Become a better gardener! Discover our new Almanac Garden Planner features forHowever, if you are growing mums, they are hardy perennial plants best planted in the early spring. Discover how to plant, grow, and care for these colorful members of the daisy family!
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: How to grow and care creeping daisy - Chrysanthemum Paludosum (Urdu/Hindi)Content:
- Chrysanthemums: How to grow and care for this autumnal flower
- How to Grow the Most Gorgeous Chrysanthemums This Fall
- Chrysanthemum (Pot Mum / Florist's Mum)
- Hardy Chrysanthemum Care
- How to Care for Mums to Ensure Gorgeous Blooms
- How to Grow and Care for African Daisy
- Beginner's Guide to Mums
Chrysanthemums: How to grow and care for this autumnal flower
ASCFG web site Begin shopping! All of our large, exhibition style varieties are as easy to grow as any ordinary. Chrysanthemums are sun lovers, and can be grown in pots or in the ground, in a location which receives at least a half a day of sun. In colder areas where the bloom season may be shortened by cold weather, potted mums should be moved to a protected area.
In cold locations, chrysanthemums growing in the ground can be potted up in September and moved into a sheltered area. They suffer little setback with this procedure, and you can have beautiful blooms through Thanksgiving!
If you live in a hard freeze zone, choose varieties with earlier bloom dates. With just a few provisions, our customers have enjoyed beautiful fall chrysanthemums in climates as diverse as Arizona and Michigan! Growing Instructions. Best Planting Time: The largest flowered types should be planted as soon as weather and soil conditions permit. Small flowered types can be planted as late as July. Soil Preparation: Chrysanthemums will grow in almost any soil type.
But, the addition of humis materials such as manure, compost, leaf mold, or peat moss is very beneficial. Superphosphate at the rate of 3 lbs. Planting: Shallow planting, no deeper that the plant was in its rooting mixture. Initial planting should be into small pots until established and growing well.
Space 15 inches apart in all directions. Good drainage is most important. Cutting Back: If your plants are more than 10" tall on July 1st, we recommend cutting back to 4" or 6", leaving some good green foliage or growth below the cut.
The result will be shorter plants and better foliage at bloom time. On large flowered cultivars, select the most vigorous growth that results after the cut and make no further stops or pinches. Pinching: When growth resumes after cutting back, removal of the very tip growing portion of the stem will promote more branching and flowers, and in some cases help determine bloom date.
Large flowered types should not be. Lateral Removal: Large flowered types will only achieve their full potential of size and form if growth is restricted to several stems, three being an average.
All side laterals or branches must be removed as they occur. Remove them when they are short and soft so they do not rob the stem and developing buds of potential growth. Disbudding: Large flowered types will only reach their maximum size if flower buds are restricted one to a stem. For best results, remove all but the largest center bud in a terminal bud cluster when bud clusters are still very small. Terminal bud clusters will contain from 3 to as many as 5 buds. Crown buds. Fertilizers: The regular use of a high Nitrogen and Potassium fertilizer will greatly increase flower size and numbers, We recommend incorporating a slow release fertilizer such as Osmocote at planting time plus a weekly feeding of a high analysis liquid fertilizer such as Rapid Grow, after August 1st and until flower buds show color.
Change to a fertilizer, or no fertilizer, after this date. Insects and Disease: Careful monitoring of your insect population is. Chrysanthemum Classification System: We use the National Chrysanthemum Society's classification system for our plants.
Each plant on the website has a date range for when the plants can be expected to bloom. After this there is a number, letter and the height range. The number and letter designate the flower class and flower size. These cultivars prefer a long, cool growing season and may require protection from frost or freeze. In regions with warm growing seasons these cultivars seldom reach their maximum size and may develop open centers. They should be grown as disbuds.
A - Large blooms reaching 6 to 8 inches in size. These cultivars should be grown as disbuds. B - Medium sized blooms reaching 4 - 6 inches. These cultivars can be grown as disbuds or sprays. Classes 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12 cascades, garden and gnome types should be grown as sprays unless designated as size A bloom. C - Small blooms reaching 1 - 4 inches. These cultivars should always be grown as sprays. They can often be trained into other forms such as, trees, cascades, baskets and bonsai or grown as potted plants.
