Zeus was furious but too busy to punish Sisyphus at the time. He was always hungry, and branches loaded with delicious fruits hung just over him. Tantalus's punishment for his act, now a proverbial term for temptation without satisfaction the source of the English word tantalise , was to stand in a pool of water beneath a fruit tree with low branches. But more often they thought of him as the god of the bleak world of the dead; so they imagined that he was dark and grim in appearance, and they feared him more than they did the other gods, although he was not the one to punish those who were corrupt.
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- Tantalus, king of Phrygia
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- The Most Epic Punishments Doled Out by Mythological Gods
- Who did Hades punish?
- Greek mythology Sawgrass style
- Tantalus’ Crime and Punishment
Tantalus, king of Phrygia
He was also called Atys. He was made to stand in a pool of water beneath a fruit tree with low branches, with the fruit ever eluding his grasp, and the water always receding before he could take a drink. Thus, like other heroes in Greek mythology such as Theseus his great-great-grandson and the Dioskouroi , Tantalus had both a hidden, divine parent and a mortal one.
Beekes rejects an Indo-European interpretation. Tantalus is sometimes referred to as "King of Phrygia ",  although his city was located in the western extremity of Anatolia , where Lydia was to emerge as a state before the beginning of the first millennium BC, and not in the traditional heartland of Phrygia, situated more inland.
References to his son as "Pelops the Lydian" led some scholars to the conclusion that there would be good grounds for believing that he belonged to a primordial house of Lydia , but there is no doubt that he was Greek.
Other versions name his father as Tmolus , the name of a king of Lydia and, like Sipylus, of another mountain in ancient Lydia. The location of Tantalus' mortal mountain-fathers generally placed him in Lydia;  and more seldom in Phrygia  or Paphlagonia ,  all in Asia Minor. The identity of his wife is variously given: generally as Dione the daughter of Atlas ;  the Pleiad Taygete , daughter of Atlas; Eurythemista , a daughter of the river-god Xanthus ;  Euryanassa , daughter of Pactolus , another river-god of Anatolia, like the Xanthus;   Clytia , the child of Amphidamantes ;   and Eupryto.
Tantalus, through Pelops , was the progenitor of the House of Atreus , which was named after his grandson Atreus. Tantalus was also the great-grandfather of Agamemnon and Menelaus. The geographer Strabo states that the wealth of Tantalus was derived from the mines of Phrygia and Mount Sipylus. Near Mount Sipylus are archaeological features that have been associated with Tantalus and his house since Antiquity. Based on a similarity between the names Tantalus and Hantili , it has been suggested that the name Tantalus may have derived from that of these two Hittite kings.
Tantalus became one of the inhabitants of Tartarus , the deepest portion of the Underworld, reserved for the punishment of evildoers ; there Odysseus saw him. Tantalus was initially known for having been welcomed to Zeus ' table in Olympus , like Ixion. There, he is said to have abused Zeus' hospitality and stolen ambrosia and nectar to bring it back to his people, and revealed the secrets of the gods.
Most famously, Tantalus offered up his son, Pelops , as a sacrifice. He cut Pelops up, boiled him, and served him up in a banquet for gods in order to test their omniscience. The gods became aware of the gruesome nature of the menu, so they did not touch the offering; only Demeter , distraught by the loss of her daughter, Persephone , absentmindedly ate part of the boy's shoulder.
Clotho , one of the three Fates , was ordered by Zeus to bring the boy to life again. She collected the parts of the body and boiled them in a sacred cauldron , rebuilding his shoulder with one wrought of ivory made by Hephaestus and presented by Demeter. The revived Pelops grew to be an extraordinarily handsome youth.
The god Poseidon took him to Mount Olympus to teach him to use chariots. Later, Zeus threw Pelops out of Olympus due to his anger at Tantalus. The Greeks of classical times claimed to be horrified by Tantalus's doings; cannibalism and filicide were atrocities and taboo.
