The thunderstorms this past May are just a memory now, but they left many homes and streets in northeastern Illinois with standing water. A 1-inch rainfall on an acre produces about 27, gallons of water and it must flow somewhere. Impermeable surfaces such as roofs, sheds, patios, sidewalks, and streets shed rain to surrounding earth and sewers. Although a lawn would seem like a good permeable surface to catch rainwater, grass roots are only 3 to 4 inches deep. When the soil is dry, the water initially runs right off the lawn into adjacent areas.
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Why Your Soil is Too Wet, and What to do About itContent:
- Wet weather gardening: 10 plants for wet soil
- Identification of and Corrective Action for Poorly Drained Soils in the Landscape
- 10 golden rules for watering
- Basics of Gardening in Houston, TX
- Making the Most of Your Garden’s Soil
- Can I lay turf onto wet soil?
- Gardening on wet soils
- When is the best time to water the garden?
- Too Much Rain in the Garden – Managing Wet Dirt and Waterlogged Plants
Wet weather gardening: 10 plants for wet soil
The soil provides food and water to plants. If these materials are not available or if the soil is in poor physical condition hard and crusty when dry and sticky when wet the plants will not grow and develop properly. To promote good growth and development of your plants, prepare the soil before planting by adding organic matter, applying fertilizers, correcting acidity, and plowing the seedbed properly. Take care of the soil during the growing season by applying starter fertilizer and by side dressing with fertilizer.
Improve soil tilth. A soil that is in good tilth, or physical condition, is loose and easy to work, and has proper water-holding capacity, drainage, and aeration. You can improve your soil tilth by adding organic matter, either by spreading manure, compost, or similar matter on the soil and working it in before planting or by turning under a green-manure crop. Stable manure is a common form of organic matter used in gardens, although it is not readily available.
It can also fulfill part of the fertilizer requirements of the soil. Use to 1, pounds of horse or cattle manure per 1, square feet. Poultry, sheep, and goat manure should be used at half this rate. Compost is an excellent source of organic matter and is easy to produce. It can be made from leaves, straw, grass clippings, manure, and any other disease-free waste vegetable matter. To make compost, pile these materials in layers as they accumulate during the season.
The mixture can be made from 5 pounds of fertilizer plus 2 pounds of fine limestone. This fertilizer treatment will hasten decay and improve the fertility of the compost. Spread soil over the material to hold it in place Fig. Water the pile to keep it damp and occasionally turn and mix the soil and decaying material.
The pile will be ready to spread over garden soil in 6 to 12 months. Green-manure crop. By growing a green-manure or cover crop, such as rye or oats, during the fall and spring and plowing it under, you can improve your soil tilth.
The seed can be broadcast over worked-up unplanted areas and between rows of late vegetables. Stir the seed into the soil with a rake, hand cultivator, or harrow. Fertilize the soil. Fertilizer applications should be made before planting. Later in the season additional applications may be necessary.
Have your soil tested, especially if it is your first year in your present location. A soil test will indicate the amount and availability of nutrients in your soil. If you do not who does soil testing in your area, contact your local extension office. The lab will analyze the soil and send results of the test along with fertilizer and lime recommendations for your garden.
If you do not have your soil tested, you can follow a general fertilizer recommendation of adding 1 pound of an all-purpose fertilizer such as per square feet. The main elements applied through fertilizers are nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. When considered as fertilizer, they are usually referred to as nitrogen N , phosphoric acid P2O5 , and potash K2O , respectively. A fertilizer marked contains 3 percent nitrogen, 12 percent phosphoric acid, and 12 percent potash.
Work fertilizer into the soil. Spread the fertilizer over the garden area and disk or rake it into the top 4 inches of soil before planting each crop. Or you can apply the fertilizer to the soil just before spading or plowing in the spring or fall.
Use starter fertilizer when transplanting to give your plants a faster start. Starter fertilizer is an all-soluble fertilizer high in phosphorus, for example orMix the fertilizer with water about 1 tablespoon per gallon of water.
When you transplant, place about 1 cup of the solution around the roots of each plant. If a regular starter solution is not available, mix 1 cup of or similar fertilizer in 12 quarts of water and use 1 cup of solution for each plant. Side dress fertilizer later in the season.
Often the soil needs more fertilizer, especially nitrogen, later in the season. Side dressing - applying fertilizer in a band along one side of the row about 4 inches from the crops - should be made for leafy crops, greens, and root crops when the plants are half-grown and for tomatoes, peppers, beans, sweet corn, cucumbers, etc.
Avoid getting dry fertilizer on plant leaves as it will injure them. Hoe the fertilizer into the soil surface. In dry weather, water the soil to make the fertilizer more quickly available to plant roots.
Correct soil acidity. A slightly acid soil is best for growing most vegetables. If the soil test indicates that your soil is more acid than it should be, apply the recommended amount of lime. Add lime only if it is needed and avoid overliming. Some soils are too alkaline. This can be corrected by adding sulfur to the soil. A soil test will indicate whether your soil is too alkaline. Work the lime or sulfur into the soil at the same time that you apply fertilizer.