Please note that the size designations are not consistent between classes because of the wide differences in the flower sizes for different classes of Chrysanthemums. For example: a 4" Class 1 - Irregular Incurve is a size B flower size designation where a 4" Class 8 - Anemone is a size A flower size designation. Please note that the height is the maximum potential for the plants and can be controlled or manipulated by pinching or cutting back the plants.
Grower skill and the weather in your region can also greatly affect the height of the plants. Chrysanthemum Cascade Culture. Overview: No, chrysanthemums do not naturally grow in the cascade style.
They will require your devoted attention through a rather long growing season. However, the thrill and joy of a splash of jubilant color tumbling over a patio wall or cascading down the edge of the front steps, will more than repay you for all your efforts.
The cascade cultivars differ from most chrysanthemums in possessing rapid growth response and limber stems which are free branching with a multitude of small blooms. Blooms are typically single daisy or anemone types, although there are spooned and decorative types also. Selection of Cultivar: Some of the recommended cascade cultivars are: the Fleece's bronze and pink anemones , Gum Drop white and yellow anemone , Klamath Falls yellow anemone , Kurume deep red anemone , Seizan yellow anemone , Sozan rosy purple anemone and Vernal Falls orange anemone.
Potting Soil: Most any light well draining potting mix can be used. Be sure the potting mix drains readily, as one which holds too much water can be a source of problems. If you prefer to mix your own, combine 2 parts fibrous loam, 2 parts leaf mold or aged fine fir bark, 1 part rotted manure, 1 part course sand, and 1 part peat moss.
Planting Time and Container: Cascades must have a long growing season to achieve the necessary long cascading effect. In order to get the earliest start, many growers remove a stolen growth from the base of the mother plant Dutch cutting. These will have enough root to get them growing immediately. Otherwise root tip cuttings as soon as new growth permits. Well rooted cuttings can be obtained from King's as early as the end of February.
Pot initially to 4 inch pots and repot to a 6 inch pot after 4 to 6 weeks. Make final potting in 10 to 12 inch pots with attached trellis as roots fill the container. Up until the time of final re-potting, your cascade is allowed to grow naturally in the upright position with an occasional pinch to stimulate lateral branching.
It's a good idea to tie this new growth to a bamboo stake. When planting to the final trellised container see photo , plant the cascade leaning over sideways, pointing toward the trellis, so it can be immediately tied in place without bending the stem. An empty pot can be placed under the terminal end of the trellis to make it level. It is easier to train the plant over sideways than to force it straight down. Final lowering to the cascading position is delayed until buds begin to form.
Trellised Wire Support: Proper training and tying to a wire trellis is the most essential part of growing cascade chrysanthemums. To make the trellis, begin with a length of 12 gauge galvanized wire, approximately 7 feet long, which is bent to form an elongated U shape.
Bend the ends to form hooks which will be placed down inside the bottom of the pot and prevent the trellis from working loose. The center of the wire frame should be covered with 2 inch grid wire poultry netting. This will allow the maximum area for tying down the new growth. The hooked ends of the wire trellis are inserted into the final 10 to 12 inch growing container on either side of the cascade plant. The plant is immediately tied in place on the trellis.
We use paper covered 4 inch twistems for tying. The container, with trellis attached, is kept in a flat horizontal position on a raised bench for ease of training. An empty pot may be placed under the terminal end of the trellis to keep it level.
The cascade is placed in the final hanging display location and the trellis lowered into position when buds begin to form. Training and Pinching: All new stems, except the leading growing tips, are pinched or stopped when they have reached three or four leaves in length.
Do not allow lateral growth to elongate beyond this, as a rather dense, flat appearance is more desirable. All new growth is kept tied down and this should be done at least weekly and while stems are soft and supple. If tying down has been neglected, there is a chance of breakage when tying. In this case, withhold water until the plant wilts, making the stems more supple, and then tie. As buds form, generally by mid September, pinching is stopped and your cascade is placed in the final elevated display position where the trellis can be slowly bent downward until the desired cascading effect is reached.
This may take several days. Allowing the cascade to wilt during this bending process will help prevent breaking any main stems. Feeding and Watering: The cascade chrysanthemum requires constant feeding to produce rapid growth.
We use Osmocote with each re-potting plus a liquid feed of a high nitrogen and potassium content such as aThis is applied at least weekly. Continue feeding until buds show color then for the remainder of the season.
