species have similar tasty fruits but are far less common in cultivation. Butia fruit on ground under tree left ; Making Butia Jelly right photo by Happenstance.
Click on this link for a recipe for Butia Jelly. Another local palm tree that has several edible attributes is the Chilean Wine Palm Jubaea chilensis , one of the hardiest of all the world's palm trees and perhaps the second most hardy of all the pinnate palms Butia being the hardiest. Again, as in the Coconut, it is actually the seed that is the edible part of this palm, with the fruit being fairly bland and dry I have tried it many times since it looks like a giant Butia fruit Even the popular hybrid, Butia x Jubaea, does not make a good edible fruit.
However, the seed difficult to eat in my opinion is very similar in flavor to the coconut. The seeds are extremely hard and quite small relative to a coconut seed at least and, to me, hardly worth the effort. This palm has traditionally been grown for its sap from which wine can be made Jubaea fruit on ground left ; Butia often hybrdizes with Jubaea and this fruit actually is moderately edible left and looks just like Jubaea fruit.
Though not currently known for its edible fruits, the Saw Palmetto Palm Serenoa repens was historically a source of food for native Indians in Florida where it is a native species. Today it is much better known as the source of a prostate medication found in the fruit that helps shrink overgrown prostates as well as relax uptight urethras. Saw Palmetto fruits unripe left and ripe right. Right photo by Floridian. Several other cold hardy species have reportedly tasty fruits, notably the Guadalupe Palm Brahea edulis and the common California Fan Palm Washingtonia filifera.
I have to admit to not trying either of these, but have heard the former is rather good, particular for cooking. Washingtonia fruits are extremely small and there is barely any fruit surrounding the tiny, beebee sized seeds which are hard as a rock , so one has to be careful when eating these fruits or you could lose a filling. Brahea edulis fruit ripening in tree. Washingtonia filifera in Southern California. Washingtonia filifera fruit on tree, and closer with seed exposed right ; both photos Xenomorf.
Other species noted for their edible fruit around the world though primarily eaten by locals include several species of Acrocomia, Actinorhytis, Allagoptera, Astrocaryum, Attalea, Bactris, Borassus, Calamus, Carpoxylon, Chamaerops, Clinostigma, Copernicia, Cryosophila, Daemonorops, Dypsis many species , Gulubia, Hyphaene, Jubaeaopsis, Latania, Loxococcos, Nypa, Oenocarpus, Parajubaea, many species of Phoenix aside from dactylifera though I have not found these all that great , Pinanga, Ptychococcus, Sabal and Syagrus many.
When you purchase through links on our site, we may earn commissions at no cost to you. Read articles about: Palms And Cycads , Tropicals.
Veterinarian and Exotic Plant Lover I love these little plants at least mine are little. In Bulgaria the beetle destroys the flowers Our first sighting Feb. About Geoff Stein. More articles by Geoff Stein. Popular Gardening Topics.
Florida Palm Trees
Palm tree fruit comes from fan palm species indigenous to the Southwestern U. Desert fan pan is, in fact, America's largest native palm variety and has served as a dietary mainstay and material resource for specific American Indian populations, like the Cahuilla of the inland regions of Southern California. Certain types of fan palms are immediately recognizable by their wide trunks that are usually petticoat-covered with large dried palm leaves. They also have long clustered strands of dark blue fruit that grow prolifically between the early spring and fall seasons.
If you want to plant new ornamental trees or replace ornamental trees you are P - In a landscape environment, 3 palms must be planted in a cluster to.
25 Different Types Of Palm Trees With Pictures For Easy Identification
It is very popular in southern Florida for use by landscaping professionals, but you may find this tree under several other names. Its most common name is the Manila Palm, based on the fact that the palm is native to the Philippines. It also resembles the shape of the Royal Palm, although much smaller, earning it the name Dwarf Royal Palm. Palmco offers the Adonidia Palm and over 20 other types of wholesale palm trees for delivery throughout the United States to liscenced and permitted jobsites. Palm trees and bamboo make a great addition to any professional landscaping project. We have the knowledge and experience to deliver healthy and vibrant plants that will compliment your next landscaping project. During the summer, this palm will grow light green flowers that turn into a creamy-colored blossom.
By Gary Wade, Ph. Our native landscape is the inspiration for this guide to native plants for Georgia gardens. We would like to acknowledge the following University of Georgia faculty who wrote the original manuscript for this publication: Mel Garber, E. Neal Weatherly Jr.
We've determined you're in Growing Zone.
Types of Palm Trees with Identification Guide (Pictures and Names)
Although there are already several articles on coconuts and dates, this is a general overview of palms as a source of edible fruits. Surprisingly there are a lot of palms commonly harvested for their fruits, and some are hugely important to both local populations and economically throughout the world. And many are delicious! At first you may have to rack your brain a bit to think what sort of fruits come from palms. You might be surprised how many do, and some of these fruits are among some of the most important fruits from an economic as well as health point of view. Coconut is the first fruit that probably comes to mind, and date fruits might be the next.
34+ Types Of Palm Trees In Florida
Late spring is the ideal time to plant palm trees in the North Florida landscape. May to June are also great months to remove and replace palm trees that are sick or severely winter-damaged. When you plan your new palm tree installations, be mindful of site preparation, the suitability of the palms you select, and the maintenance involved in various palm species. Here are four tips to help you have great success with your palm trees. Consider Your Ideal Palm Plantings. Do you want to grow short palm plants to highlight your flower beds? Or do you want lofty palms towering over your upper-story balconies? Palm plants and trees come in sizes from compact potted varieties to epic swaying trees that reach 80 feet in height.
You would find a dozen palm tree species in Florida alone. Each palm species is distinguishable in terms of height, leaves, trunks, and growth.
Florida Plants and Trees
Phoenix dactylifera is a palm with a long and interesting history. Its origin goes back to ancient times, well before written history. It is a member of the genus Phoenix, which contains about one dozen species of palms.RELATED VIDEO: Ten minutes Palm Searching in South Florida.
If you want to plant new ornamental trees or replace ornamental trees you are removing, view the list of the approved species you can plant in Hillsborough County. If you have Natural Resource questions that are not answered here, submit a Natural Resources Inquiry or call the Natural Resource Unit atNatural Resources. Construction Fraud. Contractor Licensing.
Apple trees produce apples, cherry trees produce cherries and palm trees produce
Here are photos and descriptions to help you identify plants, shrubs, grasses, mosses, and trees in Florida. Just a few inches of elevation change affects the habitats that surround you, as does the way that water flows across the landscape. Nowhere else in the continental United States can you find mangrove trees. Black mangroves have shiny leaves and dark round seed cases. Their most distinguishing feature is their pnuemataphores, finger-like protrusions around the tree like slender, miniature cypress knees. Buttonwood grows upland, on the land side of the mangrove community, tolerant of rooting in loose sand, rock, and dried marl.
The Coconut Palm is not a native species in Florida but is something that everyone likes to see. It also is one of the most attractive and most valuable of the species. Its wood is pressed to extract oils for dyes and finishes and it is a key component in parquet flooring and furniture.