Plow and prepare the seedbed properly. Plowing or spading can be done in either the spring or the fall. With fall plowing the soil can be worked and planted earlier in the spring, but not as much cover crop can be grown as with spring plowing. Do not plow or spade the soil when it is too wet. A good test is to squeeze a handful of soil in your hand. It should crumble and not feel sticky. You may apply fertilizer just before plowing or spading.
Turn the ground over to a depth of about 8 inches. If fertilizer is added to the soil after plowing, rake or harrow the plowed area to work the fertilizer into the soil. Just before planting prepare the seedbed for planting by working the soil with a rake or harrow. A freshly prepared seedbed will prevent weeds from coming up before the vegetables. For small-seeded crops a smooth and finely pulverized surface insures easier planting, better germination, and a more even stand. Heavy soils low in organic matter should not be worked into too fine a consistency because they tend to get hard and crusty, preventing emergence of seedlings.
Many Illinois soils should not be overworked. University of Illinois Extension. Herb Gardening. Trace or minor elements are very rarely needed in Illinois soils.
Identification of and Corrective Action for Poorly Drained Soils in the Landscape
Started in , Oklahoma Proven is a plant evaluation and marketing program designed to help consumers select the best plants for their Oklahoma Gardens. The goal has been to select plants that are tolerant of the varied and challenging environmental conditions found throughout Oklahoma, since using well-adapted plants should lead to greater gardening success and more environmentally friendly gardens. Drought resistance has become an important selection criteria for landscape materials, and many of the selections highlighted in this guide are recognized for their low water usage. The following symbols are used to feature special attributes of the plants.
before you plant usually is sufficient to prepare garden soil for seeding vegetables. Never till wet soil or you will cause heavy clodding in the soil and a.
10 golden rules for watering
When is your garden soil ready for planting? Here are some tips from The Old Farmer's Almanac. As soon as the soil is ready for planting, stir it well and let it sit for several days. Then top-dress it with compost or well-rotted manure and get to work. Need to improve your soil? See tips on soil fixes and amendments. Do you use manure?
Basics of Gardening in Houston, TX
Healthy soil provides plants with adequate water, oxygen and the nutrients they need to thrive. When soil fails to drain properly, it becomes waterlogged or soggy, choking out the oxygen plants need. It also promotes root rot and other diseases. Although plants require consistent moisture to grow, most cannot survive in soil that remains wet for prolonged periods. Examine you property to determine if your garden area sits in a low-lying area that lacks drainage.
Many potting soils become hydrophobic—tending to repel water—when they dry out, and are difficult to re-wet.
Making the Most of Your Garden’s Soil
Many gardeners ask how to prepare the soil for planting, prior to starting a garden. The preparation of soil for your garden is a simple and easy process. You may be eager to get started and do the planting quickly. But wait! So, should you wet soil before planting?
Can I lay turf onto wet soil?
Clay soil is often cursed by gardeners but clay can be a wonderful thing. The Dirt on Dirt - Clay will teach you about clay soils, why you should love them, and how to make them even better. Soil comes in a whole array of types. The basic categories are clay, silt, loam and sand with constant variation within each of these classes. If you have silt or loam soils you are sitting pretty, gardening will be easy and you will love your soil. If you have clay or sandy soils it will take a bit more input from you before you love your soil. Trust me, you can love your clay or sandy soil, it just takes a bit of knowledge and a bit of elbow grease. How, exactly do you learn to love clay soil?
Covering soil. If weeds are a problem in your garden (e.g. during the summer when they rapidly grow), you can cover the soil around your plants.
Gardening on wet soils
Wet soil can be a challenge for even the most experienced gardeners. Here are some tips for growing in wet soil and 12 perennial crops to try. This page may contain affiliate links.
When is the best time to water the garden?RELATED VIDEO: Which soil is the best DRY VS WET VS SOGGY Soil #Gardening #Soil#Plants-High vs low moisture in soil
Spring brings sunshine, flowers, and rain, tons of rain. While some rain is great for growing plants, if you have poor drainage in your garden it can make it tough to get plants in on time and get a good harvest. Thankfully all soils can be improved! Purified water is water that has very low levels of total dissolved solids. There are lots of water filtration methods available for producing purified water, including reverse osmosis, distillation and more.
Originally published in the Kenosha News. Question: A bag of tulip bulbs is sitting on a shelf in my garage waiting to be planted.
Too Much Rain in the Garden – Managing Wet Dirt and Waterlogged Plants
Use these five tips to maximize your watering potential and keep your home garden hydrated. Cover your soil with a blanket of organic material such as straw, leaves, shredded paper or cardboard, or bark. This will moderate soil temperature, prevent runoff and evaporation, and hold moisture in the for longer periods between waterings. Less frequent, deeper waterings are more effective for most plants than frequent, shallow waterings. Plant roots will grow stronger and healthier, and you will not need to water as often. Large amounts of water tend to run off the soil surface rather than being absorbed into the lower layers.
The thawing ground is soaked from winter rains and snow, and rivers flood into bottomlands. Frequent showers add even more water to the mix. Gardeners are familiar with spring wetness. Low areas of the garden can be mushy or even flooded.