How to Grow the Most Gorgeous Chrysanthemums This Fall
Most times, orders having items with different shipping schedules are held in full until the entire order is ready to ship based on your grow zone. Plants will be shipped at the proper planting time for your area of the country using the shipping timeframes outlined below. We continually monitor weather conditions for extreme hot or cold and adjust shipping schedules as needed. Due to hot weather conditions, we are unable to ship most plant items in July and August.
Many varieties will overwinter when planted in the ground using proper planting procedures and receiving appropriate fall plant care. Mums are a.
Chrysanthemum (Pot Mum / Florist's Mum)
In the fall garden, chrysanthemums are the showstoppers, blooming prolifically well after other garden plants have called it quits for the season. Research into chrysanthemums will lead to some confusion as you encounter two botanical names: Chrysanthemum sp. The plants were originally named and placed in the genus Chrysanthemum in the s. Then, in the s, they were moved to the genus of Dendrathema because of the sheer number of varieties being developed. That decision was soon reversed, and Chrysanthemum is once again the official scientific name. Florist chrysanthemums are often button-shaped. There are literally hundreds of types of chrysanthemums — with variations in height, spread, color, size of flower, bloom time, and type of bloom. There are also hardy garden mums and non-hardy florist or show mums.
Hardy Chrysanthemum Care
The genus Chrysanthemum, family Asteraceae , comprises 30 species of perennial plants native to Asia and Northeast Europe. Some species are: Chrysanthemum hybridum, Chrysanthemum x hortorum, Chrysanthemum morifolium, Chrysanthemum indicum, Chrysanthemum multicaule. Common names : Fleurette Mum, Mums, Chrysanths. This species is native to Asia.
Right about now you are most likely lamenting the fading blooms of your garden and landscape.
How to Care for Mums to Ensure Gorgeous Blooms
Gardening Help Search. Best grown in humusy, fertile, consistently moist, well-drained soils in full sun. Tolerates very light shade, and appreciates some afternoon protection from the hot sun in southern climates. Pinch stems back as needed from late spring to mid-summer e. For best bloom, feed plants several times during the growing season. Divide as needed usually every years in spring or fall.
How to Grow and Care for African Daisy
Reliable color year after year. Fill your summer with blooms. Provide ambiance and romance. A gift for the next generation. The right tools make gardening a pleasure. Backordered Ships in Weeks. Plants will be shipped at the proper planting time for your area of the country during the shipping timeframes outlined below:.
The University's mum breeding program is one of the oldest public sector Within a decade, the cushion type became the dominant chrysanthemum plant habit.
Beginner's Guide to Mums
Instant impact! That's what you'll get when you put a generous helping of chrysanthemums commonly just called mums in your flower border or containers. Generally sold in ready-to-bloom form, mums provide a fall finale of color to any setting. They come in a wide variety of flower colors and shapes, from small button-sized blooms to giant corsage-worthy flowers.RELATED VIDEO: Chrysanthemum plants care-- Gul daudi care-- Mums flowers care
The Garden Chrysanthemum — a must have for the fall garden or seasonal doorstep. Available in a huge variety of colors and varieties, Mum flowers can vary from double petals, semi-double and fringed. They are seasonally grown in our greenhouses for a flower bud set that will produce September and October blossoms. This means that they put most of their energy into producing vibrant fall blooms rather than focusing on established root growth. For this reason, Garden Mums are generally sold as cold-hardy seasonal annuals planted for decorative fall color. This focus on flowers does not mean, however, that some varieties will not re-grow next spring.
Florist Chrysanthemum has big, beautiful flowers crowning a mass of dark-green foliage. This is a member of the Asteraceae family, along with daisies, sunflowers and marigolds.
Chrysanthemums constitute a wide variety of plants including painted daisy, the very popular Shasta daisy and what we commonly refer to as the hardy mum. Hardy mums provide us with a wide array of color and form in the fall. They are a perfect replacement for the annuals you have enjoyed since spring. Plant your mums in a sunny location in fertile, well-drained soil. Soil can be improved by adding compost or peat moss. Space garden mums in flower in the fall based on plant size.
African daisies Osteospermum spp. They are even members of the Asteraceae family, along with shasta daisies and zinnias. But their vivid coloring is not at all like the classic daisy.