Tantalus's punishment for his act, now a proverbial term for temptation without satisfaction the source of the English word tantalise ,  was to stand in a pool of water beneath a fruit tree with low branches. Whenever he reached for the fruit, the branches raised his intended meal from his grasp. Whenever he bent down to get a drink, the water receded before he could get any.
Over his head towers a threatening stone mentioned in Pindar's 8th Isthmian ode, lines 10—12 like the one that Sisyphus is punished to roll up a hill. In a different story, Tantalus was blamed for indirectly having stolen the dog made of gold created by Hephaestus god of metals and smithing for Rhea to watch over infant Zeus.
Tantalus's friend Pandareus stole the dog and gave it to Tantalus for safekeeping. When asked later by Pandareus to return the dog, Tantalus denied that he had it, saying he "had neither seen nor heard of a golden dog. Tantalus was also the founder of the cursed House of Atreus in which variations on these atrocities continued. Misfortunes also occurred as a result of these acts, making the house the subject of many Greek tragedies.
Tantalus's grave-sanctuary stood on Sipylus  but honours were paid him at Argos , where local tradition claimed to possess his bones. Engraving by Hendrik Goltzius and C.
CorneliusOil painting by Gioacchino Assereto circa s. Etching by Francisco GoyaIn Greek mythology, there are several other characters named Tantalus, minor figures and descendants of the above Tantalus. Broteas is said to have had a son named Tantalus , who ruled over either the city of Pisa in the Peloponnesus or of Lydia in present-day Turkey.
This Tantalus was the first husband of Clytemnestra. He was slain by Agamemnon , King of Mycenae , who made Clytemnestra his wife. The third Tantalus was a son of Amphion and Niobe , daughter of the infamous Tantalus. The fourth Tantalus was a son of Thyestes , who was murdered by his uncle Atreus , and fed to his unsuspecting father.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Tantalus disambiguation. Greek mythological figure and son of Zeus.
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. Beekes , Etymological Dictionary of Greek , Brill, , p. Marton Press. ISBNBulfinch's Mythology. Kessinger Publishing Company. Early Greek myth : a guide to literary and artistic sources. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
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He was the father of Pelops, after whom the Peloponnesus is named. Tantalus was also the great grandfather of Menelaus, the Spartan king and cuckolded husband of Helen of Troy, and his brother Agamemnon, who commanded the Greeks in the Trojan War. Tantalus was a son of Zeus and a nymph — minor female nature deities, typically depicted as uninhibited nubile maidens who love to sing and dance. As a son of Zeus, Tantalus was on intimate terms with the gods, and was often invited to dine with them at their table in the heavens. However, he ended up abusing that divine favor, committed a variety of offenses that angered the Olympians, and brought divine punishment upon himself. He also liked to blab, and revealed to mortals secrets he had learned at the table of the gods in heaven.
To punish Tantalus, the gods placed him in a pool of water in the underworld that was surrounded by fruit trees. When he went to drink, the water would.
Greek Mythology and Rolling the Stone Uphill
Greek mythology a wicked king and son of Zeus; condemned in Hades to stand in water that receded when he tried to drink and beneath fruit that receded when he reached for it. A stork of the genus Mycteria formerly Tantalus , especially the American wood ibis, Mycteria americana. Something of an evasive or retreating nature, something consistently out of reach; a tantalising thing. A Phrygian king who was condemned to remain in Tartarus, chin deep in water, with fruit-laden branches hanging above his head; whenever he tried to drink or eat, the water and fruit receded out of reach. Tantalus was a Greek mythological figure, most famous for his eternal punishment in Tartarus. He was made to stand in a pool of water beneath a fruit tree with low branches, with the fruit ever eluding his grasp, and the water always receding before he could take a drink. Thus, like other heroes in Greek mythology such as Theseus and the Dioskouroi, Tantalus had both a hidden, divine parent and a mortal one. Father of Niobe and Pelops, who, as a punishment for serving up his son Pelops as meat at a feast given to the gods, was placed in a pool of water in the infernal regions; but the waters receded from him whenever he attempted to quench his burning thirst.
The Most Epic Punishments Doled Out by Mythological Gods
What was Tantalus' wrongdoing? First, they cursed his kingdom and lineage. He was often host to and even a guest of the Olympian gods but he would steal from the divine ambrosia in order to give it to his fellow countrymen. He was to be forever tantalized. Tantalus' punishment was to spend eternity starving and dying of thirst, while surrounded by fresh water and succulent fruit that was constantly just beyond his grasp.
He was also called Atys.
Who did Hades punish?
Toggle nav. A Phrygian king who was punished in the lower world by being placed in the midst of a lake whose waters reached to his chin but receded whenever he attempted to allay his thirst, while over his head hung branches laden with choice fruit which likewise receded whenever he stretched out his hand to grasp them. Tantalus's cup Physics , a philosophical toy, consisting of a cup, within which is the figure of a man, and within the figure a siphon, the longer arm of which passes down through the bottom of the cup, and allows the escape of any liquid that may be poured in, when it reaches as high as the bend of the siphon, which is just below the level of the mouth of the figure in the cup. He was made to stand in a pool of water beneath a fruit tree with low branches, with the fruit ever eluding his grasp, and the water always receding before he could take a drink. Thus, like other heroes in Greek mythology such as Theseus and the Dioskouroi, Tantalus had both a hidden, divine parent and a mortal one. Tantalus is a Greek mythological figure who is bound in a pool of water in Tartarus, forever thirsty but never able to drink.
Greek mythology Sawgrass style
Toggle filters. Filter by Press Ctr Key for multiple selections :. Source: 'Daily Use'. Tantalus was also falsely accused of stealing from the lotteries he had invented. Tantalus was then thrust into Hades for what he had done to his own kin. Tantalus was initially known for having been welcomed to Zeus'table in Olympus, like Ixion. Tantalus held onto the golden dog for safekeeping and later denied Pandareus that he had it. Vervets are one of four subspecies of African green monkey, along with sabeus, tantalus and grivets.
was a Greek mythological figure, most famous for his eternal punishment in Tartarus. He was made to stand in a pool of water beneath a fruit tree with.
Tantalus’ Crime and Punishment
Sisyphus and Salmoneus were not the only ones who suffered eternal punishment for offending the gods. Condemned to a similar fate was Tantalus, a king of Sipylus a mountainous region in Lydia and the earliest ancestor of the tragic house of Atreus. Like Sisyphus, Tantalus married one of the Pleiades, Dione.
Thus he was a king in the primordial world. Other versions name his father as Tmolus , son of Sipylus, a King of Lydia. Both Tmolus and Sipylus are names of mountains in ancient Lydia. As Tmolus is said to be Pluto's husband, this would make Tmolus the stepfather of Tantalus, if Zeus was his real father. Tantalus became one of the inhabitants of Tartarus, the deepest portion of the Underworld, reserved for the punishment of evildoers.
Tantalus was a son of Zeus and Plouto. The special thing about him was that he had both a demigod parent, and a mortal one.
Click to see full answer Correspondingly, why did Tantalus kill his son? Also, how did Tantalus die? For this crime, Zeus himself killed Tantalus , and Tantalus had to spend his whole afterlife in the underworld, Hades. His torture was that he had to stand forever waist-deep in a pool of water, with a fruit tree dangling branches full of ripe fruit over his head. He was also called Atys. Thus, like other heroes in Greek mythology such as Theseus and the Dioskouroi, Tantalus had both a hidden, divine parent and a mortal one.
Can you name the people in Greek mythology from their punishments? Plays Quiz Updated Nov 5,Quiz Rating Details. Rate 5 stars Rate 4 stars Rate 3 stars Rate 2 stars Rate 1 star.